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Suspicion threatens IGAD’s role in South Sudan conflict

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December 30, 2013 (JUBA) – As the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) member countries try to end nearly three weeks of conflict in South Sudan, some of its leaders have been accused of actions that could worsen the situation.

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President Uhuru Kenyatta prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn and President Yoweri Museveni at the IGAD meeting on December 27, 2013 (Photo: PSCU)

The latest accusation comes as regional leaders try to broker a peace deal between South Sudan’s Salva Kiir and his former deputy, Riek Machar, ahead of their Tuesday meeting in the capital, Juba.

On Friday, leaders from the IGAD countries held special discussions on the South Sudan situation in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi and resolved that both parties in the conflict immediately cease ongoing hostilities and embrace dialogue.

Sources privy to the close-door talks, also hinted on the possibility of a power-sharing deal between government and the opposition, as regional leaders seek to restore peace and stability in the new nation.

MIXED REACTIONS

IGAD’s involvement, some activists and politicians say, will not quickly bring to an end South Sudan’s current conflict, citing what they called “double standards” from its leaders like Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni, now in Juba for tomorrow’s meeting.

“[Museveni treats the leaders of IGAD like his children. They did not question what he meant by ‘his country’s efforts in securing critical infrastructure and installations in the Republic of South Sudan’,” said Peter Adwok Nyaba in response to resolutions from the Nairobi summit.

Nyaba, a former minister for higher education, was among the 11 senior South Sudanese politicians detained in connection with the alleged coup attempt in the country, before his release on Friday.

He further alleged that Uganda has nearly 3,000 troops and some war planes now involved in the country’s conflict, a claim Ugandan army officials dismissed.

“It was about time the civil society started to make noise although this will not stop the conflict as long as it is viewed in terms of Dinka-Nuer dichotomy,” said the ex-minister.

The IGAD leaders, he added, have failed to secure release of the detained SPLM politicians, yet forging way for dialogue.

But, in an interview with Sudan Tribune last week, Paddy Ankunda, the spokesperson of the Ugandan army (UPDF) said their forces were only in South Sudan to rescue Ugandans trapped in the violence.

More than 1,000 people are feared dead and tens of thousands left homeless after violence, which initially started in the capital, Juba, spontaneously spread to three of the country’s 10 states.

South Sudan leader, Salva Kiir blames his former vice-president for the violence, while the latter downplayed it as a ploy by government to crack down on opposition in the ruling party (SPLM).

A South Sudanese civil society entity said IGAD and peace advocates across the globe should first push for immediate agreement on ceasefire and ensure political dialogue takes place between the conflicting parties without delay.

“Citizens of South Sudan want nothing apart from ceasefire and political dialogue so as to end the violent conflict that is claiming lives of South Sudanese innocent citizens”, Community Empowerment for Progress Organisation (CEPO) said in a statement.

Scores of world leaders have, meanwhile, welcomed the IGAD-initiated talks, seen as key in resolving the current turmoil in the country.

Catherine Ashton, the vice-president of the European Union Commission, pledged the institution’s firm support to effort of the African Union and IGAD towards ending the conflict in the country.

“We will continue our efforts set to relieve the humanitarian suffering”, Ashton said, but stressed that only South Sudan’s own political leaders can bring the country back to the path of peace.

Ban Ki Moon, the UN Secretary-General on Saturday welcomed the work of East African countries in peacefully resolving the ongoing conflict in South Sudan, offering his "full support" to the regional efforts.

"The secretary-general welcomes the outcome of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Summit held on 27 December, appointing a mediation team to work with the government of South Sudan and opposition in reaching a cease fire, the release of the detainees and building toward a process of peaceful dialogue," he said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune.

The world body, Ki Moon assured, will continue to do everything within its means to protect the country’s civilians at risk and provide necessary humanitarian assistance.

(ST)

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  • 30 December 2013 08:57, by Malakal county Simon

    So called IGAD should not take side and waste time, because the only solution we want now is to see Kiir to leave the power alive or dead period!!!!

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    • 30 December 2013 09:02, by Malakal county Simon

      There should be no negotiations under IGAD leadership, because it very bias!!!

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    • 30 December 2013 11:45, by mathem jech amer

      Malakal county Simon
      It is also good for non South Sudanese to pretend to be Southerners.You always switch sides like Gadet, that is good

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    • 30 December 2013 11:55, by mathem jech amer

      Adwok Nyaba
      What is this greedy man talking about,he failed in organizing and promoting good education rather than business stealing money when he was a minister of Higher Education.He was sending money to neigbouring countries in assumption that it was to be given to students but in actual sense,only 30% goes to them

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    • 30 December 2013 15:58, by Mayom County Boy

      what make them to threat us we people of south sudan ?
      let them be far from our main problem we south sudan
      let uganda president be distance from our main civil war we people of Republic of south sudan .

