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Sudan’s "impossible demands" blocking resumption of oil production - minister

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November 22 2012 (YAMBIO) - Sudan wants neighbouring South Sudan to disarm rebels operating north of the border before allowing the export of southern crude through its territory to resume, Juba’s Minister of Petroleum and Mining said Thursday.

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Stephen Dhieu Dau (Getty/file)

Stephen Dhieu Dau said that such “impossible demands” were in contravention of a Cooperation Agreement signed in September, between South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Bashir on oil, security and other issues.

But Minister Dau said Khartoum’s new demands were not included in the 27 September deal, which was endorsed by the UN Security Council. The Council’s 2046 resolution, after the two sides almost returned to fall-out war in April, had threatened both Khartoum and Juba with sanctions if they failed to resolve the outstanding issues related to South Sudan’s independence.

Khartoum has insisted that security elements of African-Union mediated deal negotiated in Ethiopia, must be implemented before it will allow southern crude to run through its territory for the first time since January.

The security tract of the deal provided that a demilitarised buffer zone be established either side of a non-binding AU-proposed border and that both sides stop any support to rebel groups operating in the other’s territory.

However, a meeting of the defence ministers in Juba last week ended with both sides blaming each other that no progress had been made. Khartoum is especially concerned that South Sudan sever ties with rebels fighting in the Sudanese border states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.

“Sudan is making completely impossible demands" Dau told Sudan Tribune, in reference to Khartoum’s apparent demand that the South Sudan army (SPLA) disarm the rebels north of the border

"These rebel groups are not in South Sudan. They are fighting them inside Sudanese territory. So they are telling us to go and disarm them in Sudan. If we accept, they will definitely come out again and tell the world ’look, they have come into our territory’ and the international community will certainly [say] yes we have crossed international border. This is why we are not accepting this condition”, Dau explained.

Despite the setback the minister said preparations to resume oil production will continue the leadership of the two countries reach an understanding.

“At the ministry level, we will continue to prepare for resumption of oil production. Our technicians are already on the ground. We have those who are now supervising construction of the oil refinery and those working with [the] international company on technical matters”, Dau said.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir has also accused neighbouring Sudan of raising “new demands” and unilaterally blocking resumption of oil production and export through Sudan.

In a speech broadcast by state media outlets on Wednesday, Kiir said that oil production had been due to resume on 15 November but this "did not take place because the government of Sudan decided to make new additional security demands."

"They want us to disarm their rebel groups who are fighting them inside Sudan. And because this is not in the security arrangement of the September agreement, we said no. So they decided unilaterally to block resumption of the oil production which we agreed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia," Kiir said in a speech broadcast on state media.

"Khartoum have suddenly decided to change their minds and decided that we should again begin discussions”, Kiir added.

Kiir made the remarks on Tuesday at a public briefing in Melut County, Upper Nile State, where he was laying down a foundation stone for the construction of South Sudan’s first oil refinery.

South Sudan took with it three quarters of Sudan’s oil production when it declared independence in July 2011 but the infrastructure needed to export the oil remained in the north leaving the nascent nation needing to strike a transit fee deal with Khartoum.

Under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that paved the way for South Sudan’s independence, southern oil was split 50:50 between a Government of National Unity in Khartoum - consisting of Sudan’s ruling party and former rebels the SPLM - and the autonomous Government of South Sudan.

After months of talks, Kiir and Bashir agreed in the deal signed on September 27, that South Sudan will pay between $9.10 and $11 a barrel to export its crude through the north. Juba will also pay $3.08 billion to help Sudan overcome the loss of southern oil production, which had been crucial to the northern economy.

President Kiir heads both South Sudan’s ruling SPLM and the SPLA - the country’s army. During the civil war, however, the SPLA/SPLM also had members from north Sudan, including divisions in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, who signed up to SPLM’s vision of a secular, federal and democratic "New Sudan".

