Home | News    Friday 15 October 2010

UN to beef-up troop presence at "hotspots" on Sudan’s North-South borders

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October 15, 2010 (WASHINGTON) – The United Nations Missions in Sudan (UNMIS) will move more troops to "hotspots" at the North-South borders within weeks as the country heads towards a crucial vote that could create the world’s newest state, a senior United Nations official said today.

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United Nations Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Alain Le Roy (Reuters)

The move comes at the heels of a last week’s visit by the UN Security Council (UNSC) delegation to Sudan during which South Sudan president Salva Kiir asked for creation of buffer zones on the North-South borders for fear of possible eruption of violence as tensions continue to grow between both sides.

Council diplomats at the time promised him that this request would be considered though later acknowledged that it would not be feasible to have a deployment along the vast 1,250 mile (2,000 kilometer) borders due to lack of manpower.

"We will increase our presence but only in some hotspots," UN peacekeeping chief Alain Le Roy told reporters after a UNSC meeting on Sudan.

U.S. ambassador at the Susan Rice said that UNSC members had been "skeptical" that a force along the entire border could be organized.

"Most council members are skeptical, to say the least, of the feasibility of a force that could line the entirety of the border," Rice told reporters. "Troops don’t exist, it couldn’t be constituted quickly enough."

"But there is serious discussion of alternative models that might focus on those areas along the border that are most vulnerable or at high risk of violence, and where civilians may be most at risk," she added.

UNMIS has about 10,600 troops and police in Sudan monitoring a 2005 peace accord which ended two decades of civil war between the north and south. Some two million people died in the conflict.

The South Sudan referendum is required by a 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the 21-year civil war between Sudan’s predominantly Arab and Muslim north and rebels in the largely Christian-animist south.

Preparations for the Jan. 9 vote have proceeded haltingly amid political and logistical obstacles, and the southerners have accused the northerners of stalling, warning of violence if the referendum is delayed.

Another vote in the border region of Abyei is likely to be postponed as the North and South failed to resolve their disagreement over the composition of Abyei’s referendum’s electoral commission, eligibility of voters and demarcating the borders. Officials from the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) said today that the delay is all but certain angering their former foes at the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM).

On Thursday, U.S. President Barack Obama said that Sudan is one of his "highest priorities".

"I’ve got Hillary Clinton, my U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, Special Envoy General Scott Gration, all working together. This is one of our highest priorities," Obama said in a televised meeting with young American voters, who had indicated through computer messages that the situation in the war-torn African country was one of the issues about which they were most concerned.

"This is a dangerous area. The last time there was a war between north and south, 2 million people were killed. And so right now what we’re trying to do is organize a referendum where the south in a peaceful, legal fashion could decide to break off and form their own nation separate from what is currently all of Sudan. We’ve only got about 90 days to get this done," he added.

"But it’s something that we all have to pay attention to, because if you have an outbreak of war between the north and south in Sudan, not only could that erupt in more violence that could lead to millions of deaths, but solving the problem in Darfur becomes that much more difficult, because Khartoum, the seat of government for northern Sudan, could end up feeling more threatened and not being willing to deal with some of the continuing violence that exists in western Sudan and Darfur,".

A senior US official said earlier that there are "additional measures" that could be applied if the referendum is delayed.

"I think it is fair to say that neither the international community, neither any individual member state is without some leverage," said the official to Agence France Presse (AFP) speaking on condition of anonymity.

Today the UNSC voted to renew the mandate of the mandate of the Panel of Experts that monitors the implementation of sanctions imposed on Sudan and arms embargo. However, China which holds veto power abstained from voting.

China is the major buyer of Sudanese oil and has other key commercial interests.

"China has serious concerns about the annual report submitted by the panel of experts on the Sudan sanctions committee and believes that there is much room for improvement in the work of the panel," a Chinese official told the Security Council, to justify the abstention.

"We urge the panel of experts to conduct their work under the principles of objectivity and responsibility," the official added, without giving any details.

Rice said the new resolution includes measures that tighten enforcement of the arms embargo, "including language to make clear the scope of the current embargo and clarify obligations of the government of Sudan and other member states under the sanctions regime."

