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South Sudan accuses Sudan of imposing economic war

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January 30, 2013 (JUBA) - Sudan is attempting to impose an "economic war" on its Southern neighbour, a senior South Sudan official said Wednesday, in the latest iteration of the bad relations between the two nations.

Bol Makueng, a senior member of South Sudan’s ruling party - the SPLM - told Sudan Tribune that the Sudanese government “remained a headache” for the young country.

Khartoum "has made several attempts to undermine [the] sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan without success" Makueng said, referring to the occasional flare-up of border conflicts and the intermittent bombing of Southern territory by the Sudanese air force.

The Sudanese government has instead to "decided to roll out another strategy", he said, "which is to impose economic war but they will still fail”.

Tensions over the unresolved differences from South Sudan’s independence in 2011 prompted the Juba-based SPLM to halt oil production a year ago after accusing Khartoum of stealing its crude oil in 2012.

Despite a deal in September, oil production has not resumed as Sudan has demanded that security issues along the shared border be resolved before allowing Southern crude to pass through its territory again.

The shutdown has severely affected the economies of both nations.

At a recent meeting at the African Union the two sides agreed to implement existing agreements but failed to make breakthroughs on other outstanding issues. Juba accuses Khartoum creating additional conditions before allowing Southern crude to reach international markets.

Landlocked South Sudan is considering building an alternative pipeline to Kenya to and its will open two refineries this year to avoid being reliant on Sudanese infrastructure.

This week Juba accused the international community of not taking bold decisions to force the two sides to resolve their differences.

The two sides were this week in the Ethiopians capital of Addis Ababa discussing how the September deals could be implemented, particularly the creation and operationalisation of the safe demilitarize buffer zone (SDBZ), which puts pressure on the both sides to pull their troops at least 10 kilometers from their current positions on the disputed border.

One of the contentious issues is the demand by the Sudanese government on the government of the republic of South Sudan to break ties with a coalition of Sudanese rebel groups, particularly their former comrades - the SPLM-North - who have been fighting the Sudanese army since 2011.

The other main sticking point is the status of the contested areas along the border as well as the future of the fertile oil-producing region of Abyei and the 14 Mile area on the common border.

Political differences between the two sides heightened in April 2012, leading to military engagement in the contested border region of Panthou, an area known as Heglig in Sudan.

South Sudan’s troops took control of the area for 10 days before pulling out in response to international pressure and condemnation.

"The government of the Republic South Sudan under the capable leadership of President Salva Kiir Mayardit has regularly been advocating that there never be a military solution to the conflict, and unless we want to engage in an endless war, the best way out of the crisis is dialogue", explained Makueng, who is the head of information, Culture and Communications at the National Secretariat.

According to Makueng, President Kiir "has repeatedly said it that he would not accept the two countries return[ing] to war because war is not in the best interest of both countries. This is the statement which shows that he is someone committed to peaceful settlement of any dispute and promotion of mutual understanding so that we forge better relationship and promote the vision of two viable states living side by side instead of tearing each other apart."

Sudan has adamantly refused to cooperate on issues of mutual benefit to the two nations, he said.

“Sudan has never shown any interest in peaceful settlement of any dispute, instead it has always remained defied to intervention by the international community. It continued to launch attack on areas inside South Sudan. It armed forces this month carried out attack in Northern and Western Bahr el Ghazal, killing innocent civilians and destroying their source of life while we are in talk[s] in Addis”, he said.

Ambassador John Adruga, who like Makueng is seen as a SPLM hardliner, said in a televised statement on South Sudan Television (SSTV) on Wednesday that his country “had done all it could” but received little support from the global community.

“We have done everything, honoured the agreement in its entirety, yet Sudan remained defied to resolutions of the African Union and Security Council of the United Nations and the international community which quickly saw our response to the aggression by Sudan in April decided to keep quiet. Sudan is attacking us, kill our people along the border and continue to remain in Abyei and nothing is being done. Where is justice, where is fairness", asked Andruga.

Sudan denies bombing South Sudan and accuses the SPLM of backing its former comrades the other side of the border - the SPLM-North - who have been fighting the Khartoum government since 2011.

