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Kiir says independence of South Sudan is all but certain

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September 17, 2010 (WASHINGTON) – The First Vice President of Sudan and the president of South Sudan Salva Kiir today suggested that maintaining the unity of the country is increasingly appearing to be an unrealistic outcome after the 2011 referendum.

Southern Sudan will hold a referendum on January 9 to decide if it would declare independence or remain with the rest of Sudan.

A second referendum is expected to be held in Abyei which would choose between the north and south.

The referendums are part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) accord which ended a 22-year-long civil war in which an estimated two million people died.

"At the moment all signs point to the fact that on January 9, 2011 Southern Sudanese people will vote overwhelmingly for their own independence," Kiir told an audience at the Washington Convention Center in the U.S capital.

Kiir accused his former rivals at the National Congress Party (NCP) of dragging its feet on the referendum process and warned that the January 9th date must be honored under any circumstances saying the timing is “sacrosanct”.

The Southern leader called on the international community to make clear "that no disruption or delay to these referenda can be tolerated” adding that recurrence of war and violence is likely should a postponement occur.

"There is without question a real risk of a return to violence on a massive scale if the referenda do not go ahead as scheduled," he said.

"The weight of our history, the depths of our peoples’ suffering and corresponding expectations, the promises of their leaders both in the North and South, and the guarantees of the international community create no space for wavering on this," Kiir added.

The South Sudan referendum commission is well behind schedule on preparing for the plebiscite and doubts have been casted over whether the voter registration process can take place as planned in October.

This delay was caused primarily by the standoff between the North and South over the referendum law and then the composition of the commission.

Furthermore, many post-referendum arrangements have yet to be ironed out particularly border demarcation, oil sharing, citizenship, national debts and water.

Kiir expressed concern over calls that the South must concede some of the oil it is producing to the North for it to gain its independence.

"There are rising calls that the South must make accommodations and compromises if it expects the North to accept its independence," Kiir said, adding that he was troubled by the notion that the South would have to "buy its freedom" by surrendering its oil rights.

Currently the North and South split oil revenues of the crude produced in the South.

This week the U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton suggested that the North has fears over losing control over the South oil fields.

"Even if we did everything perfectly ... the reality is that this is going to be a very hard decision for the north to accept," Clinton said.

"So we’ve got to figure out some ways to make it worth their while to peacefully accept an independent south and for the south to recognize that unless they want more years of warfare and no chance to build their own new state they’ve got to make some accommodations with the north as well" she added.

"What happens to the oil revenues?" she said. "And if you’re in the north and all of a sudden you think a line’s going to be drawn and you’re going to lose 80 percent of the oil revenues, you’re not a very enthusiastic participant. What are the deals that can possibly be made that will limit the potential of violence?"

Kiir said his government was working out final details on finding a mutually acceptable formula on how the North and South Sudan will split the country’s oil revenues. He urged the world and the U.S. in particular to take a leadership role in facilitating the negotiations.

U.S. President Barack Obama will join other world leaders at a U.N. summit on Sudan next week in a sign of mounting concern that the January vote could reopen a 20-year conflict responsible for 2 million deaths, mostly from hunger and disease.

The United States has intensified its diplomatic engagement with both sides, and this week offered South Sudan and the northern government in Khartoum a new package of incentives to reach a deal, balanced by the threat of new punitive measures including sanctions if progress stalls.

Kiir is not expected to meet with any senior U.S. official during his visit as he was not offered any such summit according to Rep. Donald Payne who delivered opening remarks at the convention.

The South Sudan president urged the world to accept the referendum outcome despite any possible flaws that may emerge,

"Southern Sudan is not like Switzerland," Kiir said. "It is not realistic to demand perfection."

In Cairo, the Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti dismissed talk of possible war irrespective of the sticking negotiating issues between the North and South.

(ST)

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  • 18 September 2010 09:10, by paul baak anyaar

    Mr. President has read the mind of the Southern populace rightly. Despite all worries that have marred the run-up to Referendum vote, I believe that independence is inevitable. Clearly, voter registration is significantly behind schedule, voter education is likely to edge out as time ticks very fast towards the D-day. The head of the Referendum commission must act now to speed up preparations for the poll lest the run the risk being a failed body. For my fellow compatriots and me, we are ready to celebrate our independence, come what may.
    We are currently preparing our throat for a shout of happiness, keeping our drums ready for a big bang, our legs fit for long jumps, and our rifles loaded (in readiness to tackle any danger that may transpire). I hope the Day will be a big one. Even the sun will have a reason not to shine.

    repondre message

    • 18 September 2010 21:26, by Simon Puok Nyang Tutjiek

      Bravo President Kiir Mayardit for the diplomatic speech,
      Kiir fought for the right of the Southern Sudanese is the only elder and the right leader to take us through any mean in any cause.
      Bravo!!!
      BBBRRRAAAVVVOOO
      PPPRRREEESSSIIIDDDEEENNNTTT
      SSAALLVVAA!!!!!!!

