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Abyei’s Francis Deng says he did not vote for unity

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By Ngor Arol Garang

January 19, 2011 (ABYEI) – Sudanese academic and politician, Francis Mading Deng, a native of the oil-producing region of Abyei has denied media reports that he voted for unity in during the recently concluded plebiscite to decide whether the south will separate from the north.

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Sudanese academic and politician, Francis Mading Deng. Special advisor to Secretary General of the United Nations on conflict prevention and genocide affairs

Francis Deng is one of the grandsons of late Dinka Ngok paramount chief Deng Kuol Arop, commonly known as Deng Majok. He (Deng Majok) died in 1969 several years after serving as paramount chief of the Nine Dinka Ngok chiefdom.

Chief Deng was one many in the area claimed to have accepted transfer of Abyei to Kordofan in central Sudan in 1905 from the Bahr el Ghazal region of south Sudan following an administrative survey of distance to determine from where Abyei would be administered by former British district administrative officer.

Abyei was due to hold a referendum decide whether it would rejoin the south last week but it has not materialized due to disagreements over voter eligibility between Sudan’s ruling parties.

Educated both in Sudan and United States of America, Deng has become a prominent public figure, serving as state minister of foreign affairs in the government of former Sudanese President, Jaffar Mohammed Nimery. He has also authored several books on Sudan and is currently a special advisor to Secretary General of the United Nations on conflict prevention and genocide affairs.

He has been a strong advocate for united Sudan based on equality and peaceful coexistence advocated by the late John Garang the leader of southern rebels the SPLM from 1983 until his death in 2005, months after he signed Sudan’s landmark Comprehensive Peace Agreement with Khartoum.

His position on the unity of Sudan allowed him to form cordial relationship with successive Khartoum based governments.

However, some of the people, especially from Abyei view his relations with Khartoum differently with many accusing him of working against the interests of the area.

South Sudan’s independence plebiscite, agreed as part of the peace deal, was completed successfully on January 15, with an overwhelming vote for secession expected.

During referendum Khartoum-based Radio Omdurman and Arabic daily newspaper; Ahkbar el Yom reported that Deng said he would vote for the unity of Sudan as opposed to secession, arguing South Sudan was not ready to govern itself.

However, in statement seen by Sudan Tribune on Wednesday, Deng denied the comment. He also said he did not vote for either option because he had information that citizens of Abyei in the Diaspora were not allowed to register for south Sudan referendum.

"I have learned that it has been rumored and even broadcast on television that I voted for unity. That did not happen. In fact, I was informed that the citizens of Abyei in the Diaspora were not allowed to register, far less vote, in the Southern Referendum. I therefore did not vote. But had I voted, there can be no doubt that I would have voted for the secession of the South," explained Deng.

Deng said his support for independence of south Sudan could be substantiated by his writings and public statements both at home and abroad.

"That I support independence is evident in my writings and in my public statements, both at home and abroad. It is difficult to see how a Southerner could vote for unity under the present system in which Southerners would continue to be treated as second-class citizens. Of course; I have been a strong supporter of the vision of the SPLM for a new Sudan of full equality for all citizens".

"However, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was a compromise based on the recognition that the vision of the New Sudan could not be achieved through armed liberation struggle alone. Since unity could not be made attractive for the people of the South under the current system, Southern independence was the predictable and just outcome of the self-determination referendum," he explained.

The top diplomat, however, accepted that he used to support SPLM vision of new Sudan full of equality for all citizens. "I have no doubt that the vision of New Sudan – of full equality of all racial, ethnic and cultural groups – has so inspired many throughout the country that it will continue to be pursued in the North through the democratic process. Should that be achieved, perhaps that will create a basis for reconsidering the relationship between the North and the South," he explained.

He said wrote a self explanatory book which he said was published recently about the future of Sudan regarding secession and unity option.

"After all, as I wrote in my recently published book, Sudan at the Brink: Self-Determination and National Unity, “unity and separation are varying degrees of relationships that could be strengthened or weakened by the qualitative factors involved.”

“For now, however, the exercise of self-determination has given the people of the South the freedom to pursue equality, integrity and dignity. For this achievement the people of the South should be exceedingly happy and proud, and should indeed be congratulated," he commented.

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 20 January 2011 07:21, by Kolnyang youth

    Dear:Francis Madiing Deng

    Bravo :to you if you have really vote for separation, as you wrote it in many books concerning political crisis of Sudan that petitioning of Sudan into two is the solution to the problem of Sudan .

    welcome to South Sudan work hand in hand with the government of South Sudan for the development of your home .

