Home | News    Monday 24 February 2014

AU proposes humanitarian truce, negotiations on Sudan’s Two Areas

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February 23, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - The African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) proposed a cessation of hostilities and delivery of humanitarian assistance to civilians in Blue Nile and South Kordofan and asked the warring parties to negotiate a peaceful solution to end the nearly three year conflict.

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The head of the Sudanese government’s negotiating team, Ibrahim Gandour (R), speaks at the opening session of peace talks in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 13 February 2014. The SPLM’s Yasir Arman appears at the extreme left of the table, while the mediators and UN envoy are pictured in the middle (Photo: AUHIP)

On 18 February, the chief mediator, Thabo Mbeki adjourned for 10 days talks between the Sudanese government and SPLM-N negotiating teams in Addis Ababa, saying he handed a proposal to the two parties to be discussed when the talks resume on 28 February.

During their meetings from 13 to 18 February, talks between the two delegations very quickly reached an impasse as the government says discussions should be limited to the conflict in the Two Areas while the SPLM-N says only a comprehensive process for all the conflicts in Sudan can bring peace.

The rebels also accused the government of omitting the framework agreement of 28 June 2011 which provides to hold a comprehensive process. On the other hand, the government claimed that the SPLM-N does not want to abide by the AU decisions and UN Security Council resolution 2046 (2012) which demand negotiations on the conflict in the two states and humanitarian access to the needy there.

In a bid to make it clear, the mediation submitted a "Draft Framework Agreement" where the two parties recommit themselves to a roadmap by the AU Peace and Security Council, and to UN resolution 2046 "which stipulate that the conflict in the Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan must be resolved by negotiations on the basis of the 28 June 2011 Framework Agreement" emphasises the proposed deal.

The draft, seen by Sudan Tribune, further provides that parties reaffirm their commitment to engage in talks to end the conflict in the Two Areas without prejudice to the broader dialogue and political process on the national level.

Based on these principles, the proposed framework which should be discussed within a week, says the parties would unconditionally cease hostilities in the two states, seven days after the signing.

Also, "the parties facilitate the immediate and safe delivery and movement of humanitarian assistance to all affected persons".

The government and the SPLM-N, in line with the draft agreement, shall invite the AU to designate a body to serve as the Third Party with respect to the monitoring of the cessation of hostilities.

According to the proposed draft, a joint humanitarian committee, tasked with the assessment and delivery of aid in the two states, will be composed from 4 members from each party, plus a facilitator designated by the African Union. The parties will work “in the spirit of 4 and 5 August 2012 agreements", further says the draft framework.

The SPLM-N and its allied rebel groups of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF), demand a comprehensive cessation of hostilities in the Two Areas and Darfur region. They also propose a comprehensive humanitarian access to all the needy in the rebel held areas in southern and western Sudan.

The draft framework, provides clearly that three political, security and humanitarian committees will focus on the resolution and implementation of these aspect of the conflict in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.

The proposed deal seems more like a re-read of the previous agreements and resolutions on the conflict in the Two Areas but it does not include new elements.

The Sudanese government, which seeks dialogue with political opposition parties inside the country, says rebels have to sign peace agreements and lay down their arms before to participate in a comprehensive process on constitutional reforms.

The SPLM-N and other SRF rebels say they do not trust the regime and accuse it of dishonouring signed peace deals. They point out that the holistic process will bring peace and democratic change because a national interim government would implement the resolutions of a national conference they call for.

In June 2013, the AU Peace and Security Council, rejected a demand by rebel groups in Darfur region and urged them to negotiate a peaceful settlement on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur. The African body further called on Khartoum "to pursue a holistic approach to addressing these challenges within the framework of the on-going constitutional review process in an inclusive manner, with the support of and coordination with the AU High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP)".

The conflict in the Two Areas forced over 200,000 people to move into refugees camps in the neighbouring South Sudan. UN agencies estimate that there are some 77,300 refugees from Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan and 123,900 from the Blue Nile. Also some other thousands Sudanese refugees are in Ethiopia.

