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Sudan and South Sudan ink deals on border security, citizenship

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September 27, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his Sudanese counterpart Omer Al-Bashir have officially signed a host of agreements on border security, economic and citizenship issues inter alia but they confirmed that a deal could not be reached on contested border regions mainly Abyei.

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Bashir (R) and his South Sudanese counterpart Kiir (2ndL) meet at the Sheraton Hotel in Addis Ababa/AFP

Kiir and Al-Bashir signed the agreements to a cheering crowd of their delegations on Thursday afternoon in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, which has been hosting their marathon summit since Sunday, 23 September; one day after the two countries missed a UN deadline for the conclusion of the talks.

Addressing the signing ceremony, African Union official Barney Afako said that the agreements signed ensure that the two countries "will thrive and become two viable states."

The deals signed include a border security agreement, which was signed by the Sudanese Defence Minister Abdel Rahim Mohammed Hussein and his counterpart John Kong Nyuon. The agreement stipulates the establishment of a demilitarized buffer zone along the along the unmarked 1,800-km common border.

Among the series of deals is an agreement to grant citizens of each country the freedom of movement, ownership, work and residence in the other country. The two countries also signed an agreement they reached in August to resume exporting South Sudan oil via Sudan.

The two presidents praised the agreements, with Kiir describing the signing as “a great day in history of the region” and Al-Bashir affirming Sudan’s commitment to what has been signed. Al-Bashir also described Kiir as “a partner in peace” and praised his patience and wisdom.

It has been confirmed, however, that the two parties failed to break the deadlock over contested border regions especially oil-producing Abyei.

Kiir said that South Sudan agreed to the proposal of AU mediators for holding a referendum in the oil-producing region but Khartoum rejected the proposal in its totality. The South Sudanese president said that borders must be sorted out.

(ST)

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  • 27 September 2012 17:07, by michael coma

    Four freedoms are not all logic to us we South Sudanese.1.freedom of citizenship 2.freedom of owning property.These two freedoms are not good at all becoz this is the way of inviting Arabs to exploited South Sudan again.

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    • 27 September 2012 20:11, by Northern Sudanese

      why would someone go and live in a lawless state where more than halve its people struggle to feed themselves and where over 80% of the population can’t read or write?

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      • 27 September 2012 21:54, by Lokorong

        It is YOU personally who began to white-mailing our youngest nation to be the lawless country in the world. but we who fought against injustice, marginalization, inequality against humanity will never listen to any shirt coming from your mouth...I hope you understand my serious point RIGHT to YOUR FUCKING YEARS HERE?!!! One people different colors by Lucky Dubbe.

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      • 28 September 2012 06:17, by Mapuor

        My dear there are over one million Sudanese residing in South Sudan.If it is a lawless place just ask one of them.During the struggle Arabs were in bush with South Sudanese eg Yasir Arman and many,we have never parted with Arabs in the bush and in peace

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      • 28 September 2012 06:39, by DANDHEL

        NORTHERN SUDAN::::
        80% of SS population can’t read or write Because of your Arabs discrimination and the used of controlling every things that SS have..
        Give us sometimes,you gonna see SS used N.Sudan as a ladder to climb up the tree in education or in wealth.

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      • 28 September 2012 13:48, by mohamed mahgoub

        4get we have a quarter a milion refugees living in that lawless countery

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    • 28 September 2012 00:48, by mohamed mahgoub

      It great to artless adeal on whatever agreed on ,but SS must ne ready the Sudanese gvnt when it dishonour the pact ,they never kept their word before only under pressure so be ready,their main concern is survival no deal on splan issue don’t think they would like this

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    • 28 September 2012 17:25, by Morthon Akol

      Not that alone those so call Nyagat like Lam Akol and others they will stay there and district the thing in the South.

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  • 27 September 2012 17:11, by Sudani+

    To all
    1- This is agood news that peace deal is striked, but we need to see the detalis of this agreemnt and what is meant by "border security"!!!
    2- if the issue of SPLM-N disengagement from SPLA (Dvision 9 & 10 army" is not there; then we will not accept this Nievasha 2 and we will reject it through the Parlamient and protests!