    Anti-tribalism .

    repondre message

    • 20 January 2011 13:53, by Mr Point

      Let’s clear this up.
      Abyei’s Francis Deng says he did not vote for unity.
      He did not vote for Unity.
      He did not vote.

      People from Abyei were told they could not vote in the referendum. This is because the status of Abyei has to be decided by referendum of the residents of Abyei.

      The Abyei referendum needs to be held for the Residents to say whether they are for North or South.

      The Abyei referendum has been held up by the Misseriya. When you were voting for secession peacefully there were gun battles in Abyei.

      repondre message

      • 20 January 2011 16:31, by Gatwech

        Dear readers,

        Dr. Francis Deng Majok, the grandson of the Ngok Dinka sellout Paramount Chief who transferred Abyei to the North in 1905, should not continue to lie to his people and South Sudanese in particular. This man was born to be a Jallaba stooge. Of course his whole family are Jallaba slaves.

        This man was making noise for so long against South Sudan independence. He was after that foolish vision of so-called New united Sudan without properly studying the mentality of Arabs and their arabized Muslims alike if such a vision could secede.

        It is like an Egyptian politician telling his potential supporters that he would build a bridge across the Red Sea if the was elected. The New Sudan Vision was simply full of principles copied from the Western style of democracy. But whether such democratic system can be implemented permanently in Sudan was not studied well by those of John Garang. I don’t blame late John Garang because he could not even write or speak classical Arabic, so how could he understand the North well. But stooges like Dr. Francis Deng are fluent in both Arabic and English, but the blood of his grandfather was a problem. A sellout blood that haunts the whole of Abyei today. Pathetic!!!

        repondre message

        • 21 January 2011 15:48, by Mach Achiek

          Gatwech,

          Deng Majok was not a policy maker in the Sudan in 1905

          repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 07:31, by Bol Madut

    If I am not mistaken Francis Mading is son of Deng Kuol Arop Biong Also known as Deng Majok....not his grandson as the reporter put it to be. Secondly, I also thought that Abyei was transferred to Kordufan in 1905 under Chief Arop Biong, Francis Mading’s great-grant father.

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 07:32, by omoni Atari

    Francis Deng you are very intelligent person,but is hard to read your hiden attitudes or agenda,therefore,we dont know exactly where you are lying,south or north?
    Not only you who casted the vote for unity,there are bunch of people voted for unity. That is why we called it referendum,so you are people are just keeping eyes on you because you are a big politician in which you can bring some changes to your mother land,which south sudan.
    I know u denied it , bu let it to the truth,

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  • 20 January 2011 08:06, by Marchelo Mathang

    Francis;
    Congratulation to you and what about your stupid and consumer leader Pieng Deng?

    Tanker driver and Gunship pilot if South joint North

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 08:07, by Peter Elia Kuzee

    MR FRANCIS DENG,
    Are sure you vote for separation? Any body who vote for unity will not enjoy the freedom.

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 09:11, by Gat-khir

    Welcome uncle Francis, your friends who were with you supporting the vission of NEW SUDAN left you behind. they made a very big U turn long ago and they are now the ones rowing the boat for independent of southern sudan. There is a room for you too.

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 09:12, by Garchan

    Bravo Deng,
    Iam very happy that you are aware of Arab Politics. They wanted to diverge the Minds of your people in the upcoming popular Consultations to follow whatever the interest you have. Had you not denied the allegations , then you would have sold Abyei for the Second time as your grand father.

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 09:28, by DHARCHEP

    First of all, Abyei is not a land of Deng Kuol Arop Biong. It is the land for everyone living in Abyei, but the reason why it is call Abyei Deng Kuol is not because that Deng Kuol Arop is the one who created Abyei. So, the ancestors of Deng Kuol Arop turn Abyei as an asset to Deng Kuol Arop.

    One thing that I hate mostly is when Francis Mading Deng betrayed Abyei as if he is not a native of Abyei. It is true that Francis Mading Deng had cast his vote for Unity, but in fact, he can not said that I had voted for Unity. Francis Mading Deng, first of all, he doesn’t like separation since the Late John Garang was still alive.

