Home | Comment & Analysis    Thursday 30 January 2014

South Sudan Crisis; what many analysts predicted


By Peter Gai Manyuon

January 29, 2014 - The ongoing crisis of the South Sudan has been contextualized and analyzed in a different angles, perspectives by human rights defenders, Journalists, writers; other writers like myself predicted what might bring be the problem in one of my article that was published by the South Sudan News Agency (SSNA) on the December 11th 2013 titled: Analysis of the SPLM Crisis: Which group will win the party’s leadership?

I mentioned and analyzed the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) party politics very well and if you follow the link above, you will agree with me without doubt.

Hence ,many people from South Sudan are blaming each other on who is the root cause of the ongoing mess that is happening in the newest nation territory, other are saying some clicks of people who are next to the President Salva Kiir Mayardit are the one manipulating the all situation. Well, there has been a very closed group of people which most of the South Sudanese citizens are aware off, indeed they gave destructives advices to the President of South Sudan but above all, is the President of Uganda, who have strategize the current crisis that have lost many people lives from Juba, Bor, Malakal and Unity state as well.

However, having contextualized and observed the Uganda involvement in current crisis of South Sudan , will also lead to the removal of President Kiir in Juba as well President of Uganda in due time. Why do I have this projection? We all know that, the level or the stage where the current crisis is, will lead to the regional block war, if am not mistaken. The world is seeing one tribe fighting the all region of Eastern Africa spearheaded by the number dictator known by the name Yoweri Museveni for have ruled Uganda for decades. Now Uganda have come up voluntarily helping President Kiir to be in power for this period of time due to the agreement that they have signed early last year in 2013, and also there are Countries that also look at the all scenario of the Republic of South Sudan, other Countries might involve militarily if the secession of hostilities that was signed in Addis Ababa is not observed by the government of South Sudan that is fighting in line with the Uganda People Defense forces (UPDF) confronting the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM/A) in opposition.

How South Sudan became Independent Nation in 2011 and how Kiir succeeded Late Dr John Garang in 2005

South Sudanese experienced a frequent wars, first there was a serious fighting that took place between the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM/A) and the National congress party of the north Sudan for almost twenty one years of civil war. And eventually came to an end after the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) was signed in 2005 by President of Sudan al-Bashir and Dr John Garang De Mabior. Subsequently for the last eight years General Salva Kiir Mayardit was the President after he was nominated by the senior SPLM members to replaced late Dr John Garang De Mabior after the late crashed in helicopter which was not expected up to date.

There were issues aroused from the SPLM members’ discussion on who should be the leader or replace late Dr John. By then Dr Lam Akol was yenning for the position due to his experiences and liberation struggle expertise and also Dr. Machar was on the top as well because he look at himself the only man who can replace Dr John Garang due to the fact that, when his government and the one of Mabior signed a peace deal in 2002 in Nairobi Kenya, he was suppose to be the second person as well as his expertise and experiences in global agendas regionally, internationally. Good enough Dr Machar told the gathering that, Kiir should take South Sudanese to the promise land, which indeed happened, where South Sudan gained independence on the 9th of July 2011 and still the President up to now.

How President Museveni of Uganda came to power

He came to power after a successful five year guerrilla struggle. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has now been President of Uganda for 26 years as we speak. He has stood for democratic elections four times and won and he is still going strong due to his military intimidation to all Ugandans because, he has marginalized all Ugandans. He is everything in Uganda.

President Yoweri Kaguta Musevenihas been known as men who have lead the Republic of Uganda for decades and more interestingly he came through power using military coup and subsequently became the president up to date. Museveni held posts in transitional governments and in 1980 ran for president of Uganda. When the elections, widely believed to have been rigged, were won by Milton Obote, Museveni formed the National Resistance Movement. The resistance eventually prevailed, and on January 26, 1986, Museveni declared himself president of Uganda. He was elected to the post on May 9, 1996, and his backers won control of the National Assembly in legislative elections held the following month. Museveni was re-elected in 2001 and again in 2006 after a constitutional amendment passed the previous year had eliminated established term limits for the presidency. He was re-elected again in 2011, although the opposition and international observers noted problems with the polling process. If you may ask yourself; do you think that he came to power in a democratic way?

Combined analysis about the President Museveni and Kiir

Most of the South Sudanese or the world knows how the two gentlemen become friends; after Late Dr John died in a helicopter crashed in 2005, know one see them celebrating but to my own analysis they smile inside their hearts after South Sudanese lost a great man. President Museveni was suspected by most of the people of South Sudan and the world because the helicopter which was use by the late John was from Uganda and eventually the hero and the great man who brought people from civil war to peace got disappeared between Uganda and South Sudan and most people from South Sudan are still unhappy about President Museveni up to now. Realistically and logically, how can South Sudanese have good relationship with Uganda President in that sense?

