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Pragmatism should not be synonymous with opportunism

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By Lam Akol

The Son of my Brother, Kuir E Garang,

November 1, 2012 — Since you addressed me in your open letter as “uncle”, allow me to take the liberty of calling you the “son of my brother”. This is one of our good African traditions in contrast to ‘Afronomy’ you mentioned in your letter. That is one necessary point to explain. The other is that it is not in my habit to respond to all what is written about me in the press, and there are many nasty such writings, but your presentation is different. Despite my disagreement with most of what you wrote about, as it will become clear in the following lines, your arguments are presented intellectually without being unduly abusive. This is why I believe engaging you in an honest debate would be useful both to you as a motivated young man, and to all and sundry who are interested in finding out the truth. It is not a waste of time to respond as many will hasten to advise me. Our nation will not move forward by building walls between us but rather by opening bridges for communication between and among us. I assume that was your intention, otherwise, you would not have taken the trouble to put pen to paper.

I will overlook your description of me to be ‘whimsical’ as the term is obviously an oxymoron in this case, for everything you said about me in the letter is antithetical to that epithet.

The Son of my Brother,

From the outset, I would like to point out that I will here only respond to those parts of your letter addressed to me personally or to both of us together. I believe Dr Riek Machar is capable of speaking for himself despite the aspersions that come out from time to time in your letter and elsewhere that he was just ‘used’ in the Nasir Move in 1991.

Let me begin with your reference to what you call the “unfortunate, yet incoherent split of SPLA/M in 1991”. This characterization contradicts your assertion that you were ‘paraphrasing’ the reasons behind the split which come out as a coherent stuff. In fact, you go further to say this: “I have to confess, for those who have read the policy paper of the two of you in 1991; the paper was appealing on face value. If all the things narrated in the policy position were implemented in the manner they were documented, South Sudan could be a different place now; a peaceful, prosperous place”. Therefore, the split might have been ‘unfortunate’ for some of its unforeseen consequences, but was never ‘incoherent’ by your own admission. This is a central point to your argument and indeed to the current discourse.

In the same vein, in addressing Dr Riek Machar, you had this to say: “So Dr Riek Machar, your vision for South Sudan was thwarted by your disagreement with Dr Akol, your eventual split and your consequential tribalization of the national agenda”. This is an unequivocal admission that Dr Riek had a vision for South Sudan which got thwarted because of the reasons you gave. One, then, wonders where that accolade has gone when you said on addressing Dr Riek Machar again that “it appears to me that 1991 was orchestrated by Dr Lam Akol in its entirety and that you had nothing absolutely to do with the split. You were just used by Dr Lam as a question of numbers advantage”. Are you not unwittingly risking sliding into the same pit of those who have been unscrupulously parroting such untruth without weighing their words? Dr Riek Machar is an intellectual on his own right and a capable SPLA/M Commander, and the people who say such things either do not know what they are talking about or are trying to be too clever to pass the buck to others. I am disinclined to describe you as such.

On being “the brain behind the 1991”, this is an honour I do not claim alone. There were many brains behind the Nasir Move far beyond the three SPLM/A Political-Military High Command members who made the announcement on the 28th of August 1991 in Nasir. If some people, for one reason or the other, are today afraid to admit so, this does not change the historical fact. I played my role and others did theirs. It is inconceivable that such a momentous event could be a work of one brain!