She added: "Although the panel has faced setbacks in Sudan and restrictions on mobility, their presence and reporting reaffirms the Council’s commitment to the safety and protection of the people of Darfur."

(ST)

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  • 15 October 2010 09:11, by Angelo Achuil

    From the previous experience with UNMIS in Abyei (2008), what good is the UNMIS at the hotspots when all they will do is to watch civilians killed. They are usually dressed and armed well with no apparent use when it strikes. It is better not to pose some kind of a zoo show when in hotspots when their mandate can be deliberately breached in their eyes and no response.

    repondre message

    • 15 October 2010 16:39, by Ahmed Chol

      Dear Ban-Kimoon and UN.

      The whole north-South Border is a hot spot. Conflict is eminent along this border. It will be good if the UN can help in preventing the conflict than to solve it later. The NCP and northerners are rejecting the UN because they know they are ones that are going to start the conflict.

      thanks UN for your help in Sudan.

      repondre message

    • 16 October 2010 00:48, by Paul Ongee

      Ya Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed, Salah Gosh and Jalal Yousif,

      I know all of you are members of the technical committee formed recently to make separation difficult for Southern Sudanese although the two options —separation or unity —are stipulated in the CPA. All of you see separation option as a crime but not as freedom and inalienable right of marginalized Southern Sudanese. You cannot pretend that you haven’t read CPA carefully. Insanely, you are simply echoing what has been repeatedly declared by senior members of your National Criminal Party (NCP). You are just frustrated over the effort of keeping Sudan united on old basis.

      I am not surprised by the baseless claim that SPLM and NCP would agree on postponement of holding referenda on January 9, 2011 because perhaps Messeriya (the Northern nomads) no longer want to be citizens of Kordofan but citizens of Abyei which was historically part of Bahr El-Ghazal. Tell us clearly or the world that Messeriya want to give up their nomadic life in Kordofan and need to be citizens of Abyei. Neither you nor Messeriya will still lose in the end. If you know pretty well that Messeriya were not citizens of Abyei before or after the historical administrative shift to Kordofan, then what do you think Messeriya would vote for in the upcoming referenda of South Sudan and Abyei? How many kinds of agreements needed to be agreed on besides the ones agreed upon in Nairobi (2005) and The Hague (PCA) last year?

      This intentional engagement of SPLM in useless renegotiation of CPA represents the old mentality of Khartoum that will soon be out of Sudan’s political arena. This abortive attempt of abrogating CPA is just a normal thing for any frustrated members, ministers or advisors from NCP camp. I expect all supporters of NCP from top to bottom or vice versa to show their true hidden colors over the next three months that South has already gone because of your failure to appreciate cultural diversity and religious differences. If Khartoum plans to recognize the referendum results through the barrel of a gun, let it go ahead but South Sudan is already in a position to achieve its independence and defend itself.

      The issue of the upcoming referendum on self-determination is for Southerners to be free and independent from Islamic dominated-North. Unity on old basis will never be imposed on Southerners as Islamic Sharia law was done in 1983 mainly to "divide and rule" and exploit the resources of Southern Sudan. Unity in diversity can be accommodated better through secularism than the Arab League-backed Islamic Sharia law that humiliates other people with different cultures and religious beliefs. If you cannot do a research to keep Sudan united on new basis, then Islamize and Arabize the North with the Islamic supreme law that Southerners do not need it.

      Remember that South Sudan has already gone with its resources. Beating the drum of war through Messeriya, Ambororo, LRA, or other tribes will never keep Sudan united on old basis. The only option left for NCP is to start creating awareness on the State-controlled media that South Sudan has already gone instead of bribing innocent black Southerners campaigning for unity on national media. The only responsibility left for NCP is to prepare Northerners or its supporters in particular how to learn about being good neighbors with Southerners comes January 9, 2011. After referndum South Sudan will be the 193rd country in the world. Check the next edition of geography text book next year.

