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South Sudanese rebels call for federal state formation

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April 21, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese rebels allied to the former vice president, Riek Machar, have officially launched the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA) “armed resistance” and called for restructuring of all public sectors in the state of South Sudan to conform to the federal system of governance.

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South Sudan’s former vice-president Riek Machar (AFP/Getty)

The leadership of SPLM/SPLA and representatives of other political parties, faith based groups, civil society organizations, youth and women groups, traditional leaders, church leaders and eminent personalities, met from April 15th-18th, 2014 in Nasir, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, in a consultative conference which resolved on various matters in the newly launched armed struggle.

The conference “resolved to establish in South Sudan a democratic, just, transparent and people-driven political system-Federalism,” reads one of its resolutions.

The conference further agreed that a future interim government shall be based on a comprehensive peace agreement which shall address the structuring of the state on the basis of an interim federal constitution.

It also resolved to transform and sensitise the regular forces as well as ensure the transformation of the volunteer fighters into discipline soldiers under the SPLA command and control.

The conference also endorsed the former vice president, Riek Machar, as the chairperson and commander-in-chief of the new movement.

It also declared president Salva Kiir as "an illegitimate leader given his deeds" that have dragged the country into the current political, security and humanitarian crisis, and further called on the international community to do the same.

The rebel movement formed a provisional leadership structure with eight specialised committees, each to be headed by a chairperson. He or she will be deputised by a deputy and secretary, three of whom shall be appointed by the chairperson of the movement from able and competent members of the movement.

Each committee shall comprise of 15 members and assisted by a secretariat.

The conference resolved that such committees shall include peace and national reconciliation committee; political mobilisation committee; foreign affairs committees; justice and human rights committee; finance and resources mobilization committee; information and public relations committee; humanitarian and social services committee; and women and youth empowerment committee.

The conference reiterated the call for withdrawal of all foreign forces from the country, such as the Uganda Peoples Defense Forces (UPDF) that are fighting alongside Salva Kiir’s government.

It also renewed commitment to the peace processes mediated by the regional bloc –IGAD, but warned of intensifying the war into Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal regions to remove Kiir from power should the government in Juba not talk peace in good faith.

(ST)

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  • 22 April 2014 07:39, by Malou Manyiel

    Hahahahahaha, I enjoy the madness of greedy politicians in South Sudan. What a country!!!

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    • 22 April 2014 08:21, by Paul

      A snake indeed! He just happened to called for federalism; exactly what the three Equatorial States’ governors and their constituents were calling for. Isn’t that something? an automatic support from these.

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    • 22 April 2014 09:09, by mathem jech amer

      Ahahahahahah, last time Riek was complaining that the powers of appointing should not be given to the president but to political bureau, but based on what is agreed, it is saying Riek will be appointing 3 members of each group, so this is what he was complaining. South Sudanese are soon to be crazy.

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  • 22 April 2014 07:39, by Majongdit

    Committee for Human Right? Which Human Right please Mr Riek when you and your fighters violate human rights and commit heinous atrocities everyday.

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  • 22 April 2014 08:01, by Majongdit

    In federalism what does Riek get? Still it will make no difference. Riek will also lose the next elections...and he will rebel again because he uses rebellions to negotiate his way back into power. Riek’s future will always remain bleak. We know those people from Nuer who will make it to the highest seat in the country from Equatoria, Upper Nile and Barh el Ghazal; and Riek is not one of them.

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  • 22 April 2014 08:17, by Jubawe

    Good jobs Dr Riak, message to Malouk and Dinka people, Riak is fighting to bring Dramacritic system to the nation and Dinka Kirr is fighting to destroy the nation by abusing human right,
    1- Kirr is fighting to keep Dinka in Juba to loot public fund
    2- Kirr is not capable to lead the nation thus he’s using force to silent everyone
    3- Kirr doesn’t have constitution to use.
    4- Kirr not presiden

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  • 22 April 2014 08:25, by Jubawe

    Majongdit
    Why Kirr is enforcing to back up him in the government while people are not interesting in him any more, if you come to Juba, they targeting people in their houses, people already turn their Back to Kirr, Dinka politics are begging people here in Juba, meaning that Kirr will not reach to July or next year for the 2015 election, Dinka’s are packing their selves to be IDP in Uganda, poor

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    • 22 April 2014 08:59, by Gatjang

      It is not a surprise to me, to see that level of destructions, damages and atrocities committed by Riek Machar forces in different part of the country, that is exactly the type of rebellion Riek like, because his rebellion always, is not to fight to bring change to the nation, but to make destruction and atrocities as you might have seen what his forces did during 1991 rebellion and in the current

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      • 22 April 2014 09:01, by Gatjang

        rebellion which resulted to destructions of Bor, Bentiu & Malakal towns. He is an evil creature in a form of human being, He do not like something good as devil do, he feel happy when he sees things happening that way. He lacks common sense, patient and professionalism. He is a dead person among the living, Nuer them-selves will teach him a lesson he will not forget. Dear readers, mark that word f

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    • 22 April 2014 12:14, by Wani khooto

      dear jubawe,
      you are fool calling machar a good leader,i think you don,t know nuer with their fool leader really,there is nothing good with them,just looting and mind you that the call you specially Bari YNAYNAMA meaning good for food only.i asked one of their leader what plan the have for equatorial and he said those are nothing human being,our gov’ty is to fight dinka and colonizes others tribes

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  • 22 April 2014 08:32, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    The call of war to Bhar el Ghazal is negative where by Machar cannot win the war after he destroyed himself if he meant to Bhar el Ghazal.

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  • 22 April 2014 09:01, by Joseph Canada

    We have been waiting for such political announcement for the longest time this guy called Dr. Riek has a true nationalism not a Dinkaism.

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    • 22 April 2014 09:57, by Malakal county Simon

      Brilliant objective indeed Mr Dr Machar, and you just won South Sudanese citizens on your side.... Kiir is officially gone, and should prepares for his safe passage exit to either in Uganda or South Africa....

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    • 22 April 2014 14:30, by mathem jech amer

      Joseph canada
      if Riek is a nationalist than Kiir, how many tribes join Riek and fighting along side his movement?

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  • 22 April 2014 17:12, by Kim Deng

    The Mighty Nuer Warriors under the comand of Gen. Tiger Gatwech Dual are on their way to rescue their people who have been inside CONCENTRATION CAMP in Ngundeng City (Mading Bor).
    http://chimpreports.com/index.php/regional-news/s-sudan/19416-exclusive-updf-warn-machar-rebels-on-attacking-bor.html

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  • 22 April 2014 21:29, by Kim Deng

    The Mighty Nuer Warriors are marching toward Ngundeng City (Mading Bor) and it’s a matter of time before they flash-out coward Jaang/Slaves and their allies from the city.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27116409

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  • 23 April 2014 14:00, by Padiet Deng Alony

    Wartime ROEs
    Soldiers train for all-out war, in which the enemy is known, including the civilian populations that support enemy soldiers. Well-known examples of total war, where U.S. commanders waged war on enemy civilian populations to deny enemy forces support, include Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman’s Georgia campaign of 1864 during the American Civil War and the bombing of German and Japanes

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