The Son of my Brother,

On my assignment as Sudan’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, you seem to be unaware of several obvious facts. You say: “you accepted the ministerial post knowing that you had to present the Sudanese position to the world; and that position was not for the interest of South Sudanese people.” This is the balderdash we hear on the streets. In the first place, why should you assume that the Sudanese position was not for the interest of South Sudanese people? Be informed that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) stipulates that the SPLM and the National Congress were in partnership to implement the agreement. They were not enemies as some who entertained hidden agendas misled a good number of South Sudanese to believe. We were in a coalition government known as the Government of National Unity (GONU) that came about as a result of the CPA and whose main function it was to implement it. The SPLM was part and parcel of GONU, and not outside it, again, as some of you were made to believe. I presume you know how coalition governments work. If so, are you saying that the CPA was “not to the interest of South Sudanese people”? The policies of that Government were formulated by the Council of Ministers with eight SPLM ministers and a Presidency where the First Vice President from South Sudan has a right of veto; the most powerful vice president in the world. If all these people cannot guarantee the interest of South Sudanese people, including in the area of foreign affairs, then perhaps it was not worth signing the CPA. All the questions that followed in your letter are unfortunate redundancies because they were based on a wrong premise, and so is the conclusion that “It all comes down to one thing: you did it for your own political agenda; to present your face to the world. This makes me wonder if you used Dr Riek in 1991 in the same vain (sic): at the expense of the people.” For your information, my face was well known to the world already as one of the leaders of the 1985 popular Intifadha (Uprising) that overthrew Nimeiri’s dictatorship, and afterwards as the SPLM/A’s Chief Peace Negotiator since 1988, the SPLM/A’s negotiator and focal point of the UN-sponsored and well publicized Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), the SPLM/A Director of Coordination and External Relations 1988-1990, the Secretary for External Affairs and Peace 1991-1994 and as Chairman of SPLM-United 1994-2003. All these assignments entailed world exposure. In all humility, I had a high international profile already and didn’t need to use Dr Machar or any other person or position to enhance it. On the contrary, it was all these assignments that benefited from my high profile including the ministry of foreign affairs. I hope you are not one of the victims of the intense propaganda that was waged against me then with the only objective to get me out of the ministerial post. I will touch on some aspects of this campaign shortly.

The Son of my Brother,

Your biggest flop came when you unfortunately averred that “when you were removed from the ministry of foreign affairs, you went ahead and formed a party in a country that still has a long way to go to embrace liberal democracy. Why did you not take one ministry and make it exemplary for the rest of the country? You could have asked Kiir to give you one ministry, reform it, and make it immutable to the rest.” First, you seem to suggest that you do not believe that the time is ripe for liberal democracy. I will return to this point later on. Second, I did not form a political party as soon as I was removed from the ministry of foreign affairs as you appear to suggest. Let me jog your memory. I was removed from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in October 2007 whereas my party was formed two years later in 2009. In between, I continued to be a loyal member of the SPLM. However, a number of events took place that drove me out of the party. There has always been a group in the SPLM who did not want me in the SPLM leadership since the reunification in October 2003 of the SPLM/A with the SPLM-United, which I led since I was dismissed by Riek Machar in February 1994. The group tried to influence Dr John Garang to place me in the Leadership Council as a junior to them which failed because I rejected it. It is the same group that was unhappy because I was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and they have been spreading falsehood against me since then including the seeming incompatibility of the interest of South Sudan with that of Sudan that you delved in. The story is long. Suffice it to mention that it is the same group which engineered the Ministerial Strike in October 2007; the first in the world. We know how coalition governments are dissolved, but, anyway, this is beside our point now. The only reason for the strike was to remove Dr Lam Akol from the Cabinet. After the walkout, Salva Kiir reshuffled the SPLM component of the Government and moved me to the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs. The new lineup was announced by the President and a date for taking the oath of office was fixed and arrangements were in place in the Republican Palace for the occasion. At the last minute the group persuaded Salva Kiir to postpone the occasion and insisted to continue the strike. It was only when my name was dropped from the lineup that the SPLM went back to the Cabinet. I continued as a member of the Political Bureau of the SPLM and a member of National Parliament representing SPLM. Again obstacles were put on my way. For instance, in April, my car was shot at near Malakal by unknown assailants resulting in the killing of my bodyguard and the driver. In the same month, I was denied getting into Kodok town by an SPLM Commissioner using the SPLA. After that I was refused to address the public in Kaka and Wadakona by the SPLM Commissioner (who was previously an SAF intelligence Sergeant when I was commander of the area) and the SPLA commander. I raised complaints to Salva Kiir on these incidences to no avail. I still keep copies of these letters of complaint. Can you imagine junior Party members preventing a member of the Political Bureau from interacting with the public without orders from above?

