Home | News    Saturday 10 May 2014

S. Sudan’s rival SPLM leaders commit themselves to ending war

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May 9, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, and former vice-president turned rebel leader Riek Machar agreed on Friday to end fighting in the country and allow humanitarian access to affected civilians.

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Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn (R) looks on as South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar (C) and president Salva Kiir (L) exchange signed peace agreement documents in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 9 May 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Goran Tomasevic)

Under the deal the signatories “Agree to immediately cease all hostile activities within 24 hours of the signing of this agreement, thus rededicating ourselves to the cessation of hostilities agreement of 23 January 2014, and further agree to facilitate the full deployment of [the] IGAD Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM)”.

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Text: Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan

In line with the signed guideline document, the parties also agreed to open humanitarian corridors, and “to cooperate, unconditionally with the UN and humanitarian agencies to ensure that humanitarian aid reaches affected populations in all areas of South Sudan”.

The two leaders further agreed to form a transitional government of national unity and to include all South Sudanese stakeholders in the peace process and the negotiation of an interim government to “ensure broad ownership of the agreed outcomes”.

Peace talks being mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD were recently limited to the South Sudanese government and Machar’s SPLM/A in Opposition, however, under the new agreement other stakeholders, including former political detainees, opposition parties, civil society and faith-based groups, will be allowed to take part.

In comments following the signing ceremony, both Kiir and Machar expressed their willingness to implement the agreement and end hostilities.

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South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir (L), and rebel leader Riek Machar (R) shake hands and pray before signing a ceasefire agreement aimed at ending conflict in the country in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 9 May 2014 (Photo: AP/Elias Asmare)

The two leaders, who prayed together prior to signing the agreement, were later congratulated by the Ethiopian prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn.

Machar arrived in Addis Ababa late on Thursday, while president Kiir arrived on Friday where he was received by Ethiopian foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom upon arrival at Bole international Airport.

The two parties held separate consultative meetings on Friday with the Ethiopian prime minister prior to the face to face talks brokered by IGAD.

Direct talks got underway later the same day following discussions on ways to resolve the ongoing crisis and arrangements for future transitional governance.

Ongoing peace negotiations between the two sides have failed to reach a lasting political solution to the nearly five-month-old conflict, which erupted in mid-December last year after political tensions between Kiir and his former deputy turned violent.

Kiir accused Machar, who was sacked last July, of staging a coup to overthrow his government by force – an accusation the latter denies.

Friday’s deal aims to speed up national reconciliation and to bring an immediate end to the conflict, which has killed thousands and displaced more than 1.3 million people.

The deal also ensures the inclusion of the group of SPLM leaders who were jail in connection to their involvement in the alleged coup plot, but later released without charge.

Juba initially opposed to their involvement in peace negotiations, saying talks should be restricted to the two parties directly involved in the conflict.

On Friday, Machar met with Pagan Amum, the former secretary-general of South Sudan’s ruling SPLM party, along with three other former colleagues, including Oyai Deng Ajak, Majak Agoot and Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth.

The meeting was Kiir’s first face to face contact with the group of former political detainees, who had been on trial for treason before the government dropped the case.

Government and rebel negotiators signed a shaky ceasefire agreement on 23 January but the deal was never implemented, with both sides trading accusations of violating its terms.

The fighting has divided the country’s army along ethnic lines, pitting Kiir’s Dinka tribe against Machar’s Nuer group.

The UN has accused both rival groups of committing crimes against humanity, including mass killings and gang rapes.

CALLS FOR MASSIVE AID PUSH

Head of Oxfam in the country Cecilia Millan welcomed the deal as “timely breakthrough”, but warned the humanitarian consequences of the conflict would continue to be felt into the future.

“The proof of this deal will be seen on the ground. Civilians caught up in this bloody conflict need to have full confidence that they can return to their homes without fear of violence,” she said.

