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We stand for federalism, CES governor tells civil servants

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June 5, 2014 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s Central Equatoria state top executive has declared there is no turning back on the demand for a federal system of governance in the new born country, contrary to the objections by the president Salva Kiir.

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Central Equatoria’s Clement Wani Konga (Photo Larco Lomayat)

Governor Clement Wani Konga, whose state hosts the national government in Juba, has been vocal about the need to restructure the country based on federalism, but said his demand are of the people and should not be misinterpreted as joining the rebel movement led by former vice-president Riek Machar.

On Thursday, Konga went ahead by organising a workshop to brief the civil servants about the state government’s position in support of the federal system of governance during which thousands of civil servants from Central Equatoria state participated.

Konga told the gathering at Nyakuron Culture Center in the national capital, Juba, that the people of Central Equatoria state are for a federal system and that they would not back down from the will of the people.

While addressing the country’s national parliament on Monday, president Kiir criticised the demand for a federal system by the rebel leader Riek Machar, saying this was a ploy to divide the “internal front" and that citizens be allowed to decide on the matter.

"The issue of federalism that is seems used by Riek Machar on pretext that he wants to divide the internal front is not really viable at all because federalism has been the demand of people of South Sudan for a long time even before the independence of Sudan,” said president Kiir.

He further observed that a federalism system was what southern Sudan demanded for from north Sudan during the 1947 Juba conference.

Governor Konga, however, said “some people misinformed President Salva Kiir” with reports about their call for a federal system in South Sudan, clarifying that their position did not mean support to the armed opposition group.

He further added that it is the will of the people that should be championed, arguing that South Sudan does not belong to a single leader.

“No, South Sudan is not for Salva Kiir, not for me [Clement], not even for Riek Machar. South Sudan is for all South Sudanese people,” he told the gathering.

He further disclosed that a delegation will be sent to Upper Nile state to consult with the like-minds there, but said this should not be seen as a collaboration with the rebel group.

“It should not look that if people dialogue with the people of Malakal this will mean that I, Konga, am following Riek Machar. No, I am not going after Riek Machar,” he further argued.

He also revealed that a six-person delegation, two each to represent the three states of Central, Eastern and Western Equatoria, will be sent to the peace talks in Addis Ababa to represent the views of Greater Equatoria region.

Federalism is system of governance in which powers including fiscal ones are devolved to the state governments, leaving the centre with less power that aims to coordinate among various states. However, army and foreign affairs remain exclusively under the powers of the national government.

The current renewed debate on federalism came to light after the rebel group under the leadership of the former vice president, Riek Machar, demanded at the Addis Ababa peace talks that South Sudan as a state should be restructured based on a federal system in order to avoid the abuse of power and misuse of wealth by the centre.

(ST)

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  • 6 June 06:02, by Lotodo Awino Odug

    This federal bullshit will lead to over taxation, corruption and lawlessness in trying to raise enough money to make states payrolls. Equatorians think that they will be better off without the rest of others states, but is a delusion by opportunists who just want to take their people and later enslave them to conform to their aspirations.

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    • 6 June 06:15, by Lotodo Awino Odug

      Let them with their states, then cut them off from federal oil revenues to if they will no come back running and begging for country’s assistance. the false claimed that they will produce agricultural produces to sell will not be reliable since profitability will be unpredictable since we Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk practice agriculture too. The question is, who will be their customers?

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      • 6 June 06:36, by Joseph Canada

        Lottodo, taxes in a federal govt. Is used to pay for the infrustucture, parks, public libraries, public hospitals and public schools in a developer and peaceful nations. I know you are enjoying the stollen money from the present Govt. That should’ve served the national interest. When I become an Mp in the new federal govt. All of you will be respondsible for the theft nepotism and atrocities.

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        • 6 June 07:07, by Lotodo Awino Odug

          I doubt if homeless drunkard from Canada, will find away home let alone being honored for an MP position. rot where you are, we have enough of your kinds at home.