      You cannot campaign for unity or separation WITHOUT REFERRING to the political history of the country that brought us here today. Why this country has repeatedly been at war by itself? Why Darfur is still burning? Why Sudan is irreversibly disintegrating. Why Islamic law (Sharia law) was introduced to marginalize people of different beliefs? Why National Criminal Party (NCP) and its likes afraid of the truth or unity on new basis that is stipulated in the CPA and will fail to violate this historical unique agreement (CPA) like the one of AAA 1972? Persistent attempt of abrogating this CPA only speeds up your exit from power for ever. Believe me or not.

      Khartoum is addicted historically to dishonoring political agreements. It ALWAYS agrees to disagree, signs peace deal NOT TO IMPLEMENT it in good faith but to frustrate the effort of implementation and later abrogate it. Non-Muslims are human beings created by God, deserve to be free and have every inalienable right even to govern Sudan. It seems that Prophet Mohamed forgot to teach his followers about accommodating citizens of the same country with diverse cultures besides tolerance and good governance.

      If tolerance or accommodation of different beliefs is in deed written in Qoran, then why Khartoum is adamantly threatening Southerners to vote for something already tried and never worked since 1956? This CPA is backed by the two historic wars of 1955 and 1983, loss of over two million lives, over 4 million IDPs, regional body and international community because it is the same Khartoum with its successive Islamic regimes that kept Southern Sudan politically, religiously, economically, culturally and socially humiliated and separated from Sudan.

      If the case of Southern Sudanese is not for freedom and inalienable rights, then why did Khartoum separate from the Anglo-Egyptian administration? Why did Khartoum even refuse to be part of Egypt leave alone Britain? Was it not because of being free in ones own country? Why did Khartoum threaten first to unilaterally declare independence (UDI) in the National Assembly before independence of 1956?

      As Anglo-Egyptian administration only demarcated the borderlines, it was the responsibility of Khartoum to make the effort of bridging the religious and cultural differences so that Sudan remains united on equal basis. Every citizen has inalienable right to be free by whatever means. It doesn’t make sense to threaten us southerners in particular. We only need cooperation on important issues that matter to us on both sides of the borderlines and to be good neighbors.

      National Criminal Party (NCP) needs to realize that the Anglo-Egyptian administration didn’t threaten any citizens or use Messeriya or other nomads of the North Sudan when Khartoum demanded for historic freedom and independence through peaceful means. Yes, if we’re to engage in the culture of intimidation, I personally warn Khartoum not play with inalienable rights and freedom of Southern Sudanese wherever they are. Believe me or not. Long live SPLM/A. Struggle continues.

      Paul Ongee
      Khartoum, Sudan

      repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 10:00, by Mzalendo Mwema

    Thanks to UNSC,

    I appreciate UNSC for its effort to protect both CPA and the lost of innocent lives from murderous.

    To dear Southerners,

    Check those materials thorougly because they may be somethings else.They may be explosive materials which are set to burst up after our independence.We must be vilant at this moment because losers are planning evil actions aganist the winners.

    OUR independence is emminet and irreversible.

    repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 10:01, by Mzalendo Mwema

    Thanks to UNSC,

    I appreciate UNSC for its effort to protect both CPA and the lost of innocent lives from murderous.

    To dear Southerners,

    Check those materials thoroughly which arrived in Wau because they may be somethings else.They may be explosive materials which are set to burst up after our independence.We must be vilant at this moment because losers are planning evil actions aganist the winners.

    OUR independence is emminet and irreversible.

    repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 10:05, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

    I am sure the so called UN is like a curtain of a door in the Sudan becuase it is doing no effective job to vulnerable sudanese.
    Your pledges akin to that of ICC chief prosecutor Mr. Luis Moreno Okampo who keeps saying indictment of Omar al Beshir but no implementation.

    You better leave us to die alone instead of deceiving.

    repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 12:58, by DASODIKO

    Dear reader let me tell you what is the mind of the National Congress Party:

    1.The National Congress Party they don’t want seperation of South Sudan, after they discovered that they foooled themselves instead of people of South Sudan as they expected.

