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S. Sudan may ask for Sudan’s help to secure oil fields: report

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January 17, 2014 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s defence minister said on Friday that his government may ask Sudan for military assistance if the current conflict threatens the young nation’s oil fields, Reuters reported.

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South Sudan’s defence minister Kuol Manyang Juuk, speaks after a cabinet meeting in the capital, Juba, on 17 January 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Andreea Campeanu)

Following president Omer Hassan al-Bashir’s visit to Juba on 6 January, Sudan’s foreign minister claimed that a joint force of the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and South Sudan’s army (SPLA) had been discussed, but this was strongly denied by Juba at the time.

"Until now we have not asked the Sudan government to send in their forces" to protect South Sudan’s oil fields, the minister said.

"Should there be a threat, anything threatening the oil field, definitely the government of South Sudan may ask the Sudan government to come in and support," he added.

Many members of staff at the oil fields have been evacuated since the fighting began and production has slipped from 245,000 barrels per day down to 200,000 bpd, leading to Juba asking Khartoum for engineers to address the decline and ensure production continues.

When the South seceded from Sudan in 2011 following decades of civil war, it took with it 75% of production, but still relies on its northern neighbour to export its crude.

UGANDAN MILITARY INTERVENTION

Also on Friday, The Citizen newspaper minister published a statement from defence minister admitting for the first time that Ugandan troops were helping the SPLA fight the rebellion as part of a memorandum of understanding with Kampala.

Both Juba and Kampala had originally denied that Ugandan troops were involved in offensive operations against the rebels, who are a mixture of defected soldiers and other armed groups.

The rebels in Jonglei have accused Uganda’s air force of carrying out attacks on their positions using helicopter gunships. The willingness of Uganda’s President Museveni to intervene in South Sudan’s five-week-old conflict has raised fears that other regional players may become involved militarily.

Despite Uganda being a leading player in the East African regional body that is mediating between the two sides in Addis Ababa, Museveni has threatened the rebels led by South Sudan’s former Vice President Riek Machar with "defeat".

Defense minister Juuk, said in the statement that he was "appreciative of the Uganda parliament for approving the presence of its army in our country."

He added that the presence of Ugandan troops (UPDF) was agreed as part of a "memorandum of understanding between the two countries to support the Sudan People’s Liberation Army against the rebels and help in securing the capital Juba."

Juuk, who is a close ally of President Salva Kiir, said that the government expects more UPDF soldiers to be deployed in South Sudan.

The defence minister is the most senior government official to confirm that the Ugandan troops have been deployed not just to secure the capital Juba and key infrastructure such as the airport, but also to help the SPLA fight the rebellion.

The official said the deployment of the foreign forces was to help in the restoration of order, stressing that he would not also accept anybody to destroy what the administration had built.

"The independence of this country was gained after million lives were lost and we will [not] accept some people to take us back gain. If some people feel no shame in destroying what we have built, I will personally not accept the gains we made to be destroyed. I will not shy away from protecting what we have built", he warned.

PEACE TALKS

Delegations representing the two sides have been in Addis Ababa to negotiate a ceasefire deal since the start of the month. One of the key rebel demands is that the Ugandan troops deployed in South Sudan cease supporting the SPLA’s combat operations.

Minister Juuk further told Reuters that the rebels, who are led by Machar, do not have adequate control over their fighters to make any ceasefire viable.

Negotiations have been ongoing since the beginning of January to end the conflict that began after members of the Presidential Guard clashed on the night of December 15. Since then significant parts of the army have defected in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states.

Juuk said that fighting over Bor - the capital of Jonglei state - and Bentiu - the capital of Unity state was ongoing. The SPLA said on Friday that it is launching a counter-offensive to retake Malakal, the capital of Upper Nile state from the rebels.

Revenues from the oil fields in Unity and Upper Nile provide the Juba government with over 90% of its income. Sudan also relies upon the transit fees the south pays to export its crude to international markets through its pipelines and refineries.

South Sudan’s defence minister told Reuters that Machar, who is leading the rebellion against President Salva Kiir’s government has used, Dak Kueth, a spiritual leader from Jonglei state to encourage people to fight.

Juuk, a former governor of Jonglei state, said that Machar, who Kiir sacked in July, "is not in control of these people. So even if a peace agreement is signed, or cessation of hostilities, these people who are not under the control of Machar will continue creating insecurity for the people and government."

"We cannot make a unilateral ceasefire" Juuk said, because the rebels "are attacking the civil population and government positions."

According to the United Nations, about half a million people have been displaced by the conflict and over 1,000 people killed. The International Crisis Group think tank estimates that the number of dead could be close to 10,000.

Both sides have committed "mass atrocities" according to the UN and a recent report released by the US-based Human Rights Watch.