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        • 6 June 11:32, by Force 1

          You pinheads all need to define federalism before making noises about it. Even the governor of central Equatoria has no one telling him that we are in a federal system that’s why you’re governing your own state of central Equatoria. It’s so sad that people could be that highly irrational even the people on top of the government!

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      • 6 June 07:07, by Bentiu son

        Go! Go! ahead Hero Wani Konga not traitor Wani Igga who fear Salva Kiir to death.We entire nationalist,compatriots and peace lovers in South Sudan at home and diaspora are rally behind you till victory.Clement Wani Konga and Dr Aduok Nyaba are two heroes and brave politicians Hve ever seen within RSS beside populist,charismatic and democracy leader Dr Machar and his comrades like Alfred Lado Gore

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        • 6 June 07:20, by Bentiu son

          Gen Taban Deng Gai,Dr Wani Tombe,Mama Rebecca Nyadeng Mabior, Mama Angelina Jany Teny,and tigers military commanders Gen Peter Gatdet Yak,Gen James Koang Chuol,Gen Gathoth Gatkuoth,Gen Gabriel Tanginye,Gen Gatwech Dualand Gen Malakal Kuol.Thereby,whether incompetent Kiir and his tribal mindsets like it or not ’Federalism’ is only our choice.Dinka BEG fear federalism due to their poor region.

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          • 6 June 08:53, by Mi diit

            The so-called “internal front” is about to implode. Incompetent Kiir Kuethpiny sits on a ticking time bomb of Greater Equatoria region which will see his exit from power VERY soon. Kiir rejected self-determination in 1990s but later on surrendered to it. Same will happen to governance of federalism, with or without him.

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      • 6 June 18:53, by Ito

        Lotodo and the supporters of the stupid regime. Federalism is what south sudan have been longing for since 1947. Federalism is the devolution of powers to different administrative centers while maintaining central government. This is to bring about development by taking services to the people rather than having ministers sleep in a hotel all their likes like what this current regime is doing.

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        • 6 June 18:55, by Ito

          Federalism is good unless politicised like what you Dinka are doing. If you think federalism means each tribe will rule itself so what do you got to lose, what is your concern. You go and also rule yourself and leave other tribes to manage their affairs also. that is even better than having Dinka rule all over other tribes with impunity. It does not matter how you interpret federalism, it is good.

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          • 6 June 18:59, by Ito

            If each tribe manage its own affairs or teach its language in school, it is still better than being rule by another tribe. What am saying here is that, it does not matter how you interpret federalism, any interpretation whether correct or incorrect is still better than being rule by dinka and I think most people here would concur with me. Thank you.

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    • 6 June 06:18, by adamu

      Your excellency Konga, We the people of South Sudan are standing with 200%. and who ever thinks that the idea of federalism you are advocating about is a wrong way forward should not be even talking because they don’t know what it means to have a system of such a kind. please talk to other governors of the ten states to begin educating their fellow states citizens about the benefits of the fede-

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      • 6 June 06:26, by adamu

        ral system. Your excellency,I would like to thank you from the bottom of my heart that your concern and voicing it out is a great achievement that no one could disapprove your poise and determination to trying to make our country and regions have more power in controlling their resources and each state will not be left behind any more.

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      • 6 June 06:31, by Lotodo Awino Odug

        federal system is working in the Us because people are hard working and honest, they do not flock to government for employments. How is this system going to work when people don’t like to pay bills, loans or work hard to generate wealth for the state. are you going to force the poor to state taxes too especially if they are un employ by the state?

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        • 6 June 08:34, by hamil

          Lotodo,
          With or without oil money we Equatorians will develop and attract investors. What is the point of having numerous resources in your states and yet you abandon it and run to the poor states if you think we are give a shit about your oil that benefitted only you the Jieng and the Nuer? Embrace federalism & focus on developing South Sudan instead of worrying about not staying in Equatoria.