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    • 27 September 2012 18:31, by zulu

      Do not rejoice Mrs. sudani. The devil is in the detail. we have signed all these issues before and they’v never worked. we saw including the UN a plane drop arms violating our airspace, but nothing is working. only talk is the gun where we kill the heart of khartoum and shake its foundations so that the women feel the rage of rape.

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      • 27 September 2012 19:11, by Rommel

        zulu:
        What you have written above is heinous, vile, animalistic and wholly reprehensible. You seem to be salivating at the prospect of subjecting innocent women to the dehumanizing torture that is rape. I wouldn’t countenance marching side by side with you to war, if this is the evil that you intend on subjecting upon women that I still consider sisters.

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        • 27 September 2012 19:27, by Rommel

          I want my lands, my inheritance — but it will not come at the price of my humanity. Our mothers, aunts, sisters and daughters were subjected to this grievous, perverse, soul-crushing evil during the war... why on earth would you want to torment someone’s daughter like that!? Revenge!? Reciprocating something as heinous as rape would invariably result in a surrender of all that is good in you.

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          • 27 September 2012 19:49, by Rommel

            Lie you I loathe the status quo and the daily humiliation that comes with it - and those that enable it. We will reclaim our birthright, but for this we need clear, collected moral thinking that differentiates us from those occupying our lands.

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            • 28 September 2012 12:18, by zulu

              Romel, You might questioning my ethics unjustifiably. Atleast you are basing your accusation on facts. All of these agreements were inked before and have not worked. On security, we had fo instance JIU, what happened in Malakal and Abyei? On border despite the CPA agreementn that only Dinka Ngok were to determine their destiny, where is th=re a twist now? on citizenship, what has happened?

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              • 28 September 2012 12:24, by zulu

                By saying their women will feel the rage of rape is true. Women can bring peace because people like you, the UN, USA and Europe will decry the practice if it is done by the South Sudanese. How ever, Omar is doing it in the NubaMnts, BN and Darfur and no one is condeming it. Im saying there must be a receiprocal action if the Jalaba really want peace, it is by doing what they do or did

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          • 27 September 2012 21:34, by Tutbol

            Romel.
            It may be good if you may a bit turn down your terminoligies bro.; some of them sound un-semantics sometimes and it makes as if you are not stressing your point. Don’t get wrong, the language is foreign, but at least, we must be coherent to stress what we want to express. Pardon me for that bro.

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            • 27 September 2012 22:03, by Rommel

              Tutbol:
              I understand what you’re saying. I’ll try to bring it down a notch. I want to thank you for being so very polite.

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            • 27 September 2012 22:05, by panom lualbil

              ZULU is right yo!!!
              So MR PRESIDENT [KIIR] needed more cautious. That table’s talk between MR OMER and MR KIIR wont guarantees security at all, till then action was seen. MR OMER is a liar and greedy thug. Regardless, he could deliberately order AUTINOV to hamper exporting oils.

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      • 27 September 2012 20:30, by Hardball

        If anyone in South Sudan believe in four-freedoms; then he or she don’t believe in autonomous South Sudan but believe in old and one Sudan! If four freedoms is signed; cancel independent of South Sudan and fly the flag of Sudan in South Sudan! That’s the mean of four freedoms.

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        • 27 September 2012 20:40, by Hardball

          The people of South Sudan who voted for separation will not let four freedoms happen because that’s one of the reasons why they voted for separation otherwise they would have never voted for independent. Their choice would not be dictated by few in Addis Ababa. The 2.5 million Southerners die for South Sudan not to go back to square one!

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          • 27 September 2012 20:53, by Chol

            President of South Sudan Salva Kirr should have known better; he knows the people of South Sudan voted for independent, therefore, the issue of citizenship should be up to South Sudanese people to decide whether they need a dual citizenship or not. The coming election will tell if that is the case!

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            • 27 September 2012 22:48, by Mach

              Sudanese people should not get excited for anything sign so far; the people of South-Sudan are the ones that will have the final say and make anything sign either into law or not. Anything sign so far is useless unless approve by citizens! The negotiators in Addis Ababa are the messengers; they will come and clarify what happen to South-Sudanese; South-Sudanese will either approve or disapprove!

