Home | News    Friday 15 October 2010

South Sudan will have its own army even if Sudan remains united – SPLM official


October 14, 2010 (JUBA) – A senior official in the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), which governs southern Sudan, says that the region would retain its own army in the event of Sudan remaining united after the January 2011 referendum.

Peter Adwok Nyaba, minister of higher education and scientific research in the national government in Khartoum and member of the SPLM Liberation Council, on Thursday said the region would continue to have its own army even if the south votes for unity in a referendum due to take place in January.

His remarks prompted some officials to dispute his interpretation of the security protocol of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), that ended the north-south civil war.

A government official who did not want to be named said that there would be only one army for Sudan if the referendum results to unity of the country.

He explained the CPA stipulates that in the event of unity, the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) would be merged with the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), which are a mixture of the former southern rebels and the Sudanese army.

The JIU’s, the official said, would be the nucleus of a future national army, should the south vote for unity.

In an interview with the SPLA head of communications, Brig. Gen. Malaak Ayuen Ajok, on South Sudan TV minister Nyaba commended the CPA, which he said was different from previous peace agreements signed between north and south in the past because it retained the SPLA as a separate army.

“We would have our own army, our foreign minister, which is now the regional cooperation […] even in unity,” he assured the viewers in his TV interview.

In the interview Nyaba was asked to talk about the SPLA’s split of 1991, in which the current Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan and deputy chairman of the SPLM, Riek Machar attempted to seize control of the SPLA .

Lam Akol, was also party to the Nasir Declaration, which announced the coup attempt, who is currently the leader of another breakaway group the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement for Democratic Change (SPLM-DC).

Nyaba, who participated in the Nasir Declaration of 1991, along with Lam Akol, condemned the timing of the split.

He did not, however, detract from its causes but said in hindsight that he thought that the Sudanese government was behind it.

The split, Nyaba said, was necessary to properly reorganize the SPLM/A, and establish its political wing from military wing.

Separating the two would enable the political branch the SPLM to carry out mobilization activities, allowing the military wing to focus on combat, he said.

The South Sudan TV interview with Nyaba, came less than an hour after another exclusive live interview with Lam Akol, during which the former Sudanese foreign minister responded to phone calls from viewers.

Akol said the 1991 split was the first to champion self-determination and democratization of the movement.

He said self-determination through referendum was enshrined in the 1998’s Constitution of Sudan as an alienable right of the people of South Sudan which would have been exercised in a referendum [in 2001], about nine years ago.

Both Akol and Nyaba are from the Shilluk ethnic group in Upper Nile state but are politically rivals in the Shilluk Kingdom.

The two interviews, which reflected on events of the civil war and political events, comes as the leadership of southern Sudan looks create a consensus among the political parties and armed groups in the region ahead of January’s referendum.


Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 15 October 2010 05:23, by Magos

    Dear Hon politican don’t bet around the bush for nothing , you have to tell the reality to this generation ,It is not like Adis Ababa agreement of 1972 . Indeed Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM/SPLA),is government now with it affairs , don’t think about unity of Sudan in January 9 2011 referendum. We need saparation from North Sudan , I want minister Nyaba to shut up ,you are sound like Bashire prostitute ,we know you are brother to lam Akol since 1991 incident and you were failed , please take your money from Khartoum government and keep quite.Your time is expirty and let this generation open the door to freedom ,Justice ,liberty and equality.

    repondre message

    • 15 October 2010 06:40, by Gatjang

      Nyaba and Lam

      Stop lying about anything. No country in this world that ever allow to have two separate rivals armies. Please join us in the south and you will be allow to eat, move freely, and rule like your big leader Dr. Riek. We have the love and heart for the future of our country. Every dog is forgiven, please come in and stop running your mouth around.

      And Lam and Riek (sisters in crime) plus your mindless supporters, the 1991 split has nothing to do with self-determination. The enemy was behind but you are all forgiven and don’t ever talk about it anymore, nothing funny about it. What soever you did in 1991 and 1998 were not discussed in 2005 CPA agreement, so shut up and enjoy free ride to an independence South.

