Home | News    Tuesday 21 January 2014

Sudan’s Bashir heading to Juba for IGAD summit amid Ugandan intervention row


January 20, 2014 (KHARTOUM/JUBA) – The Sudanese president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir will attend the extraordinary meeting of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) countries in Juba on Thursday to discuss the ongoing conflict in South Sudan.

JPEG - 17.1 kb
SPLA soldiers drive in a truck in Juba December 21, 2013 (REUTERS/Stringer)

Sudan’s presidential media secretary Emad Sid Ahmed, confirmed in press statements on Monday Bashir’s participation in the summit, saying the meeting is a continuation of the previous summit which discussed ways for containing the current crisis in South Sudan and paved the way for the direct negotiations.

Clashes erupted in Juba mid-December following a dispute among the presidential guard, rapidly spreading to the country’s states of Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity. Over 1,000 people, according to the United Nations, have died and nearly 200,000 displaced since fighting started.

But while South Sudan President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar over the incident as part of a coup attempt, the latter denies, alleging it was a move by his former boss to silence critics with the SPLM.

Ahmed didn’t rule out the possibility of holding a bilateral meeting between Bashir and South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, on the sidelines of the emergency summit.


The Sudanese foreign minister, Ali Karti, said on Monday the IGAD meeting would look into ways for pushing forward the ongoing negotiations which is taking place in Addis Ababa besides discussing the security situation and foreign interventions following the Ugandan army’s recognition of involvement in the fighting.

Uganda has publicly announced that its troops are fighting alongside SPLA against rebel forces led by Riek Machar.

The Ugandan president, Yoweri Museveni, on Friday told his army council that he deployed troops in South Sudan to save the neighboring country from collapse.

The spokesperson of the Uganda People’s Defence Force, Paddy Ankunda, was the first to announce the capture of Bor on Saturday when he wrote on Twitter "UPDF has captured the town of Bor in S. Sudan. Big relief to trapped Ugandan, international community".

The Ugandan intervention has raised concerns of South Sudan’s neighboring countries including Ethiopia who expressed fear of dragging other countries into the conflict.

Karti, told reports following his meeting with Bashir on Monday, that he briefed the president on the ongoing arrangements for the summit, saying the meeting would offer an opportunity to discuss foreign interventions in South Sudan.

“Sudan is concerned about the security and stability in South Sudan more than any other country due to political, economic, and security reasons,” he added

He pointed to Sudan’s positive and clear stance towards achieving peace and stability in South Sudan, stressing that they refuse foreign interventions in the country.


But South Sudanese government on Monday denied discussing with Khartoum the issue of the deployment of troops from neighboring Uganda, asserting it is a sovereign state.

“We have not received any official complaint about deployment of Uganda troops from the government of Sudan. The deployment of Uganda troops was based on the memorandum of understanding between the two sovereign states. We do not have to consult any country on the deployment of any forces”, a top government official told Sudan Tribune Monday.

The official, who did not want to be named, however, admitted that IGAD had recommended in the draft ceasefire withdrawal of the foreign forces in the country.

“Sudan is one of the IGAD member states which have recommended withdrawal of the foreign forces in the country in the draft ceasefire which we are still studying. It has not complained to us an individual state”, another diplomat at the South Sudanese ministry of foreign affairs and international cooperation said in a separate interview with Sudan Tribune on Monday.

Deputy foreign affairs and international cooperation Minister, Peter Bashir Gbandi, also affirmed that his country had not received official compliant from government of Sudan.

