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Unity state students’ union declare support for federalism

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June 24, 2014 (KAMPALA) – Calls for federalism in South Sudan continues gaining momentum with Unity state students’ union members in Uganda backing the proposed system of governance.

A resolution in support of federalism was on Saturday passed by up to 150 students from Unity state’s nine counties during a meeting held at Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda.

William Malek Bol, the chairman of the students’ union said federalism was the only choice for South Sudanese.

“Federal governance [system] would improve the country’s development”, he said.
Bol described South Sudan’s current transitional constitution as a “mess” stressing that federalism would strengthen the country’s 10 states through proper constitutional amendments.

"We came out with [the] resolution that what every South Sudanese is needed is a federal system, and we added our voice to the people of Equatoria, youth of Equatoria and other youths of South Sudan who are calling for a federal system", said Bol.

“South Sudan is composing of more than 64 tribes, but with current system of centralised power, others are denied good infrastructure due to one tribe dominating power”, added Bol.

The students’ union chairperson, however, believes that endorsing a federal system in the new nation would give other minority tribes the voice for representation in the national government.

He also criticised the current transitional constitution, which he said give the president too much powers, including removal of state governor who are directly-elected by the citizens.

"Our voters have been disappointed. In Unity state, we voted for somebody and granted him to go for up to 2015. It is the president himself who removed our governor, including the governor of Lake state. Now if we ask him [president] to leave his position, he says he was elected. Why is he removing elected people”? asked Bol.

Meanwhile, the secretary general of the students’ union decried what he referred to as one man’s rule, which did not reflect the will of all South Sudanese.

"Federalism is one of the means to solve tribalism in South Sudan. If you go back to the constitution currently governing the South Sudan, it is not being followed. They are just people working on their own minds, leaving aside the constitutions,” Tut Jock Chuat told Sudan Tribune o Saturday.

“I believe federalism will remove tribalism in South Sudan", added Chuat.
Samuel Majang Mut, a member of Unity state students union wondered why President Salva Kiir recently criticised the greater Equatoria people for openly supporting a federal system in South Sudan.

"As a leader, he was quoted [saying] that federalism will not be imposed on the people, but South Sudanese will decide. Now we have decided that federal system is the best form of governance for the people of South Sudan”, he said.

Mut further observed that federalism in South Sudan will ensure equitable resource distribution in all states.

(ST)

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  • 26 June 12:46, by Tong dut

    Correctly unity state,to solve the case of war is federalism,
    No body will trouble you in your state.Leave those who wants war to fight their Dinka war.

    repondre message

    • 26 June 13:32, by Akook

      Kiir forcefully removed elected officials, and when other groups tried the same thing on him, he claim having been elected! What did he think about the elections of those he illegitimately removed from their posts?

      repondre message

    • 26 June 13:36, by Padiet Deng Alony

      federalism will expand tribalism instead of narrowing tribalism. sliding from SPLM internal disputes to the so called federalism and tribalism was not the root cause of the current tribal war in South Sudan. South Sudanese should first talk of reconciliation among thier tribes then federalism. federalism sugar coated with tribalism will not bring back the broken social fiber among our tribes.

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      • 26 June 16:13, by Ito

        Thank you brothers and sisters for adding your voices. Just to clarify one thing about Salva. When he says federalism should not be imposed on people but people should decide, he does not mean other tribes,the only people in south sudan are Dinka and that is what he means. If Dinka say No, it means No according to him. We will not accept this, we will fight

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        • 26 June 17:01, by Rommel

          Ito:

          Do you think that the Nuer of Unity State would support federalism if it meant the excision of the Dinka counties from the body of that State!? A purported seventy-five [75%] of that State’s oil production is sourced from Dinka lands. We will remove our counties from the political bodies of Unity State, Jonglei and Upper Nile State.

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  • 26 June 19:35, by Kim Deng

    Had the Nuer ever wished to occupy the whole greater Upper Nile, from Renk to Mading Bor and from Ruweng/Biemnom to Buma-Gambella, it seems unlikely that the other coward Jurs (Jaang, Teet, Bar, Chai…) could have stopped them.

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    • 26 June 19:58, by Rommel

      Kim Deng:

      So says the cowards that failed against the Dinka even as they had the unrelenting assistance of Khartoum’s air force [an air force much larger than the Ugandan air force], and you still couldn’t win. You had the SAF, the PDF and Arab militias on your side.

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  • 26 June 20:35, by marie

    Rommel,
    The proposed federalism in South Sudan should be based on the current states. The system should not be based on tribes, otherwise we would have 64 states based on the number of tribes in South Sudan. But we states that have a number of tribes together and that would remain as they are. If Dinka want to be in states without other tribes as in Warrap and orthern Bahr El Ghazal,its up to the

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    • 26 June 21:36, by Rommel

      marie:

      I don’t think anyone actually believes that it would be at all feasible to have sixty-four [64] administrative divisions... But we certainly do need more States. Equatoria is probably the only region that doesn’t need to be separated into more States. Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile must be divided into more States. We need around eighteen [18] States.

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      • 26 June 21:40, by Rommel

        In Unity State, the Panaruu and Ruweng Dinka were originally governed as part of Bahr el Ghazal until 1905 - when they were transferred to Kordofan. When the Panaruu and Ruweng were finally transferred back to South Sudan in 1928, the British decided to again transfer them to the Upper Nile province. This mistake will be corrected. They will be transferred back to Bahr el Ghazal.

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        • 26 June 21:41, by Rommel

          The Panaruu and Ruweng Dinka must be given their own State. Each and every state in which the Dinka and the Nuer are governed together, must be dismantled; these two tribes are not on good terms, to say the least and so shouldn’t be forced together in fraudulent administrative marriages on the State level.

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          • 26 June 21:51, by Rommel

            Some proponents of federalism constantly subject us to the spiel about Bahr el Ghazal’s apparent lack of resources. This is false. Bahr el Ghazal has a large oil block [block E] that has yet to be fully explored. Block E traverses every State of the Bahr el Ghazal region — and is estimate to hold over 2 billion barrels.

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            • 26 June 22:06, by Rommel

              We desperately need federalism, but if people continue to provocatively frame the issue of federalism in tribal terms, we could quite easily take the Dinka counties of ’Greater Upper Nile’ and make them part of the Bahr el Ghazal region — taking 90% of the nations oil as a consequence. People should be very careful with the way in which they approach this issue.

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