Home | News    Wednesday 20 August 2014

Rebels say ready for talks, unveil proposal for South Sudan’s governance

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August 19, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese rebels led by the former vice-president Riek Machar have accused the government delegation of boycotting the talks in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

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Rebel chief negotaitor,Taban Deng Gai, (C) talks to US envoy Donald Booth (R) during the opening ceremony of peace talks in Addis Ababa on 4 January 2014 (Photo: AFP/Carl de Souza)

On Monday information minister and government delegation’s spokesperson, Michael Makuei Lueth, announced on the state-owned SSTV that they would not participate in the talks unless the opposition faction agreed to sign a matrix on cessation of hostilities agreement before other issues are discussed.

“We told the mediation team that in the light of the rebel activities, it is important agreeing on implementation matrix of the cessation [of] hostilities agreement should be a priority. We asked for them (mediation team) to provide clear timetable so that fighting stops,” said minister Lueth.

Lueth further questioned the credibility of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in mediating the peace talks.

However, the opposition faction of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-In-Opposition) led by the former vice-president, Riek Machar, said they were ready for direct negotiations with the government on various substantial issues.

The chief negotiator for the rebel group, Taban Deng Gai, on Tuesday said they were ready to negotiate on their proposed positions with the government’s delegation.

Gai revealed that the rebel group proposed a democratic federal system of governance with a presidential system of transitional government in which the power-sharing ratios shall be 70% for the SPLM-In-Opposition, 20% for the government and 10% for other stakeholders. These ratios also apply to the federal, state and local government levels.

There shall be a pre-transitional period to prepare the grounds to setup a Transitional Federal Government of National Unity (TFGONU) in the Federal Republic of South Sudan.

Rebels say the duration of the pre-transitional period shall be one month from the date of signing of the peace agreement.

The pre-transitional arrangement shall commence within 72 hours of signing the peace Agreement to undertake the drafting of the transitional federal constitution and ratification of the peace agreement by SPLM/SPLA leadership council and national legislature as well as implement the permanent ceasefire.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNITY

The mandate of the federal government of national unity shall be to implement the peace agreement; oversee government functions during the Transitional Period; Implement Critical reforms as negotiated in the peace agreement; Conduct National Census and Elections; Permanent Constitution Making Process; National Reconciliation and Healing; and Repatriation, relief, resettlement, reintegration, reconstruction and rehabilitation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Returnees;

WEALTH SHARING

The rebels also proposed establishment of a Federal Development Bank to ensure and promote equity development across the country.

Issues of land management, ownership and administration were also tackled as well as various taxes at various levels of governance.

They said the coming development of South Sudan’s infrastructure, human resources, sustainable economic development and the capacity to meet the nation’s human needs shall be done within a viable framework of transparent and accountable government.

All areas of South Sudan in need of construction/reconstruction, they said, shall be brought up to the same average level of socio-economic and public services standard.

They proposed that special funds shall be established to build up the local institutional, human and economic capacity.

On oil revenue sharing percentages of distribution include 30% for states producing oil, federal government 30%, all states 15%, all counties 15%, equalization fund 5% and future generation fund 5%.

SECURITY SECTOR

Rebels also proposed that the SPLM/SPLA and GRSS (SPLA) forces shall be restructured and shall have a new command structure. The forces shall be drawn from the ranks and files of the SPLM/SPLA, the GRSS (SPLA) forces, as well as from civilians.

They proposed that the SPLM/SPLA shall constitute 60%, GRSS 30% and 10% shall be recruits from the population of South Sudan.

The restructured army shall be called South Sudan Armed Forces (SSAF) and shall be a disciplined, regular, professional, patriotic, productive, non-partisan military force subordinate to civilian authority as established under the Transitional Federal Constitution of South Sudan.

Its mission in addition to other national duties shall be to protect the Peace Agreement; defend the Transitional Federal Constitution of the Federal Republic of South Sudan; protect the people of South Sudan; secure the territorial integrity of South Sudan; undertake responsibility for the defence of South Sudan against external threats and aggressions.