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      • 6 June 09:44, by Bungachier 50

        No one can go to any corner of South Sudan without passing through some where I know, and we shall see ourselves there with your Proposed fucken Federalism kind of Governance. Go ahead!

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    • 6 June 06:27, by Fact Nonsense

      Mr. Lotodo, let me be honest with you brother. Before I was against any idea that divides the views of the people of South Sudan but you what, my conscience tells me that "its time to accept change". I’m a Jieng (Dinka)and I want you to understand the affairs of our nation in nationalist manner not tribal manner. You make me wonder why "some of us Jieng" don’t accept what other people want?

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      • 6 June 06:45, by Lotodo Awino Odug

        Fact nonsence, let me tell you this bro, Equatorian are jealous people, they are afraid to tell the members of others tribes to leave their states frankly, that is why they want to rally behind the belief of federalism as a way chasing others away from equatorial region. they don’t know the important of people and the wealth they generate when they are together, look at Lobone and Magwi, they are

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        • 6 June 06:51, by Lotodo Awino Odug

          in ruins because Acholi kicked out Dinka there, Nimule, Juba, Moli, Narus, Kapoeta and yei economies will collapse without Dinkas as businessmen and consumers as well.

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        • 6 June 08:10, by hamil

          Lotodo,
          I am an Equatorian & disagree with you if you say Equatorians are jealous what is it that we are jealous of? You are saying we don’t like some tribes this is because of what happened in the last 9 years since 2003 when the Jieng & Nuer grabbed people’s lands by force. And if you want to stick your bum in Equatoria ask yourself who is going to develop your states if you argue that Equatori

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          • 6 June 08:30, by Lotodo Awino Odug

            You are jealous, because you guys think that businesse opportunities and UN vacancies will be at your reach when others left. you have to know that, businese involves risks, hard work and endurance which you lack. areas like Terkeka, Wundruba and Nzara are filths, go take a look to prove me wrong. you are lazy free-loaders who never appreciate anything done for you wherever you go.

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      • 6 June 06:49, by Fact Nonsense

        Agree with me Mr. Lotodo that Jieng are not vulnerable in any way in South Sudan come whatever. We Jieng shouldn’t be scared of move towards federalism because its the only way to equal development, stability, accountability and many more. This current regime has not deliver what we wanted, only caring for their dirty daily incomes. NO to you and those who don’t like federalism.

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        • 6 June 08:38, by Nyesi Ta

          During the 21 yrs of war, the Jieng were preaching unity and the spirit of togetherness, but after the CPA the Jieng adopted tribalism, nepotism, corruption, and name calling such as we liberated u, u r foreigners, & cowards who they say will be subjects to rule. Who sowed this kind of hatred among South Sudanese? Let them reap the harvested of their own sowing.

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    • 6 June 06:44, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Riek Machar, is hoping for federal government to be install inorder to benefit from oil revenue base in Upper Nile state. Corruption will be maximum alert over wealth and government, Equartoria is hoping also to benefit from gold mining and mobile truck from neighbouring countries,

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  • 6 June 06:11, by Fact Nonsense

    I also support federalism. My home town has been forgotten for long time since SPLA recaptured it from SAF in 1997. Every concentration now is focused on state headquarters (Rumbek)leaving other beautiful towns in ruin. "Enough is enough", lets embrace federalism for equitable development, peace and stability.

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  • 6 June 06:28, by wang

    You are on right trace Wani Konga…

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  • 6 June 06:41, by George Bol

    Why federal system not there during war of liberation with the North? Even Clement Konga was wounded fighting SPLA during the liberation. For me, that is another provocation of lion in the den.

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    • 6 June 07:04, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Equartorian are like butterfly with flower and strings fly with stool. They are being mislead by Riek Machar foolish mind of "Zero "O" PHD degree. I hope president Kiir will treat prophet of Doom believer Riek Machar as late Dr. John Garang suppose to treat him.

