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S. Sudanese army general outlines why he rejected rebellion

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July 8, 2014 (JUBA) – A senior South Sudanese army (SPLA) officer has broken his silence, explaining why he has been reluctant to join the ongoing rebellion seeking to dislodge president Salva Kiir from power.

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Lt. Gen. Thomas Cirino Swaka, the SPLA deputy chief of general staff for training (youtube photo)

Lt. Gen. Thomas Cirino Swaka, the army’s deputy chief of general staff for training, said he never wanted to repeat mistakes made when he quit the Sudanese army to join the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), which now governs the young nation.

“People have been coming to me and asked what I have become. They asked what I have been thinking. Some of them have a reached a point that they accused in the local gathering of being a bought son of Equatoria,” Swaka told a delegation of community leaders and elders who visited him at his Juba residence last week.

He said both senior government officials and prominent community leaders approached him to know what he was up to in light of the rebellion, which has seen thousands of people killed and over a million displaced.

“Some of them have come with you and they are here now. They asked me what I am still doing in the army that had disarmed some of us; just the same way they started with us,” said the senior army officer.

“I have never responded, but I will not hesitate to respond today, because those who have come, represents the greater Equatoria region, which is good for you hear why I have refused to rebel,” he added.

1992 MASSACRE

The top SPLA official said he wanted to avoid the 1992 massacre of people from his region, which occurred immediately after he defected from the Sudanese army to join fellow southerners in the bush.

“In 1992, when I decided with other colleagues to rebel from the Sudanese army here in Juba and joined the rebel movement, you, the people of the greater Equatoria, especially those of who remained behind witnessed what happened after I left. You where exposed to jeopardy and slaughter like chickens and goats by the government forces because you were not able to protect yourselves,” Swaka said.

“Is this what you want to be repeated? Tell me, I want to hear from you now. What I know is that if I decided to rebel now against this Dinka government as it is called to fight for you as seems to be the desire, more than you were exterminated in 1992,” he added.

Swaka also acknowledged that several people were killed during the armed struggled in Juba, stressing that joining rebellion was not the best option.

“You know now that most senior government officials and intellectual lost their lives. This time it will be worse simply you are still powerless to protect yourselves like what the Nuer did,” he told the visiting delegation.

The army officer’s remarks come barely a week after Central Equatoria state governor Clement Wani Konga accused the major rival tribes in the country of allegedly having negative attitudes towards his region.

Konga, while addressing reporters last week, claimed there were indications that people from his region serving in the police and army were allegedly being mistreated, while some had already been disarmed.

“If our frankness is being disliked then there is something wrong. We are not afraid. And nobody can sit on my head. Nobody can sit on the head of Equatoria. We are all equal. What goodness will you get by killing your brother in cool blood? And all these activities have indicated, have shown themselves,” the governor told reporters in Juba.

He also accused the government of carrying out disarmament of the suspected soldiers and officers from army and police service, on the ground of loyalty to the former environment minister-turned rebel, Alfred Lado Gore.

“There is disarming going on now against the Equatoria, those in the police, those who are in the army. Can one tribe or two tribes make a nation? No. South Sudan is for us all and all of us contributed in kind even those who were on the government side,” Konga said.

“As for us Equatorians, we have kept president Salva [Kiir]. It is us who protect him since my return from Germany in 2012. It is not the Dinka who are keeping the president in power. It is us the Equatoria and if we are being disliked because of our frankness then there is something wrong,” he added.

However, he went on to clarify that the region was not in any way ready to join the fight but that they were ready to defend themselves, should anybody attempt to move into the area without their knowledge.

“My duty as governor is to mobilise people so as to protect this country. So not all the blames have to be pushed to Wani [Igga], we have to share it. The defection taking place is it caused by me,” he said.

(ST)

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  • 8 July 20:49, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Gen. Swaka is right. Please leave other Equatorian to rebell rather than you to be first. Those who are talking about federalism, are those who were not a learnt lesson of revolution.

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    • 8 July 21:36, by Ito

      I am struggling to understand the statements of the General and Equatoria Son. Are you telling us that it is okay to be slave than to be killed? If that is the case, why millions perish to resist slavery from Khartoum instead of submitting. Yes, people were killed when you rebel that is why we gain independence. latukas were slaughtered in thousands in Torit 1955 but we get freedom.

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      • 8 July 21:39, by Ito

        Those who are going to you and blaming you of being reluctant are right. This is a critical time for us equatorians to define our destiny. You know the government are against federalism which is our overdue demand and millions have perish for this and you know that the rebels are calling for federal system as well. Is this not clear which side to support. We should support rebels.

