Home | News    Friday 18 January 2013

South Sudan envoy Amum visits West Africa ahead of Abyei vote at the AU

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January 17, 2013 (WAU) - A South Sudanese Presidential Special envoy met with the Nigerian President on Wednesday as South Sudan continues its diplomatic efforts to persuade African nations to vote in favour of the African Union mediation’s latest proposal on the disputed territory of Abyei later this month.

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South Sudan’s Pa’gan Amum (Reuters)

The meeting of between Pa’gan Amum and President Goodluck Jonathan also covered other issues regarding relations between South Sudan and Sudan, including border demarcation and the prospect of resuming oil production.

Amum in his role as South Sudan’s Special Envoy to West Africa, delivered a letter from President Salva Kiir to President Jonathan, who welcomed the presidential delegation and requested to meet with his South Sudan counterpart in Addis Ababa during the upcoming AU summit.

The Nigerian President also expressed readiness to improve bilateral relations with South Sudan, which seceded from Sudan in 2011 as part of a 2005 peace deal.

Amum, who is South Sudan’s lead negotiator with Sudan, as well as the Secretary General of the young nation’s ruling party - the SPLM - is on a tour of West African countries to try and persuade them to vote for the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel’s proposal regarding the oil-rich Abyei area.

Under the leadership of Thabo Mbeki, the former South African President, the AUHIP has proposed that a referendum be held in October for those resident in the area. Agreeing on who is allowed to vote delayed the referendum from its original date in January 2011.

The AUHIP "proposal defines the term “residents” as (a) the members of the Ngok Dinka community and (b) other Sudanese who are residing in the area, meaning those Sudanese who have a “permanent abode” in Abyei."

South Sudan has recently accused Sudan of trying to settle members of the Misseriya tribe - a northern Arab nomadic group - in the north of the area. Traditionally, the Misseriya enter the fertile region for part of the year with their cattle, but South Sudan insists that it is the Dinka Ngok, who live in Abyei all year round, who should decide the future of the area.

The area has been administered by the north since it was transferred there during the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium in 1905.

As part of the proposal: "After the referendum, revenue from Abyei’s oil resources will be divided accordingly: (a) 30% for Abyei; (b) 20% for adjoining localities in South Kordofan; and (c) 50% for the national government of the country in which Abyei is located after the referendum. After five years, the 20% allocation for South Kordofan will revert to the national government of the country in which Abyei is located."

Sudan has rejected the AUHIP proposal, which will be voted on by the African Union’s Peace and Security Council at a summit scheduled for the end of January in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Both countries have been conducting high-level diplomatic visits to try and gain support on the Abyei issue ahead of the AU vote.

SECURITY COUNCIL REFERRAL

South Sudan is also advocating that the issue of Abyei be referred to the Security Council of the United Nations, saying it has exhausted all efforts, to reach a bilateral agreement based on September proposal by the AUHIP.

“My reading is that Sudan is not interested in settling the final status of Abyei, as well as contested and claimed areas. Because they have insistently been making unjustifiably demands”, Edward Lino, Chair of South Sudan’s governing Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) for Abyei has said in a televised statement.

Lino accused Sudan of “wasting time” by going around Africa seeking support to contain discussions over the area, while refusing to comply with the AUHIP proposal to resolve the dispute.

“We have not made any progress in the last round of talks. The government of Sudan decided to add additional demand. They have now come up with new proposal seeking equal representation in the Abyei council. This shows that they are not interested in settling the final status of Abyei. They are trying to waste time. They do not want the issue to be resolved and they want it not to be referred to the security council of the United Nations" he said.

"This is the trick they are playing so that they continue to exploit resources of the area while our people continue to suffer as if they do not have a place they call their home”, Lino said in a statement broadcast by South Sudan Television (SSTV) on Wednesday.

He explained that the struggle of Dinka Ngok people of Abyei seeking to return to the south dates back to period before the first civil war broke out in the town of Torit in South Sudan’s Eastern Equatoria State in 1955.

“The struggle of our people did not just begin with the rebellion which culminated to the formation of SPLA/M in 1983. It’s struggle which started long before that. It begun before first the civil war broke out in Torit in 1955. Our people we were already in the bush when the southern forces mutinied in Torit”, he explained.

He said Sudanese president Omer Al-Bashir has sent out his emissaries to different African countries to mobilise support against referral of the dispute over the area to Security Council.

“Bashir has tactically decided to mobilise support of the African leaders against referral of the proposal to the Security Council. His emissaries are all over trying to seek support. He is trying to appear as if he is for peaceful resolution while he is actually doing the contrary."

In the last week of 2011 and early January, Juba accused the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) of annexing territories belonging to South Sudan. Khartoum has denied the attacks and claims it only targets Sudanese rebel, which it claims are backed by Juba.

"You have seen recent military activities in which Sudan armed forces launched fierce attacks in Kiir adem which you all know is an area inside republic of South Sudan in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State. They carried attack in areas under Raja County in Western Bahr el Ghazal State. They also kidnapped farmers on their farms in Renk, Upper Nile state. All these are clear act of aggression yet Bashir continue to lie that he wants peace”, said Lino

The official said the government of Sudan does not want peaceful settlement, but it wants to tactically pull around the international community to avoid conducting the referendum.