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  • 6 June 07:10, by Mapuor

    Federal system per se is not bad.Given the ethnic composition of South Sudan,Ethiopian,Indian and Nigerian type of federalism will apply in our context.In India,each state has its national language and includes the language groups that are even living far away from state borders.In Ethiopia old provincial names and borders were abolished and new ethnic based regions formed.

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    • 6 June 07:15, by Mapuor

      Ethiopans and Indian types of federal system will allow each region(Kilil) to develop its language as regional language and use it in all levels of Education,for example Dinka region will develop its language and use in all Dinka areas of South Sudan,the same thing will happen to Zande region,Nuer region,Bari speakers region,Taposa region etc

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      • 6 June 07:23, by Mapuor

        much as federalism is good as I mentioned above,it should be adopted gradually and democratically.I know some comments above are objective especially those that are against federal system.The current states fail to develop sound fiscal policies and instead are absolutely dependent on Juba for salaries and other developmental projects.States like Central Equatoria relies heavily on central gvt

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        • 6 June 07:30, by Mapuor

          Central Equatoria has the highest number of civil servants in the country and will be unable to pay that huge number from the taxes that it always make noise on.You need to do some research guys and scrupulously look on pros and cons of federal systems.We of course will never again accept people like Kiliko,Lulubo,Maban,Belle,Piere,Alor,Panaru etc to be second class citizens in States.

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          • 6 June 07:35, by Mapuor

            Why do we need federal system now?If the answer is to avert domination by one ethnic group,then lets not again place different ethnic groups in the same states and that is why Ethiopian type of regions(Kililoch) sounds the best.We dont want Anyuaks to be under Nuer hegemony,Jie under Murlei hegemony or Didinga under Latuka hegemony or Jurchol under Fertit hegemony etc

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      • 6 June 07:35, by Reuben

        Mapuor,
        You are right.Federal system has many advantages.Your region will develop because fair distribution of wealth unlike currently 90% OF SS income is used in Juba within which 70% goes to individuals pockets.Through Federalation Towns will be taken to the people.Mapuor village will develop.Your talent jienge will not flock to back home to develop your area and same with other groups CONT.

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        • 6 June 07:45, by Reuben

          Mapuor
          Your Jienge will flock back to develop their area same with the other group because their will be developmental budget for your areaThere will be accountability as well and nothing for free which will propel development as the citizens will work hard to get SS pounds.In federal System there is no restriction of people Jienge can make business in Equatoria and cont.

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          • 6 June 07:52, by Reuben

            Mapuor
            and Equarorians can make business in jienge area.Only that it will be hard to get free money and free money for making businesses.This good because individual will have to work hard.Jienge language will develop and be used in your region as U. said.Jienge culture will develop.As a result of development there will be no cattle stealing.More Scientific way of keeping jiege cattle will be dev

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            • 6 June 08:58, by Nyesi Ta

              Gov. Clement Wani’s position to freely talk in favor of federal system of government is a test to freedom of speech in the Republic of South Sudan. I don’t know how this governor is going to survive in this police state given his position. His dissenting position as compared to the politically ailing president may be seen as incitement of disobedience against Kiir’s position.

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    • 6 June 08:26, by Padiet Deng Alony

      Federalism’s Disadvantages
      Critics argue that federalism falls short in two ways:
      •Prevents the creation of a national policy: The United States does not have a single policy on issues; instead, it has fifty-one policies, which often leads to confusion.
      •Leads to a lack of accountability: The overlap of the boundaries among national and state governments makes it tricky to assign blame for fail

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  • 6 June 07:52, by DDooggaa

    Why are you Dinkas opposed to the federal system?? Instead its good so that development is realized in the whole country. It will make you dinkas work hard and forget stealing. You will have your own police, your own Judiciary, you collect your taxes. You go and develope you states and stop the business of cattle raiding.
    Federalism oyeeeee, Kongo oyeeeee, Riek oyeeeee

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  • 6 June 08:39, by Padiet Deng Alony