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        • 8 July 21:42, by Ito

          Rebels identify with us when it comes to federalism. Politics is all about interest, your friend is someone who share same political view with you. Now we have been writing to Salva resolutions of our conferences for the last 4 years and upto now we receive a blank cheque and a threat for inquiring. Why work with a government that is against the interest of your people? wakeup please.

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          • 8 July 22:46, by Peacocktail

            Lt Gen. Thomas is right ya Ito,

            Rebellion is fruitless and deadly at any cost, the most develops part of South Sudan is Equatoria region and u wana invite destruction to yourselves. Looks at Bentiu, Malakal, Bor after destroyed by Machar forces, hw many Nuer are dying in UN IDP camps from diseases and hunger. Gen Thomas is very wise like Gov.Luise Lobong Lojore who reasons differently apart wars.

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            • 9 July 09:19, by Mi diit

              tears ran down my cheek when I read the statements by this fearless Gen Thomas Cirino expressing total submission to slavery because he thinks his Equatorian people are unable to fight and defend themselves. Gen Cirino, in war everyone dies including Dinka. It started in Juba & will reach Warrap. Sorry for having no confidence in your people which you described like "chicken" and "goats."

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          • 9 July 10:31, by John The President

            All the reader on this forum, I want to use the word "Nuer" in my comment today for the first time. I had never like tribal based politics simply because I strongly be we are all South Sudanese but this Nuer kid called Ito has always wrongly perceived what EQUATORIAN stand for this nation. here I go Ito, Equatorian are not and can never be followers of their own initiative "Federalism" that Riek..

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            • 9 July 10:35, by John The President

              .. Is using to gain support from them. if need be to fight to finish ourselves then Equatorian are not tools to be use to further one political ambitions. they are prepare for a Referundum on Federalism and no single day they will follow Riek, Riek should instead joint the owner of Federalism. to add on, once again, the Equatoria have zeal for what we fought for for the last 2 decades. they cannot

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              • 9 July 10:40, by John The President

                .. allows this to be destroy in their watch, and mark this clearly, if the situation dictate and war will be the only option to solve our problem than sitting down and sort out all the varies that have brought us this unspeakable misery, then expect this, each tribe will have it own rebellion even equatoria will divide, Nuer with their, Dinka rebellion, Shiluk and the country will be a gone case..

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                • 9 July 10:45, by John The President

                  This the situation people of greator Equatoria see and all the peace loving South Sudanese communities.we don’t want this to happen because our common enemy is watching closely at the back,I expect constructive criticism from all,commentators not always to deviate from the truths. let work out to bring peace, every tribal commentators on this forum should look back how we got here to have a countr

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              • 9 July 10:42, by Mi diit

                John the president?

                Your ambitious name tells it all brother born to rule thing. Equatorians know that they will not get the referendum on federalism because the Dinka will not give them without a fight. They can beg for it for decades without a result. Kiir accepts referendum because Riek fights him with blood and iron. Don’t you know this yet?

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                • 9 July 11:07, by John The President

                  Mi Diit
                  what you failed to understand is that, we can never have a stable South Sudan by fighting each other, if it mean overthrowing the gov’t that is inclusive but some of you term it "Dinka gov’t". then you expect the recurrent of the same when "Nuer" son become the president, more rebellion from other communities will emerged because it’s want to make this a culture. this the situation you....

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                  • 9 July 11:11, by John The President

                    .. and your like don’t and tomorrow you shout "tribalism, tribalism". the same applied to Equatoria when a Taposa son took over all the other communities from the borders with sudan to the South, East and West will struggle to take it by force, then tell me shall we achieve a stable South Sudan?. I am have a difficulty understanding your reasoning with your likes Ito, and the rest.

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                    • 9 July 13:46, by Mi diit

                      John the president or whatever,

                      It is you who doesn’t understand where our problem comes from. The problem is that we have a tribal president who instituted tribalism using his tribe to corrupt every thing. Tomorrow if we get a non-tribal president from any other tribe including Dinka, who will not apply tribalsim in government, the problem will not be there. Get that!

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            • 9 July 16:59, by Hardlinner

              Let be straight forward guys. I for one won’t called equatorians coward but a reasonable people. Reason being that war bring destruction and suffering. I just don’t know why are people fighting for baseless war. If we were all aware of our rights, would there need for us to fight on behave of corrupt and murderers politicians?.