Then came the SPLM convention in 2008, and my name was left out of the members Salva Kiir appointed to the Political Bureau. This was as a result of pressure from the same group. Things did not stop at that. There followed a sustained campaign of character assassination against me in the daily newspapers and even on South Sudan TV. I again raised the matter to Salva Kiir as the Chairman of the SPLM, again in vain. I am not complaining, only pointing out facts that you rightfylly requested in your open letter. Thus, it is abundantly clear that I had no choice but to leave with my dignity intact, unless you want me to be like Dr Riek Machar who you are now complaining against as an opportunist. Wasn’t the war about our dignity? If we were all these years complaining about the Arabs treating us as ‘second class’ citizens why would one accept it in a party that is presumably one’s choice? Dr John Garang used to lecture to SPLA soldiers that ‘oppression has no particular colour’; oppressors could be white, red, black or even your own brother. I and others with me refused to accept humiliation. Such was the birth of SPLM-DC in June 2009. If our country has still “a long way to go to embrace liberal democracy”, it has to start somewhere, and this must be done by some people who dedicate themselves to the cause of multi-party democracy regardless of the thorny road to be traversed. Even in the West, democracy came at a huge human cost. Shortcuts in politics could sometimes be more damaging.

By now you should be in a position to answer your own question whether, even if I were to stoop down to do that, I could ask Salva Kiir to pick me a ministry that I can make “exemplary for the rest of the country”. That is not only beyond idealism; it is wishful thinking to believe that President Salva, who succumbed to pressures to exclude me from a cabinet position in 2007 government reshuffle, would hand me a ministry to use as a prototype.

As to my absence during the flag-raising ceremony on 9th July 2011, I have said and written a lot about it. It cannot be isolated from the reason why I was not in Juba before then. Your rhetorical question that “who the hell is Kiir”? is what you did not think through more realistically. For starters, he is the President of the Republic and the Commander-in-Chief of the SPLA, among his other titles. In that capacity he has the control of the institutions that monopolize the instruments of violence. Did you not hear that the Leader of the official Opposition was beaten by the security and lost his teeth on the 7th of July 2011 for no reason other than celebrating the independence of South Sudan? So I had to talk to Salva Kiir in Nairobi, not the other way round, to give me assurances on my security in Juba. I am thankful that he did. That is what took me to Juba and spent two months there. Nevertheless, the group had the upper hand and things relapsed, but this is a matter that does not concern us here.

The Son of my Brother,

Sincerely, you confuse me in what I see as conflicting pieces of advice you are giving me. In one breath you criticize Dr Machar, and rightly so, for being unable to do something in his position, but at the same time you advise me to join the “deformed” SPLM and its government. If I accept such an advice, this would be where really the SPLM will be right to see me “as a selfish political opportunist after his own political agenda” as you put it. Without changing the structure of an institution, individuals, however gifted they may be, cannot do much. The pragmatism you are calling for, is for me synonymous with opportunism. Far from your assertion that my “brain is being wasted on theoretical propositions just like some of” you, I happen to believe in the infinite capacity of our people to understand their own situation and effect change. You are unfortunately absolutely wrong to think that our people cannot or have not been sensitized enough to size up the misrule meted on them by the SPLM. You yourself admit that “the self-righteousness within SPLM is suffocating and disastrous for the country.” How many South Sudanese would have reached this conclusion three years ago or even a year ago? And if they did, how many will say so publicly? A few days ago there was a popular demonstration in Juba against the giving away to Sudan of ‘Mile 14 Area’. Was that not due to awareness? Could it have come without the ‘other point of view’?

Education is a slow process but because it is worth pursuing we never tire of doing so. And it obviously needs brains too! Do not forget that it takes 16 years for a normal student to earn a University degree! Achievement can only happen under a conducive environment. Joining a ‘deformed’ and ‘suffocating’ SPLM, as you correctly described the unruly ruling party or its corrupt government would be the height of opportunism. This is why it is crucially imperative to acknowledge that the brains that strive to bring about change are not being wasted. Remember, the best practice is founded on well grounded theory(ies).

Stay well, the son of my brother, and keep the books coming. Some people will definitely read them.

Thank you.

Uncle Dr Lam Akol.