(ST)

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  • 1 February 2013 05:33, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Sudanese authority attempt of economic war will become positive, because Republic of South Sudan dosen’t mean to have internal and external alternative pipeline for oil refinery. but there are alot of donation countries to the Republic of South Sudan and this donation is affected by high infilation of corruption.

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    • 1 February 2013 07:39, by Mach

      Whoever crafted the headline had no idea of what he or she is talking about. First of all; South Sudan shutdown the pipeline which was benefiting Sudan with billions of dollars; now Sudan can’t even afford to pay its dues to the UN; how is it going to make any sense that South Sudan is the one complaining of economical war against Sudan?

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  • 1 February 2013 06:28, by Majongdit

    Sudan has long declared the economic war from the date the CPA was signed. Oil was shared in 25-75 instead of 50-50. It climaxed to total theft and divertion of our oil to Sudanese refineries right after independence that resulted in the loss of almost 900M USD.
    Sudan is a terrible ’Headache’. The good news is that the drugs for headache are available in the market. Plse get the right drug now!

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    • 1 February 2013 06:35, by zulu

      Majongdit,
      THESE FOLKS WILL NEVER SUCCEED BECAUSE WORLD BANKS HAS FINALLY APPROVED $3BL FOR LAPSAT. THE INDICATION IS VERY PROMISING AS AGRICULTURE IS CLEARLY THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THIS HUGE PROJECT. ORGANIC FOOD IS IN HIGH DEMAND IN THE WEST AND ASIA. WE WILL SEND BANANAS, VEGES, CORN, RICE AND MEAT TO ASIA IN RETURN FOR DEVELOPMENT.

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      • 1 February 2013 07:13, by Nuer Empire

        The relation with Khartoum government should be forgotten,it has rotten! How can you bring back rotten things into normal? No way

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  • 1 February 2013 06:45, by Paul Chadrack

    The international community is not supporting south sudan due to lack of capability in Kiir’s and his SPLM leadership,economic sanction imposed on south sudan by khartoum will remain until this corrupt SPLM government is changed. don’t expect any intervention from the international community soon,so it is to Kiir,how can he run a country without economy?.

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  • 1 February 2013 07:32, by George Bol

    Jesus said help yourself before others help you. And Dr Garang de mabior said you fight and at the same time you make peace. He also said who really has the problem, somebody on your head or the one carrying someone on the shoulder?. For me, we South Sudan will not stop crying if we often keep begging for something obvious!

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  • 1 February 2013 07:37, by master

    well thieves
    you are consider sudan your enemy #1and at the same time you want your enemy to help you .how funny is this
    illiterate kiir claiming he peace lover !
    ok he thing he can fool us
    who started higleg .abyei wars
    the two areas inside sudan not inside south
    just cry and cry
    no oil will flow unless this useless regime topple

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    • 1 February 2013 07:51, by Mach

      Mister, if you were that smart, you would be telling South Sudan that “South Sudanese, you were the one who shut-down the pipeline and therefore, you’re the one enforcing economical war against Sudan”! But instead of that; you resort to your typical Sudanese culture that usually claim the power that’s none existence!

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    • 1 February 2013 08:00, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Master
      where were you during the war? You were in Libya?
      you don’t know, if even what is in the government today. Central Sudan intially dosen’t any mineral Ok with acception of south sudan with oil and gold and western Darfur with Urainium. if Darfur split out from sudan then sudan will go to hell.

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  • 1 February 2013 08:12, by Ommar Bashir

    I’m not yet done; learn from me and the way I play my poker.

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  • 1 February 2013 08:26, by wang

    Bol Makueng is out of his mind; how come someone that can not even manage to pay her due bill to UN can impose an economic war sanctioning to South. North Sudan has got only that empty pipeline which technically was built by our money and nothing else.

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    • 1 February 2013 09:02, by Mohammed Ali 2

      You are absolutely right wang! How could Sudan wage a war against SS? The SPLA thieves had stopped producing oil by themselves after making sure that they have stolen enough money to raise their children and grand-grand childeren abroad in the " diaspora!" for centuries.They said they will build a pipe-line in 18 months. We are waiting for the government of Khartoum to collapse. Stay tuned!