    There are a lot of accuses on Francis Mading Deng himself. In 2003, when the Late John Garang, Rebecca Nyandeng,Son of Sadiq Mahidi held a meeting in USA, the Late Dr John Garang was given a chance by the American Concellors who were in the meeting in order to address the current issue in Southern Sudan and the reason why the Khartoum Govenment claim Abyei to be the Northern Territory. In John Garang’s speech, he said that Abyei is belong to nine Dinka Chiefdom even if Abyei fall in the Northern Sudan territory. Also, he had mentioned that the nine Dinka Ngok Chiefdoms of Abyei have contributed their life in the Movement. Therefore, there is no any reason that can prevent the nine Dinka Ngok Chiefdoms from joining the South, said Dr John Garang. In Dr John Garang’s conclusion, he said to the audiences that if incase some of you doubt about the problem of Abyei, then the son of the Late Paramount Chief of Abyei Dr Francis Mading Deng will tell you more then I know.

    As Francis Mading Deng was allow to tell more details about Abyei, he said that Abyei in the whole Sudan geographical lies to the North and not to the South. So, if Abyei fall in the Northern side, then why it is not suppose to be in the North? According to Dr.Francis Mading Deng, he agrees that Abyei is from the North. Dr John Garang noded his head as he feel dismayed about the response of Dr Francis Mading Deng on the issue of Abyei. Then, again, Dr.Francis Mading Deng make a big mistake by sending or donating 3 millions US dollor to Mexico for relief. If we compare Mexico and Abyei, then I hope that Mexico is 100% better than Abyei. If Francis Mading Deng was a Senior Politician who really deserves the life of his people particularly the people of Abyei for instance, then he should not sent that 3 millions dollar to Mexico and leave his native place Abyei in Humanitarian Crisises. In this case, do you think that Francis Mading Deng can tell the truth that he had voted for Unity? I totally disagree with Francis Mading Deng and at the same time, he is a "Sycophant leader". How can a leader sold away his land for just a matter of his stomach?

    What Francis Mading Deng had done was the same thing to what Deng Alor Kuol, Luka Biong Deng, Edward Lino Wuor and Benjamin Mijak Dau of Dinka Panaruu tried to do to the people of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom in which the annexed Ruweng land to Abyei. After Deng Alor fail to annexed Ruweng territory to Abyei, Benjamin Mijak Dau claimed that the land belong to him and at same time he changed the name Panaruu to be called RUWENG while Dinka Panaruu of Panrieng where not even call Ruweng from the beginning. Now, all the people of Dinka Panaruu called themselves Ruweng instead of Panaruu. Shame to them all. Ruweng have only Six Clans namely MIJUAN, AMAAL, THIYEER, MANTENG, ABAANG, NGONGcHILL. Those are the clans make up Dinka Ruweng. Ruweng Paramount Chief is call KUR KUOT KUR. This is very ridiculous to the people of Abyei and those of Dinka Panaruu who tried to attach themselves to the name Ruweng. Dinka Panaruu are not Ruweng completely and I have to said this. I know that most of them always posted their articles and mentioned that they are from Ruweng County. Ruweng County doesn’t have Dinka Panaruu, but Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom. If they mean to said Panaruu County, then I think it can work.

    By Dharchep Miyar Dharchep, from Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom County in Unity State. I can be reached at dharchepmiyar@rocketmail.com

    repondre message

    • 20 January 2011 12:39, by Nhomlawda

      Dharcep,

      You are right brother, Mading Deng had been a confusing figure during liberation war.
      It is now difficult to solve Abyei issue because sons and daughters of that land are not united on a common goal and was it not because of John Garang, Abyei would have not gotten that little opportunity to join South which is almost being missed now.
      There are high chances Kiir might not insist on Abyei issue as John Garang did and Abyei may remain with Arabs. The unfortunate thing is that natives of Abyei will be used as spy by the enemy against Dinka inner circles in particular and South Sudan in general and can be distructive to own new nation.
      We must insist to remove Abyei from the north otherwise it will be a thorn in the flesh of southerners.

      repondre message

      • 20 January 2011 20:08, by DHARCHEP

        Dear Mr Nhomlawda,

        I appreciate your comment my dear, but Abyei is seems like it is an asset of Deng Kuol Arop Biong, while the rest of the others Dinka Ngok are not even recognized as the native of Abyei. Family of Deng Kuol Arop Biong distorted Abyei from the heart of the others Dinka. There are so many things that are not even put in their right places especially when something happen in the neigbouring territories close to Abyei such as Ruweng of Biemnom and Panaruu of Panrieng.

