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US’s Lyman urges Sudan to accept African map for security arrangements

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August 22, 2012 (WASHINGTON) - US president special envoy urged Sudan to accept a map drawn up by the African Union (AU) to establish a buffer zone on the common border with South Sudan in order to move forwards oil exportation and resolution of remaining issues relating to South Sudan’s independence last year.

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Ambassador Princeton Lyman, the United States special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan speaks to journalists in the southern capital of Juba Friday July 8, 2011 (AP)

Princeton Lyman was speaking ahead of the resumption of the AU mediated process in Addis Ababa next Sunday. The process was suspended on 3 August after reaching an agreement on oil transportation fees.

"Once that is accepted, we can move ahead on the other elements of demilitarization. (...). And Khartoum must come around to accepting the map," said Lyman in statements reported by VOA on Wednesday.

Sudan keeps refusing the proposed map saying that the mediation team imposed it without taking into account the reservation Khartoum had expressed it also fears that accepting this map might serve as an antecedent against Khartoum if the issue is brought before an international court in the future.

The African Union Peace and Security Council and the UN Security Council followed the conclusions of the mediation and stated that the purpose of this map is only to demarcate a "temporary security line" which will not prejudice the final status of the disputed border areas that will be tackled separately the parties.

Lyman also stressed that Sudan should accelerate the implementation of the humanitarian access to the rebel areas in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, in accordance to an agreement signed with tripartite initiative parties.

Khartoum is delaying the implementation of the agreement considering that the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement–North (SPLM-N) may use a one-month ceasefire agreement it signed to reinforce its positions. Sudan, therefore wants this deal be renegotiated to prevent the rebels from instigating any such plans during this period..

The American envoy for the two countries underlined that the implementation of the security arrangements and the resumption of oil production will give them the needed time to reach a negotiated agreements on the other pending issues.

"So when you put that all together, I would say production won’t start for at least several months, and revenue probably won’t be significant until early 2013," Lyman said.

OIL IN DECEMBER

In statements made in Juba on Tuesday, South Sudanese deputy finance minister Marial Awou Yol said the oil production will resume in December if the parties sign an agreement on security arrangements during the upcoming round of talks.

He further said they will start with exportation of Dar Blend oil produced in the Upper Nile state while the production of Nile Blend oil will resume before June 2013.

The Nile crude which is represents 20% of the South Sudanese production is sold at higher price than Dar crude which is very heavy and paraffinic.

Earlier this month South Sudan’s top negotiator Pagan Amum said the oil production might resume in September.

SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT

The UN Security Council will discuss this Thursday in a regular bimonthly consultations the progress of the AU mediated process in Addis Ababa. The meeting is also expected to hold further discussions on a draft presidential statement on the issue circulating since last its meeting of 9 August.

The draft statement regrets the failure of the two countries to meet the deadline of 2 August that the Council imposed in its resolution 2046.

However, the presidential communiqué is delayed by divergences between the Council’s members over how to describe Sudan’s refusal of the AU map for the demilitarised zone. Some favour tough language against Sudan but others refuse it.

Also the Security Council members are divided in their appreciation of the position of SPLM-North rebels in the process.

While they agree that the rebel group has to resume the political track of talks without preconditions, some suggest that the call for negotiations without preconditions should be addressed to the two parties, not to the rebel group alone. But such position is seen as excessive by other members, saying Khartoum accepted to negotiate under the resolution 2046 without condition.

The SPLM-N rebels demand a comprehensive process including the Darfur issue and ask to reinstate its chairman Malik Agar, the former governor of Blue Nile state, to the position his was deposed from a year ago, before to resume peace talks.

(ST)

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  • 23 August 2012 07:51, by malieng

    we alway accept anything said to be for peace, the Map is not on our side but why its said to be for peace we accepted it becoz we are peacelover new born Nation, though we are still claiming of 1-1-1956 border. We are also after getting back 1956 border to reclaim the whole Sudan becoz all the world knows the history of where and when did Arab enter to Sudan, by simple meaning of (Sawud)business.

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    • 23 August 2012 09:57, by mohammed ali

      We will accept the UN map.Oil will not be exported untill all the security issues are adressed once and forever. Those who talk about history know nothing about Sudan.Nilotic tribes had never been close to Nuba land.They had migrated from Kenya & N.Tanzania where their sister tribe the Massai are still living.They migrated to the present SS in the 14th century.Nubians are present since 7000 BC.

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      • 23 August 2012 17:24, by panchol

        Muhammad Ali
        it is unsafe for our oil flow to your country simply because your are thieves. it is through international pressure that alow to except the flow of oil to take place.
        we have a plan of lamu Port and Djibouti port that will start working very soon, but we have accepted since your pocket were running of money. God give us this land as a gift.

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      • 23 August 2012 19:15, by Rommel

        Mohammed Ali:
        You have been repeating this distortion of history over and over again without so much as a shred of evidence; the Masai and the Samburu migrated out of South Sudan into Tanzania and Kenya in the 15th century. You are essentially attempting to reverse the migratory path that was followed by the Nilotics.

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        • 23 August 2012 19:21, by Rommel

          The origins of the Nilotics are to be found solely in the Nile Valley - and nowhere else. Why don’t you please quote just one reputable historian that postulates or has affirmed a Kenyan, Tanzanian or a southern origin for the various Nilotics tribes that exist in South Sudan. I don’t want histrionics or empty rhetoric. I want evidence. Please provide the evidence!

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  • 23 August 2012 08:02, by Madina Tonj

    Well, let see what the AU and UN will says if Khartoum regime is refused to do so. We Southern Sudanese like to have peaceful with our neighbors including North Sudan however, if they don’t want to follow the right way then, SPLA are more than ready to kick them out in all territories they are now

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  • 23 August 2012 08:08, by James Maker Akok

    Republic of South Sudan Government must go for International Court to get all the maps areas of South Sudan from 1905 to January 1, 1956 from North Sudan. About a map will bring another war between two Sudan countries when United Nation doesn’t solve it through International Law.

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  • 23 August 2012 09:46, by Ahmado

    Me always very clear since from day one,SAF continues attacking people of south sudan long the boarder and my position is clear Bashir has to accept the map of 1956 because people of south are very clear of the map. If Khartoum government refuse to accept the map than south people are ready to reclaim all sudan Bashir with his Arabs will discover way them in middle east.

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  • 23 August 2012 13:35, by malieng

    All arab world knows the truth, but what wrong with arab of Sudan where Mohammed Ali belong no body knows,Let me tell you that the world of today is the world of truth,you will still to belief that (Sawud) is what brought you to Sudan and you will return with it

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  • 23 August 2012 13:40, by malieng

    All arab world knows the truth, but what wrong with arab of Mohammed Ali, no body knows,Let me assure you the world of today is the world of truth,you came to Sudan becoz of (Sawud) business and you will return with your (Sawud).

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  • 23 August 2012 14:25, by thok chuni yok

    malieng! it’s really true south sudan accept anything from U.S between south sudan and N-sudan now they come up with map i don,t thing N-sudan will accept this map and it’s not south sudan made this map.

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  • 23 August 2012 19:51, by Kodi Wilson

    Princeston statement is highly acceptable but most of the time kharthoum is favored in negotiation .Justice should be put on negotiating table to convinced the both antagonistic bodies.

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