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      • 9 July 09:12, by Mel mosa

        Ito
        You and politicians of Equatoria who asked general Thomas to joint rebellion are really nothing but enemy of Equatoria and all South Sudan. There is nothing wrong in Equatoria. Equatoria is more better than any region in South Sudan. Our situation in South Sudan don’t need rebellion but more pressure from politicians & all South Sudanese to create better system. Riek rebellion is something els

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        • 9 July 09:31, by Mel mosa

          You can’t compare our situation with when we rebelled against Sudan government. you guys make big mistake here. please don’t encourage war. You guys will be sorry because there is no reason to wage war against Dinka as Nuer did. Dinka are innocence and the failure of South Sudan govt shouldn’t be count against Dinka.

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    • 9 July 11:08, by Wensi

      I puzzled sometimes about the Equatorians position as citizens of South Sudan. They talk as if Equatoria is another independent region apart from the whole of South Sudan. Being a committed country man on the notable authority, one has not to shy away from the heated affairs of the country, but they always try to walk on the edge. That persistent manner is not really going to help???

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      • 9 July 12:30, by Ito

        Brother Mel Mosa and the president. Sometimes I wonder whether you are writing from your heart but it seems to me it is not you talking but money. Everybody know that we live in a country where different views are not tolerated. Anyone who talks about federalism is automatically a rebel. The one tribe dominated government and others work as toys, position with no power. Now we have been told on

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        • 9 July 12:35, by Ito

          daily basis that either we must accept to be rule by them for good. We must accept our land, women rape, killing with impunity without complaining. If we want equality, we must pour blood like how they did. This is what we have been told daily. The General have betrayed his own brothers and sisters who advised him by exposing this to the media and now he will be ask to name them and soon we will

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          • 9 July 12:39, by Ito

            disappearing as there is already premeditated plan to assassinate our leaders and disarmament of soldiers have started as confirm by General Konga. Even soldiers from one tribe are being issued different messages and we who are closely monitoring know this. If you think you will be given federalism in a golden plate,forget about it. They say no one will give you rights, you have to take it by forc

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            • 9 July 12:42, by Ito

              That is why they say don’t worry about equatorians, they are coward, they know how to talk but will not take action. You only need to threaten an equatorian with a gun and he will leave you do whatever you want. Is this not an insult? If someone kill you and you kill him back,he will feel the pain. But in our case, they don’t feel the pain because they are doing the killing and no action by us.

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              • 9 July 12:47, by Ito

                some of you talk like one of our community member from Australia who always don’t believe that the government is tribal until we bought him a ticket to fly there and travel all over ten states and checking in different institutions. After 2 months of being in south sudan he called and you guys are right. Every big position is dominated by one tribe in whole country. He was very surprise.

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                • 9 July 13:06, by John The President

                  Ito
                  you have fairly responded to your previous comments, however, you failed to answer me, my concerns are. if we remove Kiir by force today, I assuming that you take over. don’t you think that someone from another tribe will organize his group and take it the same way?. don’t you think each tribe will have to struggle to take it by force as you seem to be preaching Dinka, Nuer, Acholi and so on.

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                  • 9 July 13:10, by John The President

                    as the problem, for me this option many of you are upto is destructive and must not be allowed to reign in this nation. you are living compatible in Australia as you stated, have you ever witness politics that is directed on communities there instead of individual competence. You have just shown all the readers here that even if you are in heaven you won’t learn anything. let who for peace tribe..

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                    • 9 July 13:14, by John The President

                      ..tribe is not the problem we have in South Sudan but tribal politics centered in dividing. you said one tribe takes everything all in South Sudan even in 10 state, that mean if the governor come from Nuer for example the Nuer will dominate that gov’t. will you say Nuer left Upper Nile and come to rule in CE, ES WES, or is it the far Shiluk that left their state and come to Rule in Lakes state....

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                      • 9 July 13:18, by John The President

                        your arguement just like those of Mi Diit are tribal based that has nothing to move this country forward, in my comment your friend Mi Diit, link my Name to Born to rule see how naive he thinks. all we need is peace once again, if your remove the gov’t today just because the president comes from a particular tribe expect the same the next day president come from another tribe by doing so can we...

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                        • 9 July 13:21, by John The President

                          by doing so can we achieve a stable South Sudan? you Mi Diit must gentlemanly answer this question. I respect your views but I and peace loving south Sudanese could not spare a single minute not tell you the tribal idealist what the nation is, you are yet to understand.

