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Our Problem: a socio-economic analysis of the South Sudanese situation


By Kor Rualmim

March 1, 2014 - Depending on who you talk to, the politicians in South Sudan will tell you that our problem is lack of democracy and they only say this when they are no longer in position of power. Everyone else will tell you that it’s lack of development, corruption, and you name it. In earnest, it is critical that you define the problem first and then search for a solution.

Given the diversity of South Sudan in terms of ideas, ethnicity, and demography, it is difficult to define what our common problem is; the youths have grievances, the women have grievances, the elderly have grievances and everyone else has a grievance.

Now, you have a non-peaceful revolutionary society where people are at each other’s throats, possibly with a knife, spear or gun. And all this is because both the Any Anya I revolution and the SPLM/A revolution failed to address our main problems. Currently, a third revolution is underway also seeking to address some of our major socio-economic challenges. And there is no guarantee that this third revolution to will properly address our common problems as a people NOT necessarily as tribes but it’s worth a try.
One of the main problems that the previous revolutions failed to adequately address is the creation of an effective redistribution system. We gained tens of billions of dollars from the sale of our oil during the last eight years and little or none of that money went to the average south Sudanese. The current government in Juba failed to create a basis for human development because of the apparent lack of a proper redistribution system.

Now, the point I am trying to make is how do you make sure that the current revolution does not fall in the same trap? How do you make sure that the people who are now rising up in thousands to overthrow the status quo eventually get what they want? A possible departure of Gen. Salva Kiir from power whether voluntarily or by force may not necessarily mean the end of our problems. If we maintain the status quo, as we did after the signing of the CPA, then we will continue to have a revolutionary society driven by lack of things.

The leadership of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition has the obligation to articulate the mission of the third revolution and how it will address the mistakes made in the past. And this must start with popular consultations on most critical issues, especially with regards to the peace talks in Addis Ababa. I hate anarchy as much as I hate central command and as such I don’t think everyone should be in Addis at the peace talks to address their concern. I believe the parties involved should device ways to properly consult with the public at home and in diaspora to gather what people really want and present that as the guiding principle during the negotiations. Failure by the Opposition to include as many segments of the marginalized masses as possible may as well create discontent and outrage with the OPPOSITION.

Kor Rualmim is a South Sudanese born software Engineer based in Lincoln, NE – USA. You may reach him at krualmim@yahoo.com.

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  • 2 March 2014 02:15, by Sundayw

    Naked rebellion by a section of one misled tribe does not amount to revolution. In the long run, you will not attain anything close to a revolution.There are civilized officers and officials from nuer who understand that a tribe cannot sacrifice itself just to elevate a traitor to the position of leadership. Those who have chosen to follow traitor Riek will soon realize that he’s not a leader.

    repondre message

  • 2 March 2014 04:02, by Mr Point

    Neither side can achieve a military solution, so the end result will be some form of power sharing.
    Can this include Kiir since he broke the previous arrangement, has acted unconstitutionally in the matter of the 3 governors, and it was his presidential guards (gulweng militia) that carried out the massacre that led to the rebellion.
    As creator of the problem can he be part of the solution?

    repondre message

    • 2 March 2014 23:32, by Tutbol

      Mr Point,
      Power sharing with who? The Nuers are already in the govt. Those fighting the govt left the govt on their own, their were never sacked from the army, only Riek Machar was sacked for in subordination. And if you mean a power sharing in which Riek Machar would again be flashing his evil smile in S Sudan, then you better go to bed early to re-dream.

      repondre message

      • 2 March 2014 23:42, by Tutbol

        Maar Nyuot was a dupity govt of Jonglei state, Peter Gadet was a divisional cammander & both were never sacked from their positions. For Taban Deng Gai, i don’t know, he was sacked & replaced with another Nuer just other S Sudanese who were also sacked & replaced with others, but didn’t take up arms? Nuer community must know that its child-like behavior is not going to be tolerated anymore.

        repondre message

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