        On Feb 10,2008, when three Paramount Chiefs of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom County in Unity State were killed in Heglig(TOOR ALIINY), the report was rounded that they were killed in Abyei, while those three leaders of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom were really killed in Ruweng territory. This is a problem whereby when something happened in Ruweng Territory of Biemnom, then it is considered to be happened in Abyei which is completely wrong and wrong. Ruweng, Abyei and Panaruu are all different just like Bhar-el-ghazel. In Bhar-el-ghazel, there is Dinka Mialual Geernyang, Dinka Amiol, Dinka Adiang, Dinka Akuer, Dinka Apuk, Dinka Awan(Awan Chan and Awan Mou), Dinka Aguok, Dinka Kuach Ayok of Kuajok,and so forth. That is the same thing like Dinka Ruweng, Dinka Jok of Abyei and Dinka Panaruu.

        So, in this way for instance, if something happened in Dinka Mialual Geernyang of Aweil, then I think it can not be reported that the incident was happened in Amiol, Adiang, Akuar, Apuk or Aguok of Gogrial County as well as two Dinka of Awan(Awan Chan and Awan Mou). The report need to be addressed the way it had happened. But, however, the people of Dinka Jok of Ngok Abyei tried to grab everyone attention that Abyei is the only place being encountered with fear and death. Since the Late Former President of Sudan Jaffar Mohammed Nimeiri sent his troops to Ruweng in 1978 when Oil was found in Heglig(Toor Aliiny), the territory of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom County and the time when Jaffer Nimeiri sent his troops for the second time to Ruweng in 1983 which result in the death of Ruweng Paramount Chief Mr Camilo Kuot Kur Kuot in Biemnom(Abiemnom), no one from the Southern Sudan has yield to the problem facing the people of Ruweng in Biemnom. During that time, Deng Alor Kuol and Benjamin Mijak Dau were all present and I don’t know why they did not claim Heglig(TOOR ALIINY) when Jaffer Nimeiri sent his troops to Ruweng land? Everybody run away and the problem of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom was not seconded as an issue until when Jaffar Nimeiri occupied the Ruweng Territory of Biemnom, everybody was aware that it is a problem. Those of Dinka Panaruu and those of Dinka Jok of Abyei were there and no one has yield to stop Nimeiri from sending the troops to Heglig. Now, they pretended themselves that Heglig(TOOR ALIINY) belong to them. To me, I can said that one is calls "BULLSHIT". Heglig is a name drived from Aliiny. Aliiny is an elder man from Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom. One day, he went to Panaruu to visit his aunt. On the way as he was strolling to Panaruu, he passed away on the way before he reached to his distination because of thirst and dyedration in Toor. Toor in Dinka language mean; a place where there are no trees. From there, when the people of Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom found that Aliiny had died in Toor, they name that place as TOOR ALIINY, and when Arabs come to Ruweng, they changed the name Toor Aliiny and name it as Heglig. That is the same thing with Abiemnom. Before Abiemnom was not called Abiemnom, but it was called Biemnom. Arabs changed the name Biemnom and put the name Abiemnom. So, that is what happen. Aliiny is from Mijuan Clan of Dinka Ruweng of Biemnom.

        So, the only thing that we see from our neigbouring people such as Dinka Jok of Abyei and Dinka Panaruu is to loot and grab the land of Dinka Ruweng. This happens in the Arbitration of Abyei when Deng Alor Kuol tried to annexed Heglig(Toor Aliiny) to Abyei territory because of Oil. After Heglig was awarded to the North, Deng Alor Kuol denied that Heglig is not belong to Abyei, but it is the territory of Unity State. Deng Alor Kuol, at the same time, he didn’t addressed that Heglig belong to Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom as he was shame that doing so would lead to a riot between the Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom and Dinka Jok of Abyei. Also, when Deng Alor Kuol was asked why he put Heglig in Abyei map, he didn’t answer anything until now. So, in this point, we Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom, we have considered that Deng Alor Kuol was trying to confiscate the land of Ruweng knowing that Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom will not come back to their territory Ruweng.

        At last, when Deng Alor Kuol, fail to take Heglig(TOOR ALIINY), Benjamin Mijak Dau, who killed Commander Luba de Diar in 1999 and surrendered himself to SAF in Panrieng County of Dinka Panaruu, name Heglig(TOOR ALIINY) as Panthou. First of all, Heglig is not call Panthou, but Benjamin Mijak Dau tried to do the same thing because Deng Alor Kuol said that Heglig belong to Unity State. That is why he tried to take Heglig to Panaruu and from there Benjamin Mijak Dau confronted all his fellows of Dinka Panaruu to change the name Panaruu and called themselves Ruweng. Dinka Panaruu are not Ruweng completely even if Jesus Christ come, I can still tell it to him that Dinka Panaruu are not Ruweng. I know most of them always write and post their articles as People of Ruweng County. Ruweng County is not belong to Dinka Panaruu, but it is belong to Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom. If Dinka Panaruu people mean it Panaruu County, then why I don’t accepted that move?