SSAF shall also involve in addressing specific emergencies, participate in reconstruction activities, and assist in disaster relief whenever directed by the TFGONU, this agreement and any other law in force in South Sudan.

The rebels in their proposal to restructure the security sector said they target an army of not more than 150,000 personnel that would take into account the national representation and character and shall be recruited from the SPLM-In-Opposition, SPLA and qualified civilians willing to join. The same thing applies to other security organs.

These reforms, they said, are in response to the dysfunctional security sector which is unable to provide security to the state and the people of South Sudan effectively under democratic principles.

They decried the current security sector, saying it has become a source of widespread insecurity due to unprofessional, discriminatory, and abusive policies or practices.
The rebels described the current security organs under president Kiir’s government as representing a decisive obstacle to the promotion of sustainable development, good governance, democracy, peace and rule of law.

The rebels’ chief negotiator also demanded full withdrawal of Ugandan army from the South Sudan soil.

FRESH FIGHTING

A military spokesperson for the rebel group, Brig Lul Ruai Koang, on Tuesday issued a press release saying fresh fighting erupted in Central Equatoria state, the seat of president Salva Kiir’s government when internal revolt occurred within the government forces in Tore town, about 100kms south of the national capital, Juba.

He also claimed clashes also occurred within the capital, Juba, on Monday as forces from Bahr el Ghazal region were defecting.

“Government’s boycott of peace talks has led to escalation of the war on the ground as manifested by small arms fire which erupted in Juba on the night of 18th by soldiers deserting for Greater Bahr El Ghazal region and todays clashes among government soldiers deployed at Tore Military Barracks north of Yei town in Central Equatoria State,” Koang said in the statement seen by Sudan Tribune .

He said Kiir’s delegation failure to show up reaffirms “SPLM/SPLA‘s long held views” that the government was unfaithful and lacked political will.

(ST)

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S. Sudanese political parties divided over conditions for talks

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  • 20 August 10:34, by Ayom Ayom

    If everyone fought for their own convictions there would be no war. This Man cannot possess anything as long as he fears death.

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    • 20 August 13:18, by Rommel

      There will clearly be no peace agreement. How on earth can the rebels propose an arrangement for a ’government’ in which they constitute 70%!? That’s not power ’sharing’, that’s absurd. The rebels also want to be the majority of the armed forces as well? That’s laughable. The proposed 21 States that the opposition have come up is also ridiculous.

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      • 20 August 13:33, by Rommel

        The opposition has unveiled a map that evinces its prejudices and how it plans to implement those prejudices. Riek Machar conveniently keeps the borders of his own State intact, while breaking up every other State, with the sole exception of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. And the only reason that I think that he kept Northern Bahr el Ghazal undivided, is because he wants them to continue to defect...

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        • 20 August 14:27, by Rommel

          Lakes State isn’t that much bigger than Unity State but Riek breaks it up. He also does the same thing to Warrap. All the Nuer counties of Upper Nile State are allowed to remain as one, while the Dinka counties of that State are broken up. It’s clear what Riek is doing.

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          • 20 August 14:36, by Rommel

            In Riek’s plan, Bailet county [a Dinka county] would be elided with four [4] Nuer counties. Bailet county only has 48 000 while the combined population of the Nuer counties of Upper Nile State stands at 400, 000. He wants the Abiliang Dinka and their lands to be dominated by the Nuer. That’s entirely unacceptable. Why does Riek want to divide the Abiliang Dinka and the Dinka people in general?

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            • 20 August 14:55, by Rommel

              In this State, in which one [1] Dinka county is forced together with four [4] Nuer counties... The State is called ’Latjor’ State — a Nuer name, heralding Nuer domination. The Dinka should make it very clear that we will not accept to be divided and fragmented into powerless little islands. The Abiliang Dinka will not be divided. Bailet, Melut and Renk should a form a State of their own.