(ST)

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South Sudan defense minister Kuol Manyang Juuk (ST/File)
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  • 18 January 08:42, by omoni jr.

    THis is sound bad and helpless.

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    • 18 January 08:56, by Mapuor

      Hahahaha oil fields are in Malut county which is 100% Dinka.If these Nyagaats are allowed to invade Padang land in the same way they did in Bor then that would mean tribal weakness.They tried in Pariang and were defeated by both Pariang youth and the SPLA.Padang should not behave like Dinka Bor who give wrong figures of population and when it comes to where populations are shown practically they fail.Keep up Padang.

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      • 18 January 11:52, by Deng II

        Mapuor
        The war in Malakal was stalemate until they chased away Nuer rebellions, why because it is Padang who fought that fight includes Pariang sons.The Malakal second war was also stalemate without support from Uganda helicopter gunship and Menpower like Bor,so you doesn’t need to compare please. Mapuor its show that Majority soldiers from lakes and Warap who bring as reinforced make matter waste

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        • 18 January 12:04, by Deng II

          - Majority of soldiers brought from lake and Warap States cross the River Nile, made the fighting in Bor waste, despite the fact that, they are support by Uganda men and helicopter gunship and even Jets. Mapuor u don’t need to say if Malut is captured then Padang is weak. Bahr-El-Ghazal soldiers brought to Bor did not made different which mean they are cowards than any body since they are majority.

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          • 18 January 12:13, by Deng II

            - And by the way, why do any body has to fight to cover Kiir Nepotism, greedy, corrupt ass any way? Kiir relatives used to killed people in cool blood and no accountability to them. Why Padang has to cover some useless killer when danger come, but neglect them when food come?

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            • 18 January 12:27, by Deng II

              - Padang Under George Atho used to destroy Nuer any where they find them while their populations is so 1/4 of Nuer in Upper Nile.Why do they has to covered useless leader which happened to come from different area of Dinka? Is it because of name Dinka?I blame Nuer delusional,because they rush always to killed any Dinka regardless what Dinka who caused the Problem.Nuer rush to Killed Dinka in Parian

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              • 18 January 12:36, by Deng II

                Nuer rush to Killed Dinka in Pariang,Bailet,and Bor instead to go Warap where majority of President guard come from, which destroy the credibility of Nuer reasonable fight. Now fighting become Nuer rebellions regardless of what good idea they are fighting for. I don’t know what part of Dinka will join Nuer Rebellion. James K Chuol said it is not btw Nuer and Dinka, but he started like that in Bent

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                • 18 January 18:19, by Majongdit

                  Deng II,
                  Just leave it at that. The problem is not Dinka Bor or Padang weakness.
                  Dinka are all Dinka. The nyagaats have not been asking which Dinka to leave and which one to kill. So put aside this useless talks of fragmenting yourselves into this and that. Rebels can take advantage of it. Thank you all.

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      • 18 January 13:35, by Rancol

        Mapuor, You are one of the fools on our side if you wrote this while sober. I will allude to you the major contributing factor and that’s the composition of army (65% of SPLA is Nuer). Tell me where is Dinka Bor fault? Bor generals were sacked left and right. Even the late Abraham Jongroor was sacked after he captured Buma from yauyau. You guys are second to Nuer, you lack judgement.

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      • 18 January 16:05, by Deng Tut

        Mapuor. your statement is senseless, because Dinka can’t confront Nuer, look what happened now, your President went to brought foreigners Ugandan and Dafurians to fight with Nuer, let me tell; if you are from padang, pariang make sure that you are going to live this land for good, the Nuer have decided to fight with all Dinka accept Dinka Bor, we are going for cleaning all Dinka.

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      • 18 January 16:17, by Deng Tut

        Mapuor. your statement is senseless, because Dinka can’t confront Nuer, look what happened now, your President went to brought foreigners Ugandan and Dafurians to fight with Nuer, let me tell; if you are from padang, pariang make sure that you are going to live this land for good, the Nuer have decided to fight with all Dinka accept Dinka Bor, we are going for cleaning all Dinka.