(ST)

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  • 24 February 07:38, by Kalo

    When SRF surprised attacked Khartoum Like Umrawaba burnt everything there then the Sudanese people will force NCP to bring the true peace not like the fake one of Abuja,Sisi-Doho,etc,becoz those people in Khartoum didn’t see the worst,let them ask people of Kadugli and Abukorshola.
    Wad-nuba

    repondre message

    • 24 February 08:31, by sudani ana

      Kalo
      JEM Khalil Ibrahim tried this when he attacked Khartoum with about 300 vehicles and 15000 men. They were annihilated within two hours.

      repondre message

      • 24 February 09:12, by Kushoku

        Stop man how come 15k with all their heavy gears can be tranported with only 300 vehicles all way from Chad to Khartoum its impossible 15k/300 , however, it was one of most daring operation of its kind your govt junta still trembling thuogh the Israelis left another chock by destroying Alyarmook complex

        repondre message

      • 24 February 09:12, by Kushoku

        Stop man how come 15k with all their heavy gears can be tranported with only 300 vehicles all way from Chad to Khartoum its impossible 15k/300 , however, it was one of most daring operation of its kind your govt junta still trembling thuogh the Israelis left another chock by destroying Alyarmook complex

        repondre message

        • 24 February 10:41, by sudani ana

          Ok maybe I got the exact number wrong. Daring? It was the most idiotic operation ever. It was a present offered to the government to annihilate these traitors good and proper. It showed these warlords’ scant regard for the lives of their misguided, illiterate militias. Well he got his comeuppance soon after when he was killed like a stray dog, a befitting end fot all traitors.

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          • 24 February 11:20, by Kushoku

            Well its a war either to kill or to be killed for the cause its not a game, but piont is the Gallant JEM is still there operating all way up northern Darfur to southern blue nile inflicting dear damage to both SAF and its janjaweed gangs (Gibril) in other hand the other faction (Bashar) sitting in Khartoum draing your money the of so called Doha accord , so either way u r the big looser budy.

            repondre message

      • 24 February 13:21, by Kalo

        Sudani Ana or inta,That time it was JEM along without Nuba but the coming planing B will be SRF consist of all including arabs of Kordofan under Albilel,misseia,Darfur and Funj,just wait and see the drama,believe me or not.
        Wad-nuba

        repondre message

    • 24 February 17:30, by Oppressor

      Don’t u see that u are just a dreamer... mighty rats of srf can’t come out of their cafe in mountains rather come to Khartoum Mighty SAF are watching them closely .. so go sleep again & get a nice dream.

      repondre message

      • 24 February 17:51, by Kalo

        So-called oppressor,keep on saying dreamer but good example show when SRF reached Umwarba,Allah Karim,Asimei,Abukorshola,shamshaka,etc,next will be Elobied to burnt all warplanes there,Kosti and Khartoum,we are not in the caves,SAF are only in foxes holes,thy cannot fight in S.K,that is why NCP bought Militants and ran away looting civilians in Elobied,are now comfortable in Darfur,u idiot.

        repondre message

  • 24 February 08:29, by Jalaby

    Arman has no right to discuss the situation in Blue Nile or S Kordofan, absolutely has no right to discuss Sudan issue on behalf of all Sudanese, who is Arman?what political weight he really has in Sudan?
    Al-Hilo has dug his grave by his own hands since he assassinated and shelled Kadugly and killed innocence people, he can dream to rule Kadugly again in hell only!

    repondre message

    • 24 February 13:27, by Kalo

      Jalaby abojalabia,whether you like or not,Arman will lead the SPLM/N team to Addiss ababa,alHilo remain the dupty chairman of SPLM/N,who is Ghanduri?is not from those two areas,if you need war to continue,we don,t care,let us fight up to the last day.
      Wad-nuba

      repondre message

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