Home | Comment & Analysis    Wednesday 1 January 2014

The finger prints on genocide in South Sudan

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By Stephen Par Kuol

January 1, 2013 - Any body with keen interest in South Sudanese current affairs could not have missed the recent shuttle diplomacy waged by the regional leaders and diplomats to end the ongoing crisis in the country. That is very encouraging and should be supported by all people of good will. Unfortunately, what is now diminishing through the thin air of that diplomacy is the ugly fact that weltered with decomposing corpses and their fetid smell in the air, Juba, the capital of South Sudan is a crime scene against humanity and should be treated as such at the time of this writing. Worth noting also is the chilling truth that among those cheeky personalities roughing shoulders with regional leaders and diplomats to bring peace to South Sudan are red-handed suspects in the ongoing genocide. Meanwhile preventive diplomacy can surely minimize the magnitude of the crisis and save more lives; one delicate affair in the process is avoiding diplomatic niceties to overshadow the criminal responsibility of those whose finger prints are notoriously evident on those crimes against humanity. Thus, on behalf of the murdered victims, traumatized survivors and their families, I write to recommend that the peace process goes hand in hand with a multi-national investigation of these premeditated heinous crimes against humanity. .Any thing short of that is another betrayal to humanity and South Sudanese citizens of Nuer ethnic origin who have perished in the ongoing genocide.

Experiences elsewhere have taught that war fatigue and desperate yearning for peace can easily give way to impunity that would haunt the nation in question for an unforeseeable future. Speaking as a practiced diplomat, I mean the diplomatic tendency to avoid antagonizing the genocidists, who might walk out of “the peace process.” This often frightens diplomats who fear “upsetting the peace process”. For example, in Naivasha for South Sudan, or in Abuja for Darfur in 2005, the argument became: “don’t upset the fragile new order in Khartoum since signature on the agreements settling the civil war in the South serves the greater good. Let’s now concentrate on getting the Darfur ‘rebels’ to reach a similar agreement with Khartoum in Abuja, under the African Union.” Meanwhile the ethnic cleansing of Darfur and genocidal massacres and rapes continued daily. This argument, which diplomats often and naively espouse, ignores the fact that genocidists are serial killers whose blood thirst can never be quenched by a peace meal. Hence, policies toward them based on fear lead only to appeasement and further genocide. In the case of the ongoing genocide in South Sudan, the prime suspect, General Salva Kiir Mayardit has already offered unconditional cease fire and peace talk but the genocide continues. Like any genocidist, Kiir is a serial killer, a master of genocide and ethnic cleansing. As a career military intelligence officer, he is well trained in cold blood killing and he practiced that well during the liberation struggle where he executed murder of the bulk of our liberation politicians. He is doing that now with efficiency on our unarmed civilians in Juba. Presently, the only safe heaven for South Sudanese of Nuer ethnic origin without guns is the UNINISS concentration camp near Juba International Airport where his Propaganda Chief, Justice Michael Lueth have been calling them out to finish what they have started. Nobody talks about that now where as Kiir is preparing for more genocide. That is why I write to strongly recommend that both the international criminal investigation and the peace talk go on simultaneously.

Criminal Investigation as an inquisitive process starts with WH questions: What, Where, How and Who .Legally speaking, the process proceeds with one fundamental question: has a crime been committed in violation of an existing law? If yes, then what is the name or definition of the crime committed? In this case, a crime has been committed in violation of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan, Rome Statue and the Geneva Convention. Genocide in this case is defined as “the intentional destruction, in whole or in part, of a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group, as such. Was it systematically organized by General Kiir’s regime using his privately armed Dootku -Beny militia, tanks and other lethal weapons? Were the victims chosen because of their ethnic identity? If yes again, then only South Sudanese of Nuer ethnic origin in 107, Guddella, Gurei , Eden, Manga, Jabel villages were targeted and are now the dominant IDPS in UNIMISS compound and the Dinka homes nearby were left untouched?” Is this an intentional destruction, in part, of ethnic and racial group? If yes, then, this, in short, is genocide. As for who did what, the finger prints of the following top seven names have surfaced with probable cause beyond a reasonable doubt:

1. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan who declared the state of emergency leading to the mass killing.

2. General Malong Awan, the current Governor of Northern Bar-Elghazal State who personally recruited Dootku-Beny Malitia from NBGS and Warap and commanded Dootku-Beny during the genocidal operation.

3. General Marial Chinoum, the field General who executed General Salva Kiir’ orders to disarm Nuer soldiers within Tiger Batelion and ordered the use of tank to kill 22 unarmed bodyguards of Dr. Riek Machar and seven bodyguards of Hon. Gier Chuang Aluong.

4. General Salva Mathuok Gengdit, the former Deputy Minister of Interior and Salva’s father in law who was seen in Dootku-beny uniforms commanding part of the genocidal force during the operation in Juba.

5. General Garang Mabil, a notorious general on reserve from Warap State who was rein stated to active duty during the genocidal operation to execute the genocide.