The author is the leader of the opposition SPLM-Democratic Change



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  • 2 November 2012 09:26, by PANTEM

    I was informed that you’re dead already in El Yarmouk strike.Lol

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    • 2 November 2012 09:40, by Wiyual

      Dr. Lam,
      I have understood why you were dismissed from Nasir faction by Dr. Riek; and again, sidelined by President Kiir in SPLM and GoSS cabinet as well. My Question is that, why are you always disagreed with your pals and change the course? If you really believe in "change" as you correctly put in your movement name, why not change within rather than forming another party all the times?
      k

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    • 5 November 2012 09:12, by Paul Chadrack

      You people don’t understimate Mr Lam Akol,it will be better to have Lam Akol as president then brining in the most corrupt, selfish and weak Kiir SPLM we now know. Lam if elected will create very strong institutions which will bring law back to fight corruption. because he will know that with out strong institutions these wrong elements will lawlessly bring down his government.better Lam than Kiir

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  • 2 November 2012 10:01, by 4Justice

    No Lam Akol, you were seen on the TV all over the globe acting like a NCP spokeman, nobody is spreading falsehood against you, in fact you even exceeded the islamist expectations promoting their lies.

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    • 3 November 2012 19:02, by Whortti Bor Manza

      Brother Lam, Do not waste time replying to this rubbish. This is a clear manifestation of the jieng policy and psychology. They dont even believe that self determination came about beacause of your move. Splm is full of NCP dressed in goats skin: Thor Deng, Alison Magaya, Michael Milli, Moses Machar. Just to mention a few. NCP is an official party with members in the NLA headed by Bishop Roric.

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  • 2 November 2012 10:22, by Grader

    I never agreed with Dr Lam arguments but felt sorry for all he wrote! Especially the attempted assassinations and actions by former Jallaba agent (turned die-hard SPLM member.

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  • 2 November 2012 10:30, by Tutbol

    I strongly appreciate Dr. Lam in that he is now trying to show our Nilotic virtues. A mistake is acknowlege & your brothers & sister won’t take you any where but to forgive you & move-on to better your community. Dr. Lam will in some ways, would give back to our people & our country whether in politics or other fields, we just need to listen to each other & give forgiveness when it is rightly due.

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    • 2 November 2012 10:44, by Loko El Pollo

      Dr lam might not win the hearts of the people again?but at lease he can clearly his side of the story explain his position.you are a good writer sir,find yourself a job in fashoda university.give the public time to heal,they may forgive your pains of the 90 tis.

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      • 2 November 2012 10:57, by Loko El Pollo

        CORRECTION,he can clearly tell his side of the story or explain his position lucidily.

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      • 5 November 2012 09:01, by Paul Chadrack

        what about the corrupt officials in GOSS who will forgive them?, remember that Lam is a south sudanese and has a right to be here in the country and to contest an elections which will
        take place here. Kiir is a failure.

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    • 2 November 2012 10:46, by Tutbol

      ... Our people need a lot understanding... Much it & forgiveness to fully unite as S Sudanese and for our people to get the benefits they rightly suffered for. As the saying put it " you cannot wind back the hand of clock, but you can shape and live the future minutes and hours on how you want to live them" and if we all acknowlege that we,ve all been in the past and we need to cross to the future

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  • 2 November 2012 11:45, by Akol Liai Mager

    Lam Akol’s three major political mistakes are: 1. He joined and defected 7 political Parties/Movements at his younger age, 2. "There would be no benefits in the Dinka dominated government and therfore, SPLM-Dinka led government must be stopped now and that’s what we did in Nasir" (Lam Akol-BBC Radio) 3. An uncalculated and unwise visit to Damascus & Beirut where he met Khalid Mashaal and Nasralah.

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  • 2 November 2012 11:55, by Akol Liai Mager

    Now Lam Akol is trying to convince South Sudanese that he is for good change. I would be the last to get convinced after having convinced me on the reasons led him to meet with world’s most terrorist Organisations’ Leaders Khalid Mashaal of HAMAS and Hassan Nasrala of Hezbollah. Being denied Ministerial Post and an attempt on his life should not be accusses to conspire with NIF against South Sudan

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    • 2 November 2012 15:02, by Michael Angelo

      Sometimes, people choose a wrong degree that will not get them a job no matter how hard they try. In what I understand from Dr. Lam Akol, it look as if he choose a wrong career that is (politics). The only area I think Dr. Lam will fit or win our support again is to go back to school and teach or lecture at any University in South Sudan. He has a knowledge that will benefit our students.

