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Sudan and South Sudan agree to resume oil exports by end of December – official

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December 2, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – A South Sudanese official announced on Sunday that he has reached an agreement with officials in Khartoum to resume his country’s oil exports via Sudanese territories by the end of December, a month late from the planned timeframe due to obstacles facing border security talks between the two neighbors.

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South Sudan’s chief negotiator Pagan Amum speaks to a reporter after arriving at Khartoum Airport December 1, 2012 Photo By MOHAMED NURELDIN ABDALLAH/REUTERS

Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator, broke the news at a press conference in Khartoum where he arrived on Saturday and held a meeting with his Sudanese counterpart Idriss Abdel-Gadir and defense minister Abdel Rahim Mohammed Hussain.

Amum said that his meetings in Khartoum had produced positive results that invite optimism about the imminent rapprochement in relations between the two countries. He added that he expects Sudan to earn more than 100 million US dollars per month from oil exportation operations.

The South Sudanese official announced the news prior to the meeting of the joint political and security committee due to be held in Khartoum on Monday to discuss the implementation of the border security deal which was signed together with the oil deal and six other agreements known collectively as the “Cooperation Agreement” in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on 27 September.

The border security deal provides for the establishment of a 10-km buffer demilitarized zone along the 1800-km common borders between the two countries.

South Sudan halted preparations to resume oil exports by the end of November citing Khartoum’s demands that its army known as SPLA disarms the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) which has been fighting the Sudanese government in the border states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile since last year.

Sudan says the border security deal binds Juba to sever ties with its former comrades-in-arms, insisting that it’s a prerequisite for allowing resumption of oil while Juba denies supporting SPLM-N and describe Khartoum’s demand of disarmament as “impossible,” in the words of Salva Kiir.

Amum echoed the claim that Khartoum’s demand is “impossible because it means their army’s interference in the affairs of another country.” He added that their army’s capabilities do not allow for such operation. He however offered his country’s cooperation to support the dialogue between the Sudanese government and the SPLM-N, saying that Juba can use its historic relations with the SPLM-N to push for sustainable peace in the two regions.

The South Sudanese official said that his meeting with the defense minister had discussed the process of security arrangements and halting of support to armed groups in the two countries in “an urgent and speedy” manner. He went on to say that the implementation of the security deal will prepare the ground for resumption of oil exports and cross-border trade.

He pointed out that Khartoum and Juba also agreed to activate the work of security and political committees to conduct investigations into the alleged support by each country to armed groups in the other. Amum stressed that his country has a vested interest in creating border security, saying South Sudan will not enjoy any stability under the military actions taking place across the border in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. “We’re a nascent state depending on oil and [therefore] we can’t play with fire” he said, adding that “we have strong desire to help Sudanese end the armed conflict”

He called on Khartoum to deal likewise and help Juba to hold dialogue with armed groups fighting it so South Sudan can enjoy peace. Amum confirmed that he delivered a letter from President Salva Kiir to President Al-Bashir containing Juba’s commitments to implement the cooperation agreements in their entirety and inviting Al-Bashir to visit Juba at any possible convenience.

Amum said that South Sudan intends to construct another pipelines route to export its oil through Kenya and Ethiopia in order to break the dependency on one export route. “There are strong indications that South Sudan territories are rife with considerable oil reserves therefore it is important that we build more pipelines to diversify the options”

The official mentioned that he did not discuss with Sudanese officials the issue of the contested region of Abyei saying that his country supports the proposal of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) which provides for the conduct of a much-delayed referendum to determine the status of the oil-producing region.

Khartoum however rejected the proposal saying that it will prevent Sudan’s Arab Misseriya tribe from voting in the plebiscite. Under the terms of the proposal, the Dinka Ngok tribe, affiliated with South Sudan, would vote in the referendum along with other permanent residents of Abyei. This would effectively leave out the nomadic Misseriya who travel south into Abyei a few months a year to graze cattle. Unless a separate deal is reached with South Sudan by early December, the AU proposal will be binding to the two sides.

