Home | News    Sunday 10 August 2014

Calls for UNSC to impose arms embargo, sanctions on S. Sudan

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

August 8, 2014 (JUBA) – US-based advocacy group Human Rights Watch has called on the UN Security Council (UNSC) to immediately impose individual sanctions and an arms embargo in the wake of some of the worst crimes against civilians the country has ever witnessed.

JPEG - 13.7 kb
UN peacekeepers and NGO staff survey the debris outside a mosque in Unity state capital Bentiu, the scene of an alleged massacre after rebel troops regained control of the strategic town on 15 April 2014 (Photo: UNMISS/Tina Turyagyenda)

A new report released by HRW this week entitled South Sudan’s New War: Abuses by Government and Opposition Forces found both sides and their allies are responsible for committing “extraordinary acts of cruelty” that amount to war crimes since conflict erupted in the young nation in mid-December last year.

The 92-page report documents how widespread killings of civilians, often based on their ethnicity, and the mass destruction and looting of civilian property, have come to define the conflict.

According to HRW, South Sudan has purchased large quantities of weapons since the conflict began, including from China, presumably for use in the fighting.

UNSC MUST ACT

It says the brutality of the conflict demands the UNSC, which is this week visiting South Sudan and neighbouring countries, take a tough stance.

“The scale and gravity of the abuses warrant a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan, as well as targeted sanctions on individuals responsible for serious violations of international law,” said HRW in a statement on Friday.

The calls come as the UNSC issued a presidential statement on Friday expressing concern over the political, security and humanitarian situation in South Sudan, while condemning the repeated violations of a ceasefire agreement signed by both rival parties in January and recommitted to in May.

The council also urged the two sides to uphold their commitment to establish a transitional government of national unity by the 10 August deadline.

HRW interviewed more than 400 survivors and witnesses for the report, documenting numerous attacks on ethnic Nuer civilians in the capital, Juba, during the early days of the conflict, including a massacre, unlawful killings, round-ups, detentions and torture.

The conflict was initially triggered by an internal political dispute within South Sudan’s ruling SPLM and quickly spread across the country, with thousands of Nuer joining opposition forces and targeting ethnic Dinka.

The fighting has pitted government forces loyal to president Salva Kiir against rebel troops and ethnic militia aligned with former vice-president Riek Machar, who was sacked last July.

HRW says it has documented hundreds of killings of civilians by both sides in the towns of Bor, Bentiu, and Malakal, the capitals of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states respectively, which witnessed heavy fighting and changed hands several times at the height of the conflict.

Both government and opposition forces have also been responsible for widespread pillage and destruction of civilian property such as homes, markets and aid infrastructure.

HRW’s Africa director, Daniel Bekele, said the scale of the ethnic killings committed during recent months “will resonate for decades”.

“The violence in towns like Bentiu, Bor and Malakal has been less fighting between the forces than targeted killings of civilians who could not flee, and massive looting and destruction,” said Bekele. “The attacks have left destroyed, largely deserted towns dotted with the bodies of women, children, and men, and have resulted in mass displacement and hunger,” he added.

The South Sudanese government has yet to make public the findings of several investigations into the killings, with domestic prosecutions unlikely to succeed given both parties’ reluctance to hold abusive forces to account, said HRW.

CALLS FOR JUDICIAL MECHANISM

It has called on the country’s rival leaders to consider a hybrid international-national judicial mechanism with relevant international support and participation, while also urging the UNSC to refer the situation in South Sudan to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

The African Union’s (AU) Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan, initiated soon after the conflict began, has been slow to begin investigating human rights violations, with HRW calling on the body to focus on investigating individuals allegedly responsible for war crimes and potential crimes against humanity during the conflict, as well as collecting forensic evidence at alleged mass graves and other sites.

It has also urged human rights officers for the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) should continue to investigate crimes by both sides and make regular public reports on their findings.