    Ethnic Federalism closely examines aspects of the Ethiopean case and asks why the use ofterritorial decentralism to accommodate ethnic differences has been generally unpopular in Africa, while it is growing in popularity in the West.
    The book includes case studies of Nigerian and Indian federalism and suggests how Ethiopia might learn from both the failures and successes of these older federatio

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    • 6 June 09:04, by Padiet Deng Alony

      tion. In the light of these broader issues and cases, it identifies the main challenges facing Ethiopia in the next few years, as it struggles to bring political practice into line with constitutional theory and thereby achieve a genuinely federal division of powers.

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      • 6 June 09:38, by Padiet Deng Alony

        I do not think greater Upper Nile will be again Greater Upper Nile because of the following problem
        Dinka and nuer in Greater Upper Nile are enemies to each other and will not any longer stay peacfully.
        Therefore Ethnic Federalism is the best like in Ethiopia.
        Dinka Region
        Nuer Region
        Shilluk Region/kingdom
        Murle Region
        Anyuak Region
        Bari Region
        Mundari Region
        Taposa Region
        Latuko Region etc

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        • 6 June 14:07, by Nyesi Ta

          The ethnic federal system should only apply in bahr el ghazal and upper nile if they need it. In Equatoria, although there cases of conflicts in the east, it is something that can be reconciled through dialogue.

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  • 6 June 09:11, by Nyesi Ta

    If we adopt an ethnically based system of federalism, I am afraid, other ethnicities who are not in peace among themselves will be in war with each other due to their anarchic and barbaric culture. However, the Jieng federal state will be one among others, marred by anarchy and barbarism.

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    • 6 June 09:56, by Padiet Deng Alony

      Brother Ta
      Do not mind Dinka who fight themselves, Dinka fight themselves and stay united at the end.
      Dinka is not afraid of federalism as some people comment, Dinka resource in Dinka Land like Oil in Maluth County in Upper Nile State and Pariang County of Panaru Dinka in Unity State but only in need of Unity and Diversity of South Sudanese. therefore if people of South Sudan need disintegration

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  • 6 June 09:40, by Gabriel KK

    Hi all,
    There is nothing wrong with Federalism, South Sudan as a nation is already in Federal system of governance since the establishment of ten States. What we should talk about right now is the division of powers and sharing of resources among others. I do support the idea of states having full control over their resources and internal security.

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  • 6 June 10:15, by Fact Nonsense

    Gentlemen, federalism shouldn’t be misinterpreted into hate speech towards a particular ethnic group like (Jieng) Lets face it. of 2.5 Millions who perished during the civil war, 80% are Jieng. However, when we talk of resources, Bar el Ghazal has abundant resources that are not touch yet. We Jieng need to get back to our states and counties and develop them then developing other states i.e CES.

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    • 6 June 18:56, by Nyesi Ta

      Africa’s resources are a curse to Africans. Many people thought that South Sudan independence came at a time South Sudanese leaders (politicians) would have learnt from the mistakes made by other African independences not to repeated in the nascent state of RSS. The squandering of oil revenue is a justification of the statement that oil is a curse. Indeed it is.

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  • 6 June 23:36, by Jubawe

    No comment Governor Konga, we love you and alway stand behind, freedom of speech, if Kirr touch you or abuse you, that will be the time the whole Equatorian will take arm as before against Dinka Kingdom, history will repeat itself. So we ask other tribes to support the federalism system idea to go a head, as they send people upper Nile to preach idea of federal system and come to conclude in Ju

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  • 6 June 23:46, by Jubawe

    Soon we’ll kick out Eastern Equatoria Governor betray Louis and VP Wani Igga who alway selling Equatorian ideas to President Kirr but Citizen of South Sudan is witnessing good signal from Greater Equatorian to support for new System in the country and all the current senior ministers will be held to accountable for corruption and murdering. Soon heat will foil in Juba, Kirr dying soon

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