However, when in January 2011 South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for independence members of the SPLM in north Sudan formed the SPLM-N and began fighting the government again after attempts the Sudanese military attempted to disarm them before key elements of the CPA for the Two Areas were implemented.

Juba says that since independence it has cut off military ties with their former comrades, who have since formed an alliance with the three main Darfur rebel groups after Khartoum ripped up a framework agreement signed by the two sides in mid-2011.

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 23 November 2012 07:39, by Kenyang

    For Salva Kiir, NO means YES and vis versa. Seeing is believing, let me remind u with these vivid examples. 1. ABC ruling b4 going to Arbitration in Hague, Helig and large parts that Sudan now tries to encroach were ruled to S. Sudan. Bashir mocked commission (ABC) that they should "dilute and drink) their ruling papers. It’s undiplomatic for a country’s head to insult intln mediators/observer.

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    • 23 November 2012 07:48, by Mi diit

      The culture of lies and deceptions in Khartoum does not respect any agreement. You need to counter deceive them and fool them in order to get what you want. This is how we got our independence through self determination. Fake every thing they can believe you in and get away with what you want. Is the Kenyan and Ethiopian-Djibouti pipeline under construction? Or is the money back in pockets?

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      • 23 November 2012 07:57, by Chol

        Sudan has this issue upside down, South Sudan president is the one who postpone the oil transit to port-Sudan not Sudan president. The idea that somehow Sudan is trying to put itself as if they are the one in control of South Sudan oil production is just senseless. If Sudan had that power, they would be selling the oil right now. South Sudan is the one with the oil and under its control!

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        • 23 November 2012 08:29, by Chol

          This reliant on Sudan for oil transit is going to be a big problem in the near future. The border issue is a long-term issue that can cause a war anytime and create the opportunity by Sudan to blackmailing South Sudan on anything! South Sudan should work on the alternative route to Indian Ocean through either one of the east African countries.

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      • 23 November 2012 08:32, by Ruach

        Mi Diit
        There is no construction,it is back in the pockets! It was planned,but will be budgeted and back to individual pockets.Every one on earth knows that Khartoum can never honour any agreements. They are fake people but faced by leaders who are not serious! Constructing pipe lines is the possible solution!

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        • 23 November 2012 08:50, by Mi diit

          Ruach,
          You are right. Most of our leaders are diehard thieves who care less about the future of this nation. God help us.

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          • 23 November 2012 14:03, by master

            i hope God fuck you & your SPLA/M

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          • 23 November 2012 14:06, by master

            i hope God fuck you & your SPLA/M
            am sure he will do that

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      • 23 November 2012 11:31, by okucu pa lotinokwan

        Our govt has failed in understanding Khartoum’s behaviour,for them they want to delay the construction of our new Pipeline to Ethiopia,let us forget about the Sep agreement.
        OKUCU PA LOTINOKWAN

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    • 23 November 2012 08:05, by Kenyang

      2. Do U recall that fight over energy portfolio when 1st forming GoU? No need to explain to who eventually took it but Kiir words were "no," "no" but later "YES." 3. How about withdrawing SS ministers frm GoU in 2007? ...follow what eventually happened? 4. Was there when Kiir announced on SSTV not only will SPLA stay in Heglig but threatened SAF in Abyei. How compromises do President Kiir intened

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      • 23 November 2012 08:30, by Kenyang

        I meant, how many compromises is Salva Kiir willing to give to his NiF? Instead of giving part by part why not giving whole South Sudan back to NiF? How can anyone be trying to say anything nice to NiF on that such demand?

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    • 23 November 2012 08:46, by Dinkawarrior

      How come for South Sudan to go and fight for senseless war? If Khartoum failed again and not providing necessarily agreement with its rebels then each and everyone of them will get away with it shares. As we take away our part and we have no more business with Sudan North, let whoever want to play this dangerous game keep in minds that we are damn seriously watching!