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  • 27 September 2012 17:14, by Good Citizen

    Congratulations to the two heads of states.prevalence of peace in Sudan and South Sudan is a big contribution to the international Peace as these countries are the major producers of refugees,extreme poverty,diseases,ignorance etc.But it is not yet over, Abyei issue,WAR IN BLUE NILE, KOR DUFAN,DARFUR, need the same amount of commitment to peaceful settlement.we are tired of wars....

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    • 27 September 2012 19:18, by panchol

      As two presidents signed some deals, they need to implement what they have signed.
      You can not be a leader without citizens.
      "when two elephants are fighting, grass is the one to suffer".proverb to two presidents.

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  • 27 September 2012 17:21, by Good Citizen

    we are tired of wars and living in abject conditions years in years out.we need rest.we need peace!we should not invest in destructive wars that ruin our lives.let us invest in peace, educating ourselves about peace, talking peace,walking peace, eating peace! we need peace!human beings are created to live in peace not to fight senseless infinite wars of greed,religious racism,marginalizations, etc

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    • 27 September 2012 17:51, by Lok T Simon

      You so-called good citizen,
      Let you be aware that no peace without war. It was a war which established European countries and many others. What sudan always gives south sudanese is depression. How comes that somebody come to your land and segragating you from your area. It won’t and never happen. South is different state and we southerners don’t need lest or more to be taken away from our land.

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    • 27 September 2012 18:45, by mohammed ali

      Good citizents, you are realy good citizent.It may not satisfy my needs or the needs of many others, but if it secure peace for the 2 countries then it worths acceptance from both sides.Unfortunately, war & hate-mongers like Zulu are still dreaming of rocking Khartoum.Although they will never have that capabilities, it still remindes us of the huge amount of amount of hatred that the enemy of peac

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      • 27 September 2012 19:14, by mohammed ali

        con:carry inside their wrotten selves.There more than half of a million South Sudanese who are not willing to go to SS, unlike Zulu who carries Australia passport & will live there forever without African pride, these pple will remain as a great danger mainly to SS.We will be happy once the details of the agreement showes clearly as stipulated, complete disengagement & disarment of the so called..

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        • 27 September 2012 19:24, by mohammed ali

          CON:SPLA/n.Arman is fighting for himself.He is neither from SK or BN.He is a big fat Zero in Sudan.He wants to build his political carrier with the blood of innocent pple.If may correct myself for the above posting,the half million remaining in Sudan are danger to us, they don’t hate , neither do we hate them.Forcing them to go back to SS is a huge moral issue and contradicts with our Islamic..con

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          • 27 September 2012 19:41, by mohammed ali

            con:against our Islamic values & the teaching of Prophit Mohammed "pbuh".At the end of the day all land belongs to Allah, we are vistors for a very short period.Those who are worried of their presence should understand that they bear the responsibilty of inviting them to the teachings of Islam & spread the invitation of Prophit Mohammed" pbuh"of peace, love & complete submission to the ....con

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            • 27 September 2012 19:56, by mohammed ali

              con:complete submission to the ONE good, the Creater.That what we have forgotten after we adopted Western civilisation , in one way or another, of nationality,race, colour, identity & superiority.Ironically, they grabbed the land of the pple whom they invaded & extreminated them almost completely, like what to the Red Indians in N & most of S America, Australia & New Zealand.They tried to do ...co

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            • 28 September 2012 09:17, by jjb south

              mohammed getget.
              your evil prophet is a prophet of destruction,discrimination,terrorism not peace,
              watch "innocence of moslems"
              its very true the action of prophet mohammad have put muslims at risk.
              when you kill "Allah is great"
              islam is the devil’s biggest investment since creation of earth.
              you moslem protest b,coz of minor movie of truth,expect the worst to come.

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              • 28 September 2012 09:25, by jjb south

                To Mohammed ngetnget
                i will only respect Islam & embrace it as a religion,when you advice fellow criminals to avoid usage of Allah,s name in their activity.
                even there are Christians who are terrorist,but they don’t use God’s name while committing those offenses.

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  • 27 September 2012 17:40, by forza

    I think people who are living on border area between the 2 countries are the only who will benenfit from the 4 freedoms otherwise I don’t see north had gained anything from it. I hope that Sudanese parliament will reject it.