Amum said that Juba would welcome the Misseriya if they crossed the borders into Abyei regardless of the results of the referendum.

The South Sudanese official revealed that he held a meeting with the deputy chairman of Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party Nafe Ali Nafe and conducted with him a detailed discussions about building strategic relations between his party and the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in the south.

Nafe told reporters following the meeting that he would visit Juba soon to finalize discussions with SPLM officials.

(ST)

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  • 3 December 2012 07:40, by Michael Angelo

    This is a way of wasting money. Why always wasting time with those who cannot be trusted? How many peaces they signed and dishonor them? Why would Kiir’s administration run after those who are not interested in peace?

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 07:50, by wang

    It is another fake agreement, but Khartoum would accept that this time because their economics is collapsing. 7.00 against dollars is too much and very bad

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 08:01, by hellonearth

    COME SOUTH SUDAN, WE DON’T NEED TO TRANSPORT OUR OIL THROUGH SUDAN. WE CAN BUILD OUR ROADS INSTEAD. TILL WE FINISH OUR LAMU PIPE LINES. DAMN LETS THINK

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 08:02, by Jalaby

    What coward people! you said you’re Nuba,didn’t you?lol
    The south agreed to disconnect the tie between SPLA-N and kick their assess out of the south by the end of this month,although we don’t trust SPLM/A but as the wisdom says "follow the liar till the door"lol,no commitment then no oil again!
    No money to pay SPLA salaries in the south and the south big butt is done!

    repondre message

    • 3 December 2012 09:13, by master

      they will warm up all pump but no oil will flow
      because they will never disarm the rebel

      repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 10:24, by Emporio

    that is the problem with good fighters they made a decision over night to shut down oil production for the entire country without predicting what is the consequence now they given a concession as much as they can to resume oil exports and not even single person open his mouth to asked what did we gain from that decisions.

    repondre message

    • 3 December 2012 12:03, by master

      Empor
      you got it
      as i said just we waiting the mistakes of the os call gov of SS

      repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 11:24, by Mapuor

    Peace and reconciliation is needed in the region.Cooperation between neighboring states such as Sudan and South Sudan is important for development of both nations.SPLA officers who would have done lot in the development of South Sudan fell as martyrs during the war leaving cowards who hid themselves as guards of senior commanders to surface like Pagan,Majak Agot,Hoth Mai,Pieng Deng etc

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 13:22, by NO PEACE

    Pagan Amum your are just playing with south sudan money , this Land is not for sale it’s for south sudanese.please stop moving to Khartuom.

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 15:53, by master

    Pagan the most hypocrite person i ever seen
    devil it self better than him
    he talk out of both sides of his mouth
    go to hell
    did he thought we forgot what he said after separation?
    No oil flow

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 19:48, by Whortti Bor Manza

    Master, be frank. What alternative sources of revenue do you propose other than oil?

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 20:30, by Kikiji longiro

    People,
    What can South Sudan really benefit from this oil selling? Now the streets of juba are full of street boys looking for who is who & who is coming carrying huge money so that they will put him/her in a life sentence,PAGAN,PAGAN, WHY ARE YOU BRING ANOTHER CORRUPTION OVER INNOCENTS.PLEASE LEAVE THE PROBLEM OF THE MONEY UNTIL YOU REMOVE THESE STURBON BOYS OUT FROM JUBA TO RAMCEIL.

    repondre message

  • 3 December 2012 20:43, by Kikiji longiro

    Ramceil is going to be the safest place for all.we will sell John walker & huge beers to Jalaby so that he can take them to our former brothers in Khartoum.
    Muslims drink while eating good but they can,t look for people carrying money to be put under death.Muslims know money since they were born that is why they can,t walk after people looking for money.
    Kikiji

    repondre message

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