    2. NCP to say that they gave up impelementing the CPA or will not accept the inevitable session of South Sudan, and they well know the result of such act, then they started giving stupid excuses by role playing which has nothing to do with CPA.

    3. At last they want to engage SPLM/A in a war but NCP want the SPLM/A to be the first to begin. Such act will have the following consequences:
    a. International community requests to stop hostilities; and this will take weeks or months.
    b. SPLM/A will find itself automatically renegociating the CPA.
    C. On the other hand the time scheduled for the referandum is also exteneded due to processes of disengagement process.
    4. At last resort the NCP will get in war before the deployment of UNSC troops in the boarder between the North and the South Sudan even if the SPLM/A is not willing; because deployment of the forces on the boaders means dead chance for NCP to start proxy war through Arab tribes boadering South Sudan then smooth independent of the South Sudan will take palce.

    5.The war before the deployment of forces for the buffer zone at least will give releif for the NCP memebers and people in the north that there might be other things coming like renegicating power sharing with the South. Also at leat passengers of the CPA may miss the train, and then wait to look for another trian with less passengers. Referandum is legalization of the indepenedent of the Spouth Sudan, and if there is another war of boaders coming would be a war between two countries not centeral government and the region as it was to be.
    Kiir, SPLM/A leaders watch out men!!!! Blessed are those who fight to get free!!!

    repondre message

    • 16 October 2010 00:48, by Paul Ongee

      Ya Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed, Salah Gosh and Jalal Yousif,

      I know all of you are members of the technical committee formed recently to make separation difficult for Southern Sudanese although the two options —separation or unity —are stipulated in the CPA. All of you see separation option as a crime but not as freedom and inalienable right of marginalized Southern Sudanese. You cannot pretend that you haven’t read CPA carefully. Insanely, you are simply echoing what has been repeatedly declared by senior members of your National Criminal Party (NCP). You are just frustrated over the effort of keeping Sudan united on old basis.

      I am not surprised by the baseless claim that SPLM and NCP would agree on postponement of holding referenda on January 9, 2011 because perhaps Messeriya (the Northern nomads) no longer want to be citizens of Kordofan but citizens of Abyei which was historically part of Bahr El-Ghazal. Tell us clearly or the world that Messeriya want to give up their nomadic life in Kordofan and need to be citizens of Abyei. Neither you nor Messeriya will still lose in the end. If you know pretty well that Messeriya were not citizens of Abyei before or after the historical administrative shift to Kordofan, then what do you think Messeriya would vote for in the upcoming referenda of South Sudan and Abyei? How many kinds of agreements needed to be agreed on besides the ones agreed upon in Nairobi (2005) and The Hague (PCA) last year?

      This intentional engagement of SPLM in useless renegotiation of CPA represents the old mentality of Khartoum that will soon be out of Sudan’s political arena. This abortive attempt of abrogating CPA is just a normal thing for any frustrated members, ministers or advisors from NCP camp. I expect all supporters of NCP from top to bottom or vice versa to show their true hidden colors over the next three months that South has already gone because of your failure to appreciate cultural diversity and religious differences. If Khartoum plans to recognize the referendum results through the barrel of a gun, let it go ahead but South Sudan is already in a position to achieve its independence and defend itself.

      The issue of the upcoming referendum on self-determination is for Southerners to be free and independent from Islamic dominated-North. Unity on old basis will never be imposed on Southerners as Islamic Sharia law was done in 1983 mainly to "divide and rule" and exploit the resources of Southern Sudan. Unity in diversity can be accommodated better through secularism than the Arab League-backed Islamic Sharia law that humiliates other people with different cultures and religious beliefs. If you cannot do a research to keep Sudan united on new basis, then Islamize and Arabize the North with the Islamic supreme law that Southerners do not need it.

      Remember that South Sudan has already gone with its resources. Beating the drum of war through Messeriya, Ambororo, LRA, or other tribes will never keep Sudan united on old basis. The only option left for NCP is to start creating awareness on the State-controlled media that South Sudan has already gone instead of bribing innocent black Southerners campaigning for unity on national media. The only responsibility left for NCP is to prepare Northerners or its supporters in particular how to learn about being good neighbors with Southerners comes January 9, 2011. After referndum South Sudan will be the 193rd country in the world. Check the next edition of geography text book next year.

