Home | News    Wednesday 5 January 2011

Sudanese president pledges to resolve post-referendum issues before July 9th


January 3, 2011 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir on Tuesday vowed to resolve all outstanding issues relating to post-referendum issues before the end of the interim period on July 9th.

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Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir reviews an honor guard at the airport in Juba January 4, 2011 (Reuters)

Bashir made the promise during his one-day visit to Juba described by many observers in Sudan as a “farewell visit” a few days before the independence vote is due to start on Sunday.

At a press conference alongside with South Sudan leader Salva Kiir he said that both sides agreed to continue dialogue on pending items such as border demarcation and Abyei.

“We resolved to carry on discussions so that we are done with these issues before the end of the interim period on July 9th,” Bashir said.

"The demarcation of the border will be completed before July 9, but that does not mean building a separation wall. It means a delimitation that allows the movement of citizens from both sides," according to the laws in force, Bashir said.

Citizenship, wealth sharing, international agreements and national are among the thorny post-referendum issues that have yet to be ironed out. Analysts have warned that the persistent deadlock on resolving them runs the risk of reigniting conflict and preventing smooth secession of the South.

The North and South have yet to find common ground on the oil district of Abyei which had supposed to be holding a vote on its own at the same time that has been delayed by disagreements over who should be eligible to vote.

All attempts to reach a compromise including one through the U.S. have failed so far. Today the Sudanese leader emphasized that Abyei protocol is the authority in determining who is eligible to vote saying that it includes the Dinka Ngok and other residents in reference to the Arab Misseriya tribe.

Nonetheless, Bashir told Southerners today said that he will be the first to recognize an independent South Sudan, should the latter opt for separation.

"The preferred choice for us is unity but in the end we will respect the choice of the southern citizens," Bashir said in a speech to southern officials in Juba.

"One would be sad that Sudan has split but also pleased because we witnessed peace" he added.

Bashir’s assurance is likely to water-down widespread speculation of anticipated violence during the vote. The plebiscite is a key part of Sudan’s 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ushered in relative peace after over two decades of the country’s civil war.

Bashir said he remains committed to lasting peace with the semi-autonomous region, adding that the north will give it all the support it needs for development.

"Even after the southern state is born we are ready in the Khartoum government to offer any technical or logistical support and training or advice — we are ready to help" the Sudanese leader said.

"The benefit we get from unity, we can also get it from two separate states" he underscored.

He also warned skeptics against disorganizing preparations for the long-awaited vote, saying those involved will face the harsh side of the country’s laws, if implicated. He said that he will join Southern celebrations should independence be the outcome of the referendum.

At his arrival Bashir was greeted by around 500 of southerners who gathered near the airport to campaign for their independence. As he drove away they chanted "no to unity" and waved signs that read "respect our decision" and “Bye-Bye Khartoum”.

One woman, a Juba resident who asked not to be named for fear of reprisal, told Reuters, "next time he comes we can arrest him."

Bashir is the only sitting head of state to be wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC), which accuses him of masterminding war crimes and genocide in a separate conflict in Darfur.

Before his departure back to Sudan’s capital Khartoum, Bashir also held talks with members from the various political parties in Southern Sudan as well key civil society representatives.

It is expected that Kiir would pay a visit to the North in return though it is not clear when it will take place.


The Secretary General of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) Pagan hailed Bashir’s visit saying it has "assured" the ex-rebel group.

"This historic visit during which killed speculations regarding the possibility of retreating on the implementation of the agreement. Now we feel reassured in south Sudan. The future became clear and assuring to the sustainability of peace and the establishment of good relations, even if South chose to secede" Amum told the London-based Al-Hayat newspaper.

He said that Bashir "came to give a clear message to the southerners that he is committed to holding the referendum on time, and that while he wishes for unity but would respect the choice the South, even if it is separation, which is certain in his opinion, and that he would work for a successful state in the south".


The South Sudan leader in a sign of reciprocation announced that he is expelling all Darfur rebels present on the territory of the semi-autonomous region.

“No opposition in the north shall take Juba as a base,” Kiir was quoted as saying.

Sudan official news agency (SUNA) quoted Bashir’s VP Ali Osman Taha as saying that the North would likewise not host Southern opposition.

Yesterday Bashir criticized the South for offering refuge to Darfur rebels engaged in fighting with the central government since 2003.

While addressing celebrations of a drill staged by Sudan Air Forces in Al-Aruus area in Port Sudan on Monday, Al-Bashir reminded south Sudan government that Darfur region was still part of Sudan and its rebels were considered “outlaws.”

South Sudan is currently housing Minni Arcua Minnawi, who is the only Darfur rebel leader to sign a peace accord with the Sudanese government in Abuja in 2006. But Minnawi later effectively defected from the government and accused Khartoum of stalling the peace agreement.


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The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 5 January 2011 09:16, by Genuine Leader

    Dear Bashir.
    Mr Bashir, i think that you understand now Mr Big hat play cat and rat game with you.

    so please release Abyei , in turn we will not support anonymous groups in north.