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              • 20 August 15:10, by Rommel

                The Dinka counties of Unity State [Pariang and Abiemnom] should be removed from Bentiu’s authority and allowed to form their own State. The Maban, Burun and Uduk should have one State to themselves in Maban county. The Shilluk kingdom will definitely have its own State, as will the four counties of the eastern Jikany.

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                • 20 August 15:14, by Rommel

                  I want each and every state in which the Dinka and Nuer are together to be dismantled and partitioned to remove any political tensions and dislocations on the state level — especially when it comes to gubernatorial elections. Culturally contiguous populations, provided that they are on good terms, should fall under one political unit.

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                  • 20 August 15:15, by Rommel

                    Jonglei State is far too large and tribally variegated to be a viable State. It should be dismantled and separated into more homogenous States. The Murle have already demonstrated that they want their own State. The Jie and the Kachipo should be transferred to Eastern Equatoria State. The Jie want this. The Anyuak should have their own State, per the 1956 border.

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                    • 20 August 15:24, by Rommel

                      The Thiang and Lak Nuer of Fangak county should form a State with the Gawaar and Lou Nuer. The Dinka counties of Jonglei [Duk, Twic east and Mading Bor] should be elided into one State. The Padang Dinka of Jonglei should form a State of their own. The Jurbel of Wulu county deserve their own State — away from the ignorance, violence, chaos and barbarism of Lakes State.

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                      • 20 August 15:35, by Rommel

                        Western Bahr el Ghazal is already a largely non-Dinka area, and so Bahr el Ghazal as a whole will only need two [2] or three [3] more States. The Jur-Chol of Jur river county should be afforded a State of their own. That’s my take on Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile.

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                        • 20 August 15:39, by Rommel

                          ..I don’t know much about the dynamics of the Equatorian region, and so they’ll have to decide for themselves just how many States they will need. The Dinka will their own States, as will the Nuer. No one will be allowed to dominate anybody else. Greater Upper Nile is the easiest to break up. The various tribes of that region all have their own clearly marked tribal territories.

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    • 20 August 15:27, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

      Poor Dr. Hopeless Riek Machar is still trying to imitate the real PhD holder like Dr. John Garang de Mabior in terms of negotiating peace agreement skillfully like CPA of 2005. I think Riek is revisiting Khartoum Oil/Peace Agreement of 1997 that he signed with his boss Omer Hassan Al-Bashir before returning to be forgiven in 2002. I’m sorry for this poor PhD holder called Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacr

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      • 20 August 15:37, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

        Power sharing does not say the rebels or government must have more positions, army or wealth which was not even the case with CPA of 2005. Why does poor Dr. Hopeless Riek believe that the elected government of Cde. Salva Kiir Mayardit will agree with him while he’s knocking on every door of any neighboring/foreign countries looking for establishment of his offices to prolong the war?

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        • 20 August 15:47, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

          See my comment when Dr Hopeless wound up his visit to Khartoum. Whom does he think he’s is fooling here? We’re ready for both faithful negotiations and protracted war until he ends up in Khartoum again as was the case in 1991. Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre relies on defectors who simply want positions by having fun in hotels because the looted money from Bor, Malakal, and Bentiu is still available.

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          • 20 August 15:56, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            Let’s wait n see who r the real followers of Dr. Hopeless Riek who will really stay the course without ending up in Khartoum when things get tough in the bush. Riek’s followers need only positions n ranks, but snot to die in de bush for one man’s interest. If he failed in 1991 whose current followers ignore the reasons, why would they believe dat Riek would win by agreement or war?

