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IGAD gives South Sudanese rivals 45 days to end conflict

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August 25, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA/JUBA) – The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) has given South Sudan’s warring parties 45 days to reach an agreement on the formation of a transitional government of national unity.

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Rebel leader Riek Machar (C) flanked by Gabriel Changson Chang, his aide for finance and resource mobilisation (L), and chief negotiator General Taban Deng Gai (front) at 27th extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government in Addis Ababa on 24 August 2014 (Photo: AFP/Zacharias Abubeker)

Despite regional and international pressure the two warring parties have so far failed to approve a regional plan prepared by IGAD mediators to end the more than eight-month-long conflict because it prevents their leaders from running for presidency after a two-year transitional period where they supposed to co-govern the country.

Nhial Deng Nihial and Taban Deng Gai, the chief negotiators for the government and rebel sides respectively, signed a roadmap agreement covering security arrangements, with both parties committing to follow up with further talks over outstanding issues and the formation of the transitional government.

PROTOCAL APPROVED

At its 27th extraordinary summit on Monday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, the regional bloc also approved the protocol on the agreed principles on transitional arrangements to end the ongoing conflict.

“The summit calls on the stakeholders to conclude, within six weeks, negotiation of the details necessary to fully operationalise the agreed principles on the transitional arrangements towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan,” partly reads the IGAD communiqué.

It further urged the rebel SPLM/A in Opposition faction to immediately sign the protocol, which will lead to a new negotiated political dispensation in South Sudan.

“The summit endorses the protocol on agreed principles on transitional arrangements toward resolution of the crisis in South Sudan, which will lead to a new negotiated dispensation in South Sudan and calls on the SPLM-IO to sign the protocol,” the communique adds.

NEED TO ADDRESS ROOT CAUSES

The opposition group, led by former vice-president Riek Machar, said it is committed to the peace process and to reaching a negotiated political solution which should first address the root causes of the conflict.

“We are committed to the peace process. This is the reason our chairman Dr Riek Machar has been at the venue of the peace talks since May,” the rebel leader’s spokesperson, James Gatdet Dak, said on Monday.

He said merely bringing Machar and president Salva Kiir back together under the same leadership would not address the fundamental issues that led to the conflict.

Expressing “disappointment” at the parties’ failure to form a transitional government within the initial 60-day timeframe, IGAD has warned it is prepared to take action should either side fail to honour their commitments to the latest resolutions.

It further warned that any party which attempts to obstruct the process will be held accountable and denied participation in future governance arrangements for South Sudan.

It called on the parties to empower their representatives to proceed without further delay, saying the mediation should continue regardless of whether any stakeholder opt to boycott the negotiations.

Conflict has raged in South Sudan since mid-December last year when a political dispute with South Sudan’s ruling party (SPLM) turned violent, reigniting tribal tensions across the country.

The fighting has pitted government troops loyal to Kiir against pro-Machar rebels, comprising largely of dissident soldiers and ethnic militia.

PEACE DEALS FAIL

Violence has continued to flare across the country despite a number of peace deals signed between the two rival SPLM factions aimed at ending the crises in South Sudan.

Both sides have been accused of lacking commitment to implement ceasefire arrangements brokered by IGAD, plunging the young nation further into political and humanitarian turmoil.

Tens of thousands have been killed since the conflict erupted, with more than 1.5 million people displaced from their homes.

In his opening speech on Monday, IGAD chair and Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn urged both parties to “embody and safeguard the interests and aspirations of the people of South Sudan”.

The Ethiopian premier accused the two parties of deliberately violating a cessation of hostilities agreement signed in January and hindering the IGAD-led peace process from achieving a sustainable political settlement to the crisis.

While expressing his concern over the calamitous humanitarian situation in South Sudan, Desalegn urged the two rival sides not to waste any more time, calling on them to serve the best interests of the South Sudanese people.

He said the primary responsibility to avert the war and end the suffering of the people rested on the shoulders of the warring parties, warning that those who did not comply with the agreements would bear the consequences.

(ST)

Related article:

IGAD summit delayed until Monday over controversial S. Sudan peace plan

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  • 26 August 06:32, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Still they willfail to honored the given 45 days for the end of conflict.
    Only, IGAD should impose their draft proposal without pre-conditions from neither the government or rebel known as SPLM-IO-NUER under Riek Machar.

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    • 26 August 07:02, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Continue:
      still rebel is making crime as on Sunday 24/08/2014 ADDIS ABABA, the Ethiopia security personal arrested Mabior Garang de Mabior for the attempt to assassinate the president Kiir, security cought him with 9MM pistol Israel made weapons in the reception where president is exit. Riek Machar will accountable for all criminal attempt.