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    • 30 December 2013 19:33, by Bolman

      Kiir must go

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  • 30 December 2013 09:09, by choldit

    Thanks again mr. Nyaba for being there for South Sudanese people.
    The Ugandan leader briefing of IGAD leaders in that meeting reflects on his country involvement in ss internal affairs therefore, he shld have been questioned by these able leaders about what he means for those two roles he mentioned. Otherwise the East African countries are helping the govt in juba to killing the Nuer children.

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    • 30 December 2013 11:13, by Peter Mading

      Riek launched failed coup; Riek murdered unaccountable number of Dinka in Bor, Akobo, Malakal, Bentiu and Rubkona and Tharjath oilfield; Riek Looted banks and shops allover, Riek ordered Rapes of foreign nationals. What kind of leader? IGAD should seek arrest for him.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:11, by wang

    Malakal county Simon
    Let them waste their times...Bor had already fallen in our freedom fighter hands and Malakal will soon fellow it...

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    • 30 December 2013 09:17, by Malakal county Simon

      Wang
      Good to hear that... I,m sick and tired of how Dinka want to run our country, Malakal will fall soon just a matter of hours!!!!

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    • 30 December 2013 11:42, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

      What I said before is loud and clear that IGAD leaders are wasting their time if they insist on the issue of power sharing because they have no clue about the track record of Dr. Fool Riek Machar who desperately wants to change the government through coup d’état or violence as witnessed on December 15th, 2013 on the basis of violence incitement along tribal lines.

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      • 30 December 2013 11:43, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

        Peter Adwok Nyaba has no clue about what he’s talking about whether for diplomatic purpose or not. If he’s a supporter of Dr. Fool Riek Machar or not, how many forces or commanders from the other 63 tribes of South Sudan joined Riek Machar primitive rebellion besides some Nuer targeting mainly Dinka? Does South Sudan belong to Nuer and Dinka only or Shilluk?

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        • 30 December 2013 11:44, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

          Dr. Fool Riek Machar still views that the government can only be changed through tribe flexing its muscles against the other whether he Peter Adwok Nyaba) denies it or not. Whether the other detained politicians belong to Dr. Fool Riek Machar’s camp or not, he believes in the strength of his tribe to carry out the process of changing government through violence or the barrel of a gun.

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          • 30 December 2013 11:44, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            I have repeatedly said those people who are under detention were used or listed by Dr. Fool Riek Machar as his future ministers because of their unwavering track record during the liberation war to impress the general public that they are his true democratic supporters and supported how the current leadership should be brought down through coup d’état or violence.

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            • 30 December 2013 11:45, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              Stressing when it comes to violence, his loyal tribesmen (though not all Nuer) will play a leading role in the city warfare, systematic destruction of properties, massive displacement and killing Dinka mainly because the leader of the country since 2005 is a Dinka by tribe. Waiting impatiently for nearly eight (8) years, Dr. Fool Riek Macahr as usual started wondering, when will his turn really co

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              • 30 December 2013 11:46, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                Everything that has happened in Juba; Bor or part of Malakal Town is a reflection of Dr. Fool Riek Machar’s belief in the process of assuming power. He should not deny that the White Army, mainly from Lou-Nuer, is never mobilized by him. Riek appealed to this primitive White Army in an effort to attack SPLA position in Bor first and then proceed to other targeted towns where Dinka reside.

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                • 30 December 2013 11:46, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                  Since IGAD, AU or UN do not want to reflect on Dr. Fool Riek Machar’s track record, his intent of changing government through violence; destruction of towns, properties, massive displacement by forces loyal to Riek for one reason or another, then there should be no point of wasting time to talk about cease fire or power sharing “as a possible solution.”

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                  • 30 December 2013 11:47, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                    The current government should never be blamed for any bogus human right violations while other destructive forces are considered law abiding forces. I want the White Army to come forward and declare its intention clearly so that the strongest will be seen in the war arena if one tribe (Nuer) can really change the government through the barrel of a gun.

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                    • 30 December 2013 11:47, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                      What would the other largest tribe do tomorrow when Dr. Fool Riek Machar happened to be in power? Will the transfer of power through violence become cyclical or not? Will it stop with Dr. Fool Riek Machar? No. What about the other tribes still observing from the sideline? What will South Sudan look like if the other tribes are forced to take side with the “good” rather than the “bad” tribe?