Millan said a massive aid effort would be needed post-conflict to meet humanitarian needs in the country, saying it was imperative that people were able to return to their homes and plant crops as soon as possible if they were to have any chance of feeding their families in coming months.

“Even if peace holds the humanitarian consequences of this crisis will linger into next year and a mammoth aid effort needs to be mobilised to meet the enormous human need,” she said.

“Without governments urgently and generously donating the extra funds we will lose the opportunity this peace deal has offered,” she added.

(ST)

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  • 10 May 07:01, by dinkdong

    These fools are back together. I knew it! I knew it will be a matter of time and thousands of lives before they shake hands and laugh again.

    repondre message

    • 10 May 07:55, by mathem jech amer

      papamoon
      Can you hangover yourself now? Kiir made it to Addis as you disbelieve, what else can you lie about again?

      repondre message

    • 10 May 08:07, by mathem jech amer

      Better bring Riek back than never to save our innocent people from death BUT how did Riek pray with christians while he is a TRADITIONAL BELIEVER in Ngundeng?

      repondre message

      • 10 May 10:11, by Wicdail

        mathem jech amer,
        What else can you tell the World? This is what a Nuer genius (Midiit) and I had virtually forecasted all the way long that, Dr. Machar will bring democracy and good governance to this nation as he have done it with Self-determination; with help of people of good will. But you never believed. Have you ever imagined that your rotten regime could accept change; when you runs crazy-

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        • 10 May 10:24, by Wicdail

          Continue!! running crazy in Juba by killing innocent Nuer civilians and accusing the most respected leaders for a fake coup and charged them with treasons? The question is will your primitive Kirr and his like will make or gain popular within or with international community even if they will be party of the transitional government? Or will they accept this storm of change? LOL.

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        • 10 May 12:53, by mathem jech amer

          widail
          which change is he going to bring while he is no one most corrupt in South Sudan, Interim governemnt does not mean Riek will be a [president, it is just to give him some sort of position to cool him down till election comes, form your own Nuer Democracy Party in order for him to stand next election otherwise he has no post in SPLM.

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  • 10 May 07:14, by ngadodo

    may 9/2014 from (ADDIS ABABA)Face to Face by President Slava Kiir and his former Deputy Dr. Riek Macher, it’s good sign which will going to solves those differences and allowed some of understanding for ROSS leadership in future
    and both agreed on Friday to stop fighting and to allow humanitarian access to the affected civilians for me it’s important part for issues.

    repondre message

    • 10 May 19:03, by Ito

      Dear SPLM members,
      First I congratulate the two leaders for agreeing to settle the differences through dialogue and through love.Most of us know that the problem is the president. SPLM party has not been registered upto now because it has not met the requirement of a political party. We now look at the writing of the new country’s and the party’s constitution, the formation of a transitional

      repondre message

      • 10 May 19:07, by Ito

        government and the way forward for the 2015 election. If these documents I have mention above are not re-written to reflect democratic semblance, then I fear the country will definitely return to war again. Let us learn from the teaching of Jesus. The Lord said, you cannot bring peace through victory and defeat but through Love. Domination by one ethnic tribe if not check properly will again and

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        • 10 May 19:10, by Ito

          and again continue to bring untold suffering to the people we want to bring peace to. I hope SPLM party will not shy away from the real causes it was form to fight against and become as the next National Islamic Front of South Sudan. Needless to say ministers like Michael Makuei still hold the belief that Dinka are born to rule and he said that in a meeting in Juba. Shameful.

          repondre message

  • 10 May 07:32, by Gabriel Ajak

    Hope should not be the pool agreement.

    repondre message

  • 10 May 08:11, by Majongdulthii Anyang-majongduldit

    This was what South Sudanese people been expected since January so am urging the two leaders to implement this peace deal let it not be like other deals which bear no fruits so let them respected it for the stability of South Sudan as a nation.