“South Sudan is a sovereign state and has a right to deal with any country”, Gbandi told Sudan Tribune Monday, saying they have not received any compliant from Sudan


Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 21 January 2014 03:03, by Naath

    Now Ethiopia make very clearly if you are not withdrawal your forces from south sudan than others country may involve Ethiopia is in military preparation to strike Uganda and hopeless Kiir fake forces, hopeless Kiir forces were badly defeated in Bor and they are still confusing the world for their propaganda, good luck hopeless tribal leader

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 03:21, by wang

      Even Khartoum had made U-turns now…Let Kiir and his Ugandans face the world…

      repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 04:52, by Mi diit

        Incompetent Kiir has invited "puor kaka wan" to South Sudan. He was not ashamed as a coward to beg for Uganda forces to help him fight the Nuer tribe, because he feared that his people cannot save him from the Nuer. Now others may have the same interest to side in this conflict. If it is oil, let us sell out for support from the neighbors. Shame on poor, illiterate and selfish Salva Kiir.

        repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 04:57, by Mi diit

          Kiir is a fool diplomatically. His so-called coup attempt has been trashed by the world as rubbish claim. Now he has invited Uganda, JEM rebels and Sudan to feast in South Sudan on the same plate. How will the three cooperate? They are enemies!!! This foreign intervention will soon backfire on poor Kiir. This dumb man is the loser in the end!!!

          repondre message

          • 21 January 2014 06:03, by viper

            seems as if Nuers do not understand at all. how come a tribe planned a coup in a country of 64 tribes, once they failed, the turned it into rebellion and shamelessly calling themselves as democratic forces! will that be democracy or dynasty forces? how can this happen? proposing to change the name of the country to Ngundeng Republic, will that really happen? even the Jieng in their large number

            repondre message

            • 21 January 2014 06:14, by viper

              con...... s aligned themselves with all the Sudanese people to liberate the country and now without shame, the Nuers are just looting their own states capitals, burning them down into ashes and killing the other ethnic groups in upper Nile. are the Nuers not introduced to the word alliance or what? how can you kill the Jieng in upper Nile, the shilluks and the murles at this critical time? are y

              repondre message

              • 21 January 2014 06:23, by viper

                your brains really functioning? look 64 tribes have not joined your tribal rebellion and are not willing to allow you entery into the palace, what will you do now with the history? to be known as those who loot, rape, burn to ashes and kill the old people or what? can a sound person follow the Nuers? automatically no, because these people have no integrity in their daily life

                repondre message

              • 21 January 2014 06:43, by Tut Tut

                This one month conflict has revealed that leadership is valued than our sovereignty, and that our internal conflict is grave than foreign intervention. If it is a matter of building alliances us you have asserted, then one must admit that S.South sovereignty is beneath alliance. Off course it is one ethnic group that two countries have to build interior alliance to fight. What a concept?

                repondre message

          • 21 January 2014 06:37, by LL Reuben

            Mi diit,
            We’ve been advising you on this forum over the years to stop misleading your primitive folks but you won’t listen. Now you’ve seen the consequences of premeditated war that you’re constantly preaching here. Riek Machar if he is lucky to survive this ordeal will be known in the history of Nuer as one man who’s weak brain has resulted in the death of so many innocent and primitive Nuer...

            repondre message

            • 21 January 2014 06:49, by LL Reuben

              Riek since his cowardice escape from Juba is been hiding under the guidance of another severely primitive and self-proclaim prophet called Dak Kueth. Riek better escape from this country if he want to survive this war. Else he need to embrace the peace and take gamble. You and the rest of the Nuer boys on this forum supporting this aggressive fools called Riek Machar has no regards for lives of...

              repondre message

              • 21 January 2014 06:56, by LL Reuben

                your innocent teenagers which you’ve recruited into the "White Army" to fight your greedy cause. Accusing everyone of being a coward is/has become a very foolish cliche to be used always. Bashier will not take you, he has had enough of your antics and he doesn’t trust you anymore. In fact no one in East Africa trust your chaotic and barbaric warlords that bent to the direction of the wind at...

                repondre message

                • 21 January 2014 07:05, by LL Reuben

                  any given moment when their stupidity turned back to them. Where will you and Riek go for help this time Mi diit, the West are not that stupid to experiment with you anymore. Hilda is being grilled as she is suspected of trying to aid your idol, she will be thwarted from providing your retarded punks, with any kind of support.