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    • 2 November 2012 15:02, by Robot

      Akol Ajawin’s family are well educated, but i argue that this knowledge was implanted in much wrong place. they are too weak, one thing about Lam is that he is a coward of cowards, come to your people, why side with the enemy that is killing your brothers and sisters???, when they appointed you as the minister of foreign affairs was that you rally the policies of NCP, but God of SS said NO!!!!.

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  • 2 November 2012 15:47, by Kim Deng

    Folks,
    In our Jungle (South Sudan) only the stronger survive. The two Drs (Lam & Riek) were in the same boad, but Dr. Lam becomes easy target than Dr. Riek due to many factors.

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  • 2 November 2012 15:48, by Kim Deng

    Folks,
    In our Jungle (South Sudan) only the stronger survive. The two Drs (Lam & Riek) were in the same boad, but Dr. Lam becomes easy target than Dr. Riek due to many factors.

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    • 2 November 2012 21:34, by panom lualbil

      TO DR LIM AKOL
      Why disagreed with few points in the letter, you said Sir? The answer was becos you’re desdain thug who just wash up and dress up but dont know what you’re wash up and dress up for. You were with DR RIEK against Late [DR JOHN] during our struggled, but politically we pick RIEK to be used against anyagates. So ask him 4 amnesty offer 2u.

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  • 3 November 2012 01:40, by George Bol

    Hello Dr Lam Akol,
    Folks, Dr Lam is a clever guy. But he cleverness come when taking negative side of arguments.This is what he did when SPLA were about to capture Juba so that SPLA can advance Northward of to Jallaba cities.I am afraid when the guy will understand the future of the Nation. Your political career has expired and no one has interested in you. You and Riek are the same in the coin.

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  • 3 November 2012 01:45, by George Bol

    Hello Dr Lam Akol,
    Folks, Dr Lam is a clever guy. But his cleverness come when taking negative side of arguments.This is what he did when SPLA were about to capture Juba. SPLA were advancing Northward to Jallaba cities but argue that he wants to correct splm system .I am afraid for him, he might be a devil in the heart or a jealous person.His political career has expired.

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  • 3 November 2012 01:50, by George Bol

    Cont; in 2010 when the citizens of South Sudan want to vote for referendum, he disagree and form SPLM-DC to negate the system.When SPLM focus on building for the Nation; he says negative things against the South.For me; he is a forgotten son!

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  • 3 November 2012 08:37, by Mapuor

    I personally read the open letter of Mr Kuir E Garang to which Dr Lam Akol replied.The letter was indeed appealing and I sincerely agree with Mr Kuir.Dr Lam gave one example of a person beaten till he lost his teeth and being one of the former SPLA/M senior commanders who use to shoot SPLA soldiers any time they want to do so with impunity,he is justified not to attend the independence celeb

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    • 3 November 2012 08:46, by Mapuor

      Dr Lam has been changing his colors from the time he joined the SPLA to date,may be becoz of over reactions to events.Democracy is slow and can only come fully when people have reached the highest levels of education.By the way tears were running down my cheeks when Dr Lam mentioned the one who lost his teeth while being beaten by security forces.

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  • 3 November 2012 11:26, by Akolde Nhiak Jinub

    Dr. Lam, U r such a gifted n talented chap. However, ur over-reactions to events as Mapuor put it, is the real cause of ur problems. To some extend, U talked ill of this nation z U claim to be urs. I very well read ur news piece of June 2010, in which U carried an interview to say S. Sudan Indep is a Suicidal mission n won’t come, n if it does, than it will be a failed state. This was wrong of U!

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  • 4 November 2012 01:58, by Kenyang

    Many including myself who had been following every word & turn of Dr. Lam Akol, he remained as has been: an opportunist, a vulture. Currently he has limit options (in manpower, materially or financially as his bedmate, NiF is at bay of total collapse) or you’re yet to see his full exploitation of current corruption and mismanagement in Juba.

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  • 4 November 2012 02:37, by Kenyang

    Untill someone(s) stop him, Dr. Lam Akol will continue to employ bloodletting bet on stupidity, ignorance of average South Sudanese in helping quench his powerthirst.

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  • 4 November 2012 09:03, by Majongdit

    Out of 25 comments posted here only two or less go in support of Dr Lam. That is what South Sudanese think and it’s a reality that Dr Lam shall forever continue to face. That’s it Dr Lam. Take it or Leave it!

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