Home | News    Thursday 25 September 2003

Sudanese government and rebels fighting 20-year civil war sign pact in move to end civil war

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

NAIROBI, Kenya, Sept 25, 2003 (AP) — The Sudanese government and the main rebel group fighting a 20-year civil war overcame a major stumbling block to end the conflict by signing an agreement Thursday on security arrangements for a six-year transition period.

The agreement will allow the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army, or SPLA, to retain its forces in southern Sudan — the main area of fighting — while government and rebel forces will be ``integrated’’ in the capital, Khartoum, and three conflict areas in central Sudan.

Details of the command structure have yet to be worked out, said Lazaro Sumbeiywo, former Kenyan army commander and chief mediator at the talks, which are being held in the Kenyan town of Naivasha.

``There is no doubt the issue of security has been a difficult one,’’ Sumbeiywo said in a statement after Sudanese government and SPLA representatives signed the agreement. ``Your persistence in the matter ... was a clear demonstration that you have both decided to put the interests of your country, the Sudan, before your own interests and that you are determined to realize a just and durable peace.’’

The agreement was reached after three weeks of unprecedented talks between Sudanese Vice President Ali Osman Mohammed Taha and SPLA leader John Garang.

Under the agreement, the rebels will also withdraw their forces from eastern Sudan, while the government will reduce the number of its forces in southern Sudan.

More than 2 million people have died in the conflict, mainly through war-induced famine and disease, since it erupted in 1983 after southern rebels took up arms against the predominantly Arab and Muslim northern government in a bid to obtain greater autonomy for the largely animist and Christian south.

The talks between Taha and Garang began Sept. 4, after the latest peace process to end the conflict stalled because of disagreements over key issues like security arrangements and power-sharing.

In July 2002, shortly after the peace talks began, the government and the SPLA reached a deal known as the Machakos Protocol, under which the government accepted the right of southerners to self-determination through a referendum after six years. The rebels in turn accepted the maintenance of Islamic or sharia law in the north. But since then, progress in the peace process had been halting.

The process is being mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, or IGAD, a regional authority, although Taha and Garang are said to be carrying out most of the discussions on a one-to-one basis.

The talks will continue in order to resolve other outstanding issues on power and wealth sharing that have prevented the parties reaching a comprehensive peace agreement.

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


s
Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


The 62nd anniversary of Torit popular uprising 2017-08-17 00:23:12 By Arop Madut Arop As the people of the Republic of South Sudan mark and celebrate the 62nd anniversary of August 18th, 1955 Torit uprising, it would extremely be important to recall the events (...)

What is the value of water? 2017-08-14 21:28:25 By Innocent Ntabana When you and I breathe in fresh air, the amount I inhale affects you in no way. This is because air is abundant and so there’s plenty of it to go around. We actually take it (...)

The paradox of weapons collection in Darfur 2017-08-13 09:13:14 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman As a Sudanese people who long for stability, peace and security, we have no objection to the decision to collect unlicensed weapons throughout Sudan, but our reservation (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


New group formed to gather Nuer in United States 2017-08-17 14:15:50 DECLARATION FOR THE FORMATION OF NUD TO BRING TOGETHER ALL NUER IN THE U.S.A Press Statement The Nuer Union For Development (NUD) The United State of America The State of Nebraska August 15, (...)

A prominent Sudan Women and Civil rights activist passed away 2017-08-14 21:09:47 The Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA) Khartoum, Sudan-August 14 2017 In the early hours of Saturday 12th August Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, a renowned Sudanese leader of the (...)

HRW denounces "collective punishment" in South Sudan’s Wau 2017-04-15 07:06:48 Human Right Watch South Sudan: New Spate of Ethnic Killings Urgent Need for Justice; UN Should Increase Patrols in Wau (Nairobi, April 14, 2017) – Government soldiers and allied militias (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2017 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.