Home | News    Friday 15 February 2013

S. Sudan hopes Lazarus and IGAD can resurrect north-south talks

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February 14, 2013 (JUBA) - South Sudan has expressed hope that retired Kenyan general Lazarus Sambeiyo can help break the deadlock over post-secession issues between Sudan and South Sudan, as part of the East African regional body IGAD.

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General Lazarus Sambeiyo wrote a book on his experiences mediating between the Sudanese government and the former SPLM rebels who now govern the Republic of South Sudan. (EAST AFRICAN EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHERS)

Sambeiyo played a key role in the Inter Governmental Authority on Development’s (IGAD) mediation talks that ended two decades of civil war with the signing of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

An IGAD delegation headed by Sambeiyo is in Juba holding a number of high-level meetings with South Sudanese officials, civil society organisations, individual activists and the United Nations.

The objective of the delegation is to gather views and ideas from a variety of groups in order to draw up a plan to see how best to help the two nations find final solutions to a host of issues related to South Sudan’s independence in 2011.

The IGAD delegation will next visit the Sudanese capital Khartoum, where Sambeiyo expects to meet and hold similar discussions with senior government officials, as well activists.

In September last year, the two sides signed deals on nine issues, including the amount South Sudan would pay Sudan in oil transit fees. However, Khartoum has insisted that border security issues be resolved before they will allow South Sudanese crude to be exported through its territory.

After meeting James Wani Igga, the speaker of South Sudan’s parliament on Wednesday, Sambeiyo said he wanted to listen carefully to the leadership and the people of South Sudan regarding the issues which the two sides have not been able to resolve amicably.

“The people of South Sudan have a fought a devastating and a long war. They have suffered a lot. They lost everything during war. Millions of lives were lost. They needed peace and they got it. I am sure they need to work so that they can rebuild their lives and enjoy peace dividends. The people of Sudan also fought for many years and I am sure they need peace”, said Sambeiyo.

Although he has met with senior officials, Sambeiyo has not yet met South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, and did not say whether the leader was one of the officials he would like to meet while in the country.

The two countries came close to returning to all out war in April last year after fighting erupted over the disputed oil-producing region of Heglig, one of many areas claimed by both sides.

For his part, Igga said his country welcomes the visit and decision of the regional body to help in the mediation process to break the deadlock with the government of Sudan. He described Sambeiyo as a “true peace advocate and friend of the two nations”, acknowledging that he would need maximum cooperation from both sides in order for him to accomplish his assigned mission.

“General Sambeiyo enjoys support from both sides. He is a friend of the two nations. He played a big role in the regional peace when he patiently mediated the talks between us and the government of Sudan. There were ups and downs but he eventually managed to bring [the two sides] together. So as the government, we will welcome the initiative”, he said.

Meanwhile, South Sudan’s information minister, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, has again expressed his disappointment with the current mediation processes which is being facilitated by the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) under the leadership of former South African president Thabo Mbeki.

Marial said Sudan was taking advantage of the reluctance of the international community, particularly the African Union to make a final decision on issues such as the final status of the disputed region of Abyei.

Under a peace deal mediated by Sambeiyo, residents of Abyei were scheduled to vote in January 2011 on whether to join South Sudan or remain north of the new international border, but Khartoum’s demand that the Misseriya nomads participate has indefinitely delayed the plebiscite.

The latest proposal from the AUHIP is for a referendum in October this year excluding the Misseriya and solely with residents of the area - mainly the Dinka Ngok ethnic group - who would be expected to vote to transfer Abyei to South Sudan.

“The reason the African Union Peace and Security Council came and drew up [a] tight timeframe at the height of the conflict last year was [to] break the deadlocks and to put an end [to] endless bilateral negotiations, but now continues to accept claims by Sudan to extend “negotiations”, said Marial.

“We have failed to reach [an] agreement on the issues that we accepted [as part of] their (the AUHIP) proposal. So why return us back to square one?” he asked at a news conference at the ministry of information.

The senior member of the country’s governing Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) said the African Union’s lack of decision was testing its authority.

“Sudan is challenging [the] credibility of the African Union and the existence of the authority. What Khartoum is doing is actually a clear violation of [the] Constitutive Act which all member states must respect and this will put the legitimacy and credibility of the African Union to test as [a] continental authority”, he said

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 15 February 2013 03:30, by George Bol

    Evidences that indicate Khartoum is preparing for war with Sudan. This month, They sent tanks and armies closer to SPLA position In Jau, Panakuach. They did the same thing in Wetsern BG, Nothern G, In Abyei, and in Upper Nile. The only thing that SPLM must do is to start preparing for war. From different websites, the North declare war with us. For me, if they started like before,than that must en

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    • 15 February 2013 07:08, by Chol

      What is South Sudan and Sudan talked for? All I know is; South Sudanese are not claiming Omdurman to be their territory, Sudanese are the ones claiming Abyei and Panthou and other border regions as their territories! This issue doesn’t need a talk; the people who owned and living in those regions are the ones who need to be allowed to vote. >>>>>

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      • 15 February 2013 07:09, by Chol

        >>>>>They know where they belong, let the African mediators observed the people on those regions how they will vote. The question in the ballot would be; are you a South Sudanese or Sudanese? The answer to the question will solve the dispute between both countries. Why are African mediators making the simplest issue more complicated?

