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Blame African leaders for failure to resolve conflicts: Kagame

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May 20, 2014 (KIGALI) – African leaders should largely be blamed for failure to resolve conflicts that are taking the continent backwards, Rwanda’s president Paul Kagame said on Tuesday.

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President Paul Kagame has called for Africans to advance African solutions (photo credit: Village Urugwiro)

“As African leaders, we must take responsibility and accept our failures in dealing with these matters,” he told a panel discussion at the ongoing African Development Bank (AfDB) annual meeting in the capital, Kigali.

“Unless we deeply look into these, we may not make any meaningful progress on the continent,” he added.

Kagame and other leaders were discussing a report from the panel of experts established by the AfDB president, Donald Kaberuka. Liberian leader Ellen Johnson Sirleaf chaired the high level panel on fragile states.

Social exclusion, income inequality, vulnerability to economic, social and environmental risks, according to the 2014 African Economic Outlook report, continue to threaten Africa’s long-term aspiration for a people-centred and prosperous continent.

“Peace and security breakdowns in the Central African Republic and South Sudan have resulted in the tragic loss of lives and livelihoods,” notes the 205-page report.

“A strong commitment from Africa and the international community is required to help address these crises”, it adds.

The conflict in South Sudan, Kagame said, would not have escalated into a full-scale war had its leaders taken into consideration what prompted the fight for independence.

“This country and the people there wanted to be independent. They got independence, but that turned into a problem,” he told the audience at the AfDB meeting.

Kagame, however, insisted that African leaders should work together and solve their own problems, without seeking assistance from western countries.

“Why do you have wait for Europeans to solve your problem? he asked, adding that "I think we should work together to solve our own problems".

COSTLY CONFLICTS

The cost of conflict on Africa’s development between 1990 and 2005 was estimated at US $300 billion, according to a research jointly conducted by Oxfam International, International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) and Saferworld. This was said to be equal to the amount of money Africa received in international aid from major donors during the same period.

The study further revealed that on average, war, civil war or insurgency shrinks an African economy by 15% and that Africa loses an average of around $18 billion to armed conflict annually. Between 1990 and 2005, 23 African nations were reportedly involved in conflict.

(ST)

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  • 21 May 10:49, by Jalaby

    President Kagame,
    You really a brave leader and what you said about southerners is 100% correct:
    “This country and the people there wanted to be independent. They got independence, but that turned into a problem"
    That what I’ve been saying for long, they don’t have the homogeneous nation to initiate a country, they will always remain dependent on others to feed

    repondre message

    • 21 May 10:52, by Jalaby

      they have no right to create their own state hence don’t worry Mr. president we will soon end this mess and bring them back to unity "slavery" again and united Sudan!!
      It’s just a matter of time I promise you Mr. president!

      repondre message

      • 21 May 10:56, by Jalaby


        by the way Mr. president, I can see you look very much like Somalians, Ethiopians, Eritreans and Sudanese .. are you mixed with Arab or something? just curious !!

        Jalaby (Abo Jalabia)

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        • 21 May 11:56, by Rommel

          Jalaby:
          Oh, this is absolutely just precious, you’re a from a country that has had the worst and most terrible, long running ethnic contingent bloodletting the continent -and indeed the world- has seen and experienced since the Rwandan genocide... And you want to act as though your blood-soaked country is some kind of shangri-la!? LOL!

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          • 21 May 11:57, by Rommel

            You have lost more civilians in State sanctioned, ethnic-determined violence than any other Nation within the continent and indeed the world. You may be content with inducing yourself into some kind of amnesia in regards to the immense human suffering in your own backyard, but to the rest of us -to the rest of the world-... the persistence of this reality is unremitting!

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            • 21 May 12:01, by Rommel

              According to institutions of international significance, including the world’s quintessential political institution — the UN... your government engaged in a brutal campaign of ethnic determined violence that claimed at least a quarter of a million innocent lives. That’s infinitely more than we have lost in tribal violence since the condominium — going back over a hundred years!

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              • 21 May 12:04, by Rommel

                You constantly like to called South Sudan a failed State, and a very strong case for that position can be made... But do you think calling South Sudan a failed State will mean that your country is somehow the opposite of this!? That at least a quarter of a million people didn’t die in Darfur!? That your ’government’ isn’t recognized as a State sponsor of terror?

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                • 21 May 12:11, by Rommel

                  Do you think that Sudan isn’t considered a failed State as well!? Delude yourself as you must and as you will, but you are in no position to moralise to others. You’re clearly pretending that you don’t see the contradiction inherent in condemning people for acts that you have committed. Anyone can play dumb, and refuse to understand the facts, there’s no challenge in that.

