Home | Comment & Analysis    Monday 19 November 2012

South Sudan: What next for a successful state?


By Beny Gideon Mabor

November 17, 2012 — The Republic of South Sudan got independence on July 9, 2011 exactly one year and three months from now since we honorably joined community of nations. Our national flag was hoisted at the offices of all regional and international organizations which formed this living world. The struggle for recognition as an independent state after post-colonial ages started on August 18, 1955, to July 9, 2011. The liberation struggle was received with mix reactions on one side that were confident to achieve positive outcome one day. The other camps were either confused or not prepared for either option and described it a long journey of indefinite direction. Although they latter use shortcuts to achieve their interest, yet it was proven futile and bear no success.
As a result, the former philosophy of positivism brought us where we are today. Amongst them is comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit to name a few. Congratulations for we made history and will not forget us in the permanent record of our liberation struggle.

However, what next after independence? The Republic of South Sudan has a lot of similarities with powerful Jewish State of Israel right from oppression to resources and the Jewish common identity worldwide. How Israel got independence compared to South Sudan? The Jews towards the end of Ottoman Empire, around 1878 A. D started the modern Zionist Movement in Eastern Europe with determination to resettle Jews in their homeland.

These conflicts of identity wrangles on until when the issue of Palestine was tabled before the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, where a committee was formed to solve the crisis of identity. The committee approved the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. And the State of Israel got independence on May 14, 1948 with total population of 806,000 including children.

Now there comes a question of how will they establish their state from scratch with such lowest population; an enemy of the whole Arab world and a lot of challenges of nation building? Alternatively, the political leadership divided their resources into two major packages by 60% of their total fiscal budget earmarked for national defence because it was like a dream that such a smaller country will legitimize its military position to face 300 million Arabs in Middle East and beyond region. Another 40 % goes to Agriculture in order to attain food security for everybody.
With this brief background of one country without boring my learned readers with world history on politics and governance, what does the Republic of South Sudan may learn from Jewish State of Israel? A country that is one year old with turbulent of survival. What next is the agenda of nation building in the Republic of South Sudan? I am afraid that these questions will meet correct answers but we pray for best from relevant actors.

I have repeated myself several times that the Republic does not mean physical symbols such as National Flag, National Anthem or any organ but a country must lay down tasks for nation building which the government officials and the general public fully implement to be a successful state. These tasks are spelt out in the Constitution and subsidiary legislation to include inter alia, strict accountability, transparency, rule of law, delivery of fundamental services to the people, protection of lives and properties, infrastructural development and protection of territorial integrity and the list is long. These tasks will not be achieved in South Sudan unless there developed an enabling strategic development plan or task by qualified people deployed to the respective institutions at all levels and then followed a political will to implement them.
In the Republic of South Sudan quite uniquely, it has proven difficult to implement accountability amongst other elements of good governance to hold into account for somebody in power with malpractice. A case in point is high profile individuals alleged to be behind painful loss of 4 billion US dollars. The accused persons and other category accused of corruption related offences are seen to have certain blanket immunity, a protection that is nowhere to be found in our laws. Yet, they enjoy comfort of such accusation despite a public outcry to weed them out in the government and be held accountable because they lost credibility before the law and the general public.

Why accountability does matters a lot? It is simply because accountability is the very fountain of democratic government worldwide. For example the world newest nation in accordance with the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 stipulates that South Sudan is established and governed on the basis of a decentralized democratic system and is an all-embracing homeland for its people. It is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-racial entity where such diversities peacefully co-exist. In order to swallow such bitter trust, the political stability of South Sudan will rest on the direction of SPLM ruling party through its internal democratic reform. The SPLM-led government, however, must allow political space for other political parties, civil society organizations and media to operate without intimidation. A tangible achievement of freedom of speech is so far scored by the SPLM-led Government but a lot need to be done more specially on the legal framework and peaceful environment for a multi-party politics.

The legal framework should include that the SPLM-led government cancel the executive and legislative participation of other political parties in the government, except parliamentarians elected. This is to enable other political parties play an oversight function of opposition politics. There is no any basis upon which other political parties are included in the government when there is no coalition agreement. The only manner in which other political parties assume power is for the government of the day to give them the said political space in order to campaign for elections with their parties’ ideologies and manifestoes unlike that of the ruling party. However, my good intention is to avoid conflict of interest because a party cannot criticize a government with whom you are a party and have collective responsibility and the same time an opposition. Thanks to other political parties who were either not consulted for inclusion or rejected an inclusion.