                  repondre message

            • 21 January 2014 06:57, by Tut Tut

              This conflict is totally unintended by Nuer and other S.Sudanese in their right minds.But one thing has dictated the very reason that the causers are totally inferior and make our neighbors to laugh at us.The same inferior causers are running aimlessly that there is a coup, but the question is can a coup be planned by innocent children and women of Nuer who were massacred in the capital.

              repondre message

              • 21 January 2014 07:19, by LL Reuben

                Tut Tut,
                "This conflict is totally unintended by Nuer", Well, I would like to not generalize the whole Nuer sometimes, and therefore, I’ve to remind you that the conflict was instigated by Riek supporters not an entire Nuer. Having said that, I would also like to remind you that the entire Riek fighters are Nuer, with the exception to his jailed counterparts; what a coincidence that is...

                repondre message

                • 21 January 2014 07:28, by LL Reuben

                  especially when you’re denying the alleged coup. So, the Nuer who rebelled in just a nick of time after hearing the incident which occurred in Juba where guided by their natural instincts; revealing to them that something bad occurred in Juba against the Nuer so we must start the fight against the Dinka wherever. Please enough of the absurd claim that the two Nuer generals, Gatdet, Koang and ...

                  repondre message

                  • 21 January 2014 07:35, by LL Reuben

                    their "White Army" rebelled because they heard of the killing of Nuer innocents in Juba; what about other ethnicity in Juba whose their innocent folks were killed as well? Why didn’t some Dinkas and Equatorian rebelled? You planned the coup but since you’re not winning this war you’ll continue to deny it so the rest ill-informed world can grant you at least a sympathy.

                    repondre message

                    • 21 January 2014 10:07, by Tut Tut

                      Reuben:Off course this perpetual denial of the massacre will hinder future reconciliation.If the so-called coup is indeed a coup,how did Nuer civilians were targeted? This is an explicit question of both conscience, moral, and legal.And with the drum of war, it is too soon to have a winner since a balance will emerge per Uganda intervention in SS internal affairs should this conflict continue.

                      repondre message

                    • 21 January 2014 10:08, by Tut Tut

                      Reuben:Off course this perpetual denial of the massacre will hinder future reconciliation.If the so-called coup is indeed a coup,how did Nuer civilians were targeted? This is an explicit question of both conscience, moral, and legal.And with the drum of war, it is too soon to have a winner since a balance will emerge per Uganda intervention in SS internal affairs should this conflict continue.

                      repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 07:30, by mathem jech amer

          All NUERs
          Were there Uganden when you were defeated in Bentiu, Mayom, Malakal, just to mention few. Just in Bor so stop useless complain after you had been completely defeated. Your numbers are reducing day after day and soon you will be in hundreds not in hundreds of thousands.Just remain in the bush, real men are in towns.

          repondre message

          • 22 January 2014 02:06, by Mayok

            mathem jech amer;
            Listen you son of bitch, we (Nuer) didn’t plan for any war in South Sudan. Beside; the attack was described as a cold-blooded massacre to innocent Nuers resident in capital city of South Sudant Juba by your war lord kiir, what make you think we can just watch our people die like fly and do nothing about it? You and your instructor Yoweri Museveni, JEM will not survives

            repondre message

            • 22 January 2014 02:13, by Mayok

              even-thought you all idiot team up, and face the freedom fighter we will still gonna crush you down, and you will not repeat this mistake a giant.

              repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 05:32, by Tutbol

        So SUDANTRIBUNE & Its cloned from the West are now shifting after sensing that their puppet has been crushed. N Sudan did called in Chad to help fight its rebels in Darfur, who did N Sudan informed then? Ethiopia had two times went to Somalia to go & fight Al shabab rebels, who did Ethiopia informed then? Tanzania did go to Uganda in 1986, who did Tanzania informed then?....

        repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 05:42, by Tutbol

          The UK did intervened in Siera Leorne internal conflicts, but Siera leone didn’t inform anyone. Turkey did intervene in Cyprus internal conflicts, but didn’t informed anyone also. It is time S Sudanese wake up & face the bullies otherwise these bullies will stop at nothing, to want to even pee into S Sudanese throats. If N Sudan wants to intervene into the conflict on behave of Riek Machar,...

          repondre message

          • 21 January 2014 05:52, by Tutbol

            the let it go for it, but must put in mind that that would be when the SPLM-N would be put on throne in Khartoum trust us. Ethiopia & S Sudan know their deal & they want that deal to remain that way. disturbing the nest won’t be good for our two peoples’ nurtured co-habitations. And i think Kenya will have no reason to want to claim involvement in S Sudan’s conflicts....

            repondre message

            • 21 January 2014 06:00, by Tutbol

              All these Europeans & the the US divide & conquer of S Sudanese should be looked at as it is by all our East African cousins; to keep an eye on the clones in N Sudan, wrong move & they must be swept back to their deserts where they hailed from. They have been a pain on the indigenous Sudanese asses for a long time & they have to be shown their right places, Arab deserts.

              repondre message

              • 21 January 2014 13:40, by Deng II

                U says it all. I would adds that John Garang even help out Magisto Marriem in 1980s to clear Ethiopia rebels from South of Gumballa through Fenyudo to Gillo river.Also 1991 Ehtiopia war, Red army of Majak Agoot were sended to Damadolla to fight Ethiopia Rebels. We did lost men there.

                repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 07:09, by Tut Tut

          Con..., friend, the innocent blood of Nuer people has seriously tainted the inferior plans, tactics, and strategies device for the last 9 years. We will not rest until these inferior forces of destruction are brought to book. So continue to ring those inferior bells. The world is taking a serious note to decode the core plan of the so called alliances of Museven-Kiir Genocide against Nuer.

          repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 06:30, by Chanson

      Sudan tribune and the rebel are in the same shoes.Let Ethiopia and Sudan joins the REBEL if they want PERIOD!

      repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 07:28, by Tong dut

      Kirr brought Arabs back to south sudan,That Dinka is very complicated cattle.

      repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 09:54, by Johndumo14

      Riek machar is giving conditions after conditions
      Release of political prisoners,withdraw of uganda troops or they will not sign the ceasefire.If he dinot sign the ceasefire ,what can he do? South sudan is already in war,people killed,towns distroyed,let SPLA AND REBELS OF Riek fight like what they did in 1991 and see who is the winner,Kiir must not be intimidated by Riek,we don`t work with threat

      repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 10:19, by Big Boy

      Dear Riak suppoter’s
      The feeling that the majority of Kiir supports’are behind our leader simply is true.All the supporter of him in the S Sudan doesn’t hide the fact, but Riak he’s akilling civilian looted destroyed.This behaviors hav touches on world use of young cattl camp for ,Riak had a terrible record with crime and humante,mobilize idiot.Kiir’brand’ of leader boring,Riak brand is terribl.

      repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 10:41, by kuac Agol

      It is a very big lie brother, Ethiopia govt is not the liberator of South Sudan if u do not know, ask your uncle Machar who is next to you in UNMISS compound to tell you who liberated S.Sudan otherwise our Negotiators may decide the negotiation to be done in Kenya then in Adiss, CPA was done in Kenya do you know that, Republic of South Sudan would never be Nuer Nation as you called it,SPLA OYEE!!

      repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 03:19, by Wicdail

    I think Bishir must change is position towards Kirr’s regime and switch supports on rebels. These Evil guys (Kirr & M7 have never be honest to Khartoum to stop the Sudanese rebels supports. M7 is the masterminded of all these mess. Sudanese rebels has now become active in RSS territory than ever. Therefore, no peace in RSS as well as with its neighbors if tribal man (Kirr) still leader.