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    • 23 November 2012 08:57, by zulu

      The generation of my grandfathers in Torit including that of my parents never trusted these folks. Why do we think they are any different now? A robust response to their insanity must be equal and opposite to guarantee a different outcome.

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    • 23 November 2012 17:00, by Lual Ngor Lual

      There is no point crying to the international community about Khartoum refusal to allow South Sudan oil to pass through there teritory. How do you do business with some body who is already waging war with you? The fresh agression in northern Bar-elgazel must be responded in equal measure if respect is to prevail. All agreements from Addis including freedom of residence, must be dishonered.

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  • 23 November 2012 07:44, by Peter Marko

    What a naïve minster. How could accept in first place idea of disarming SPLA-N? Did you guys become so desperate for the flow of oil to this extent? Are you Al-Bashit’s police, and where are you going to come up with a mercenaries to do this dirty job? Your comment really fest me off. You have really disgraced us, and demoralized our brothers, SPLA-N.......

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    • 23 November 2012 07:49, by Peter Marko

      So, all you 75 thieves care about is for the oil to start flowing again, by any means, so you could keep looting our money. No and hell no. Forget about Al-Bashit allowing the flow of oil again, and prepare for the war that is looming in the horizon, given what happing in Khartoum. Mark my word, it will not be long before Al-Bashit attack S. Sudan to silent the dissidents within his regime.......

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      • 23 November 2012 07:50, by Peter Marko

        There is no way in the world our army, SPLA, will accept to go and disarm our brothers in Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile states. Mark my word, if this is what our government contemplating to do, then prepare your asses for real military coup in Juba this time, no joke.......

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        • 23 November 2012 07:53, by Peter Marko

          For your information, should you go there with your Kenyans or Somalia mercenaries who have populated and polluted our country with their dirty asses, then know that SPLA-N will capture and kill your asses........

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          • 23 November 2012 07:53, by Peter Marko

            Instead of bagging Al-Bashit for allowing our oil to flow through the north, why do not you guys start invest in agriculture and other nature resources that we have, gold, copper, just to mention few. You guys are really pathetic. I wish that Al-Bashit will not allow the flow of oil again, we are sick and tired of this oil issue.

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    • 23 November 2012 08:38, by Tutbol

      Peter Marko.
      I think you have comprehension problem. The minister said that they are conditioned by the N Sudan to go & disarm their own rebels inside the N Sudan territories before they would allow the South oil to flow North again. But the S Sudan no, that won’t happened & your new condition was in 27/9/2012 deal & now we have a deadlock.

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      • 23 November 2012 08:44, by Tutbol

        ...Correction.
        I meant... The new condition was NOT in 27/9/2012 pact.

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      • 23 November 2012 13:22, by Peter Marko

        Please read the quotation below which is attributed to the minister of petroleum to see who has a comprehension problem, me or you “These rebel groups are not in South Sudan. They are fighting them inside Sudanese territory. So they are telling us to go and disarm them in Sudan.”…..

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        • 23 November 2012 13:24, by Peter Marko

          @Tutbol
          “If we accept, they will definitely come out again and tell the world look, they have come into our territory and the international community will certainly [say] yes we have crossed international border. This is why we are not accepting this condition” what part of the my statement or that of minster you do not get here?

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        • 24 November 2012 06:02, by Tutbol

          I am so brother Marko. Pardone me for that mess-up please!

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  • 23 November 2012 07:47, by Dinkawarrior

    I wish Khartoum is refusing for-good but what I know so far is that Khartoum is deceiving itself. They’re in favoring to steal our oil by all means, they want to send the wrong message to world that South Sudan is the one who need oil. They’re desperately dying for it, however South Sudanese will fight to death against Kiir and his Gangsters.

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  • 23 November 2012 07:54, by Joseph Canada

    more than 9 month ago , South Sudan was planning to build the Pipe-line to Malindi through Kenya.
    If this plan was to be followed we would not have any Oil Saga and people being Bombed by these Terrorist any more. We separated for a reason But the SPLM Government want to take us back! I can’t wait for 2015 to Vote this leadership out!