        I had mentioned it in my previous article that(DINKA RUWENG COMMUNITY OF BIEMNOM COUNTY) is like a "GIRL WITHOUT HER BROTHER). Back in our homeland, a girl who doesn’t have her brother is always subjected by her peer-mate boys to practice love on her, whether the girl doesn’t like it or not. She has to be forced by the boys to do their inner interests, but if her brother is around, then the rests of the others boys can not confronted her is such disrespectful way like that. So, that is what I see from our neigbouring Communities such as Dinka Jok of Abyei and Dinka Panaruu of Panrieng County. It is a big shame to all Dinka Panaruu by changing their name Panaruu to RUWENG.

        Should anyone have a concern to tell me, then I can be contacted at Dharchepmiyar@rocketmail.com or Mijuanthiyeer@yahoo.com

        Thanks
        By Dharchep Miyar Dharchep.

        repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 13:42, by mohammed ali

    Dr. Luka Biong is from the same family, both got most of their education in the North!

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  • 20 January 2011 15:12, by Facts Check

    Yaaaa Southern Sudan Jallaba Deng!!!!

    You should first buy Abyei back before you talk sense since your father sold it and took the money for you to roam around the world. who cares who you voted for. You were not qualified to vote in the first place.

    repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 16:38, by Gatwech

    Dear readers,

    Dr. Francis Deng Majok, the grandson of the Ngok Dinka sellout Paramount Chief who transferred Abyei to the North in 1905, should not continue to lie to his people and South Sudanese in particular. This man was born to be a Jallaba stooge. Of course his whole family are Jallaba slaves.

    This man was making noise for so long against South Sudan independence. He was after that foolish vision of so-called New united Sudan without properly studying the mentality of Arabs and their arabized Muslims alike in order to assess if such a vision could succeed or not.

    It is like an Egyptian politician who lied telling his potential supporters that he would build a bridge across the Red Sea for them to cross to Middle East if he was elected. The New Sudan Vision, after changing from Socialist proposal from 1983 to 1994, was simply full of good principles copied from the Western style of democracy. But whether such a democratic system can be implemented permanently in Sudan full of military coups against democratic governments, or racial and religious indifferences, was not studied well by those of John Garang.

    I don’t blame late John Garang very much because he could not even write or speak classical Arabic, so how could we have expected him to understand the North well. But stooges like Dr. Francis Deng are fluent in both Arabic and English, but the blood of his grandfather has been a problem. A sellout blood that haunts the whole of Abyei today. Pathetic!!!

    repondre message

    • 20 January 2011 17:07, by peacelover

      Gatbitch

      you are the biggest idiot.
      the children of paramount chief Deng Majok did and doing alot for our people. where was you during the struggle?? you coward hiding in khartoum played with arabs until the peace deal was signed and now do you think you were historian.
      shame on you.

      repondre message

  • 20 January 2011 20:15, by Tambura

    @Gatwech
    Thank you man for your input, I like people who tell the truth.

    repondre message

    • 20 January 2011 23:11, by J G kuol

      Tumbura,brother don’t buy that.Gatwech is totally wrong.
      That was a misleading wrong input from our modern self-appoited intellectual fraud who’re driven by their tribal perfection self-righteousness.
      YOU see,how they wantonly attacked Gen/Joseph Lago a decent
      and honorable man.And now they’re attacking the outstanding
      chief of the northern frontier of this land,Sultan Deng Majok.
      > These are few questions we should ask ourselevs before throwing the blame and demonizing people of Abei.
      > Great people of abei where fighting outsiders for centuries while the rest of us were fighting tribal conflicts.
      > During liberation ,many us has been used by Khartoum to
      turn their weapons against their brothren.
      > Abei is clean,even Khartoum knows that very well,they can
      manipulate and buy anyone except sons and daughters of the
      great frontier Land of Deng Majok.And we should be proud of
      them for their endurance and patience in the face of hardships.

      > And for a self-appointed intellectual of viral-confusion
      of moving cloud eduacation and fraudulent historian to say
      that people of Abei are a sell-out is simply absurd.
      Thanks

      repondre message

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