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  • 27 September 2012 17:41, by sudani ana

    This 4 FREEDOM agreement will mark the end of NCP and Bashir rule, mark my words.

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    • 27 September 2012 18:47, by zulu

      even the agreement on security will not work because SPLA is a guerilla movement on a hit and run with routes that cannot be found.

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      • 27 September 2012 20:14, by mohammed ali

        Zulu, if this happens SS will the biggest looser on Earth! I know that you don’t care.You are Australian and wants to quench your hatred through the blood of innocent pple, while you are enjoying the loooooooooted money in Australia.

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        • 28 September 2012 12:31, by zulu

          Biggest looser? What do we gain from you, or North Sudan? Tell me. We are trading happily with other countries. it is your country that wants to trade with us. it is your country that wants our help for prevent the SPLA and JEM, SLA from attacking you. Did we create war in your country? You instead created war in ours. We will only loose because of sanctions, not you.

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    • 27 September 2012 23:57, by Observer

      If that is the case then this is the best outcome of this agreement and most of Sudan will celebrate if that happens

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  • 27 September 2012 18:05, by Tribe

    We’re already granting these freedoms of property ownership, dwelling, businessing , and movements(if not hamper by thier gov) to our interesting Northerners. Therefore, what’re we now agreeing to that we were not providing to the them in them at the first place? In addition, the border issue is futile if the then non-aggression and demilitarization didn’t curtail the aerial bombing and Panthou.

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    • 27 September 2012 18:19, by Tribe

      Cont...showdown. I think this’s a wasting of national resources by gov that should be channelled to the hurting citizens in streets of Khartoum and Juba instead of back and forth flying and hosting these gigantic officials robbers who made Addis retreat hub. This has to stop and less the govs, UN’ s workers, and Mbeki are having hidden agenda of cheating the donors and citizens that have dividend.

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      • 27 September 2012 18:32, by Tribe

        Conti...hope of seeing a breakthrough. If not than why in the world are UN and AU in the first place grant them the coming if they adamantly know that these leaders have zero dose of willingness to stroke something somehow important to their citizens.

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  • 27 September 2012 18:09, by Kim Deng

    "Under the deal, the South Sudan army (SPLA) should withdraw from six areas it controls along the borders, including “Mile 14”.
    What do you expect if the country is lead by coward man, of course, defeat and humiliation at the same time.
    Shame on him (Mr. Slava)!!!!!

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    • 27 September 2012 20:22, by Northern Sudanese

      Kim Deng
      what six areas, we were under control under them all except mile 14 .

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    • 28 September 2012 19:50, by panom lualbil

      These WARMONGERS such as KIM DENG are STABBERS. They are intensionally convincing DINKAS to declare war so then they would be able to massacre civilians and collect their animals and foods. They are militias [SSLA/SSLM] used by KHARTOUM against S Sudan 2day. Therefore, I wonder why this foolish or KIM DENG talk of goin to war.

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  • 27 September 2012 18:39, by Beny South Sudan

    that is a very good news to both countries. South Sudan leaders must be smarter on any tough decisions they make, esp. Salva Kiir who we all depends on as our president.

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  • 27 September 2012 18:43, by Mel mosa

    Guys, what Kiir and Bashier signed is merely war. Sudan government never implement the agreement unless to be force. South Sudan referendum was one example. So the two countries will fight soon.

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    • 27 September 2012 20:19, by Northern Sudanese

      Mel mosa
      south sudan referendum came via southern begging for freedom. no victory. when cpa was signed, spla main front were ’’on’’ the border of uganda

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      • 27 September 2012 21:32, by Rommel

        Northern Sudanese:
        You are absolutely hilarious, do you know that? You are not hilarious in the conventional sense in which a professional comedian makes humorous societal observations on social convention, the dynamics between the sexes and so on through piercing intelligence and striking insight...