    repondre message

  • 10 May 14:04, by kimo

    this truce will not succeed coz the two leaders were under pressure to sign the truce or face sanctions...look carefully at the photo ,the two leaders still dont see eye to eye..see the response of the ethiopian pm destalegne

    repondre message

  • 10 May 14:05, by kimo

    this truce will not succeed coz the two leaders were under pressure to sign the truce or face sanctions...look carefully at the photo ,the two leaders still dont see eye to eye..see the response of the ethiopian pm destalegne

    repondre message

  • 10 May 17:40, by Kim Deng

    Who is going to lead the interim gov’t? If Dr. Riek signed this fake document to be VP again within Dinka Kingdom, definitely he signed his own death certificate.

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:22, by chuol

    OH MY GOD!!!
    www.allvoices.com/.../16840957-nuer-community-claims-17613-killed-i..
    www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571
    SALVA KIIR MAYARDIT CANNOT REMAIN PRESIDENT WHAT COME MAY!!! I STRONGLY CONDEMN IN THE STRONGEST POSIBLE FOR THE CRIMINAL TO SPEAK ON DINKA TV AKA SSTV AS MY PRESIDENT!!!!! NEVEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEER FAKE PEACE INDEED.

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:28, by chuol

    I call on:
    Gaajaak_Nuer
    Gaajiok_Nuer
    Gaaguang_Nuer
    Lou_Nuer
    Dok_Nuer
    Haak_Nuer
    Bul_Nuer
    Leek_Nuer
    Jagei_Nuer
    Nyuongdol_Nuer
    Jikany_Nuer
    Laak_Nuer
    Gawaar_Nuer
    Thieng_Nuer
    To refuse the fake peace!!!!!

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:32, by chuol

    Lielien ken kueel!!!
    Gari enga mi kan raande nak e jaang Salva, Warap kene Awiel?
    engu koakne rodaan Gatmaar?
    Guani kon kan ke met jouch a jiook?
    chienggyar, bia la yaak a meni changkel mi wa yien wa nguot a kuaruun a la kiir!!!!!
    SHOULD KIIR FAIL TO STEP, GREATER UPPER NILE REUPLIC AUTOMATICALLY!!!www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:38, by chuol

    should Dr. Machar accept to work with Salva Kiiir, General Makako Nyagew will try his level best to prepare a rebellion for the separation of GREATER UPPER NILE REPUBLIC!!!
    RIEK MUST NOT PAY THE PRICE THE PRICE FOR THE BETTERMENT OF RSS ALL THE TIME!!!!
    www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:42, by chuol

    www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571
    Gatjiokni, Riek Gai Mayardit, Nguen Munytuil weiliel, Crazy Kok Ruei, Rat or Kun Puoch, Gony Baliel, Batoang, Pul_lial, Kong Nyuon, and the likes, Bi kuoth nei ni tin Naath yien dial Nak wale Gatguar!!!www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571
    17613 killed, Remnants are inside unmiss!!!! shiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiit

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:46, by chuol

    WAR HAS NEVER REACH THE COWARD WARAP AND AWEIL!!!!!!!!!!!
    OUR REGION BECOMES THE BATTLE FIELD FOR US AGINST EAST AFRICA AND SUDANESE REBELS!!!!!!!!!!!!
    SOUTH SUDAN WILL NEVER BE THE SAME AGAIN!!www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50571

    repondre message

  • 10 May 18:50, by chuol

    I MUST MAKE SURE THAT
    MY DINKA WARAP WIFE MUST GO TO THEIR HOME TODAY!!!
    WAR HAS BEGAN!!!
    THEY ARE OUR NUMBER ONE ENEMY TODAY!!!
    ALIZA AYEN IF YOU READ THIS, LEAVE MY HOUSE BEFORE I COME BITCH!!!!
    NYAJIOOOK, WER KA CHOWKUUN NI UGANDANDANI KI JI UPDF!! CHAN THOUK. BA GAATKA NAANG!!!

    repondre message

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