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Insecurity, ethnic violence threaten S. Sudan’s stability: Sudd Institute

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By Julius N. Uma

August 29, 2012 (JUBA) - Waves of ethnic violence and rampant insecurity in its multiple forms across South Sudan still threaten the new nation’s efforts to achieve both economic and political stability, the Juba-based Sudd Institute has warned.

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Jok Madut Jok, Undersecretary in South Sudan’s Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports at TEDx Juba, 2012. (Photo: 2012 TEDx)

The institute, in an issue paper published this month, specifically cites aggression from Sudan, the current economic problems and dilapidated infrastructure the new nation inherited as major threats to South Sudan’s future viability.

“Insecurity represents an existential threat because it appears to pose greater long—term consequences than the other challenges that a new country faces, but should overcome in due course,” said Jok Madut Jok, a co-founder of Sudd Institute.

South Sudan gained independence in July last year following a successful referendum held in January the same year. The vote, in which its population overwhelmingly chose separation, was a key prerequisite of a 2005 peace deal that ended over two decades of its conflict with Sudan.

Jok, however, said the “multiple” forms in which insecurity manifests itself in South Sudan still present a long term challenge to the new nation, with ethnic diversity.

“(...) insecurity that adopts ethnic fault lines is likely to lead to erosion of the kind of political unity that had been sustained by liberation wars and opposition to north Sudan,” he said.

A threat of ethnic disunity, he notes in the paper, is a threat to the nation’s existence.

The Sudd Institute document also blames the upsurge of insecurity in South Sudan to what it describes as the legacy of protracted wars, mainly originating from neighbouring Sudan, partly due to failure by the negotiating partners of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) to complete the implementation of the final provisions of the deal.

The strained relations between South Sudan and Sudan, it argues, is a result of the latter’s alleged use of tribal militias to fight proxy wars with the former, which it added, further created tense tribal relations, some of which continue to present the new country with a serious disarmament challenges.

The paper, obtained by Sudan Tribune, further faults members of South Sudan’s opposition of allegedly attempting to create its own militias to defend their communities or occasional deployment of some units of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA) to respond to pockets of resistance by some ethnic groups to the SPLA’s agenda.

Such moves, it argues, have often led to south-south confrontation, which have escalated leaving efforts by the southern leadership to attain peace and stability at stake.

Last week, armed elements believed to be loyal to renegade soldier, David Yau Yau, carried out an impromptu attack, in which over 20 SPLA soldiers were killed in the Nanaam area of Pibor County in South Sudan’s Jonglei’s state.

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan, in a statement, strongly condemn this attack, saying the incident was “deliberately” intended to undermine progress made in improving the security environment and in forging inter-communal reconciliation in the troubled-state.

(ST)

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  • 30 August 2012 08:08, by Jalaby

    That’s correct!
    I think it’s just a matter of time till S Sudan becomes number 1 failed state in the list with no real competitor!
    No vision, no mission, no strategy and view but theft, corruption and culture of hatred!
    I think you need to deal with the root of the problem, Dinka-Nuer should be tamed and taught the civilization and put them in Grade 1 schooling!

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    • 30 August 2012 08:29, by Majok Nikodemo

      Jalaby, do you need to be reminded that the state you live in is a failed one (Sudan). South Sudan has the stamina to overcome the hurdles posed by el-Beshir gang- come what may. I Thank colleague Dr Jok Madut for the efforts.

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      • 30 August 2012 20:13, by Northern Sudanese

        Majok Nikodemo
        you know very well sudan is much richer than south, we have more stability , more roads , higher gdp , higher per capita and those who say sudan number 3 world failed state are either speaking about the united sudan which was truly failed or peaking nonsense. the real failed state is the 1 which can’t feed more than halve its people.

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      • 31 August 2012 02:49, by Good Citizen

        Do we really have to blame Yau Yau for taking such radical moves ? how would you feel when your sisters,mothers,elderly people are innocently tortured, raped,and killed by the very army that is supposed to protect them? the army sent under the disguise of ’SPLA’ are the same ’White armies’ sent in December for genocide mission in Murle land.the atrocities are well documented even by independent...

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    • 30 August 2012 09:22, by zulu

      You bigot Jalaby
      Should you not be in school to learn these theories and what actually means quantitative analysis?
      Go to University and do some research studies before you dream of what the author has come conclude. Less, he has no basis to support these assumptions

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      • 31 August 2012 02:52, by Good Citizen

        the atrocities are well documented even by the independent international community. there is nothing called ’biased’.in fact they are even under reporting it cos it is worst than that,and the government of south sudan is silent about it because they are conspiring to eliminate Murle.it is the bitter truth,no matter amount of denials.you cannot send undercover militias and you say you are disarming

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  • 30 August 2012 08:13, by omoni jr.

    These are the communities make south sudan to be like Toilet.
    1-Dinka
    2-Nuer
    3-murle
    4-Toposa.
    5-Didinga.
    6-Logir/Lotuho,
    7 -Buya.

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    • 30 August 2012 08:21, by 4Justice

      omoni jr.,
      And what do these tribes have in common? the ritualized removal of teeth and marking of their bodies. These things may look harmless, but they are spiritually dangerous, they open doors for demonic possession.

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    • 30 August 2012 08:22, by 4Justice

      omoni jr.,
      And what do these tribes have in common? the ritualized removal of teeth and marking of their bodies. These things may look harmless, but they are spiritually dangerous, they open doors for demonic possession.