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                  • 9 July 13:33, by Ito

                    Brother President, sorry for missing out your question. Yes, you are right to say that if we remove Dinka they will rebel and others may too. This is the information I get from some of our brothers. You don’t rebel because you need a president from your tribe. People rebel because there is injustice, tribalism, corruption in the system. If one tribe dominates everything from top to bottom.

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                    • 9 July 13:36, by Ito

                      People rebel because one tribe takes everything that belongs to all to enrich themselves and threaten all those who are trying to correct them at gun point. If I am president and I put a system for all to be equal and treat all citizens as south sudanese and with love as one family. No one will rebel.

                      Dinka are saying if president is not dinka they will rebel, so they have different reason.

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                      • 9 July 13:40, by Ito

                        Just like any association form, if the head is not a dinka,the government will not fund and I have spoken to hundreds of equatorians on the ground on this. This system of saying only one tribe can rule and others should not rule must cease. Now like our governor said, we are the one protecting Salva and yet he is against our interest. Should we all work for the interest of one tribe and forget our

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                        • 9 July 13:43, by Ito

                          s. You have to understand that many of our sons from equatorian and some Nuer were given millions of dollars to talk the way they do. But why accept to be bribed by your own money? Federalism is rejected by Dinka because it will prevent domination and it will empower equatoria to have its own constitition and prepare a way for future indpendence should they continue the behavior of superiority

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                          • 9 July 13:48, by Ito

                            than others and are born to rule. Regarding me in Australia as you said. My father was officer in the SPLA since he join in early 80s and was killed in war. All his brothers are in SPLA now serving in Juba. My mother have 2 brothers, all spla, one join 1986 Tingili battalion and one join 1993 and still are alive. Many of my family members who were soldiers perish in war. I can fight still.

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                            • 9 July 13:51, by Ito

                              I have no problem sacrificing my life for the sake of freedom. All of us will die one day and freedom is something worth dying for. If this situation continues you will see rebellion from our people and I don’t mind leaving from here to participate. I have lost enough and I don’t mind losing another life.

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                    • 9 July 13:42, by John The President

                      Ito
                      Then if you understand tribe is not the problem but the system, why do shout all the time of tribe yet you know from the bottom of your heart that the current gov’t is inclusive. I have never blamed any tribe for I know the current mess was cause by individuals and the are still here with us. why don’t I be wise to challenge individual competence then making unnecessary comments that add no...

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                      • 9 July 13:45, by John The President

                        .Value at all. anyway if rightly put that it’s the system and this what you should have been preaching, direct your criticism not to tribe, it’s creating more harm for our country. we can remove anyone we think is not doing enough as south Sudanese but not as a tribe

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                        • 9 July 14:01, by Mi diit

                          John the president?

                          The problem is that we have a tribal president who instituted tribalism using his tribe to corrupt every thing. His tribe, Dinka, enjoy the evil act and also insult and threaten others. Tomorrow if we get a non-tribal president from any other tribe including Dinkas, who will not apply tribalsim in government, the problem will not be there. Nobody will rebel!

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                      • 9 July 14:01, by Ito

                        The system is set by people and does not appear out of blue. That is why in western world they say if you are not able to create a good system, leave to those who can instead of forcing yourself in power just for money. You seem to be an intelligent person but your likes will not be allowed to give suggestion because those on top have their own agenda.

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                        • 9 July 14:05, by Ito

                          That is why many politicians, civil society leaders, faithbased and community leaders who don’t want to be name for security reason say,South Sudan is the only country where constitution is written by one party and input force by one tribe and is for the interest of one tribe instead of for all. Now these politicians if disclose their names will be assassinated.

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                    • 9 July 14:10, by whatsayyou

                      Ito
                      Pliz one question. Can you tell be in details how Dinka as a tribe dominated the gov’t from top to bottom?

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                      • 9 July 14:35, by Ito

                        I will not go further with you but will give some example as I believe you know but pretending. Defense is Dinka, Joint Chief of staff is a dinka, Interior minister is dinka, Director of intelligence is a Dinka not to mention chancellors of universities, ministers and private army being paid by tax payers.If you are in south sudan, it is visible infront of you.I am sure you are not on ground.

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                        • 9 July 14:48, by Ito

                          If one tribe is not really benefiting at expense of all,they why against federalism? Now a renowned historian douglas Johnson has put it clearly that there is no connection between kokora and federalism and that there is no connection between the current socalled decentralization and federalism as the system is copied from North one man or one group dictatorship system.God bless him for truth.