      Wen de jieng AKA Gatjang is back.

      repondre message

    • 15 October 2010 09:41, by mayom maboung marek

      Hi Folk,It is away to show them that Unity does not work at all by all means even if North try and try for unity.

      repondre message

    • 15 October 2010 10:18, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

      To say South Sudan will have its own army even if sudan remains united is a doubtful & paradoxical statement to civilians because it’s 100% effective to have sudan split into North & south countries by demacratic voting, despite the rampant disagreement, border demarcation & the issue of Abyei remains the most causitive agent of returning to war.
      I hope not sudan will be one again in this era becuase unity isn’t attractive as a regular plan of Beshir.
      let Southern Sudan do whatever she thinks is the right without consultation or information for Khartoum governtment.

      repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 05:26, by Abuoi Jook

    Dear Mr Adwok,
    You got it wrong Dr Adwok that South would retain separate Army even when sudan remained united after referendum. The Separate southern army is just allowed for interim period only unless you have new CPA that Stipulates that.

    I wonder why everyone rush at releasing unwaranted statements that mislead the less educated members of public about the possibility of separarte southern army after southerners confirmed unity of Sudan. This is a very big lie in front of every citizen whether a southerner or northerner. Politicians like Adwok would rather analyse their statements correctly before they reach public domain. I am so sadned by this statement though is his own opinion, it remained under stern criticism because there is no provision like that in CPA unless that provision is not exposed to members of the public.

    peoples’ opinions are either in favour of unity or separartion but not for anybody to say what is not even an opinion or documented anywhere in the Agreement. All provisions are clearly understood by everyone in Sudan even those who did not read them. Why this highly educated figure?

    repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 06:12, by Kur William

    Sad for those who pretext to be politician and they do not know anything at all NYaba where did you get that article under international laws that allows one country to have a seperate conventional army in which nation did you square up this situation you talk about with.

    Please stay away in SPLM/A affairs you been triator since 1991 until now and if you wish for pardon then cajole the GOSS for amnesty and we are so happy to forgive all they spies. Kur

    repondre message

  • 15 October 2010 06:51, by DASODIKO

    Its not only SPLM/A who represents the entire vast land of South of Sudan that would prefer to keep its own forces in case Sudan remained united; but even Sudan tribes would prefer that as long as people in the North, and Arab countries continue to arm their Arab tribe brothers in Sudan to expand Pan Arab in Africa. All wars in Sudan since the independent by arming Arab tribe from central gvoernemnts.

    repondre message

Comment on this article

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.

Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis

Who can unlock the current impasse in Sudan? 2019-07-01 06:44:52 By Luka Biong Deng Kuol Since the eruption of the Sudanese popular uprising on 19th December 2018, the protesters have made history. Not only have they unseated one of the longest-serving (...)

Victims of Sexual Violence in Sudan Deserve Justice 2019-06-19 07:16:08 by Tchérina Jérolon, and Daisy Schmitt Today, as we commemorate the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, we demand accountability for sexual crimes committed in (...)

Ezekiel Lol reignites political begging as a Freedom of Expression 2019-06-14 22:49:39 Gatdiet Peter Here, the question is: to what extent does a politician become a “political beggar”? A politician becomes a beggar and (re)focuses on the “politics of begging” as soon as (s)he has (...)


Latest Press Releases

Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders back calls for civil rule 2019-04-26 10:22:06 Press statement by 55 Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders on Sudan Sit-in and Peaceful Protest Khartoum -24/04/2019 We, the undersigned (55) Sudanese lawyers and human rights defenders, (...)

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community 2019-04-03 21:54:29 Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri on 24/3/2019 Release by The Lafon County Youth Union: We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and (...)

Joseph Malwal Dong joined the SPLM/A -IO 2019-04-02 08:35:02 SPLM/A (IO) Press Release 1/4/2019 On Hon. Joseph Malwal Dong Joined the SPLM/A (IO) The leadership of the SPLM/A (IO) would like to seize this precious opportunity to announce to members and (...)


Copyright © 2003-2019 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.