With this piece of analysis on our current issues, the critical questions come what is the expectation of the general public with regard to the management of resources that shall now be accruing from the cooperation agreement with Sudan and indeed the oil proceeds? First, the new resources need complete new face of the government under President Mayardit with renewed promise from the top leadership down to the lower administration to ensure equitable allocation of resources in the next 42 months of the cooperation agreement and beyond. The general public needs no return to previous history in the management of national affairs but demanding the political leadership and other relevant stakeholders a real business of nation building.

The second most prioritize agenda is peace and security of people and resources. The government must look into some key elements in understanding security situational analysis specially the ability to quickly read conflict or insecurity early warning in our communities and to apprehend such escalation by immediate application of operational and structural prevention. This proactive approach is in line with Article 36 (3) of the Transitional Constitution which says ‘The security and welfare of the people of South Sudan shall be the primary duty of all levels of government’.

The third priority is the diversification of non-oil revenues. In the past, Sudan was said to be breadbasket of the world. In fact, it is South Sudan which is the real breadbasket of the world and therefore the government must now focus in developing agriculture and other natural resources to meet the concept of sustainable development for present and future generations.

Last but not least is the economic austerity measure. The austerity measures cannot be applied to a growing economy leave alone subsistent economy like South Sudan whose economic status is basically meant for survival. In a stringent financial term, austerity measures are only applicable in a developed economy. Therefore the adoption of austerity measures in South Sudan was misplaced and there is high need to reverse it. How can government impose austerity measures when our nascent state regardless of rich agricultural land and natural resources never produces even local products or people are seemingly refuse to work? We have achieved independent and handed it over to foreigners, a subject to be addressed separately. We are totally consuming imported goods and services.

With the austerity measures now in place, the government and the public could not benefit anything because no reserves was saved to be protected or significantly used for the said austerity period. But rather both suffer with daunting economic challenges that the diplomatic missions intervene and advise political leaders in both countries to sign cooperation agreement. In South Sudan unlike neighboring Sudan, life was so expensive as a result of high prices for such imported goods and services and we have no option then to adhere to economical principle of opportunity cost on the expense of other important services.

With this few words, I am of the opinion that South Sudan does not have such huge workface in public sector that the government may impose some public service arrangements such as downswing. We really need more teachers; more doctors; engineers and development oriented strategists at all sectors of a promising developmental state, provided that such recruitment is done on the merit of qualification and nationalistic interest to save the Republic of South Sudan.

Beny Gideon Mabor is an independent commentator on politics and governance. He can be reach at: benygmabor@gmail.com or call +211-955812788

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  • 19 November 2012 06:59, by Akol Liai Mager

    I thought the answer is obvious actually, plenty of answers for overdue ones are; building roads to connect communities, schools to educate the younger generation and hospitals to care for health of communities, especially women and children are.

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    • 19 November 2012 11:09, by Tutbol

      Mabior & Akol.
      You clearly stated points that your worth taking seriously by our leaders; we have now seen how fragile; we are to depend on the North anymore or even on our Western allies to gruanntee our govt a loan for a new pipe line. And for some reasons known to our govt & our Western allies. We weren’t successful. However, we S Sudanese are not all that faint hearted, we are always...

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      • 19 November 2012 11:22, by Tutbol

        ..keen to make allies with anyone so long as they not bullies, but we have observed of who is who amongst our percieved allies. The most vital thing to pursue as youth per now is to be: prepared for 2015 elections; we need our vets to give us a chance; we know they have steered us this far, but their corruptions & mismanagement is creating despair amongst people, thus we the...

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        • 19 November 2012 11:38, by Tutbol

          ..youth need to look for boys & girls accross our country who are best suited to let our citizens get benefits of the land they rightly sacrifice their precious lives for. We need to look for qualified people everywhere in our ten states, if we find our president or vice president in Torit or yei then we will vote for them. Everybody fought the war in different ways, but we remain S Sudanese.

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  • 19 November 2012 10:01, by Paul Chadrack

    How can you compare this banana state with a very successful state of Israel with a very well established economy,free of corruption and a strong independent judicial system.

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    • 19 November 2012 11:55, by Tutbol

      Paul Chadrack.
      All the mighty nations across the globe were once borne of banana republics or kingdoms, so bro. rein in your whinning & going bananas all the times & start makes thing work for our country. Just get a lesson on what was left by colonials such as our master, the Britain in many other part of our continent & you will find that only a few roads & buildings were left behind.

