March 13, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – An East African regional heads of states and governments summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Thursday authorised the prompt deployment of a Protection and Deterrent Force (PDF) from the region to help restore peace and stability in South Sudan.
- Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni attends a session during the 25th extraordinary summit of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) on South Sudan in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, on 13 March 2014 (Photo: Reuters//Tiksa Negeri)
According to a a communiqué issued during the 25th extraordinary session of the regional bloc (IGAD), the PDF would operate with a clear mandate and operational guidelines as part of the IGAD Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM) in the country.
Regional leaders, however, called on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the African Union (AU) to provide the necessary support, calling on the parties to ensure the progressive withdrawal of all armed groups, including allied forces, as per the ceasefire agreement signed on 23 January.
The communiqué, a copy of which was obtained by Sudan Tribune calls on IGAD partners “to redouble their efforts” to support the monitoring mechanism and the deployment of the protection force.
The meeting was chaired Ethiopia’s prime minister, Hailemariam Dessalegn. Also in attendance was South Sudan’ president Salva Kiir and his counterparts from Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Djibouti and Somalia, as well as the AU Commission chairperson, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
The summit also lauded Uganda’s efforts in securing vital installations in South Sudan following the outbreak of violence in the country, while expressing appreciation for the wide-ranging support extended to the IGAD-led mediation process from member states, development partners and the wider international community.
Uganda deployed a contingent of its army in South Sudan to provide military support to government troops, , but has since been under intense pressure from opposition forces to pull out of new nation.
Both the United States and the UNSC have condemned the intervention of foreign forces in South Sudan, saying it contravenes the 23 January ceasefire deal.
In his address to reporters following the return of Sudanese president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir from the summit, presidential spokesperson Eimad Sid Ahmed said Bashir had “reiterated the need to withdraw these forces in order to achieve peace and facilitate the solution”.
Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia had previously opposed the presence of Ugandan troops in the new natio, with the latter saying their presence threatens regional peace and stability.
AU INQUIRY WELCOMED
Meanwhile, regional leaders at Thursday’s summit have welcomed the AU’s establishment of a Commission of Inquiry headed by former Nigerian leader Olusegun Obasanjo to investigate alleged human rights violations and other crimes committed during the violence in South Sudan.
Leaders said the formation of the five-member body marks the beginning of a genuine process of accountability, reconciliation, and healing in South Sudan in line with the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) communiqué of 30th December 2013 in Banjul, Gambia.
The IGAD summit also urged the parties to cooperate with the AU to expeditiously operationalise the inquiry, while calling on the international community to fully support the AU-led initiative.
The summit comes ahead of the resumption of peace talks by South Sudan’s rival parties, scheduled for 20 March.