    Genuine leader, future leader war without border with jalaba if’ unity expose onto SPLA.

    repondre message

    • 5 January 2011 09:59, by Maguangdit

      Bashiir is in trouble indeed. He knows that he is facing opposition parties in the North Sudan besides Darfur rebels. If he causes another war in the South Sudan, he won`t afford them simultaneously and he will have no place to hide though he will never run to SOuthern Sudan should he face opposition parties overthrowing him. He may run to Iran or Syria or elsewhere.

      We wish you good luck Mr. Bashiir and your Northern Sudanese for being professional murderers!

      repondre message

      • 6 January 2011 00:40, by padiit gaga

        Bashir is now shaking for referendum of southsudan, he knows that south will be independent country. he is barking for unity no body will listen his barks, he claimed that even south will be independent country the will share resources with North how come while they are different. he could not said that if south will vote for unity ,south will be develop.
        We have been in unity for long time while south have never been developed he try decieve people the prudent know the deciever acts, before he say it.

        Separation is the vision of southerness no body will vote for unity. Those who claim for unity while unity has been caursed blood shed for long time, they are under curse.

        repondre message

    • 5 January 2011 21:21, by Gatdit Kol

      Genuine Leader,nobody in Southern Sudan can disagree with your commend.Only Kuol Manyang and Abel Alier like unity,but our brothers,fathers,mothers and sisters who died during the war will kill them.SEPARATION,SEPARATION OH YEAH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!POSSIBLE INDEPENDENCE OH YEAH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      repondre message

    • 6 January 2011 02:52, by Young Nation

      The agreement on all Post Referendum issues would always remain incomplete without full resolution of Abyei protocol as an entity of South Sudan Nation. This in turn will definitely peddle and disturb the expected cooperative North/South amaicable social, political, economic and territorial peaceful co-existence.

      Young Nation is a graduate of International Relations and a student of Master of International Law at Sydney University, Australia

      repondre message

  • 5 January 2011 10:00, by Chanson

    Mr President.If you think you are fooling Junubin then you are completely and totally wrong because gone are S.Sudan,s fooling days.
    I salute that brave woman who had said that"next time he comes we can arrest him."in Jiba Airport.
    Yes indeed!!We will not allows criminal to come to the South.
    Bye bye Bashir.....
    Bye bye old Sudan(O.S).....

    repondre message

  • 5 January 2011 13:43, by mohammed ali

    You are not saying Bye-Bye Khartoum only , but you have said bye-bye to south sudan also years and now you are enjoying your living away from sudan in your Asylum.

    There are million of north and south sudanese who are going to live together for centuries to come.Instead of disminating hatred , if you really care about southerner you shoud preach peace and reconcillation.

    Hatred may had earned you an Asylum visa at some stage but now you will be left alone; one day you may decide to come back home , so at least wish the people of sudan peace and good luck whatever comes.

    Those who were denying the presence of Darfur rebels in the south are hate and war mongers; but war will not come again.

    Enjoy your Asayum.

    repondre message

    • 5 January 2011 21:40, by Gatdit Kol

      Mohammed,you have many colours you talked like Darfurian and at the end you talked as if you came from Arab peninsula in Middle East.My friend your fucken bro will join ICC after the refendum and we the real Africans will have our own autonomous government.If you are an Arab make sure all your ladies will come to join new life in South Sudan.We will not look for asylum any more don’t think of that man.

      repondre message

  • 5 January 2011 21:16, by australian

    "Pleased because we witnessed peace..."
    Well, he said it. He is not claiming to have helped the peace process, only to have "witnessed" it, as if he was an innocent bystander. In any case, the CPA wasn’t exactly his idea, even if he (more os less) adhered to it.
    I still don’t think he has "peace" on his mind. Certainly not "reconciliation" (see M Ali above), which can only come when wrongdoers admit their wrongs and ask for forgiveness. An awful lot of trouble can be created in a neighbouring, "independent" state. We will see.
    I am glad to see the people at Juba airport did not obey their fawning government but gave Bashir the send-off they thought he was entitled to. It was these ordinary people who suffered so much and they are understandably sceptical about Bashir’s weasel words.

    repondre message

  • 5 January 2011 22:18, by Stephen Gatloth K

    When shall we rely that Presient Bacher did and still diong good for to us the southerners? Regardless the threat put on him abroad to sign the CPA.But whoever in Arab north can do so like what Bacher did?

    My dear if you have nothing to say than throwing words against Bacher,better to short up.

    It is better to say thank even to your enemy when he set you free instead of barking after releasing out of danger.

    Please my fellew southerners,think positively as some one responsible.this country,for it to be in peace for 6 yrs,is becuase of Bacher otherwise do n`t know where you may be today if Bacher did not do the way he did.

    Evaluation is better.Bacher is still a federal president of sudan untill 9 july when referendum result be announce officially.

    Thanks very much i am by name Gatloth Gai from Bentiu
    my contact:+249912923159 or stephengatloth@yahoo.com
    I am not hiding when commanding whatever your reaction.

    repondre message

  • 28 July 2012 18:57, by danaray79

    Truly impressive and nice information. Thanks for sharing. Essay Writing.

    repondre message

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