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                      • 30 December 2013 11:48, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                        This is what Dr. Fool Riek Machar and his associates never envision since they believe in flexing muscles against the leadership of the current government and Dinka as though President Salva Kiir Mayardit came to power through violence in 2005 or the liberation war of 1983 was fought by Dinka, Nuer or Shilluk alone without the support of the other 63 tribes.

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                        • 30 December 2013 11:49, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                          We have educated Nuer who believe in the transfer of power through ballot box, not violence or pitting one tribe against the other since South Sudan is inhabited by many tribes, created by God to live in unity as one people, one nation. The violent path that Dr. Fool Riek Machar believes in will essentially reduce Nuer to be the minority both in the cities and country side.

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                          • 30 December 2013 14:27, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                            Power sharing is never a priority. The government of South Sudan needs repentance from Riek and the forces loyal to him to lay down arms, embrace peace and become politicians to contest in elections before we rebuild trust, unity, confidence, fulfillment of humanitarian needs and rebuilding town destroyed by forces loyal to Dr. Fool Riek.

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                            • 30 December 2013 14:30, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                              otherwise, South Sudan will never be the same again. We’re ready to teach unforgettable lesson to this so-called White Army so that they don’t blindly make another attempt to support Dr. Fool Riek’s poor vision, political ambition, incitement of violence, pitting his tribesmen against the another for self interest, whose track record speaks for itself.

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                              • 30 December 2013 14:36, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                                Dr. Fool Riek Machar denies that he didn’t order the "White Army" to attack Bor, but if Bor were to be captured by the armed civilian army, Dr. Fool would have declared that those people are his army. He believes in his appeal for support to all Nuer but only the fools respond and pay the price. Peter Gadet responded and withdrew. James Koang will be captured in Bentiu sooner than later.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:23, by Dumodit

    Those rebels claimed suspicious threats IGAD’s role in conflict resolution dares Nuer community loyal to Riak Machar be dislodging in the land of South Sudan
    Adwak Nyaba has no purpose of achievement for his education like Riak. Destroyer Riak and going for destruction soon.

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    • 30 December 2013 10:05, by dengdanger

      Recently Nuer think that Kiir wil not celebrat Christmas in juba they thought they were in strong position to take over ahahaha boi they were so so soo wrong and knw they recruit the white army to capture Bor just like the recruits those juba university studen which end up with 500 of them dead what a miscalcalion I can’t believe the whole entire race is this dumd hahahahh

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  • 30 December 2013 09:33, by Konan

    Guys,I can assure you that Sudan will never never accept or allow the Ugandan Army to stay near its border with South Sudan under whatsoever claims or excuses. Uganda should withdraw its troops from the Republic of South Sudan immediately. I don’t think the Southerners fought their brothers in the North for decades to replace them with the Ugandan bandits who share nothing with them.

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    • 30 December 2013 10:03, by Wicdail

      Thanks Dr. Nyaba,
      your release is fruitful not like the traitor so DD/SPLA/M. No peace can be achieved through East African corrupts leaders, with the exception of Ethiopia. Museveni will vomit our oil money through his anus when the time come.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:45, by blesssing

    Dear all rebels alliance, IGAD progress is not only bad to you but also to us. Why is there so called power sharing? Should SPLM share it own power? Where has it happened like that in this world if IGAD is not bias? I only blamed president for realising Nyaba unaccounted for his involvement, that is one of the possible indicators which may not allow the rest to go out of the detention centre.

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    • 30 December 2013 10:04, by Bentiu son

      Dear South Sudanese people,we had already reached deadlock with Salva Kiir’s genocidal regime.We reached the point of No u-turn.No ceasefire,No peace talk,No reconciliation neither power sharing proposal till Kiir’s brutal regime collapse,democratic n human rights restore within SPLM n all the detainees are release n taken to Addis Ababa to Dr Machar priority to arrange further negotiation table.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:55, by dude

    Poor Uganda President need to get his ass out of South Sudan. This will be the end of his dictatorial regime if he is not willing to remove 10,000 Uganda Soldiers from South Sudanese land that are killing the Nuer tribe in Juba, Malakal and oil areas.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:58, by Grader

    Step 1. Coup
    Step 2. when coup fails, say UPDF in South Sudan
    Step 3. Seek alliance with Sudan (SAF)
    SPLA will never allow you to mess around with this country.
    We fought Riek and SAF for 11 years and will do the same if need be.