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                          • 9 July 15:29, by Rommel

                            Ito:

                            I agree with you. Dinka representation in the ’government’ is far too high. As a percentage, the Dinka constitute at least 60% of the federal ’government’. That’s unfair, untenable and entirely unacceptable. The Dinka should constitute no more than 10% of the government. We need legislation that would mandate that every tribe must be equally represented on the federal level.

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                            • 9 July 15:31, by Rommel

                              The Luo [’Jurchol’], Jie, Burun, Kachipo, Bongo, Uduk, Avokoya, Pajulu, Lango, Kuku and many others, should be as well represented as the Dinka at the National level, regardless of size. Equality would remove the palpable tension and engender harmony, stability and prosperity.

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                              • 9 July 15:32, by Rommel

                                If Salva Kiir truly loves this country more than he loves being in control of it... he would resign, immediately — to salvage any vestige of respectability that he may have, and *maybe* [just maybe], leave behind a *legacy* that isn’t entirely farcical. This ’country’ is in desperate need of deep, comprehensive and far-reaching political, social and economic reforms...

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                                • 9 July 15:34, by Rommel

                                  .. And our program of reform should begin with a series of questions and assessments in a genuinely all inclusive symposium — in which every political party and civil society organisation can actively take part. We then need to ask ourselves a series of pertinent questions. Example: What is a *country*? What kind of ’country’ are we right now? And what kind of country should we aspire to be?

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                                  • 9 July 15:36, by Rommel

                                    .. What political philosophy do we need to adopt, create or mould around our circumstances, needs and objectives? What system of government is best for South Sudan. I personally believe that we need a constitutional Republic; this system would better define the role of government [on a State and Federal level], the branches of government and their respective powers...

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                                    • 9 July 15:37, by Rommel

                                      .. We would then need to address our diversity and the best way in which to manage it. The last time I checked, the Dinka constituted 60% of government. This figure is not only obscenely high -and unacceptable- it also makes it impossible to have a government that is truly representative of the country as a whole...

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  • 8 July 21:28, by Jubawe

    Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    You are stupid human being I ever seen, Did the army general Swoka mention federalism here in the article, Did he mention the reason not to rebel because of Federalism, my friend the article first understand then comment, Did Nuer rebel because of Federalism NO because if mistreatment and Government failed in all direction, We Equatorian mention Federalism in 2011 before Nuer reb

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    • 9 July 05:38, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Jubawe
      pressure, and anger dose not a solution, please pick your arm and shoot-to-kill Dinka instead of more shouting.
      Why are you like Thomes Cirino Swaka to complicate his life and the life of his children? Just pick your arm and fight with Dinkas, you will see, Dinkas will fuck you like Nuer, shite.

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      • 9 July 17:25, by Hardlinner

        A yuiu makuac Lam, brother don’t joint nuer madness. It is time you should define your personal life first. Kiir is shame to we dinka as riek is shame to nuer. If won’t because of people like you,miit and many irrational thinkers, south sudan wouldn’t been in the situation it now. It time we act as reasonable people and say no to matters that pushing us to the edge of hardship.

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  • 8 July 22:18, by Bolong

    Are you crazy?, I never heard a group of people from particular ethnic went to the national army general and asked him or her to joint the rebellion. What a big lie?

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  • 9 July 03:09, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

    This is a propaganda. It is not substance for public consumption.

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    • 9 July 07:11, by Diversity

      How many general did the dinka lost to nuer unarmed White Army?

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      • 9 July 13:05, by Rommel

        Diversity:

        How can an ’army’ be ’unarmed’!? An army by definition must be armed. An ’unarmed’ army is a contradiction in terms. It would be just as paradoxical if I told you that I was happily depressed.

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        • 9 July 14:11, by Mi diit

          Ah, Rommel, the "spin doctor" is back. Well, the White Army were armed with only Ak-47, but had no helicopter gunships, fighter jets and tanks or other armored military vehicles, anti-aircrafts, anti-tanks, etc unlike your master’s army, UPDF, who had it all. So in this case the White Army were like unarmed army. Don’t you agree?

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          • 9 July 14:25, by Rommel

            Mi diit:

            Why on earth are you quoting yourself? Are you suppose to be some kind of authority? I’m pretty sure that it was Peter Gadet’s *soldiers* [and not the white army] that assassinated those Generals. Peter Gadet’s soldiers did have armoured vehicles, MANPADS and anti-tank weapons. The only thing that they lacked was an air force...

