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International community urge Bashir & Kiir to resolve outstanding issues

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January 3, 2013 (KHARTOUM/JUBA) - UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and foreign ministers of Norway, UK and US governments welcomed Sudan-South Sudan presidential summit scheduled to take place in Addis Ababa on Friday, calling for the leaders to decisively address the remaining outstanding issues and to implement existing security arrangements.

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President Omer Al-Bashir smiles after shaking hands with his South Sudanese counterpart Salva Kiir following a meeting in Addis Ababa, on July 14, 2012 (Getty)

Sudanese and South Sudanese delegations agreed during their last meeting in Addis Ababa in December to withdraw troops from their disputed border areas and to establish the agreed demilitarised zone. The joint political security committee is expected to resume discussions soon.

Presidents Omer Al-Bashir and Salva Kiir will meet in the Ethiopian capital to discuss the issue of rebel groups which hamper the operationalisation of the buffer zone but also to tackle the referendum of Abyei and the ownership of other disputed areas on the world’s newest international border.

"The Secretary-General encourages both Presidents to address decisively all outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan regarding security, border demarcation and the final status of the Abyei Area, to urgently activate agreed border security mechanisms, and implement all other agreements signed on 27 September 2012”, the UN head said a statement released on Thursday.

Ban reiterated the UN readiness to " to support the parties in implementing their agreements and to assist in the resolution of all remaining disputes".

Hilary Clinton, the US Secretary of State and the Norwegian Foreign Minister, Espen Barth Eide, in a joint statement, welcomed news of the meeting between the two leaders, saying it will bolster efforts to resolve outstanding issues between the two countries.

“We applaud the progress made at their Presidential Summit held in Addis Ababa at the end of September 2012, which demonstrated that a durable and equitable settlement is within reach” partly reads the 3 January joint statement.

Both Clinton and her Norwegian counterpart commended the “continuing valuable” role of the Thabo Mbeki-led African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) as well as the efforts of Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn.

They, however, expressed regret over the slow implementation of the 27 September agreement signed by the two leaders, citing the failure by the two countries to fulfill the agreed security arrangements regarding the border, which is not yet in place.

“We call on the two leaders now to address concretely all outstanding issues and ensure that the armed forces of the two countries immediately withdraw from the demilitarized zone and deploy the Joint Border and Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM), in line with what has been agreed,” adds the statement.

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU), also welcomed the Addis Ababa meeting between the two presidents under the auspices of the Chairperson of the Inter-Governmental Authority Development (IGAD), the Ethiopian Prime Minister and AUHIP Chair.

The AU chief, in a 4 January statement, said she hopes the meeting will enable the two leaders to overcome the challenges encountered in the implementation of the landmark agreements on the post-secession relations between their countries, as well as to find solutions to the pending issues of the Abyei Area and the borders.

Despite statements from both sides reflecting divergent positions over the different issues and the recent accusations of fresh attacks inside South Sudanese territory by the Sudan Armed Forces, the two parties announced their commitment to attend the meeting and to seek seriously to break the deadlocked negotiations.

In Khartoum, the first vice-president Ali Osman Taha expressed on Wednesday his optimism saying he expects a breakthrough in the upcoming summit between Al-Bashir and Salva Kiir stressing that the two leaders are capable of finding radical solutions to avoid war.

Bashir’s delegation will include presidential affairs minister Bakri Hassan Saleh, Defence minister Abdel Rahim Hussein, foreign minister Ali Karti and the head of National Intelligence and Security Service Mohamed Atta.

South Sudan’s information minister, Barnaba Benjamin Marial, on Thursday, said he remains optimistic that Friday’s meeting between the two presidents would take place as initially planned.

“The meeting of our President Salva Kiir Mayardit and President Omer al-Bashir will go ahead on the 4th of January 2013 and their main topics of discussion will be simply the implementation of the agreements that has been signed,” Marial told a news conference in the South Sudan capital, Juba.

He said South Sudan had already sent its chief negotiator, Pagan Amum to the venue of the meeting, ahead of Kiir’s visit to meet his Sudanese counterpart at the much-anticipated summit. South Sudan’s Defence minister, John Kong Nyuong and the minister in the office of the presidency, Emmanuel Lowilla are expected to accompany President Kiir to the Ethiopian capital.