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    • 30 August 2012 08:30, by Madina Tonj

      There are more.
      Shullik of Dr. Lam Akol is now Black Arab and they are now worsen people who made destruction in Upper Nile State
      Maundrai are another worst tribe in Central Equatoria State and add Acholi are become worst people, they mixed up with Acholi Uganda and you can not even know who is Acholi Uganda or Southern Sudan but they are all supports Joseph Kony

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      • 30 August 2012 16:47, by Gang-Bang

        Shut up your big mounth lol. Why do wanna put acholi people under bad groups. we are not cattle camp people but we are civilized people who know the different btw good and bad. If u have hiden agenda toward the brave people just come forward otherwise u are just mr or miss lol with attitudes of hatred.

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    • 30 August 2012 08:47, by michael coma

      jr
      Your voice sound like farting that you release in your anus mother fucker.How come insults big tribes you idiot,don’t u have respect bastard?

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    • 30 August 2012 09:05, by Jalaby

      omoni jr,
      Please remove Equatorians from your list otherwise your assumption and equation will remain invalid and wrong!

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    • 30 August 2012 11:30, by Luethee Ngong Anyoun

      please, Omonjr , these are tribes that make you proud and gaines independencs , you may need to go to exile and leave this country to these people to develope it and change it not to be like toilet any more .
      Before you walk you need to cruel and before you run you need to walk .
      Abraham 5.

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  • 30 August 2012 08:21, by Madina Tonj

    Julius N. Uma
    I have no Idea how the agreement will work when the Khartoum regime are sending militia directly from Khartoum to South Sudan’s communities along Ethiopia borders. We can keep our oil in the ground is not a problem until the new pipelines are done. Let us accepted suffering and keep our oil in ground what is wrong about that.? We can also use trucks transportation to sell oil Africa

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    • 30 August 2012 09:01, by Jalaby

      Madina Tonj,
      That’s not possible, you can’t keep your oil in the ground for long because that’s the only food you’ve to eat otherwise you will die of hunger!
      More importantly,never trust thieves on building the pipeline to Kenya or any other country,transparency on bidding,security situation and whether profitable or unprofitable pipeline are all obstacles!

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  • 30 August 2012 10:28, by Guandong

    Omoni jr
    Its not all tribe as u mention its only Dinka, bcoz they are the one on power since 1983—2015. what is their being there as leader if they cant govern ss in the way pple expected them to do? Salva is always busy reconcialing Dinka n giving them alot of money. how do u chew it as ss?

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  • 30 August 2012 10:34, by Guandong

    Omoni jr
    I mean that. Mr. Salva, in the yr 2009 he was busy making peace in b/n Korfoluse n Atar Dinka while there was war in b/n SAF n SPLA in Malakal inw/c many pple were expected him to solve first.I dont want to say sth w/c is wrong, all tribe in ss are ok except Dinka are not good. as I mention the reason.

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  • 30 August 2012 10:43, by Guandong

    There is 2 saying that 1(failure to act can return to conflict, 2 do thing in pride dont do sth w/c can later turn to expose ur name. No 1 is the result of Dinka to insult every tribe for they fail.2 they expose thier name to every ss that they are reluctant to rule pple. that is why Iam waiting for 2015 to vote for another tribe.

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  • 30 August 2012 10:53, by Guandong

    Tribalist conflict became chronic to all ss. the solution is to change the undemocratic government of Salva. None is happy with his government neither SPLA,SSPS nor civilian. I afraid if there is no change we cant reach 2015.

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  • 30 August 2012 11:41, by thok chuni yok

    Dear all in the forum.
    To lead people not to eat every days or to be leader not to separate people in the country. make sure to lead is to serve people.

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  • 30 August 2012 13:30, by kimo

    the worst is still coming in south sudan,what else do we expect from an ex gorilla fighters when coming on a power..the only qualification they have is fighting and killing..unless this government of ignorant gangsters is changed,s.sudan will not and never witness any peace or development

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  • 30 August 2012 14:50, by Edward Marshall

    Omondijr and Medina Tonj.According to your comment,am happy that both of you must not be s sudanese citizen...!Yes,due to an ehtnic violence in s sudan,we should not start to blame each others as you guys mentioned.Dink,Nuer,Shilul,Mudari,Acholi,Lotuh etc.These are all our pple.And no one should be left behind this time.You must learn hw to solve prblms...........

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  • 31 August 2012 19:41, by nyantung

    The Sudd Institute is shockingly run by a team of all Dinka men, while it purports to promote inclusivity in the society. This is quite problematic, to say the least. I’d have expected a more diverse team on their website, in light of their theoretical claims.
    Professor Laura Nyantung Ahang Beny,
    PhD, JD, MA, BA

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    • 31 August 2012 22:48, by Good Citizen

      Prof.Laura,
      i wonder why you get surprised of this fake so called Sudd institute.like many other fake organisations formed in the country by Dinka,they are all to siphon the national resources under disguise of doing ’research’.what they simply do is write letters and the funds will be released under the ’strength’ of the president letter.in last 6 years, money was given under disguise of ’as

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  • 31 August 2012 22:58, by Good Citizen

    in the last 6 years,funds was released under the disguised of ’’assistance’’ but now they are released under the strenght of president letter to the private organisations formed by Dinka. and the so called sudd institute is there also to target Equatorians, Murle,etc for whatever reasons known to them.just go in juba and survey all private organisations getting money from the government for dinka.

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