(ST)

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 10 August 2014 09:10, by Madina Tonj

    It is good that, UN were witness when the rebels forces murders and killed 2600 people. 400 among death were from Sudan particular, Darfur, others were from Ethiopia citizens,Kenyan business people, Ugandans traders and also combined Dinka, Nuer and the rest of the Equatorian were killed. Riek Machar is a killer man who had done it twice as you can visit google website massacres Dinka Bor.Need ICC

    repondre message

  • 10 August 2014 09:11, by Madina Tonj

    It is good that, UN were witness when the rebels forces murders and killed 2600 people. 400 among death were from Sudan particular, Darfur, others were from Ethiopia citizens,Kenyan business people, Ugandans traders and also combined Dinka, Nuer and the rest of the Equatorian were killed. Riek Machar is a killer man who had done it twice as you can visit google website massacres Dinka Bor.Need ICC

    repondre message

  • 10 August 2014 09:12, by Madina Tonj

    It is good that, UN were witness when the rebels forces murders and killed 2600 people. 400 among death were from Sudan particular, Darfur, others were from Ethiopia citizens,Kenyan business people, Ugandans traders and also combined Dinka, Nuer and the rest of the Equatorian were killed. Riek Machar is a killer man who had done it twice as you can visit google website massacres Dinka Bor.Need ICC

    repondre message

    • 10 August 2014 09:29, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

      It is extremely important and good to start investigation right in Juba and move to Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and all the areas afflicted with this senseless and barbaric war. No stone should be left unturned.

      repondre message

    • 10 August 2014 09:30, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

      It is extremely important and good to start investigation right in Juba and move to Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and all the areas afflicted with this senseless and barbaric war. No stone should be left unturned.

      repondre message

  • 10 August 2014 10:45, by ForAll

    Great southern Sudanese peoples must not look beneath them. they must not deviate themselves to personal-personal criticism.
    Think of unity and union through peaceful ways and Objectivity.

    repondre message

  • 10 August 2014 15:39, by Dengic

    Arms embargo or non,Malong has done his job.Machar must go ICC to avert any future rebellion cause by Machar’s impatience and greed for power.

    repondre message

  • 10 August 2014 18:00, by tootke’bai-ngo

    KIIR STARTED THE WHOLE THING, HE SHOULD BE ANSWERABLE TO JUBA MASSACRE WHICH LED TO REVANGE KILLINGS IN JONGLEI, UNITY & UPPER NILE STATES. KIIR HAS TO STAND A TRAIL IN ICC ALONG WITH RIAK. IT DOESN’T MATTER WHO DID IT ONCE OR TWICE, KILLING OF ANY CITIZEN IS NOT ACCEPTABLE IN ANY WAY OR ANY REASON. FULL STOP.

    repondre message

Comment on this article


 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Unity of Bentiu communities 2016-06-26 22:54:17 By Hon Lam Tungwar Kueigwong The Northern Liech State Government, under the Leader of Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit President of Republic of South Sudan and the State Governor Dr Joseph Nguen (...)

JMEC’s statement on the despairing situation of South Sudan 2016-06-26 18:37:50 By James Okuk, PhD In the Opening statement delivered to the members during the plenary meeting in Juba on 23rd June 2016 by H.E. Festus G. Mogae, the Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and (...)

Are we having only sixteen corrupt officials in South Sudan? 2016-06-26 04:36:33 By Peter Gai Manyuon The major corruption scandals since the beginning of the self-rule has been the so-called “Dura Saga” although there have been dozens of other significant instances of a (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Sudanese students, activists are at risk of torture: HRW 2016-05-25 14:40:51 Human Rights Watch Sudan: Students, Activists at Risk of Torture Free Detainees; Investigate Abuses (Nairobi, May 25, 2016) – Sudanese national security officials have detained dozens of (...)

South Sudan: Civilians Killed, Tortured in Western Region 2016-05-24 22:01:01 Human Rights Watch For Immediate Release South Sudan: Civilians Killed, Tortured in Western Region Provide Justice for Army Abuses in Western Regions (Nairobi, May 24, 2016) – South Sudanese (...)

Open Letter to President Salva Kiir and 1st Vice President Dr. Riek Machar 2016-04-18 12:36:12 South Sudan Women United April 15, 2016 Your Excellencies: South Sudan Women United writes to congratulate you both on the steps you are taking towards ending violence in South Sudan and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2016 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.