6. General Bol Akot,a general in reserved reinstated after the clashes to execute the genocide in Thuk sita and Gudella.

7. General Alew Ayieny, the Current Minister of interior who was seen in military uniform commanding a police force in collaboration with Dootku-Beny

In conventional practice, those primitive tribal generals should be charged with the following crimes:

1. Genocide and crime against humanity

2. War crimes in violation of Geneva Convention

3. Vandalism and formation of a private tribal army for the sole purpose of committing genocide in violation of South Sudan Transitional Constitution

Those of us who speak the language of criminal law know damn well that genocide as an act of mass killing is a join enterprise with many accomplices including the demagogues and propaganda pundits. As for proving the Mense Reus, Kiir is physically in records graduating his Dootku- Beny brigade alone without involving the SPLA Chief of General Staff and the Ministry of Defense, declaring state of emergency and quoting 1991 Bor massacres proving both motive and the criminal mind behind the act of genocide. With this, I rest my case.

Honorable Stephen Par Kuol is a former Deputy Ambassador of the Sudan to the United Republic of Tanzania and the State Minister of Education in the recently overthrown Government of Jonglei State by Dr. Riek Machar’s forces. He is also a researcher and freelance writer on academic topics pertinent to Human Right and Post-conflict Criminal Justice Administration. He can be reached via stephenkuols@yahoo.com /kuolpar@yahoo.com



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  • 1 January 08:34, by Malim

    Stephen, You failed to name your boss Dr. Riek Machar, Peter Gatdet Yak, White Army, James Bol Koang, Taban Deng Gai and don’t want mentioned those already in jailed for the issue.

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    • 1 January 19:08, by Peter Mading

      Stephen, you are going to die because of white lie. You material is fabricated and does not correspondent exactly with the generals you are mentioning what about those Nuer whom Kiir has reinstated consecutively what are they doing? What will Nuer gain since the War is Devil War?

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    • 2 January 09:40, by Morthon Akol

      I personally know this man so call Stephen Par Kuol very well. those people they think that they are only educated people in South Sudan, he is just talking like Arabs he was talking about genocide and he forgot themselves that they are the one did a serious genocide in the country specially in Bor and other areas. comrade Stephen Par Kuol what do you seggest do you want to go back to U.S.A.

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  • 1 January 09:26, by Marco Bul

    This article is tribal in nature.It emanates from emotional outburst.It can’t convince any human right activist.

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    • 1 January 10:35, by Akook

      Other Dinkas would want facts be established this time around. These are facts mentioned in this article. If you think it is one sided, come up with yours on who did those politicians arrested killed cold bloodedly? Kiir & group had intentionally exterminated people of Nuer background in Juba, sadly enough they were just helpless civilians!

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      • 1 January 10:45, by Akook

        I remain to see this! If HRW allowed Hilde Johnson in the name of UN-MISS to discredit in any way of any potential criminal investigation into killing of Nuer civilians in Juba and subsequently renege to block imminent referral to the ICC! Then I would never believe in humanity or any justice exist in this world. I’m a Dinka but I don’t condone innocent killings of my fellow countrymen like that..

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        • 1 January 23:21, by Wani khooto

          dear AKOOK,
          go away you are not a dinka but just mad nuer like your stupid white army,you know what, we from other tribes can make a judgement and it will be clear to said that nuer are criminal just for looting and that why i will never support you guys no matter what.

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        • 2 January 09:48, by australian

          I agree with you and think South Sudanese should think rationally, not tribally, about this situation.

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  • 1 January 12:02, by Mr Point

    This is the first piece in Sudan tribune to name names of those responsible for the genocidal massacre of civilians in Juba.
    However, it lacks facts to support the accusations. What is the evidence to implicate these people, and has it been passed to a competent investigating body? UNMISS is collecting evidence of the atrocities.

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  • 1 January 13:03, by sanduksanduk

    Kuol,
    Nuer killed Dinka. Dinka killed Nuer. They like killing each other, fine. Bloodthirsty hooligans who have no respect for human life and values. Take the war to ur backyards and kill urselves to extinction. Idiots.

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    • 1 January 23:28, by Wani khooto

      suduku,
      i hope u are Uganda Sudanese guys.you are very stupid my boy don’t u know this war is for power struggle and what ever tribes u belong u need to take size boy,i know u are the kind which will run to uganda or khartoum but this time no excuses my dog,let join them in killing and the stronger will rule.but not just killing civilian.

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  • 1 January 16:20, by Dengdittueny

    Stephen, you peace of article is ok but you have been biased not to name the following as responsible for genocide in South Sudan.
    1 DR. Riek machar Teny
    2 general peter Gadet the most illiterate general in South Sudan.
    3- Jame Koang the most stupid general naming himself as the governor of unity state
    4- Nyandeng De Mabor
    5- pagan Amuom,
    6- Chol Tomg mayday.
    7- Deng Alor Kuol. They must be charg

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  • 2 January 01:53, by Thyinka

    You complain about the killing of Nuer in Juba. Who will complain about the killing of innocent Dinka civilians in Bor, Akobo, Unity and Malakal

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  • 2 January 03:28, by Akol Liai Mager

    To be creditable, this article should have come from an independence & neutral party not from a party in the conflict. I do agree with a comment elsewhere that said this article carries a tribal based views and therefore, very destructive and it can amount to an admission of the war crimes committed in rebels’ held areas. The writer has designed it without looking at how double-edge his view is.