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    • 18 January 15:50, by Johndumo14

      It is true Riek Machar is miled by a Nuer spiritual leader named Dak Kueth or (Ngun Deng) to mobilise nur army now to take over the president from Salva kiir,the time has come for him to be president of S.Sudan,the spiritual leader named Dak Kueth killed a cow and cut it in pieces,and raised it to life and walk,and the nuer army believe that is true,that is why all the nuer started to fight inJuba

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  • 18 January 08:53, by Jubawe

    President Kirr for God sake in your own country somebody from differ country to protect your airport, what kind of president that can any Dinka convince us, Kirr your fail leader to be honest, there’s no security in our country please Resign and to the power army to store security otherwise you will loose your personality. let our national parliament debate the matter without involve to abuse them

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  • 18 January 08:53, by Jubawe

    President Kirr for God sake in your own country somebody from differ country to protect your airport, what kind of president that can any Dinka convince us, Kirr your fail leader to be honest, there’s no security in our country please Resign and to the power army to store security otherwise you will loose your personality. let our national parliament debate the matter without involve to abuse them

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    • 18 January 09:02, by Gat Gan Kiir

      For how long will Kuol and Kiir stop calling for help from foreign countries? I never seen government seeking help from outsiders, only rebels always ask for help because they have nothing in their hands. Government of juba became rebel and rebel became government, what a fail state?

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      • 18 January 11:59, by Hardlinner

        Kiir as no other option since 58% of his army defected to rebel side. Recruiment of fresh forces to replace defectors take time and training. It was wrong idea for kiir to absorbed greater number nuer militias in spla. And to make matter worst, kiir failed to buy jet fighters and gunships to cater for defectors. It is so unfortunate that oil fields are not in bahr el ghazel states.

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  • 18 January 09:01, by Jubawe

    President Kirr, your slave personality is going back to Khartoum, citizen of second class is admit that they are slave to Arabs as Bashir said before Those insect will come for help they can manage them, now you prove to them, you try Ugandan army unfortunate they can’t it some of them escape in Juba nimule road run for there life. what a fail government, we knew from the begin on Kirr behaviour

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  • 18 January 09:05, by Mohammed Ali 2

    No way, our legs should not be withdrwn to this quagmire.If this at all necessary, it should be mandated by an international body preferably within a joint force from IGAD.It should be mandated only to protect the oil fields and not to be involved this dirty senseless tribal war.

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    • 18 January 09:07, by Mapuor

      Nuer militias must be defeated this time. No peace talks. Those who are wasting time in Addis should just go back to Juba.Mobilisation and recruitment must continue.Nuer illiterate generals must be given good lessons.SPLA coward generals can leave for refugee camps where they were after 1991 traitors coup.ALLUTTA CONTINUA.

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      • 18 January 10:04, by Tut Tut

        Mapuor,
        What a wobble strategy Dinka looters are trying to device? Where on earth a nation becomes so infant mentally and behave bizarrely to depend on other nations as is the case of Uganda and Sudan. Mind you, Sudan is not stupid as Uganda to just involve into this conflict. If it does, then you should expect other powers in the region will be taking serious note on Museveni-Beshire involvement.

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      • 18 January 10:10, by Kumbo

        Mapour you are a fool coz if you were not you would have wrote some thing meaningful and for sure you are in Uganda now writting this Nonsense of your’s pls go back to school since you are in a refugee camp UNHCR will take care of your Education you Idiot like Salva Kiir Mayar Idiot who want to make SPLM as his family house where he chose who to stay and who to leave I wish Dr Garang was alive!

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        • 18 January 13:48, by Rancol

          Kumbo,
          You are another liar. Riak defected in 1991 under Garang leadership accusing Garang of dictatorial rule. And this is the same thing he is doing now. Don’t lie. Nuer who are now following Riak could have still followed Riak even if Garang was still in charged. Make no mistakes about that. It’s hard to count on people who lack judgment.

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      • 18 January 13:37, by Rancol

        Mapuor, You are one of the fools on our side if you wrote this while sober. I will allude to you the major contributing factor and that’s the composition of army (65% of SPLA is Nuer). Tell me where is Dinka Bor fault? Bor generals were sacked left and right. Even the late Abraham Jongroor was sacked after he captured Buma from yauyau. You guys are second to Nuer, you lack judgement.

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    • 18 January 09:39, by Aaban

      Liar, you Mohammad, your tong is oversize for telling lies, don’t you get a shame of pretending for telIng lies?, I was thinking you will appreciating new beginning with Kiir after sacked Pagan & Deng Alor for being too supportive to Sudanese people who are being massacre by you gangs of jailain, your crimes was the first idiot to go to south asking if he can help, so don’t pretend,

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      • 18 January 09:55, by sudani ana

        Aaban please go back to school. This is embarrassing.

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    • 18 January 11:15, by Kushoku

      S Sudan can ask for help cuz they desperate,but it would be a joke if the stupid NCP agrees to help while nine out its sixteen states are plaqued with civil war !

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    • 18 January 12:18, by South South

      Mohammed Ali,
      You talk like someone who knows the truth, but you don’t. Either you are lair which I believe is true or you don’t know anything about international community relationship. There is nothing call international community interest, never been there. There are interesting’s between individual countries. You daft and blind to see anything. OH my God!!!!!!