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    • 15 February 2013 07:44, by Ayuen deng

      IGAD is my only hope for all these.

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    • 15 February 2013 09:47, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      Bol
      No worried on that those Tanks soon will be counted on our side as additional Logistics from SAF to empower SPLA-N fighters,any military equipments are all welcome from them,as I know they are all cowards soldiers.
      OKUCU PA LOINOKWAN

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  • 15 February 2013 03:31, by George Bol

    Preparing war with S. Sudan. Let called it a last word and start the same tactics against burjuasin Arabs

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    • 15 February 2013 03:59, by zulu

      My friend. Sudan stands the biggest chance to lose. They have called us merssenaries already. But with the rebels formidably staunch foes of the NCP, there is little the NCP can do

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  • 15 February 2013 05:30, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    IGAd delegations is better to disclose number of CAP docusment, as Bashir distance his signatur from CAP signatures.

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    • 15 February 2013 08:10, by bakuluk

      I don’t think" Lazarus and IGAD will help Southern and North to solve their problem.this other wasting of time,we all know Dr jonh Garang was smarted to depended his right and wine argument either Arab or western doesn’t matter from DR jonh Garang, I don’t think what African trying to do will solve any thing with out western involvement folk.

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  • 15 February 2013 05:56, by Tutbol

    IGAD was the one that negotiated the CPA & was well placed to follow up the unresolved issues pertaining to the CPA but for some reasons known to our toothless AU, they shunned the IGAD mediators for former presidents who want to experiment their pan-african dreams on the two Sudans. When they didn’t even practiced their pan-africa dreams when they were presidents in their own countries.

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    • 15 February 2013 06:13, by Tutbol

      Now here we are. Our pan-african dreamers have failed miserablly. They are even treated by the N Sudan with contempt. The motive behind Thambo Mbeki appointment to mediate b/n S Sudan & N Sudan was to copy-cat the South Africa situations b/n the blacks & whites S africans. Sound good but what worked in S africa will not neccessarily mean it will work in the Sudans.

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      • 15 February 2013 08:41, by Tutbol

        Look people; the West (some UNSC members) know, S Sudan can get her lands from the N Sudan, but these members only care about their geo-political influences something that is getting dimmer & dimmer amongst the people i know, know the West greedy schemes. I know, personally, there is no way i will let the greedy Britain guy buy a land in my backyard in the name of investment when i know...

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        • 15 February 2013 08:55, by Tutbol

          ...he/she is the same monster who will be in force to call for a gated communities in our cities as it is now a norm in South africa, Southern Africa at large & even in our East African neighbours. The West is bullying S Sudanese to assuage to their greeds, but they don’t know how much our people have suffered for this land.

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  • 15 February 2013 07:26, by Jojo

    Whether the discussion is going on or not. Let us be READY -READY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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  • 16 February 2013 02:54, by chromebars

    In regards to the comments made so far; The north and south have been at war for the last 20 years, without an outright winner. It seems rather immature and irresponsible for anyone to bee seeking the resumption of another war; which will lead to millions more dead and end up with the two nations having to negotiate another peace settlement...and guess what you will be in the same position.....

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    • 16 February 2013 02:59, by chromebars

      .....as you find yourself now. The sooner all recognise that both counties are mutually dependent on each other for security, economic development and the free movement of goods, services and peoples the quicker it will be in resolving this deadlock. Given the obvious need to have reconciliation within South Sudan, why can’t politician in both countries see that the same process needs....

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      • 16 February 2013 03:04, by chromebars

        ....to be put in place. YES the same thing that happened in south Africa needs to happen between s.n sudan. If Mandela thought it was good enough a process, who is there to refuse such a solution for n. s sudan. The season why countless agreements have been signed and nothing tangible moves on from this is due to their being NO trust, mutual respect and willingness to forgive each other.....

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        • 16 February 2013 07:39, by Tutbol

          Cromebars,
          Your Mandela is not everybody’s cup of beyond South Africa, only the Europeans race who got away with far too many crimes they committed against blacks & were let go scot free without paying for their crimes; worship Mandella. Now the Europeans own South Africa’s wealth when the blacks are gunned down like rabbits in the mines. Is that what you advocate that S Sudanese should copy from>

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          • 16 February 2013 07:54, by Tutbol

            >> your Mandela? as you have read from the other posts, S Sudan doesn’t want to occupy Kosti, Muglad or other N Sudan lands, but the Sudan occupied Panthou, Kersana & other S Sudan’s land don’t you see? No one like wars, but if you ask someone to give you back your property through negotiation & he refuses, then what are you suppose to do? be your Mandela & everything is solved? This European>>>

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            • 16 February 2013 08:08, by Tutbol

              >> nonsense that S Sudan & N Sudan being interdependent to each other is utterly rubish. No S Sudanese would want to have anything to do with the N Sudanese ever. The outsiders like yourself, Cromebars are the ones who often preach that bulsh*t, when they didn’t even put themselves in the S Sudanese shoes who lost their family members in the war before they sell their interdependent nonsense.