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            • 9 July 14:31, by Rommel

              ..Your Arab masters used its significantly larger and more sophisticated air force against us for fifteen [15] years following your defection. You are in no position to complain. Pray tell, how did I become the ’spin-doctor’ when you’re the one that constantly pulls the conspiracy card when esteemed historians disagree with you!?

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              • 9 July 14:35, by Rommel

                You always claim that the Dinka must have payed off historians that disagree with you. Historians have to follow a high scholarly standard; they don’t just absorb pieces of information like a sponge. Historians disagree with your ahistorial accounts, and no amount of dishonesty and conspiracy theory and projectionism will help you. You’re pathetic!

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                • 9 July 16:47, by Mi diit

                  Rommel,

                  There are bias historians in this wide wild world. Don’t rule it out, or you are so naive.

                  On White Army you now jump to Gen Peter Gatdet’s soldiers, killing the Dinka generals, not the White Army doing it. Are you so sure, or is it your same attitude of presumption to suit your interest, typical of a spin doctor.

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                  • 9 July 16:53, by Rommel

                    Mi diit:

                    You are beyond pathetic. How many times have you introduced a conspiracy to explain away the fact that no historian agrees with you!? You have not provided the name of one historian that agrees with your many attempts at distortion. Dr. Douglas Johnson is an incredibly knowledgeable historian — held in high esteem by all of his compatriots.

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                    • 9 July 17:03, by Rommel

                      .. And he [along with many other historians] have comprehensively documented Sudan’s recent history and the myopic, naive, ineffective and schizophrenic nature of Riek’s political and military strategies. You then accuse him [and others] of having been paid off, without even a morsel of evidence. Historians have exposed Riek’s stupidity and the empty nature of his rhetoric.

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                      • 9 July 17:08, by Rommel

                        Dr. Douglas Johnson has lived with the Nuer for years, interacted intimately with the Nuer, has written books about their religion and cultural practices and was instrumental in retrieving Ngundeng’s dang from Britain. Are you suggesting that -despite all of this- that he is biased against the Nuer!? Whoa, paranoid much? He should be predisposed towards you by now, no?

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  • 9 July 09:39, by American Missile.

    Dear Thomas Cirilo.

    Thank you for being a Wise General, if all Generals were like you, Children and women,Disables, Orphans, Widowers have been crying throughout their Lives.

    However, Iam happy to you because of breaking silent over the rumors that has been leveled against you.Be strong as we usual know you. you are rights and more rights to do not return to War.God will be there for you.

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    • 9 July 13:34, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

      Wise is he? When you think you have subjugated a person, then you call him wise!! What type of human being are you? Do really worry when widows, children and the elderly are massacred under the protection of government? In which country in the world is insecurity, death is the order of the day?

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  • 9 July 21:15, by Kerem

    I do not know how Mabior Garang whose mother got married to Riek feels when Nuer talks about Dinka’s corruption and bad governance. When the rebellion is 99% Nuer dominated. That money you are being paid will get finish one day and you will regret it. How dare you hear Dinka being generally abused by the people you support

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An Alternative National Dialogue: Sudan’s last chance for sustainable peace and Unity 2014-08-30 06:18:14 By Suliman Baldo August 29, 2014 — Last week, with much fanfare and renewed hope on the part of Sudanese citizens, the African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP) for Sudan and South Sudan, (...)

A critique of the IGAD protocol for peace in S Sudan 2014-08-30 05:53:03 “A critique of the IGAD protocol on agreed principles on transitional arrangements towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan” By David de Chand August 29, 2014 - First and foremost of all, (...)

IGAD failure to delivering peace for South Sudan! 2014-08-30 05:43:48 By Jacob Odong August 29, 2014- The East African Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is concluding a plan to allow for what they are calling a unity government for South Sudan. If (...)


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National Dialogue in Sudan: Past experiences and current challenges 2014-08-27 06:18:22 Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG) Since independence, Sudan has undergone a number of national peace agreements, some of which were observed and honored for short periods, others which were (...)

A new approach to the National Dialogue will stop war and lead to democracy in Sudan 2014-08-22 06:50:30 A New Approach to the National Dialogue in Sudan that will Stop the Wars, Address the Humanitarian Crisis and Lead to Democratic TransformationChatham House, London on Wednesday, August 20, 2014 (...)

Friends and Diaspora of South Sudan urge leaders to choose peace 2014-08-19 20:29:59 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Esther Sprague, Founder & Director, Sudan Unlimited 415.713.2495, esprague11@yahoo.com FRIENDS AND DIASPORA OF SOUTH SUDAN URGE LEADERS TO CHOOSE PEACE UNSC (...)


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