(ST)

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  • 4 January 2013 08:57, by zulu

    International community is a very slented institution, with objectives largely mured by conglamorates’ greed to frenchise weaker states and pupet leaders. No country is yet to arrest Beshir on outstanding criminal charges. No condemnation is yet heard on unwaranted violations of RSS soverignty by Sudan. Arms embargo still applies to Sudan despite secession. What you are talking Moon?

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    • 4 January 2013 09:47, by Tutbol

      Mrs. Clinton is a lawyer by training & i hope she knows creating those 10 killometres empty spaces on each sides is a BIG NO BRAINER, but anyhow, she is a European after all. Screw the Africans, a thing there ancestor are known for. She & her Obama’s administration is just acorporation runs govt. Their govt has even outsourced their two Sudans foreign policy to the world’s greatest monster, the UK

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      • 4 January 2013 10:04, by Tutbol

        The west & their arabs friends in plunders think they will bully S Sudanese to fulfill their greeds but that will not happen as long as we are a live. But only if they see that what they are doing will not be accepted by a still breathing S Sudanese. Our great grand parents & our parents didn’t just die only for the Europeans, the US & their selective arabs greeds to take over.

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        • 4 January 2013 10:21, by Tutbol

          Our people should take it very seriously that Britain is not a neutral party in our affairs with the N Sudan. They are behind all these belligerancies of the North regime. The UK think that we in the South are their fans, we are not & we will never be in any form or shape. They UK is worship in many part of Africa as gods, but we in S Sudan who know the UK teeth would not in any way be their fans.

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      • 4 January 2013 10:08, by Tutbol

        The west & their arabs friends in plunders think they will bully S Sudanese to fulfill their greeds but that will not happen as long as we are a live. But only if they see that what they are doing will not be accepted by a still breathing S Sudanese. Our great grand parents & our parents didn’t just die only for the Europeans, the US & their selective arabs greeds to take over.

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      • 5 January 2013 07:27, by Peacocktail

        Hilary Clinto is in Hospital and No Longer Secretary of State for US, We got brave man called John Kery as US Secretary of State.I doubt if Sudantribune got Journalists who do not Update themselves.This Piece of information is a ’copy and paste’no thing new about so called International community, even South Sudanese are international community, we should decide for ourselves if Bashir must Go

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    • 4 January 2013 09:48, by Tutbol

      Mrs. Clinton is a lawyer by training & i hope she knows creating those 10 killometres empty spaces on each sides is a BIG NO BRAINER, but anyhow, she is a European after all. Screw the Africans, a thing there ancestor are known for. She & her Obama’s administration is just a corporation runs govt. Their govt has even outsourced their two Sudans foreign policy to the world’s greatest monster, the U

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      • 4 January 2013 12:12, by Paul Ongee

        Jalaby,
        It’s not always easy to get over separation especially if one side goes with all its resources like what happened on July 9th, 2011. Unlike the colonialists (the British & Egyptians), NCP can never get over the painful separation. Military provocation will never help Sudan get on its feet economically, politically and democratically.

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        • 4 January 2013 12:13, by Paul Ongee

          National Criminal Party has to bear the effects of separation like that since there was no consideration for freedom of expression, cultural diversity, justice and equality for all. All Arabized names of disputed areas south of 1956 border lines will still remain part and parcel of South Sudan because of ancestral, historical and cultural evidence.

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          • 4 January 2013 12:13, by Paul Ongee

            Instead of provoking South Sudan over something NCP simply dreams about, why the resource-starved NCP-led government in Khartoum is not provoking Egypt militarily over the mineral-rich Halayib Triangle that historically and culturally belongs to Sudan? International community and Arab League can easily support Khartoum if it’s not shy to raise the issue of claiming the Halayib Triangle.

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            • 4 January 2013 12:14, by Paul Ongee

              Attack-and-talk strategy was essentially used by SPLA/M in a protracted war to achieve objectives that led to the signing of CPA in 2005 with the full knowledge (not speculation) that South Sudan will go separate at the end of the day to solve the long-time question of freedom, identity, equality and justice for all.

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              • 4 January 2013 12:14, by Paul Ongee

                Now NCP wants to use this outdated strategy at this time to resolve the outstanding issue without considering the current national/international political and economic climate. If every time is time for war to NCP, I think Halayib Triangle is the right place for using the aging weapons for political and economic survival and competitive interpretation of Quran to govern Sudan.