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              • 16 February 2013 08:18, by Tutbol

                Why is China not interdependent to Russia or Germany to France? or South Africa to Zimbabwe? I am tired of being often lectured by these Europeans trashes; who always think they know what is better to other people.

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                • 17 February 2013 15:38, by chromebars

                  Dear Tutbol. you raise allot of relent questions: 1) was Mandela right in enacting a truth and reconciliation process in South Africa. 2) Is such as process relevant to S.North Sudan. 3) Interdependency. In response to 1) S.Africa in my view faced a strategic cross-roads when Mandela was released at the end of apartheid, should the ANC enact revenge and reprisals on the whites and or expel them..

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                  • 17 February 2013 15:44, by chromebars

                    or enact a policy of healing and defuse the potential for civil war which the far-right was itching to start. Mandela must have himself forgiven the white for imprisoning him since he had every right to seek retribution not only for himself but for those who had made the ultimate sacrifice. So ask yourself if Mandela forgave (which in my view he did; he enacted the policy of forgiveness which...

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                    • 17 February 2013 15:51, by chromebars

                      ...achieved it primary goal of avoiding a civil war. It also wrong footed and isolated the far-right; who in their ignorance, hatred and fear thought Mandela would do what they themselves would have done, if they were in his position.
                      So I think I have addressed the 1st point. In regards to the 2nd point: Yes you are correct I have not suffered loss of family or suffered mass injustice...

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                      • 17 February 2013 15:56, by chromebars

                        so I take my examples from someone who has; Mandela. I do not need to worship him, but I hold him up as an example of a human being; not many others I can list but there are others, who have managed the rare feet of overcoming there human emotions of anger, hatred and vengeance. Unfortunately you seam to think that to forgive means to forget. But without forgiveness from both sides there....

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                        • 17 February 2013 16:02, by chromebars

                          ...can not be piece and without piece their can not be an environment for stability and economic development. You don’t need to Love your bother, just don’t kill him, there is a big difference. Thus N.S sudan in my view need to start this process in order to live next to each other. I am not European but African but foremost a human being. An to be honest if Europe can live in piece after....

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                          • 17 February 2013 16:08, by chromebars

                            ..(ps sorry about the spelling of "peace").....2 world wars then you should listen to what they have to say. The EU was formed to ensure that France and Germany would never go to war and drag the rest of the EU down with them...pure and simple. This idea stems from and understanding that they are INTERDEPENDENT..pure and simple facts. This leads to your 3rd point which I have answered, but will...

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                            • 17 February 2013 16:14, by chromebars

                              ..expand on for clarity. I have explained about France and Germany, Now Russia and China, who also share a common border by the way; ARE INTERDEPENDENT since they benefit from the trade between each other, cultural exchanges, work together in the fields of scientific R&D and indeed have similar non-interventionist foreign policy (i.e UN security council policy on Syria)....

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                              • 17 February 2013 16:21, by chromebars

                                ..and have a common history of communism. You should take some time out because you have the misgivings that countries and peoples somehow live in a vacuum; isolated from each other. To give you an example, how would S.Sudan survive even one day without the trade flows of food and other goods from Uganda ??. I some distant future or even tomorrow the relationship between S.Sudan and Uganda could..

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                                • 17 February 2013 16:25, by chromebars

                                  ..from a very positive to negative (obviously only a small probability) but this is to high-light the interdependence of countries and peoples. This interdependency is inextricable in the case of S & N Sudan; even in the light of you not accepting it; unless you intend to magic away Sudan. This is obviously due to the massive border between n & s...

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                                  • 17 February 2013 16:29, by chromebars

                                    ...thus just be pragmatic if you are not one for forgiveness. There is no way both n & S can patrol the border without the assistance of the other..simple facts. Thus the security of the north depends on the south and visa-versa. This is self evident and is the source of the border sessions. I think I have address all your points.

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      • 16 February 2013 03:08, by chromebars

        ...you have been bitter enemies for the past 20yr and the all the current leaders; who once fort each other; are now expected to trust each other :-(. Without reconciliation this deadlock will not be fully broken and or the political tension and insecurities will not be enduring. Without this security NO economic development will be long lasting and all will return to dust. Even though.....

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  • 16 February 2013 03:13, by chromebars

    ..both countries are independent they are and will always will be dependent on each other. I don’t think the political class and the peoples have fully understood this or are will to accept this; which is another key reason for a reconciliation process. N.s Sudan have one of the largest land boarders that exist between any two countries on earth; for this very simple geographical consequence both.

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    • 16 February 2013 03:18, by chromebars

      ...countries are and will always be bound together because the boarder is open and will never be fully controlled thus people can move between the two countries openly for good or ill purposes. So for those who wish to resume the killing you will only end up being killed; those who wish to live in peace will remain at peace. I know what I want to do.

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