The history have acknowledge that Museveni had killed many of the guys whom he liberates the Country with, some of his colleagues who are still with him, he had brainwashed them properly, and everyone is looking at him as the King of King in Uganda.

Coming to the facts, about his interest to President Kiir of South Sudan; he want to be heard in the Eastern Africa and because of that, he does not like to associate himself with the people that he knows are more creative, logical more than him that is why he always associate himself with the people that he knows can say yes my boss like Kiir. But one thing that Museveni did not realized is the geo-political set up of the Republic of South Sudan, he thought everything might be like Uganda where he can give orders every day and then, he did not realized that South Sudanese are people who are very serious when coming to the real fighting and etcetera .

Furthermore, according to the Media Reports in Uganda and the world at large, it had been leaked that President Museveni signed a deal with his counterpart Mayardit, one of the agreement is the oil money that he want to be help because (he) Museveni is interesting to contest for the Uganda Presidency again in 2016 and he need good amount of dollars to manipulates the elections through bribing. And more so, he is fearful to the people like Dr Machar, Pagan Amum, because incase one of this politicians become a President of South Sudan, he can immediately be out from the leadership seat in Uganda automatically which I didn’t think can happen.

Why Museveni fear Dr. Machar and Pagan Amum?

The reason why Museveni is not happy with Dr Machar is that, Machar has been western minded person who put democracy first, and respect for the rule of law and human rights. On the other hand, he (Museveni) fear Pagan Amum because he knew very well, comrade Pagan, have all the documents of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) even the party secretes are with Amum, he is against the release of Amum and above all Pagan is a good in mediation and negotiations.

Author is the Independent Journalist who had written articles extensively as Columnist on issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan; you can contact him through;southsudanjournalist@gmail.com

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  • 30 January 2014 08:13, by Big Boy

    Dear Peter
    I’m not the politician, however your article contains some elements of liar’s. I can attest to some of the complaints you have mentioned here in your article. last year,the roots cause the rebelion can be solve within member’s party not to run and fight against ur own peoples? if i asked how many time riak liberated since before cpa and now you are defender him.i think you re feeding.

    repondre message

    • 30 January 2014 08:20, by Big Boy

      you are feeding through your food-lover Riak who has not vision for democratic system.nw you are trying blame Kiir-Musveni for being affair’s in RSS issues, before Musven what had happened to Riak to lead rebelion agains spls 1991 is’t from Uganda president?
      you sound like riak militian analyst journalis i hope you will end up in custody one day because of your fake article. beelieve me.

      repondre message

    • 30 January 2014 09:38, by omoni jr.

      Big mama,
      First educate yourself ,then your child.

      repondre message

      • 30 January 2014 10:19, by Big Boy

        Dear Omoni
        ha ha ha ha I am struggling to myself and my children i bless God for keepin honesly and eventhough iam poor man, i don’t go for loot,desty propty & kill for power, you re food-lover nyagayeeen for decade.your history as militian and food-lover is well known in the country and the world if you remember Emma’s War 1991 where you defected to Khartoum the same scenarious happened in 15-1

        repondre message

  • 30 January 2014 08:17, by Tata

    Yes, Machar is western minded because he has a deal with America to restore their lion’s share in Unity oil reserves. Hence, they want him (Machar)to take power then throw away Chinese oil companies from Unity State. Simple. If Machar is pro-democracy, he could have resigned and forms his party, like Lam Akol, sell himself and ideas to South Sudanese. Period!

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  • 30 January 2014 09:35, by Agutthon

    Where are the standards Sudantribune preach? They should have not published this sub-minimal piece written by someone out of all sense. Poor grammar is number one. Scrap in deed.

    repondre message

  • 30 January 2014 09:38, by Akol Liai Mager

    UMMM!! Mr Gai, you are damn wrong with this view; "...who put democracy first, and respect for the rule of law and human rights". Riek Machar is not that my friend, he just power-thirsty which he thinks Ngundeng tipped him off and well-overdue. Riek would have advised his followers not to execute anyone because of his/her ethnicity. What law he respect if he fails uphold human rights abuses?

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    • 30 January 2014 09:46, by Akol Liai Mager

      I am not sure about Riek’s democracy. Yes, Riek seemed to have walked his talk of democracy in the last few weeks of his dismissal, but that was because the President and his group have given him a free-gift in the golden plate by giving him the numbers he wanted to defeat the President in the Party’s internal elections. Riek has one and only one goal and that’s to be President no-more-no-less.

      repondre message

      • 31 January 2014 03:17, by Tutbol

        This chap called peter Gai Manyuon is an embarrassment to journalism. His articles are so poorly crafted, probably because they are meant to be read by the lowly informed Riek Machar supporters, otherwise his articles are just waste of space and time reading them.

        repondre message

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