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      • 1 February 2013 09:09, by Mohammed Ali 2

        They only way that the Abeyei gang could maintain their grip on power and fill their pockets with the money of the poor starving and marginalized people of SS,is to maintain this status q.Though it is not going to be for very long, particularly after dismissing many army generals,with the exception of Deng Majok son who had been promoted to the chief police officer.Arabs educated Abeyei sons well!

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        • 1 February 2013 11:06, by Paul Ongee

          I think Bol Makueng just spoke his mind like anyone else making comment here on this forum although the statement does not represent the official view/position of the Government of South Sudan. The National Criminal Party cannot, however, impose economic war upon South Sudan. No matter how long it takes, alternative means are still available to get our oil to international market.

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          • 1 February 2013 11:07, by Paul Ongee

            Khartoum knows pretty well that the oil pipeline is ours, that’s why it controversially rushed to negotiate its ownership in 2010 with oil companies in order to charge us exorbitant fees later for using it following separation.

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            • 1 February 2013 11:08, by Paul Ongee

              Had Khartoum failed to reach agreement on the potential ownership of the oil pipeline, we would have declined to pay them money except to oil companies who MIGHT STILL need money from Sudan for its construction cost. The ownership was covertly transferred to Sudan because it runs through its soil geographically to the international market-Port Sudan.

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              • 1 February 2013 11:09, by Paul Ongee

                When I say the Sudan’s oil pipeline is built with our money, Sudani Inti and others do not sensibly get it. They often struggle to refer us to the time before July 9th, 2011 which is not the case. The 99% of the discovered oil fields are in the South Sudan which later took them all on that historic day. Now, which money from the oil field(s) in the North used to build the pipeline?

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                • 1 February 2013 11:29, by master

                  paul
                  yes the pipeline is yours
                  take it
                  nile is yours
                  take it too
                  oil in the ground in sudan is yours
                  take it
                  stupid

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              • 1 February 2013 13:21, by Mohammed Ali 2

                Paul, please keep your money and your oil with you, we donnot need it or want it.And get out of Khartoum...soon!

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                • 1 February 2013 14:42, by Chol

                  Ali, welcome back, here is my point; you keep bringing up this irrational argument; “we don’t want your oil” first of all, no one in South Sudan is sticking oil in your face and says take it. If you have any evidence of someone in South Sudan telling you please take our oil; then you’ll be seen reasonable to say no, we don’t need your oil.

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        • 1 February 2013 23:29, by P.K.M

          Ali, that’s an old boring irrational allegation. When did you people started to care about poor starving people of South-Sudan? After we shut-down the pipeline! When is the last time you care about the people of South-Sudan when oil was in it 24/7 operation before it was shut-down? Where are the infrastructures in South-Sudan since Sudan independent if you care so much about poor South-Sudanese.

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  • 1 February 2013 09:49, by Lomiji

    Quote : "Bol Makueng,.... told Sudan Tribune that the Sudanese government “remained a headache” for the young country"
    Yes indeed ! As long as wrong Physicians remain in the political theater of the Republic Of South Sudan, wrong and harmful prescriptions of medicines will go on and as such, the headache will remain ! No wonder !we keep blaming Sudan for all our woes !

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  • 1 February 2013 10:42, by Gaddfa

    when will South Sudan stop complaining and start to do something. where you expecting easy stance on Sudanese Govt knowing that you are getting away with 99% of whole country resources. i hope our Government in the South Sudan will one day realize many countries on this world savior without oil. why not forget that oil n start to depend on others resources like agriculture until we get our pipelin

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  • 1 February 2013 11:21, by master

    "they shut down the pipe and the key with us "
    omer albashir said that
    you don’t understood what that means
    late Abraham understood the message
    let you friends help you till you build your fake pipeline
    wow

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  • 1 February 2013 12:54, by Bilpam Land & Itang are Roots of South Sudan.

    Look South Sudanese now , the Arabs is giving us the very important Situation , while we are stilling to follow Arabs peace . No more taking let us fight and we are still clossing our Oils.

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    • 1 February 2013 13:55, by Mohammed Ali 2

      The oil is mainly in Neuer land.I think that they have started their war to control their oil and not to leave it the Abeyei gangesters or Garang’s boyes who are controling the SPLA filling their bellies while starving the innocent, poor and marginalised pple of SS!

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