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    • 2 January 07:41, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

      Stephen Par Kuol,
      I believe you can read every comment made on your article. Ninety percent (99.9%) says it’s biased. I am with the 99.9% because it’s written to attract the attention of Nuer people and HRW or activists who disregard the number of people killed in Juba, Bor, Akobo, Malakal and Bentiu by Riek’s destructive forces as already indicated by some readers.

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      • 2 January 07:53, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

        You write not only to inform but educate a wide range of readers across the digital world on the subject matter, not only your targeted audience like some Nuer, though not all, who will agree with the content without digesting its authenticity and source. In Juba, the soldiers killed on duty, guarding armory are not all Dinka....

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        • 2 January 08:03, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

          ...but including what Riek and his destructive forces claim "the sold-out Nuer" because they failed to participate in the failed coup attempt. The misconception that most Nuer hold is that they can impose Riek on South Sudanese to be the President of RSS at any cost. Bor Town, has repeatedly fallen victim of Riek’s political endeavor.

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          • 2 January 08:12, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            What we are observing closely is lack of international concern about telling Riek not to order his forces attack innocents souls/Dinka who took refuge in UNMISS compound across the country. In Juba, no government forces is threatening to attack Nuer in the two UNMISS compounds but Nuer are doing the opposite. In Juba, some of them/men are coming out of the UNMISS compound only to knife Dinka and..

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            • 2 January 08:19, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              ... and run back to the UNMISS compound without any government forces threatening to kill anyone in the compound. This is what happening in Juba now. Looting in Juba (107) was carried out by the destructive forces of Riek who fled with him without considering that their wives and innocent children would not escape together with them to the bush, Bentiu or Lou.

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              • 2 January 08:27, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                Nuer females roam Juba freely but some males not all, are ready to kill Dinka at strategic spot, hoping to run back to UNMISS. We are looking forward that it must stop unless they want to prove that they’re the followers of Riek. Peace will certainly return to all corners of South Sudan but should not be at the expense of.....

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                • 2 January 08:39, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                  killing innocent civilians, destroying government, public and private properties in Bor, Akobo, Malakal, Bentiu and above all mobilizing civilians on tribal dimensions to carry out military offensive on towns in order to assert political leadership as if general elections of 2015 is far from horizon.

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                • 2 January 08:48, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                  killing innocent civilians, destroying government, public and private properties, mobilizing civilians on tribal dimensions to carry out military offensive on specific town in order to assert political front for dialogue in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia while in reality the exit strategy is uncertain because one tribe can never fight a government on this planet.

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                  • 2 January 09:24, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                    Whether political front is asserted or not for dialogue in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the reality is that no clear exit strategy for Riek and his two commanders (Peter Gadet & James Koang) because one tribe can never fight a government on this planet. They have to lay down arms, embrace peace and contest in elections.

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                    • 2 January 09:27, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                      Riek’s struggle for political leadership has spiraled into military and tribal camps simply to avoid the upcoming elections of 2015 where campaigns would be based on track record, not what is so-called “warriors” taken entirely on tribal dimensions. Nuer alone can never defend militarily the three States where they hail from without support of Dinka and the other tribes of South Sudan.

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                      • 2 January 09:54, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                        If some Nuer, like “white army”, claim to be warriors, why did they fail to wipe out SPLA/M from 1991-2002 when SPLA/M was still fighting guerilla warfare? Why did they fail to wipe out SAF from their land, as they are trying to do against Dinka in towns and UNMISS compounds, in order to liberate South Sudan and rule it without support of the other tribes?

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                        • 2 January 09:55, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                          Why would Riek believe that “white army” including forces under James Koang of Division 4 would be able to exterminate the Dinka-led government of Cde. Salva Kiir Mayardit, protect the nation from foreign aggression and rule it without support of any Dinka and other tribes? Will South Sudan be ruled along tribal line?

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                          • 2 January 09:58, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                            Why did Riek and his “white army” fail to make coup attempt to NCP-led government or pose this political question to Khartoum Islamic-led government when they were in the same bed from 1991 up to 2002? Why do Riek and his retarded army commanders believe that it would be possible to rule South Sudan along tribal line?

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  • 2 January 12:07, by Mapuor

    Any action has a reaction,who ignited the current crises?Its Mr Riek Macar and the disgruntled group including the senior whore Nyadeng, the wife of former murderer who never spared any opposition elements in 21 years of the struggle.Why did they triggered such deadly massacres?They want to rule by toppling the elected president.Can treason be condoned what ever the justification?NOOOO.

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    • 2 January 12:12, by Mapuor

      Those who were massacred in 14 Nuer counties are 100 times more than few Nuers who were caught in cross fire in Juba.You Kawajaat,just go to Nuer counties and find out for yourselves,no single Dinka was spared,they were all murdered in hundreds.Then go to Dinka counties all Nuers are free and alive.This alone is a great evidence that Mr Riek and his Nuers planned the current genocide.

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