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    • 23 November 2012 08:22, by Kenyang

      These are my words bro. Vote out every corrupted, start from States’ thieves.. South Sudan pride is only with and within our gallant SPLA, not looters in SPLM.

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  • 23 November 2012 08:31, by Below the Law

    where is UNSC?, where is Thabo?If it was South Sudan making these loggerheads,these bias bodies would threateningly storm the country’s leadership and lure South Sudan into accepting what is not right.Like during Panthou seizure,Banki Moon shouted like a dog helping its master.Where is he now?, did he hear of his master’s unbecoming demand? Shame on Moon and Mbeki for siding.what are you doing now

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    • 23 November 2012 09:03, by Tutbol

      Below the Law.
      Forget about the UNSC it interests is about 7-countries plus the gulf states that bribe them with oil or oil proceeds. So UNSC is part of problem not a solution to two sudans because some UNSC members favour the indictees in the North because of their bussiness interests in the North but in the S Sudan, some of these UNSC members only want the South resources.

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  • 23 November 2012 08:41, by littlejimmy

    ho shit, why Soudan asked SouthSudan to disarm their rebels while supplying our rebels specially David Ngouthngouth. if that is the case let sudan stop his action with Yau yau.

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    • 23 November 2012 09:08, by Muoranyar

      Not a surprise to hear that from Islamists gov’t, it is up to those who are responsible for south Sudan to pull up their socks and open their eyes widely, I am tired from hearing demands from Khartoum every single day without even hearing any single demand being made by Juba, how long shall we follow their demands this is pathetic and useless agreements.

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  • 23 November 2012 09:01, by Northern Sudanese

    blah blah blah this article is full of bs, when did we say disarm rebels? we said sto supplying rebels and allowing the m to hide in south sudan. and to cut every songle link, but you refused.
    so after all, no deal. go built your new pipe and those millions of starving in south sudan, sorry you got to stay hungry for another few years

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    • 23 November 2012 09:15, by Muoranyar

      you think you are smarter than any body in your useless Nif fuck your pipelines

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    • 23 November 2012 09:15, by Tutbol

      Northern Sudanese.
      Stop distorting the reality. Thousands of refugees that your callous regime bombarded & purged every day in Southern Khordufan & Southern Blue Nile states are the ones that are dying of hunger in various camps in S Sudan & Ethiopia but the North is addicted to telling lies anyway.

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      • 24 November 2012 11:51, by Northern Sudanese

        Tutshit
        those who left left because of rebel attacks. and they are only 60,000. all her numbers made up by ST, those areas don’t even reach a population of 100,000 people. on the other hand, we have over 700,000 south sudanese in sudan begging to stay in khartoum

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    • 23 November 2012 09:17, by Chol

      N. Sudanese, we don’t even need the pipeline, the railway line to Indian Ocean through either Ethiopia or Kenya will do it all. While waiting on that construction, we’ll have conveys of tanker truck emergency cash until the construction is completed. Look, you don’t need to tell us do it; our conflict with you is going to be a long-term one; so make no mistake about it.

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  • 23 November 2012 11:23, by JAMES KUOI STEPHEN

    Submissive no more!we were felt with an emotional principles to constructed our own oilpipline and we close it.It was actually very proud to do so. There were somethings which were playing with our administrative concepts.Consenstrate on construction our new oilpipline to others different county.We had fought with North Sudan for 21years or more.Leave North Sudan with it’s all asset.Reasona

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  • 23 November 2012 11:34, by Gabriel KK

    This is a delaying tactics, Sudan is busy constructing the that illegal pipeline in order for them to steal South Sudan’s oil.

