Home | News    Thursday 25 September 2003

Sudanese government and rebels fighting 20-year civil war sign pact in move to end civil war

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

NAIROBI, Kenya, Sept 25, 2003 (AP) — The Sudanese government and the main rebel group fighting a 20-year civil war overcame a major stumbling block to end the conflict by signing an agreement Thursday on security arrangements for a six-year transition period.

The agreement will allow the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army, or SPLA, to retain its forces in southern Sudan — the main area of fighting — while government and rebel forces will be ``integrated’’ in the capital, Khartoum, and three conflict areas in central Sudan.

Details of the command structure have yet to be worked out, said Lazaro Sumbeiywo, former Kenyan army commander and chief mediator at the talks, which are being held in the Kenyan town of Naivasha.

``There is no doubt the issue of security has been a difficult one,’’ Sumbeiywo said in a statement after Sudanese government and SPLA representatives signed the agreement. ``Your persistence in the matter ... was a clear demonstration that you have both decided to put the interests of your country, the Sudan, before your own interests and that you are determined to realize a just and durable peace.’’

The agreement was reached after three weeks of unprecedented talks between Sudanese Vice President Ali Osman Mohammed Taha and SPLA leader John Garang.

Under the agreement, the rebels will also withdraw their forces from eastern Sudan, while the government will reduce the number of its forces in southern Sudan.

More than 2 million people have died in the conflict, mainly through war-induced famine and disease, since it erupted in 1983 after southern rebels took up arms against the predominantly Arab and Muslim northern government in a bid to obtain greater autonomy for the largely animist and Christian south.

The talks between Taha and Garang began Sept. 4, after the latest peace process to end the conflict stalled because of disagreements over key issues like security arrangements and power-sharing.

In July 2002, shortly after the peace talks began, the government and the SPLA reached a deal known as the Machakos Protocol, under which the government accepted the right of southerners to self-determination through a referendum after six years. The rebels in turn accepted the maintenance of Islamic or sharia law in the north. But since then, progress in the peace process had been halting.

The process is being mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, or IGAD, a regional authority, although Taha and Garang are said to be carrying out most of the discussions on a one-to-one basis.

The talks will continue in order to resolve other outstanding issues on power and wealth sharing that have prevented the parties reaching a comprehensive peace agreement.

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Egypt’s Strategic Water Security: The myth and the truth 2017-03-24 08:19:56 By Ermias Hailu Following to the end of the second world war Egypt’s failure to integrate Eritrea to its territories, due to Emperor Haile Selassie’s superior diplomatic skills, the then Pan- Arab (...)

South Sudan famine is a wake-up call to revive dead peace deal 2017-03-20 15:57:01 By Brian Adeba News that a famine has been declared in South Sudan is yet another stark reminder of the ever evolving nature of war-induced fragility in Africa’s newest country. As the world (...)

Africa’s next level of economic transformation 2017-03-20 05:57:00 By Jim Yong Kim The G20 finance ministers met last week in Germany to discuss critical challenges facing the global economy, from climate change to migration to humanitarian emergencies like the (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Statement by South Sudanese Communist Party on the National Dialoguel 2017-03-22 05:44:42 The Communist Party of South Sudan On the Initiative of the National Dialogue The initiative taken by the President of the Republic of South Sudan declaring a need for a national dialogue is an (...)

An Appeal to President of the Republic of South Sudan 2017-03-15 07:22:45 Dear. Mr. President, I write to appeal to you for the release of political detainees now in the custody of the National Security Service at Jebel and other detention facilities. In doing this, I (...)

Militias of Bashir’s Regime and the Proxy War (1) 2017-02-08 21:49:09 Sudan Democracy First Group Militias of Bashir’s Regime and the Proxy War (1) War in the Blue Nile: Militias in the hunt of refugees and displaced population Introduction Throughout its rule, (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2017 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.