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    • 30 December 2013 10:25, by Konan

      Step 1. Sudan called it coup attempt.
      Step 2. Sudan is not in alliance with any party in SS.
      Step 3. Kiir alliance with Ugandan is an obvious mistake and could align Sudan against him.
      Step 4. Everybody knows Uganda is supporting rebels in SK and BN states and most rebels’ leaders living in Kampala.
      NB. South Sudan separated from Sudan through negotiation and a Comprehensive Peace Accord, not war

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    • 30 December 2013 10:41, by hellonearth


      1. First of all there was no coup
      2. The UPDF and its Air Force are in South Sudan killing South Sudanese
      3. No one has seeked SAF help only your useless president Kiir. so just shut up as your Dinka kingdom falls.

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  • 30 December 2013 09:59, by blesssing

    I would have finished this rebellion within a minute, if i were the president of this country. The president is fearing outside powers with the issues of human rights but, are rebels respecting human rights. Do rebel have laws to consider. Imagine, Ateny Wek Ateny was announcing the advancement of rebel to Bor, why not confronting them? Why do we first allow them to capture towns and then retake?

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    • 30 December 2013 10:13, by dengdanger

      For those who talk about power sharing where in the world do the same party share power and they are the rulling party / SPLM or you are talking Dinka and Nuer power sharing then this not Democracy

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    • 30 December 2013 10:14, by Bentiu son

      Blessing, you guys Dinka Renk of Warap want to destroy the Greater Upper Nile Region by using the Greater Upper Nile region’s sons against their siblings as to retarded it development.Those sellout sons like Kuol Manyang, Makuei Lueth,Dr Riek Gai,Dr Monytuil,Tutkew Gatluak, James Kok Ruie n James Hoth Mai have to recant from their betrayal stance so that we regain the power once more otherwise.

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      • 30 December 2013 10:55, by blesssing

        Bentiu Son,
        I am neither Dinka nor Nuer but i want to tell you the truth, Riak Machar will take you nowhere guys. Simply because he is well known of rebellion, he is not convince of other, then who will be convince of him? U Nuer r following a very stupid leader known of can kill. That is why i said b4 that if i were the president, i would have finished this Riak rebellion in a minute regardle

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        • 30 December 2013 11:27, by Gatluak

          Blessing or a curse, Dr. Riek the one who always negotiates peace in South Sudan. He is a man who want peace. What happen in Cuba was not a coup. Kiir just wanted to get rid of Dr. Riek. The way our president is behaving these, I don’t think a sound minded person should support him.

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      • 30 December 2013 11:48, by mathem jech amer

        Bentiu son
        There is no tribe called Dinka Renk in Warrap, Renk is in Upper Nile and is inhabited by Dinka Abiliang,come to South Sudan to learn about tribes than assuming that you know

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  • 30 December 2013 11:20, by Grader

    For those who doesn’t know, SPAF stands for SPLA airforce-pass this acronym to Adwok, Riek and Gatdet. NO UPDF airforce in South Sudan!

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    • 30 December 2013 12:41, by Oppressor

      SPAF are u sure i doubt it is ugandian war plane which kills Nuer pple so don’t deny it...

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      • 30 December 2013 13:24, by South South

        Oppressor,
        What are you doing here ? Did you hear we have Mohammed, GAHTA JAMARA and terrorists here ? You son of Mohammed needs to focus on Mohammed and GATHA JAMARA.

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        • 30 December 2013 13:48, by Oppressor

          South South big mouth did u believe me now i told you many times south will never be the same after separation form Sudan & now a CIVIL WAR is going on & Mosifeni is supporting Dinak Kirr so no way to live in peace as long as Jallaba not with u in one country but we don’t want to have headic again so we will wait till Neur & other tribes win the war & rule south.. haaaa

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  • 30 December 2013 13:31, by 4Justice

    "Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others". (Philippians 2:4)

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    • 30 December 2013 17:06, by jijury

      Ah salva Kiir father Museveni wants to help his son well bring it on then. Does Museveni know who is Dr. Machar’s ally? Riek will not allow other foreign forces to come and destroy South Sudan but our dumb ass president Kiir is doing the opposite what an idiot. Just because Salva secretly gives Museveni 6% share of south Sudan oil doesn’t mean he own South Sudan.

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  • 30 December 2013 22:09, by Tambura

    President kiir just proof to all of us what I have been saying about him, he is not fit to lead this country. What about if Dr. Reik find himself he have no choice and go to Omar Bashir and start fighting for Unity of south Sudan with Sudan because we can not lead ourselves?

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