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 03:44, by Wicdail

      Better to annex our region to the North Sudan or Ethiopia than to share with this curse, corrupts, and thief nation (Uganda) whose 95% of its population live under poverty line with 89% lives with HIV positive. Death to M7 and his gangs (UPDF. We toughs and will teach them a lesson which they will never forget for rest of their sorry lives.

      repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 04:03, by South South

        Bashir is coming to Juba again this month? Send him general director in ministry of energy to receive him at the airport when he arrives. Even our vice president should not waste his time going to the airport to receive Bashir. He is very cheap.

        repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 06:11, by Tutbol

          South South,
          Well said brother, Al bashir has becomes an honest broker of peace over night & has been shuttling between Khartoum & Juba! Thank a lot Al Bashir for your effort though. You must also remember uncle Bashir, we are still your insects & your are still the same cloned Arab we know & the same Bashir who painted his helicopters with UN paints to deliver arms...

          repondre message

          • 21 January 2014 06:18, by Tutbol

            to David Yau Yau. So dare not listen to the corporate West media hyenas who just want a war that would involved the entire region, even the Nuers the West think they would love N Sudanese come back to S Sudan don’t even want to see more Arab faces in S Sudan let alone whole of S Sudan.

            repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 17:06, by Oppressor

          useless South South big mouth haaaaaa haaaa is it Arabs ur Masters who are killing u now look ya idiot barking dog ..

          repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 17:03, by Oppressor

        You are so welcome in Sudan if u wish it is ur right u are free to decide the same way u did in the referendum & u will have the 1st degree citizenship..

        repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 04:12, by Bentiu son

    Uganda has publicly announced that its troops are fighting alongside SPLA against rebel forces led by Riek Machar.
    The Ugandan president, Yoweri Museveni, on Friday told his army council that he deployed troops in South Sudan to save the neighboring country from collapse.
    The spokesperson of the Uganda People’s Defence Force, Paddy Ankunda, was the first to announce the capture of Bor on Saturda

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 04:21, by Bentiu son

      Philip Aguer should shut his nattering mouth to report false information while the real SPLA and UPDF spokesman Paddy Ankunda and the dual President of RSS n Uganda Yoweri Museveni are there to feed the public about their victories over Dr Machar’s freedom fighters. The current war is UPDF vs Nuer warriors.Should it bt Dinka v Nuer it won’t take one month without Dinkas defeat.

      repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 05:15, by Kideopo Boy

    Sudan is against the deployment of Uganda Troops in South Sudan. Hahahaha. This is a clear signal to the government of Omer Bashir that if he fails to implement the ABYEI Protocol and fighting erupted with South Sudan again, good neighbor like Uganda will NOT leave his fellow Africans to be killed by Antinov again. The message was made clear during President Museveni visit to Juba.Agree ceasefire

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 16:57, by Oppressor

      Kideopo Boy "it seems u are still a boy so don’t play with ur Masters any more we Sudanese capable of doing what soever when u wage WAR against us whether Uganda supported u or not. by da way forget about Abyee nothing will be done coz it is our land got it boy so go look4 ur Mam sick boy..

      repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 05:32, by Jubawe

    Can anybody tell how do President Kirr by inviting Darfurian rebels and Sudan amry together to help him fighting Dr Riak rebels, that really sound stupid Kirr and your government, Think before issue statement on the media world are launching at you. how will Sudan rebels and Sudan national army join hand together and fight Dr Riak... stupid fail S south Goverment...Kirr you show your weakness

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 06:19, by allan

      U ugly nuer people can bark on this websit only but no one can help because u guys dont understand each another how come u affect someone else to help
      shout out to smart nuer on our side

      repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 07:42, by Majongdit

    The EMMA Empire has convinced Khartoum not to support Salva Kiir’s Government. The West has been holding the switch. They either put it on or off. But an attempt to depose an elected President will cause more chaos and possible genocide.

