Home | News    Friday 31 January 2014

Sudan economic slump blamed for increase in Darfur tribal tensions: report

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

January 30, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan’s economic slump over the past two years has led to an increase in inter-communal conflict and banditry in the western Darfur region, as competition over resources and minerals intensified, according to the UN secretary-general’s latest quarterly report to the UN Security Council(UNSC).

JPEG - 19.4 kb
Peacekeepers from the hybrid African Union-United Nations operation in Darfur (UNAMID) patrol the damaged and empty Labado village in South Darfur on 10 December 2013 (Photo: Reuters/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah)

The report, which looked at the role of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) during the October to December 2013 period, said resource-based conflict between communities, supported by tribal militias, remains a major source of insecurity and displacement for the civilian population, particularly in Central and Southern Darfur.

“Intermittent clashes between government and armed movement forces, resource-based inter-communal fighting and widespread banditry continued to place civilians at serious risk of physical violence”, the report, which was presented to the UNSC earlier this month, said.

Competition over access to arable land, as well as lucrative minerals and hydrocarbons, including gold and oil, was also contributing to increased tensions between communities, as well as delays in salary payments to paramilitary forces.

This has led to members seeking to exploit alternative sources of revenue to sustain their livelihoods and had eroded the authorities’ control over the forces, the report found.

Inter-communal violence in the region also has its roots in pre-existing factors such as weak rule of law, absence of state administrations in rural areas and traditional conflict resolution mechanisms, as well as the prevalence of arms and armed groups and limited opportunities for young people.

Fighting between tribal groups over land access, natural resources and community rivalries has continued to spark retaliatory attacks and has displaced thousands of people last year.

Seven UNAMID peacekeepers were killed in Darfur between October and December, bringing the death toll in 2013 to 16.

According to the report, threats to the safety and security of UNAMID and humanitarian personnel, particularly to armed attacks, carjackings and robberies remains a serious concern.

The report also noted an escalation in clashes between government troops and armed movements across the region.

In one particularly disturbing incident on 29 November, a Sudanese military aircraft conducting surveillance on rebel movements in Northern Darfur fired on a convoy of civilian vehicles, killing 10 displaced people, including two women and a child.

CONFLICT RESOLUTION

In light of ongoing tribal tensions, UNAMID has stepped up its efforts to support community-level conflict resolution. The agency has also conducted a number of conferences across Darfur aimed at addressing the root causes of inter-communal conflict.

Recommendations made by conference participants included more resources for traditional mediators and reconciliation efforts, strengthening the rule of law, boosting the involvement of women in reconciliation processes, and the establishment of a mechanism to monitor potential breaches of local ceasefire agreements, and have been presented to relevant authorities for consideration.

The report also acknowledged that progress on the implementation of the majority of the provisions of the Doha Document for Peace (DDPD) has continued to lag far behind the implementation timeline.

There are also concerns that to date, none of the $1 billion pledged at a donor conference in April 2013 has been delivered.

(ST)

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.

Comment on this article


 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


The leak AU’s report and IGAD’s threat of sanctions 2015-03-06 20:15:39 By James Okuk On March 7, 2014 and based on decision of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) and after consultations with different parties involved in the outbreak of the mid-December 2013 (...)

Doubts remain over South Sudan peace talks 2015-03-04 21:22:01 By John A. Akec News of a possible end to South Sudan’s 11-month-old conflict was received with guarded optimism at the start of February, and there were good reasons for this. On January 21, (...)

What do we expect from the final South Sudan Peace Talks? 2015-02-27 08:41:32 By Luka Biong Deng As the alleged final and last round of peace talks on South Sudan commenced in Addis Ababa, the people of South Sudan attach little hope and expect nothing as they have been (...)


MORE








Latest Press Releases


Archbishop Taban calls for reconciliation and forgiveness 2015-02-23 09:30:38 February 2015 Greetings from Peace Village, Kuron. It is really a Peace Village. I had my peaceful Christmas and a Prosperous New Year in Kuron. God really blessed the area with Peace. You can (...)

WFP appreciates US additional support for S. Sudan’s hungry 2015-02-19 08:20:15 17 February 2015 (JUBA)- The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a contribution of US$165.5 million from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to feed (...)

Press Release from the SPLM/A (IO) in Uganda 2015-02-11 09:39:09 February 10, 2015 1. The office of the SPLM/A (IO) and the presence of its diplomatic representation that was established under the Kampala outcome of the 21st August 2014 is operational and has (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2015 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.