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            • 20 August 16:03, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              History is a good teacher. By signing agreement, KOA-1997 he failed in 1997 and by winning battle, leave alone war, he fled to Khartoum with the vision n mission of his Nasir Faction. Did Dr Hopeless Riek tried to discuss his proposal for Sudan’s governance with his boss Omer Hassan Al-Bashir? If he did, why did he return to SPLM/A in 2002 dumping his followers to be rescued by the late Gen.Paulin

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            • 20 August 16:15, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre is just joking becoz he knows pretty well dat those who support him want positions and fake military ranks dat Khartoum used to provide them before shifting allegiance back to join their South Sudanese brothers in the South. Khartoum simply wastes no time to keep RSS destabilized bcoz of South Sudan Secession Syndrome (SSSS), not considering dat helping Riek is not a cur

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  • 20 August 11:44, by Mr Point

    Rebels "decried the current security sector, saying it has become a source of widespread insecurity due to unprofessional, discriminatory, and abusive policies or practices."

    It’s not safe in Juba to say anything critical of the current Juba Faction in government.

    This government has taken the money that should be spend on roads to buy luxury vehicles for ministers.

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    • 20 August 13:34, by Frak Cho

      No doubt, South Sudan rebels need to be issued with certificate of "propaganda from the university of lies".

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    • 20 August 13:41, by Frak Cho

      You rebels rebelled because democracy, if you proposed 70% for yourselves and 150,000 army that consitute many of white militia, how do you call that democracy or rebels dictatorship?

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  • 20 August 13:32, by Thondet Manyang

    If the world could hear all these nonsense, then they should be keeping laughing at Dr. Disaster(Riek) since he was the in the same government but failed to correct any mistake instead of staging coup. Poor Disaster(Riek) never know that he was misleading his family and friends(Nuers) I have a dream that one day we shall have real Dinka who will rule this nation everyone will accept all he/sh want

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  • 20 August 13:42, by Thondet Manyang

    Cont..
    This Kiir You are refusing will be the better on and you will regret. Keep pushing, changes are coming you will see either Malong and Kuol Manyang Running this state fulfilling all the Dinka wants and objectives. Are you guys ready to bring peace to South Sudan?? Shit! Things are not the same today. What Changes have Taban brought to Unity when you were governor? Stupid Nuers! You’ll learn

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  • 20 August 16:35, by Kim Deng

    The vast area appropriated by the Nuer during the nineteenth century was formerly occupied by a Dinka, Anyuak and Burun population. The fate of this population is one of the most interesting questions pertaining to Nuer expansion. How many Dinka, Anyuak, Burun… were killed by the Nuer? How many died of starvation? How many migrated to other areas? And how many were assimilated into Nuer community?

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  • 20 August 16:37, by Kim Deng

    In 1908-10, the British sought to end the Nuer occupation toward Dinkaland and established control over the area. A new border between the Nuer and Dinka was established at the favor of Dinka at Duk Padiet, fifty miles north of Kongor, and the Ghol, Ric, and Nyarraweng were awarded about four thousand aquare miles of territory they had previously lost during Nuer expansion.

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  • 20 August 16:37, by Kim Deng

    Although a substantial portion of this grant represented an uninhabited no-man’s-land between the Nuer and the Dinka, the Nuer were also required to relinquish territory under active occupation. The Nuer undoubtedly viewed the transfer as a government-sponsored Dinka invasion.

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  • 20 August 16:39, by Kim Deng

    Had the Nuer ever wished to occupy the whole greater Upper Nile, from Renk to Mading Bor and from Ruweng/Biemnom to Buma-Gambella, it seems unlikely that the other coward Jurs (Jaang, Teet, Bar, Chai…) could have stopped them.

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    • 20 August 17:13, by Rommel

      Kim Deng:

      You are tragically pathetic. You’re like a descendant of the Medes [a Kurd] boasting to the descendants of the Persians about how they [the Medes] use to exercise hegemony over the Persians prior to the advent of Cyrus the great. Things have changed. Dynamics are as fluid as water. Evoking the events of the 18th Century will not help you.

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      • 20 August 17:13, by Rommel

        There’s not a population on the face of the earth that hasn’t experienced subjugation and dark moments at some point in their history. The past cannot be mended, rewritten or reprised... it can only be used as a reference to learn from past mistakes. What ultimately matters is what you can do for yourself in the here and now. Wake up, child! Stop reminiscing.

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