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  • 23 November 2012 16:02, by Jalaby

    HAHAHA..Thieves, you’re making joke of yourselves!LOL
    Amazingly, South Oil Minister Mr. Stephen Dhieu Dau is one of the 75 thieves that Mr. Jahlol sent him a letter to return the money he stole! ridiculous!
    It’s very clear from day 1 that Jonobean can’t respect the agreement that they signed because they can’t disarm or expel out SPLA-N

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    • 23 November 2012 16:10, by Jalaby

      Where in the world that thieves have ethics or honor any agreement? their president lied to Obama and then apologized later!! what a shameful president!
      Mr. Stephen Dhieu is big thief but because he is Dinka he is above the law and out of question!
      South Sudan is a country with no identity and nothing unite them other than hatred to north that’s why they will keep

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      • 23 November 2012 16:18, by Jalaby

        north as fake enemy in attempt of diverting their people from the real theft that they’re doing and also attempt of escaping to front from their profound problems in the south.
        We will go without south oil and we will soon be able to produce oil from the new fields that will be productive by the end of this year.
        Let thieves drink from salt sea if really they’ve sea!

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        • 23 November 2012 17:36, by Ruach

          Gay Jallaby:We are at the wars! You are under Iran that will never face Israel untill the end of the world and you will will never face South Sudan that has been strong against all Terrorists from Arabs! No way for our oils! You will never get illegally than barking for it! Your relation with Arabs is due to money through your ass to kill your African brothers!

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          • 23 November 2012 22:15, by Jalaby

            Idiot Ruach (Homo Erectus)
            You’re the most nasty idiot person in this forum, you know, I tried to understand whether you belong to human or animal (monkey) category, absolutely your brainless can’t qualify you to belong to human group in the same type you’re a little bit above animal (monkey) but below human, you completely fit

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            • 23 November 2012 22:23, by Jalaby

              homo erectus, you know what homo erectus? don’t worry son of bitch I’ll tell you, homo erectus was belonging to ape specious, smarter than chimpanzee but below human, Homo erectus would bear a striking resemblance to modern humans, but had a brain about 74% of the size of modern man. Its forehead is less sloping and the teeth are smaller, developed a kind of broken

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              • 23 November 2012 22:30, by Jalaby

                communication skills!
                Homo erectus profile is completely fit your profile, the only think that is amazing me that homo erectus was extincted before 1.5 million years ago, how did you get to our current era you poor monkey?!

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                • 23 November 2012 22:41, by Jalaby

                  You said before "Am a H2O Engineer and doing Master Degree in Biotechnology.I’m a BSC in Irrigation and a BSC in Soil Science.I’m studying all tissues now"
                  Where is that brain which can do all that idiot? your brain is incapable of doing any sophisticated job at all then how can you do all that together you nasty monkey?

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      • 24 November 2012 06:14, by Tutbol

        Jalaby.
        Stop your propagandism, GIVE US A LINK here so we Know your arab ethnicity to Sudan plz?

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        • 24 November 2012 11:55, by Northern Sudanese

          Tutshit
          give me a link that proves north sudanese aren’t arabs :) , we aren’t somalis here all the time speaking about dna and ethnics lol

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  • 23 November 2012 16:58, by Kim Deng

    Who is going to declare the war against the arabized Nubian gov’t in Khartoum since the coward and idiot guy, Mr. Slava Kiir is only looking for more money to loot?
    Mr. Kiir, no more oil money to loot until you acknowledge your weakness. Shame on you!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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  • 23 November 2012 20:07, by never

    this tell me that khrtoum is going to create a boarder by bombarding s.sudan and people run out the area and they move into the area. folks, this bad for the country to be trim day by day and night by sudan gov. something need to be done.

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  • 24 November 2012 01:51, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Al Bashir and his party are loosing their minds. They asked for an impossible thing such as disarming the rebels. That demands will never happen in their lives time. Why they don’t disarm the rebels since they are operating in the Sudan territory. They’re trying to run away from the deal of Addis Ababa.

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