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  • 19 November 2012 10:21, by Lokorai

    Mr. Gideon,
    You missed it wide!!! The government of your man from Bahr El Ghazal is big and must be sliced. 50 MPs by 10,000 SSP a month @ 12 gives you 6 m annually- that is Upper House. How about 450 MPs by 10,000 SSP a month @12 =54 m

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    • 19 November 2012 10:27, by Lokorai

      What of barage of over 40 ministers with average of 20,000 SSP month. The over 100 Commissioners with relaive figure like that as well parasatals. You joke; your man must go, the end of BG/Dinka rule is next year!

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    • 19 November 2012 10:28, by Lokorai

      What of barage of over 80 ministers with average of 20,000 SSP month. The over 100 Commissioners with relaive figure like that as well parasatals. You joke; your man must go, the end of BG/Dinka rule is next year!

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      • 20 November 2012 17:49, by Beny Gideon Mabor

        Young man under disguise name
        You are saying what you never know. Who told you that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has identified himself as Dinka like other leaders in South Sudan? He is democratically elected leader of the people under SPLM-led Government that anybody can assume power by use of ballots and not bullets during elections. The prophet of doom should avoid this evilly thought

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        • 21 November 2012 10:34, by Akol Liai Mager

          Beny, I am terribly shocked by your response to Lokorai. Although I strongly disagree with Lokorai, I do not see a point that a journalist can easily be provoked to respond negatively to negative comments. It’s not algebra here where -ve+-ve = +ve. My problem with you is the language you have used is not a journalist language as you don’t expect everyone to agree with you, not even they insult you

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          • 21 November 2012 10:45, by Akol Liai Mager

            There is a saying that; "do not distinguish a fire with Oil". Anyway, can you accept my apologise brother Beny if I have attacked your rights? I would also like to see my countrymen & Women, intellectuals, politicians, public servants, securitymen exercising positive communication styles. Caring for one another, not attacking one another might be away forward.

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            • 21 November 2012 14:20, by Beny Gideon Mabor

              Akol Liai Mager
              Thanks for your response and you did not hurt my personality.But only that I deserve the right to response to negative criticism such as that of so-called Lokarai under disguise name . Second, I am not a journalist per se and it is not anybody who writes in the media is a journalist.I am a lawyer by training and advocate of voiceless in the call for democratic transformation

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        • 21 November 2012 14:06, by Takpiny

          Beny Mabor
          This kind of language used by Lpkorai should make you more determined rather than annoyed you . Lokorai is well-known in this website for his short- sighted and shallow minded which let him down always to differentiated between things such as president, region and tribe his hatred to some communities is completely blind him.

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          • 21 November 2012 14:07, by Takpiny

            Therefore, you shouldn’t respond him because you are a well-known writer, while the man name himself as Lokorai might be a street man or somebody addicted to whatever.
            Although lokorai got it wrong , your comment is a worse than his own . Please don’t respond to people as such.

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            • 21 November 2012 14:23, by Beny Gideon Mabor

              Mr. Takping,
              Thanks for such words and keep up

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              • 21 November 2012 23:45, by Akol Liai Mager

                Thanks for you all brothers Beny and Takpiny, you have summed it up all beatifully and wisely. The negatives of others are theirs, not yours or mine. As Takpiny put it, we should not respond to such comments and if at all, our words for responses should reflect maximum tolerance. You will be a great advocate as reflected, not by your response to Lokorai, but by your Article which I like.

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                • 22 November 2012 08:41, by Lokorai

                  So Dinka dogs have connived and agreed not to response to others because whatever others say about them is negative and what they do to the people is positive, what a shit!

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  • 22 November 2012 08:50, by Lokorai

    Nyakabolony (Beny),
    You said that Kiir was elected democractially, lol! Kiir wasn’t elected democratically, people of S. Sudan elected South Sudan first and not Kiir per se, because people were worried that any disturbances as to power struggle will spoil the referendum. Your man from your place has wasted the undeserved chance and should give way...

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    • 23 November 2012 01:12, by Akol Liai Mager

      I do understand how you feel. However, am definitely sure of your awareness that Beny, Takpiny and I, are not the reason for what happened for you which led to you hating a particular community such as Jaang. I once used to be so stereotyping and abusive of others, but got help from Hugh Mackay’s Book of "Why Don’t People Listen"? It is this book that reinforced my communication effectiveness.

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