(ST)

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The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 18 January 2013 08:35, by Gatkuoth

    "South Sudan has recently accused Sudan of trying to settle members of the Misseriya tribe - a northern Arab nomadic group - in the north of the area". Sudan tribune, don’t missinform the public, it was not an accusation by South Sudan but an action taken by khartoum. The misseriya reported it to the media posted by ST. Please write this as "sudan decided to permanantly settle the Misseriya to Aby

    repondre message

    • 18 January 2013 08:36, by Gatkuoth

      In order to vote in the upcoming referendum. Full stop.

      repondre message

      • 18 January 2013 16:47, by william

        Thank you Mr. Gatkouth for bright understanding!! You got it rihgt!! This how suppose our fellow country men women comment. Thank you.

        repondre message

  • 18 January 2013 08:48, by Paul Ongee

    It’s better to bring the issue of Abyei and the AUHIP’s proposal to the attention of African leaders. Khartoum’s political behavior is well known to any leader. This time, delay tactics will lead NCP to something they have never seen in their lives.

    repondre message

    • 18 January 2013 10:50, by EES Kingmaker

      Paul Ongee,
      You are spot on. NCP got used to delaying tactics over the years. The AUHIP must see that liars have no room. Leaving NCP fooling around and get away with it is a challenge to AUHIP and UN diplomacy. NCP needs to to be told point blank that non-compliance will go not down well with modern civilized nations. It is punishable by isolation and loss of membership in regional groupings.

      repondre message

      • 19 January 2013 18:56, by panom lualbil

        I KNow you’re not going to snitch ( tell weakness of institution meanwhile he corupted money ) like DR TRIBALISM, you’re the hero and founder of SPLA who never ever get paid by our enemies (ARABS) during spla’s struggled.

        repondre message

  • 18 January 2013 08:53, by Ahmado

    when i heard that south sudan focus on their oil to flow through Khartoum then i feel so sorry for that because we are current combat with sudan government over the dispute areas and how do SPLM leaders believe khartoum to allow their oil to flow through. while they are enemies of south sudan the only items SPLM could do are border demarcation,Abyei and dispute areas exclude oil resumption.

    repondre message

    • 18 January 2013 09:40, by zulu

      dont worry. khartoum government wants to use us like the way it is using the un for darfur.we know these folks very well. we have become devils like them. soon, spla-n will capture kadugli. that is very good news coming soon.

      repondre message

    • 18 January 2013 09:40, by Ommar Bashir

      Ahmado
      you are right economy is the only mean option to fight so the N.govenment gets what he wants like dipute areas.
      Hello everybody, I’m Al Bashir president of Northern Sudan. Can anyone of you allow his enemy to aquire power? Can you allow your enemy to get tool to defeat you if there is a way you can reduce his strength? No need to allow enemy to pass through my land.

      repondre message

      • 18 January 2013 09:56, by Nuer Empire

        Bashir.We will arrest him and send him to ICC for the rest of his life there
        ****The Empire*****

        repondre message

      • 18 January 2013 10:14, by Ahmado

        Ommar AL Bashir,
        you are right and i approciate your comment because our SPLM leaders are enough stupid more than anyone in the world. beside we have wiped SAF longtime ago from dispute areas but because leaders lacking the progress and vision only they are food lover stolen 4 billion which could have assisst the SPLA soliders in frontline battle with SAF.

        repondre message

  • 18 January 2013 09:54, by Ahmado

    As i describle the SPLM leaders as they have nothing to do other than begging khartoum to allow their oil to flow and leaving civilians to be kiiled by saf. Khartoum has been enemy for south sudan since when Arabs entering in sudan and how do you expect your enemy to be your friend and they killing citizens of south sudan day and night.

    repondre message

  • 18 January 2013 13:51, by James Maker Akok

    All Southerns Sudanese,
    We need to elect our new president of South Sudan to be who had never been friend with North Sudan Government, who had never been worked in North Sudan Government offices, who had been worked and live in North Sudan Government control. South Sudan need the people like us who hit North Sudan Government acting, we are going to do that by any mean.

    repondre message

    • 19 January 2013 18:39, by panom lualbil

      JAMES MAKER AKOK?
      What part of DINKA where you hailed from, bro? Curious! In all ur previous comments, I thought you’re somebody who faked DINKA’S NAMES till I retrived my memory regarding this comment you realy know what our Govt suffering from. All these rubbishes leaders and solders from NUER who had been used by PRESIDENT BASHIR during JOHN’S REVOLUTION are incompetances in Govt.

      repondre message

      • 19 January 2013 21:44, by James Maker Akok

        Panom Lualbil,
        Lol, yes Panom Lualbil I’m from Rumbek in Rumbek Central County.
        Thank you for knowing me back!

        repondre message

        • 19 January 2013 21:49, by James Maker Akok

          Panom Lualbil,
          Lol, yes Panom Lualbil, I’m from Agar tribe in Rumbek Central County.
          Thank you for knowing me back!

          repondre message

    • 20 January 2013 03:16, by James Maker Akok

      I mean, who hate North Sudan Government acting

      repondre message

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