      You cannot campaign for unity or separation WITHOUT REFERRING to the political history of the country that brought us here today. Why this country has repeatedly been at war by itself? Why Darfur is still burning? Why Sudan is irreversibly disintegrating. Why Islamic law (Sharia law) was introduced to marginalize people of different beliefs? Why National Criminal Party (NCP) and its likes afraid of the truth or unity on new basis that is stipulated in the CPA and will fail to violate this historical unique agreement (CPA) like the one of AAA 1972? Persistent attempt of abrogating this CPA only speeds up your exit from power for ever. Believe me or not.

      Khartoum is addicted historically to dishonoring political agreements. It ALWAYS agrees to disagree, signs peace deal NOT TO IMPLEMENT it in good faith but to frustrate the effort of implementation and later abrogate it. Non-Muslims are human beings created by God, deserve to be free and have every inalienable right even to govern Sudan. It seems that Prophet Mohamed forgot to teach his followers about accommodating citizens of the same country with diverse cultures besides tolerance and good governance.

      If tolerance or accommodation of different beliefs is in deed written in Qoran, then why Khartoum is adamantly threatening Southerners to vote for something already tried and never worked since 1956? This CPA is backed by the two historic wars of 1955 and 1983, loss of over two million lives, over 4 million IDPs, regional body and international community because it is the same Khartoum with its successive Islamic regimes that kept Southern Sudan politically, religiously, economically, culturally and socially humiliated and separated from Sudan.

      If the case of Southern Sudanese is not for freedom and inalienable rights, then why did Khartoum separate from the Anglo-Egyptian administration? Why did Khartoum even refuse to be part of Egypt leave alone Britain? Was it not because of being free in ones own country? Why did Khartoum threaten first to unilaterally declare independence (UDI) in the National Assembly before independence of 1956?

      As Anglo-Egyptian administration only demarcated the borderlines, it was the responsibility of Khartoum to make the effort of bridging the religious and cultural differences so that Sudan remains united on equal basis. Every citizen has inalienable right to be free by whatever means. It doesn’t make sense to threaten us southerners in particular. We only need cooperation on important issues that matter to us on both sides of the borderlines and to be good neighbors.

      National Criminal Party (NCP) needs to realize that the Anglo-Egyptian administration didn’t threaten any citizens or use Messeriya or other nomads of the North Sudan when Khartoum demanded for historic freedom and independence through peaceful means. Yes, if we’re to engage in the culture of intimidation, I personally warn Khartoum not play with inalienable rights and freedom of Southern Sudanese wherever they are. Believe me or not. Long live SPLM/A. Struggle continues.

      Paul Ongee
      Khartoum, Sudan

      repondre message

    • 16 October 2010 01:53, by NgorKur Mayol Chier

      Dear readers,
      Please allow me for one movement to tell you this! At this juncture, I have learned that there are some fears looming within Sudan saying the NCP will be go back to war with the Southern Sudan. My friends, these folks were been a chronic lie because the position we are now will not be the same as the time we were at war with them for twenty one years. Now,our brothers and sisters in Khartoum are feeling the heat and a shameful mood when they come for visited in southern Sudan. They saw that SPLM/SPLA have done wonders things in the South only in five years. For example, those leaders who are the supporters of the NCP have now proved it that Southern Sudan will never be controlled any more by Bashir’s government.
      However, in Juba right now, Southern Sudan has its own national army which is no longer being considered as the guerilla rebels anymore because they are in the level of government army forces of their own authority. In addition, Arab is going to be the losers forever and ever Amen because they were been fooling themselves for many years for fifty three years. They were been thinking that the Khartoum government own us as their property,and that is why they never make unity to become attractive among they southerners. For instance, no development has been made on the territory of the South. I believe that NCP will be missing us forever because they have been mistreating us badly in our resources that God has been given to our forefathers.

      Thanks and GOD bless!

      repondre message

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