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                  • 21 May 12:12, by Rommel

                    You need to ask yourself why it is you’ve had a rebellion of some sort in virtually every corner of your Nation —- in all the non-Arab peripheries; and why the rebellions always bemoan the hegemony, marginalization and persecution of a dictatorial and genocidal Arab elite. If South Sudan doesn’t meet the criteria to be considered a country, then neither does Sudan.

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                    • 21 May 12:16, by Rommel

                      Your country recently sentenced a pregnant young woman to death for apostasy! Oh yeah, you’re a real country. South Sudan deserves to be condemned and ridiculed by people and countries that are actually stable. You are not such a country.

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                      • 21 May 12:29, by Rommel

                        The Tutsi have no Arab admixture of any kind. Their genetic makeup shows no traces of any such admixture. The Tutsi apparently have Nilo-Saharan lineages — the same lineages that we have in South Sudan. The Masai, the Samburu and the Luo of Kenya all originate in South Sudan. I could learn all these languages very easily. The Luo, Shilluk, Jurchol and the Anyuak were all part of one kingdom...

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                        • 21 May 12:33, by Rommel

                          .. And this is precisely why the Shilluk were absolutely ecstatic when Barack Obama won the U.S. Presidency. Africa has the most diverse range of people of any continent, and you quite simply cannot attribute this diversity to admixture. The science doesn’t support it.

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                          • 21 May 12:34, by Rommel

                            Jean Hiernaux "The People of Africa" 1975
                            p.53, 54
                            "In Africa, many anthropological characters show a wide range of population means or frequencies. In some of them, the whole world range is covered in the continent. Here live the shortest and the tallest human populations, the one with the highest and the one with the lowest nose, the one with the thickest and the one with the thinnest lips in

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                            • 21 May 12:36, by Rommel

                              the world. In this area, the range of the average nose widths covers 92 per cent of the world range: only a narrow range of extremely low means are absent from the African record.

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                              • 21 May 12:37, by Rommel

                                Means for head diameters cover about 80 per cent of the world range; 60 per cent is the corresponding value for a variable once cherished by physical anthropologists, the cephalic index, or ratio of the head width to head length expressed as a percentage.

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                                • 21 May 13:42, by Jalaby

                                  Mr. Rommel,
                                  Are you trying to convince us that what happened in Darfour was the biggest genocide in Africa and even exceeded the Hutu-Tutsi genocide in Rwanda?
                                  Please stop bothering yourself of convincing us about what happened in Darfour was bigger than what is happening in the south now of comprehensive ethnic and hatred war than ever

                                  repondre message

                                  • 21 May 13:47, by Jalaby

                                    before in Africa because we see, hear, watch and witness the facts on the ground and we’re not foolish people!
                                    Only naive people can believe you who already believed you about what you said to them before that you’re only 23 years old!! seriously you’re!! LOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL

                                    repondre message

                                  • 21 May 16:31, by Rommel

                                    Jalaby:
                                    Learn to read, Jalaby. I said that the war in Darfur was the worst since Rwanda. The war in Darfur has claimed more lives than the war in South Sudan. This is an objective fact. Deny this fact as you must and as you will.

                                    repondre message

        • 22 May 04:47, by Observer

          Jalaby
          Great to see the this website’s comedian is back. A few days ago you made some comments that looked like you actually knew what you were talking about but today you are back to your usual ignorant childish self.
          What mature person would end their comment with LOOOOOOL

          repondre message

  • 21 May 11:04, by magic

    Most African leaders (president or Prime ministers) are backward themselves. They get power either by force or rigging elections. They are not responsible for their people rather they are trying to fulfill their needs.
    Jalaby:
    Kagame is Ethiopian by ancentors. The Rwandese people migrated about 500 years ago from Ethiopia. People have studied about their tradition.

    repondre message

  • 21 May 14:01, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

    Jallaba, you must have something useful to do other than day dreaming about uniting the two Sudans. Mind your business. South Sudanese are going to solve their problems and come up stronger than ever. Ours is difference in political differences and not racial, political and cultural. Gone are the days we were under racial, religious apartheid under you Jallaba.

    repondre message

  • 22 May 09:43, by Angelo Achuil

    The key trouble on the continent is power consolidation instead of power distribution between branches of gov’t. A good gov’t is a gov’t with limited powers (not absolute powers) so that people can make it accountable through reserved powers, but once a gov’t can’t be questioned about the way it is running the country and brought to books, it is no longer a people gov’t but of the few on top = war

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