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  • 26 August 07:08, by Daniel Deng Monyde

    When Kirr made reforms by establishing a lean and effective cabinet to enhance development and service delivery to the people of South Sudan, which had greatly been stalled for 8 years since 2005 by corrupt and selfish individuals under the guise of ‘false comradeship’, the same unpatriotic failures rejected these necessary radical reforms that were supposed to take the country forward

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    • 26 August 07:09, by Daniel Deng Monyde

      They are now pushing for a large and unnecessary transitional government just to get back positions, at the expense of the people of South Sudan, without regard to the fact that South Sudan needs to have a smaller administrative expenditure and allocate more resources for nation building and service delivery...those losers called opposition are just desperate, good-for-nothing, power hungry losers

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      • 26 August 09:27, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

        What is peace mediator really after? If IGAD is really determined to resolve the conflict in South Sudan, they must forget about the given 45 days for either short-or-long-term solution because it will not lead to a sustainable solution since they are reluctant to review the record of Dr. Fool Hopeless Riek Masscre who entertains the audience with his patronizing smile and presidential look.

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        • 26 August 09:28, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

          If IGAD or AU cannot resolve this conflict as the record shows, the Government of South Sudan can live with it. In the 1980s & 1990s, the conflicts were prevalent in South East n South West Africa (Mozambique and Angola, South Africa, etc.). The regional East African bloc/IGAD still has to set its record of conflict resolution straight starting with Sudan/NCP vs SPLM/A 1983/2002-2005 (CPA-2005).

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          • 26 August 09:29, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            Then one of Somali is not yet resolved up to now including those conflicts in both North n West African countries that are claiming lives on the very watch of AU besides Ebola. Boko Haram plunged Nigeria into chaos, Libya is now Somalized and AU desperately needs international efforts to resolve the conflicts on its continent regardless of enormous resources.

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            • 26 August 09:30, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              In South Sudan, the outstanding issues are not resolved between South Sudan and Sudan. Khartoum keeps dragging its foot on Abyei, leave alone demarcating the North-South borders (or Darfur issues) and the terrorist Dr. Fool Hopeless Riek Massacre is struggling to maneuver his way through these regional, continental and international bodies to assume presidency of the newest country at any cost.

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              • 26 August 09:30, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                The question is why are all these bodies (IGAD, AU and even international community) really reluctant to question the political prostitution of Dr. Fool Hopeless Riek Massacre since 1991? Do these bodies have this kind of politician in their respective countries or they simply want South Sudan to remains political and economically unstable? I don’t see the logic of entertaining Dr.Riek Massacre.

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                • 26 August 09:32, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                  If these bodies do not want to question the record of Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre, then they must forget about the 45 days given to end the conflict. If the signed cease fire agreement were to be faithfully implemented on the ground, transitional government formed, census conducted and elections held early next year as scheduled, they should not be surprised to see how Riek would certainly lose.

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                  • 26 August 09:33, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                    That is why Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre always resorts to using short cut means-coup d’état or rebellion since 1991 because of his poor political record. Khartoum which is providing logistical support to Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre can even explain the record better how Riek rebelled against SPLM/A in 1991, signed KP/OA of 1997, failed to wait for its implementation but returned to SPLM/A in 2005 to

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                    • 26 August 09:39, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                      ...be forgiven. Who is really working for peace, unity and development of South Sudan, Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre or President Salva Kiir Mayardit? Who is really obsessed with assumption of presidency by appointment or coup d’état but not by elections since 1991 in de bush, 1997 in Khartoum and 2005-2013/2014 in Juba, President Kiir Mayardit or Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre?

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                      • 26 August 09:52, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                        If South Sudan is created in 2011 for wrangling over positions regardless of political and leadership record of South Sudanese intellectuals, then let the IGAD, AU and international community honestly tell us South Sudanese without hiding any agenda prior to departure to Addis for public relations summits, but not conflict resolution ones.

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                        • 26 August 10:36, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                          IGAD, AU or international community should not worry about humanitarian cost because they r reluctant to review the record of this Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre who violates signed cease fire at his disposal and survives on the basis of shifting allegiance, rebellion n coup d’état since 1991 as if there is no any PhD holder from de Nuer who can run in elections and get elected to rule this new nation

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        • 26 August 12:17, by Wicdail

          LabotoNyom KobiYe and likes,

          I can see that the heat attack which killed your spy in Bentiu is looming in you. How desperate you are, to waste this much space by writing nonsenses? What a world of fools?

          repondre message

          • 26 August 13:11, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            Wicdal,

            Don’t cry, let’s wait n see if your godfather will become President of Nuer, leave alone South Sudan. Fools always flock together because they don’t care about their past mistakes of surrendering Nasir Faction to Khartoum in 1991, signed bogus agreement in 1997, failed to wait for its faithful implementation by NCP and returned to SPLM/A in 2002.

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  • 26 August 16:52, by Kim Deng

    If their first King (Garang) made a U-turn from his self-claimed "new Sudan vision," why not Mr. Slava? For peace to come in to this Jungle (South Sudan), Mr. Slava must leave/ICC.
    https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/s-sudans-president-kiir-agrees-prime-minister-position-rebels

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