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 16:44, by Tutbol

      "The West has been holding the switch"
      What a piece of ’line’ Majongdit? What West do you mean? if it is the US; the US is a Europeans-juus corporations, not a country.If if is Britain; well its still there, but a tiered country with a lot of a corporate criminals almost just its cloned US....

      repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 16:54, by Tutbol

        S Sudanese should just trust countries like Canada, Australia, Germany, Newzealand, the Nordic Nations. Israel that we our people worship is a criminal country, an evil country to be exact. All the Asian nations are are our friends, our African nations are our countries friend save three nations....

        repondre message

        • 21 January 2014 17:01, by Tutbol

          for our country to go a head, we don’t need to attach our selves to evil countries like the US, UK and France in the West. You know why these evil countries do not to *reformed their evil UNSC club*? Because these criminals want to be bullying every to their evil wants....

          repondre message

          • 21 January 2014 17:09, by Tutbol

            these have deployed what they called GCHQ & NSA. These agencies work for their corporations. Criticizing the US on what it is has doing by supporting Riek Machar, in his quest to overthrow the elected govt by violent. The secret service from from these countries would to kill you. But we are S Sudanese anyway, we don’t fear criminals...

            repondre message

            • 21 January 2014 17:14, by Tutbol

              these have destroyed other peoples’ lives. And they must be asked to answer their charges. There are a lot criminals, Britain, the US and France. Our country must stop hosting governments, they are pure evil.

              repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 07:45, by Majongdit

    I assure the world one thing: if the Western backed rebellion succeeds in South Sudan, then straight away there will be a serious outrage, disaster and turmoil in the country. There surely will be another Egypt and we would change leaders after every two months. And no one will control this country.

    repondre message

  • 21 January 2014 07:48, by Majongdit

    We marched to Ethiopia in hundreds of thousands. If we can go all that distance, then why not the Nuer?

    repondre message

    • 21 January 2014 08:19, by LL Reuben

      It’ll takes an intense and precise study on the side of Western countries, Britain, USA, and their rear wipes to make this installation of a puppet process successful for them, if this is the ill intention they’re driving at as we know. Britain and USA tried this experiment in 1991 when they hooked up this pathetic fool known as Riek with their beloved orphanage daughter called...

      repondre message

      • 21 January 2014 08:23, by LL Reuben

        Emma McCunne but the experiment exploded in their faces. Emma died later on with an unborn child while Riek wound up in Bashier’s lap in Khartoum pathetically. They were betting on the ill rhetoric from those who’ve disenfranchised themselves in RSS because of jealousy, envious and contempt. They thought everyone was going to dessert Kiir if only they can find a trigger, so they redeployed Riek...

        repondre message

Comment on this article

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.

Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis

Turkey and Africa are building a solid partnership 2018-05-24 22:55:24 by Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavu?o?lu As Turkey marks the annual Africa Day, I take the opportunity to celebrate Africa’s achievements and rejoice in our developing partnership. Africa’s (...)

Sudan’s Bashir is playing a dangerous game 2018-05-23 05:09:04 The attempt of the Sudanese president to engage with rival regional interests in a bid to stay in power might fail. By Ahmed H Adam Sudan's political crisis is sliding into a dangerous phase. (...)

Salva Kiir’s cunning strategy 2018-05-19 07:40:06 By Duop Chak Wuol Salva Kiir likes to preach democracy to confuse people, looks for ways to legitimize his atrocious regime, uses deception to promote his despotism, and calculatingly waits for (...)


Latest Press Releases

The Suspension of Hurriyat Online Newspaper 2018-04-29 07:04:37 Sudan Democracy First Group 28 April 2018 The Sudanese civil and political circles and those concerned with Sudan were shocked by the news that the management of Hurriyat online newspaper has (...)

Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan 2018-04-22 10:01:20 UN Secretary-General, New York African Union Commission, Addis Ababa UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan (...)

Abyei celebrates Mine Awareness Day 2018-04-05 08:52:03 4 April 2018 | Abyei - The United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) and the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) commemorated the International Day for Mine Awareness and (...)


Copyright © 2003-2018 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.