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    • 19 September 2010 03:02, by Deng Ateny Lueth

      Wow, our president kiir wants to compromise our hard fought rights, for the fear that war may erupted again should south choose independent. i don’t know why president kiir seems to be waivering like this in the end. his fear of future war is going to make him cut deal with the north, by giving out our oil to the north. tell our president that don’t worry, what you are suffering is totally a freaking fear of unknown or else it is going to be fought not by your generation,but mine should it starts again. don’t ever ever atempt to rush and cut corners at the end, there isn’t such a thing called easy giving up any piece of our oil or land whatsoever. don’t be terrified with Hilary clinton hoax suggesting that we should make oil accommodations to north so that south will escape whipping or hell from the north. south with her riches is ours and ours alone, no political thugs should compromise any of it even a small village such as the one I came from.

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  • 18 September 2010 09:20, by Biliu

    No incentives nor concession to be given to the devils, our freedom is coming but not through given what’s ours to people who deserve nothing from us.

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  • 18 September 2010 10:19, by Critic_Ngueny

    Separation Oyee!Southern Sudan independent Oyee!
    Khartoum Government must admit independent of Southern Sudan otherwise we shall tune to the language they understand better.

    Southern Sudan Oyee!
    Kiir Mayardit Oyee!
    Youth Oyee!
    Ak 47 Oyee!
    Do you want to be a second class citizen in your own motherland ? My answer to the question is No and it will be No for ever and ever.

    Critic Ngueny from Bor town ,ready to bombard logic Dog with the words of most destruction.

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    • 18 September 2010 10:52, by Lokorai

      Dear President,

      You are now talking nice and our people are happy with your stand sir! Don’t go left or right, its gonna be alright; saying it naked is what we need now.

      Lokorai

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  • 18 September 2010 12:16, by makuei

    Yes, it is now or never. Southerners should prepare for the registration process and carry it out to the fullest. Then act the way a black man acts; ensure no mincing of words, vote for separation, if you are wondering what am talking about.

    Raphael

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  • 18 September 2010 13:18, by Hillary B.M.L,M

    This is the first time outside Sudan that Mr. Salver Kir spoke openly, responsively and pleasingly to us there in the USA.
    No more Slavery, no more Second class after 9/1/2011 what ever trial to fake the result, if not by Referendum then through parliament.

    But Caution !
    Freedom should also mean respect to minor tribes otherwise would not be a true independent but a Chaos independent which lead to colonization again.

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  • 18 September 2010 13:39, by ahme adam

    as a northern sudanese I feel good that the ill part of sudan which is the south will be amputated for good , just dont forget to take your stinky marisa with you as you leave

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  • 18 September 2010 14:24, by alvin ajou

    thank you cow boy (Kiir) for saying exactly what we have been thinking about. But you should be careful about the oil issues, i mean no oil field should be left to the Arabs.

    separation oyeeee

    south sudan oyeeee

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    • 18 September 2010 15:16, by samuel mayen

      it is our right to have sepration now even i have seen thier is no anybody behond the splm and it is the right time also for our president to move every where even not only US.
      KIIR OYEE
      sepration oyee

      mayen malak

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      • 18 September 2010 17:58, by Gatwech

        So Kiir did not meet Obama?

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      • 18 September 2010 18:42, by John M. Atem