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        • 27 September 2012 21:40, by Rommel

          ..you’re hilarious much in the same that a child is considered funny; being ignorant like you, they say the most daft, darndest things. The only point during the war in which the SPLA was pushed to the border with Uganda was in 1991-2, immediately following the split within the movement and the concurrent lost of the SPLA’s most important source of military supplies and logistics

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          • 27 September 2012 21:49, by Rommel

            with the collapse of Mengistu’s regime. It took 2-3 years for the SPLA to make the semblance of a recovery; they then undertook an intense campaign to recapture the gains that were eviscerated by the split — and they succeeded in capturing and controlling around 80% of South Sudan, with the provincial towns being under the aegis of the SAF. The SAF could only get supplies by air into Juba,

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            • 27 September 2012 21:57, by Rommel

              as every other possible land route was under the control of the SPLA. Juba was one of the few major ’cities’ that hadn’t fallen at least once. By the time the CPA was being negotiated in Naivasha, we controlled the vast majority of our land — and if hadn’t been for people like Matip, you wouldn’t have been able to maintain control over our oil fields.
              Stop deluding yourself.

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  • 27 September 2012 20:10, by Northern Sudanese

    I believe its high time to down bashir, what does this guy mean with 4 freedoms??? more southerners storming into our nation? we need a new president in sudan.

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    • 28 September 2012 00:02, by Observer

      N Sudanese,
      Yes we do need a new President but not for the reasons you make.
      Sudan is going backwards in terms of development- we have almost 50% poverty, development only happens where Bashir needs to buy his support from, there is rampant corruption and the arrogance that Arabicized Muslims are superior to anyone else sees us a a pariah, war mongering country.

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  • 27 September 2012 20:35, by Northern Sudanese

    who do these criminals of ncp think they are?
    who are they to sign a 4 freedoms agreement in the name of 30 milion people?
    who are they to say its ok to bring in southerners?
    these people voted 98% for division of the old state yet we offer to take care of them? from our tax money?
    where is the parliament?
    and who is first aloud to enter sudan? southerners, egyptians libyans or chadians?

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  • 27 September 2012 21:17, by Tutbol

    This is just a show who would want arabs in S. Sudan? Let alone a white man, save not in business position or in government. To me, these four articles are good for our nubans and blue nilians brothers and sisters. The rest, we don’t want them fulstop. Why didn’t the west pressure israel and palistenians to make four freedoms? Our leaders just cheapily want a quick fix for today. Don’t you think?

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    • 27 September 2012 23:03, by Hardball

      Tutbol, excellent, that’s exactly the opinion of 99% of South Sudanese who voted for separation one and half year ago and that is why the independent of South Sudan is a reality today. Make no mistake about it; any fake-black-Arab who wants to come and live in South Sudan; would do it at his own risk!

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      • 28 September 2012 05:42, by Dinkawarrior

        War is better than Fake deals they signed! The Homo-Muslim Bashit accepted this deal conditionally because of the UNSC deadline threatened but some days later you will their violation. Anyway we don’t care about the so called Four freedom, those are all nonsense.

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        • 28 September 2012 05:44, by Dinkawarrior

          Some days later you will hear their violation.

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  • 28 September 2012 09:15, by markuonliel

    yes your excellency De Mayaar-dit
    let call it a deal but not forgetting that when the deal is too good think twice. lets now focus on Abyei.

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  • 28 September 2012 11:45, by Epone Emmanuel

    Many may be overjoyed, please be informed that, the Cat always makes empty promises even if the rat solidifies his. Abyei isuues are pending,I am not convinced by those agreements because the latter will soon break it even if it was signed before God, Jesus and Mary. The Arabs are fond of such tricks. The Juba round table conf. had so many promises yet they dishonour it.Beware of Bashir’s pandemic

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  • 28 September 2012 16:30, by William Atak Garang.

    Dear President,i agree with the signing of some issues but freedom of citizenship that will involve intermarriage, is another source of problem that may generate Civil War in the future.

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  • 6 February 2013 15:58, by dennishobson

    Oh my goodness! an amazing article dude. Thank you However I am experiencing issue with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to subscribe to plastic lumber it. Is there anyone getting identical rss problem? Anyone who knows kindly deck de piscina respond. Thnkx

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  • 16 July 2013 04:45, by asicsning

    relax loan is not the central government’s macro-control fall short of it? Moreover, mbt in social housing can not guarantee the Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) social environment,mbt shoes

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