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                • 4 January 2013 12:15, by Paul Ongee

                  However, NCP began to realize the game at the time of Referendum when Southerners overwhelmingly voted for separation. NCP failed to think effectively during negotiations in Kenya but was obsessed with how to dishonor agreements as usual. They were dead wrong and even regretted signing the CPA.

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                  • 4 January 2013 12:16, by Paul Ongee

                    Cooperation was the essence of implementing the CPA faithfully without any potential military aggression or continued bombardment intended for intimidation and occupation of neighbor’s territory in the name of security. Outstanding issues were the political miscalculations of NCP because they were surprised (but not the former colonialists) by the achievement of South Sudan’s independence.

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        • 4 January 2013 16:16, by sudani ana

          Ongee
          Separation didn’t result in one country walking away with all the wealth. South Sudan only walked away with 75% of the oil. Oil will not last forever, but just think how much value would you put on access to the red sea and having a port like Portsudan?? Must be worth at least a few Trillion dollars...no wait, its actually priceless.

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  • 4 January 2013 09:26, by ngomrom

    Ho God our president should not accept to include any new Agender as a break throught being perdicted by Sudan VP
    Thanks

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  • 4 January 2013 10:32, by wang

    I think Kiir should have call off that meeting with Homo-Al Bashir and making up some excuses on a personal reason. Its waste of time and money

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  • 4 January 2013 16:07, by panchol

    US Secretary and her Norway counterpart.
    The presidential summit which is taking place in Adis Ababa is baseless since regime Khartoum dishonour many Agreements. recently four freedoms were signed by two presidents of Sudans. But Sudanese warplanes. use to come and bomb inside South Sudan territory with ground attack in Northern Bhar. El Gazal state and Western Bhar El Gazal state. Sincerely, Ben

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  • 4 January 2013 16:10, by panchol

    US Secretary and her Norway counterpart.
    The presidential summit which is taking place in Adis Ababa is baseless since regime Khartoum dishonour many Agreements. recently four freedoms were signed by two presidents of Sudans. But Sudanese warplanes. use to come and bomb inside South Sudan territory with ground attack in Northern Bhar. El Gazal state and Western Bhar El Gazal state. Sincerely, Ben

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  • 4 January 2013 16:21, by panchol

    continue...
    ki Mon the UN Secretary should be the one to condemn Khartoum before summit for its aggression to words our civilians killed by air bombardment and ground attack carried by SAF .

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  • 4 January 2013 16:51, by Mapuor

    Durable and equitable peace needs concessions and difficult decisions to be made by both leaders.I suggest the following:
    1.South Sudan distant itself from Sudan internal politics and Sudan to do the same in the South.
    2.Abyiei referendum to be conducted by all residents of the area.
    3.Border demarcation should run along 1956 border.

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  • 4 January 2013 18:20, by Bilpam Land & Itang are Roots of South Sudan.

    People of South Sudan there is no peace in Addis Ababa our president cowboy and president of Sudan Aljerima . they are just releact , our president H.E primitive Salva Kiir is not president of South Sudan just he is the President of Gogerial Villages because this man is lying .

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  • 5 January 2013 01:53, by never

    did anyone notice that our pre..has been losing a discussion between him and Bashir since.and kir just keep smiling for no reason. Bashir has alot to smile about, he is the one invading all territories of southern sudan.bashir is using oil to buy weapon while kir is putting money in his pocket. how can u win over the enemy if u doesn’t provide ur soldiers with what they need to fight the war?

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    • 5 January 2013 07:39, by Peacocktail

      Brother Never,
      You rigth from there! in negioation principle, you should be serious because it is a matter of death and living.Signing any paper without South sudanese knowing the contains shall be Pres.Kiir personal issues not Mediation team.He welcome Bashir with SMILE for WHAT while Citizen who Vote for him to be Presidents of RSS are murdered by Bashir?Not a matter of laughing this time< Bitte

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    • 5 January 2013 07:40, by Peacocktail

      Brother Never,
      You rigth from there! in negioation principle, you should be serious because it is a matter of death and living.Signing any paper without South sudanese knowing the contains shall be Pres.Kiir personal issues not Mediation team.He welcome Bashir with SMILE for WHAT while Citizen who Vote for him to be Presidents of RSS are murdered by Bashir?Not a matter of laughing this time< Bitte

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