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      • 18 January 12:27, by South South

        Mohammed Ali2 and Sudan ana,
        Especially Mohammed Ali2, you have given us very clear idea that you understand nothing about international community interest, why? You mentioned that IGAD should be mandated to send force to South Sudan to protect oil field. Oh my God!!!!. Uganda is in South Sudan now to protect Uganda interests in South Sudan, not IGAD interests. Sudan must protect oil field.

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        • 18 January 12:34, by South South

          Mohammed Ali2,
          You have given me golden chance today to know you very well. beside lying which is your center piece in this forum, I thought you have very good knowledge about the world. But today you are zero in everything except lying. The only country bordering South Sudan and has direct interests in oil field is Sudan. Not Uganda, not Kenya, not Ethiopia, not Somali, not Rwanda.

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          • 18 January 12:42, by Darkangel

            I wouldnt bothering replying to this ignorant moron who just proved his stupidity in international affairs. Sudan built those fields for you, it gave it to you and your freedom. Its the only country not involved in the fighting and yet you accuse it of trying to grab your oil. Idiot - this war is being fought by Ethiopia (machar), Uganda (Kiir) both on behalf of USA to control your oil and resourc

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            • 18 January 12:45, by Darkangel

              But i wouldnt expect your retarded simpleton brain to understand anything more than your tribe & hate for arabs - typical slave mentality ! The white man fckd you before, is fcking you now & will continue to fck you in the future - you keep sticking to your arab & muslim hatred ! See where that gets you.

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            • 18 January 13:31, by South South

              Someone very stupid and wicked, I would not bother myself mentioning his name. Oil fields in South Sudan were built from oil money and oil is in South Sudan, not in gay country called Sudan. Our freedom in South Sudan was won through gun point, no stupid fake Arabs gave it to us. Freedom never been given to any people. You fight for it. Shut stupid man.

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              • 18 January 13:37, by South South

                What education people can get from gay, fake, stupid who has be retarded by GATHA JAMARA. Shut up son of Mohammed with table cloth in your head.

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  • 18 January 09:42, by 4Justice

    Kiir, please step down........ you are finished! you have disgraced our people long enough, all that is left now is to sacrifice everything our people fought for just to stay in power. How sad!

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    • 18 January 14:01, by Rancol

      4Justice,
      You guys are truly closed minded. If you think that Kiir isn’t succeeding in his Job so did Riak when he was VP. Riak was as corrupt as Kiir himself. You cannot detach the poor performance of the president and people working for him. To do that is to be clueless about how things work. Riak worsen it by rebelling. Riak has done unforgivable mistake in SS. Kiir doesn’t come close

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  • 18 January 10:01, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

    What did our people die for? Did our people die to hand over our sovereignty to Jallaba? What is so hard that we as south sudanese can not solve amicably? I believe our dead should be shedding tears for what you guys are doing. Is it hard to accept freedom of speech, press, association and say to hell with tribalism, nepotism, corruption so that people can live in genuine peace and true democracy?

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  • 18 January 10:06, by Marco Bul

    Mapour
    Stop your primitivity.The gov’t cares too much about oil,not pple.If there were running oil well in Bor,the gov’t couldn’t have allowed white army to capture Bor.The Bhar Ghazalians see Bor as a State but only 3 counties.Moreover,they are thoroughly disarmed.

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    • 18 January 11:18, by Tutbol

      S Sudan would not & would never go back N Sudan, unless the Nuers are extremely put in a way their cousin cousins do not want their Nue
      If it comes to nations ;like the UK? They are the evils peoples on earth have consider good guys, when then they are the bad guys. Never trust the, the UK, France & their gulf states in Arab countries...

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      • 18 January 11:27, by Tutbol

        Our people in S Sudanese have never been against the US, the Egyptians, most of the Europeans excerpt the UK, France and their evil gulf Arab state states. In the Nilotic Sudan, we don’t want the juus-Euro-Americo criminals in our Nilotic Sudan.They have treated our people badly for a long time & they need to be shown their right places.

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  • 18 January 11:59, by Black Africa

    When the western says let us leave these animals, let them kill themselves,we starts to call them racists. How comes ours leaders behave like animals.

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    • 18 January 12:34, by Dinkawarrior

      Breaking News!
      Bor is under controlled by our army forces, the SPLA!
      Long live SPLA, Long live South Sudan!

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  • 18 January 12:50, by 4Justice

    Mi-28A/N Havoc Attack Helicopter

    Unit cost: US$15–16 million

    Primary users: Russian Air Force / Kenya Air Force

    More info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-28

    Just $1 billion out of the looted $4 Billion would have secured RSS more than 5 Jet fighters and 6 helicopter Gunships. Instead they chose to loot all the money and depend on others for their security.

    Salva is a disgrace, he has to step down immediately

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