        Thank you very much Mr. president Salva Kiir for those very enchanting, praiseworthy and encouraging words.
        We truly appreciate your enchanting and praiseworthy words and we thank you for your coming over to brief us on all political developments at home and how best we in exile can help.
        Mr.president this is the time for you and your colleagues in the SPLM leadership to deliver us out from many years of cruelly devilished dehumanizing slavery, enforced political oppression, exploitation, and mismanagement for which we have been held hostages for so many years.
        Realistically, Mr.president Salva Kiir, our people of Southern Sudan have been seriously exposed to a prolonged periods of political uncertainty, violence and nightmarish economic deprivation.
        The time for us to be freed is now,but not later.
        Folks, recently bunch of degenerated, pariah and bribe- to-death pschopath traitors have been running around like chicken with its head cut off preaching their fatalistic and propagandistic stone age period politics of Somalization of Southern Sudan should we choose to become an independent political state.
        Folks, these fatalistic messages are nothing more than a political smokescreen specifically designed to scare broad day light out of you, the people of Southern Sudan and to make you, the people of Southern Sudan look wickedly stupid.
        Folks,I do not know what these bunch of dimwitted and fossilized philistine fools devoid of human beings qualities are smoking?
        Indeed, these brain-dead and chronically-scared to death fossilize fools should keep their mouths stuffed with blood-stained money up. Folks, you have no reason to be scared.
        we have strong, fearless, well-trained, and read-to-the combat army in the southern Sudan under our most trusted and brilliant military chief of staff Lt general James Hoi Mai.
        All we need to do is to support them.
        Finally and last,but not certainly the least, the law of the living and natural God revealed in the fullest believe that" righteouness’ exalteth the nation while a sin is a disgrace to any people"
        Therefore, in this regard, I ardently urge the orphaned political pupils of the SPLM-TORIT-MAINSTREAM to support President Salva Kiir to build a strong, war-free, God-fearing and more moralistic corruption-free Commonwealth Christian nation-state of Southern Sudan based on our foundational Judaeo-Christian values and principles.
        The Comprehensive Peace Agreement has given us, the people of Southern Sudan all the tools that we need to be able to construct our shining political destiny. We need to vigorously support un impeded full implementation of Comprehensive Peace Agreement
        In conclusion, the late American president John F. Kennedy once said," Mankind must stop the war, or war will put an end to mankind" In this regard, I ardently urge the people of Southern Sudan to stop preaching outdated, outlandish and fabricated stone age period politics that have reduced us into the lowest common denominator in the scale of contemporary human beings.
        Folks, let us not be wickedly fooled by this degenerated, pariah and scum of humanity Jallaba-Arabs at time. Our destiny is rightfully in our hands and we must make good use of it for this generation or next generation to come.
        May almighty God creator of heaven and Earth bless the long-suffering, abused, and long-forgotten people of Southern Sudan and guided them into a promised land of freedom, liberty, respect for humanity dignity and Social justice for all. NB: let not use education as a tool of exploitation our people,but as a mean of improving our people’s wretched way of life.
        John M. Atem is the orphaned son of late freedom fighter. He has Diploma in Criminal Justice.

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  • 18 September 2010 22:59, by Lok T Simon

    Dear president Kiir Mayardit,

    You are very right to say that we can’t buy our rights with oil. Stick on that point because we can’t pampering Bashir regime with oil just for Bashir to give us our rights (independence), no. Within the length of the period right from 1899 since Sudan entered twentieth century Anglo-Egyptian rule up to this time, more event things happened and no improvements developments on the things like, Education, political economic, human rights, equality of wealth, construction, transport network ( logistic) and environmental healthy of south.

    So, stick on that point and we are going to be proud of you and pain that some of us, including civilians endure during the struggle in the bush will heal.

    Thanks

    Lok T. Simon

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  • 18 September 2010 23:41, by jalabi

    Nothing new on what you said Mr. Kiir!!

    You want independent? not a problem go ahead and nothing will ever block you from creating your "Utopia" country. as northern and african/arab people we will never ever go for war against south again because we benefited from peace a lot and we were able to built our infrastructure in the north and able to manage many great projects.

    You see how Ethiopia developed itself without Eritrea, despite Ethiopia was in great need for Eriteria because it was its only gate to the sea but Ethiopia has the most developed economy in Africa and Eritera has become part of the history to Ethiopia, can you imagine if Ethiopia is still at war with Eritrea??!!

    We have all the factors to be successful country in Africa without the south, absolutely south is going to be the most "Fail" state in Africa and in front of Somalia and will be part of Sudan history.

    Jalabi (Abo Jalabia)

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  • 19 September 2010 04:50, by Thyinka

    Kiir needs to quit talking about the independence and start working on the necessary processes required to make sure that it happens. You can’t sing separation when the registration has not even begun. The threats of the sanctity of 9th of January 2011 will be not do the registration process nor will it put in place all the mechanisms needed for a successful referendum.

    Kiir, do something about the glaring delays that are happening to the referendum process otherwise you will wake up on 9th January and no referendum has taken place. Good luck with Juor Mathiang you are dealing with. They will employ every trick in the book to frustrate this process.

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