Home | News    Friday 30 July 2010

Sudan’s NCP hints at delaying the 2011 referendum over border demarcation


July 29, 2010 (KHARTOUM) — The ruling National Congress Party (NCP) today suggested that the 2011 referendum in South Sudan may have to be delayed until the border demarcation process is completed.

"That is a condition for all referendums around the world that might lead to the creation of a new sovereign state," Ibrahim Ghandour, a senior official of the National Congress Party (NCP), told Agence France Presse (AFP) today.

Ghandour added that failure to agree on a border could lead to a new conflict and in a separate interview with the BBC gave examples of the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Eritrea split from Ethiopia in 1991, but the two countries are still arguing and have fought over the precise border.

This week the Government of southern Sudan (GOSS) representative at the border commission Riak Degol said that it is impossible to complete the demarcation prior to the key vote early next year. He said that the panel will adjourn its activities until next October citing the rainy season which would affect the terrain and logistics.

The Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) was quick to dismiss the condition set by the NCP to conduct the referendum.

"It is in the south’s interest, even more so than that of the north, to demarcate the border," SPLM leading figure Luka Byong told AFP.

"But we must not confuse what is desirable with what is required," underlining that it is not necessary to resolve the thorny border question before the vote.

Southern Sudan’s Regional Co-operation Minister Barnaba Benjamin told the BBC that linking the border issue with the referendum was "illogical and unacceptable".

He agreed that the border must be demarcated but said if this was not done by January, the referendum should still be held as planned.

The SPLM deputy Secretary General, Yasir Arman, said the NCP was not interested in holding the referendum on time.

In Washington, the U.S. administration said that the South is "entitled" to holding the referendum as planned.

"Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, South Sudan is entitled to a referendum in January. We are working hard with officials in Juba to prepare for that referendum. There is a lot of work to be done to create the right conditions for the referendum to be successful. Border demarcation is one of those issues. We are – we’ve been working hard on that for some time. We hope it can be resolved before the referendum. But South Sudan is entitled to a referendum in January, and we hope that it will happen on schedule" State Department Spokesman PJ Crowley told reporters on Thursday.

Crowley stressed that the NCP needs to cooperate with the South and the international community to complete the referendum.

"[R]ather than trying to put conditions on the referendum, it would be far better for Sudan to cooperate fully, resolve the issues – and there are a number of them – that need to be resolved prior to January. But we believe that these issues can be satisfactorily addressed so that the referendum can happen in January as is planned" he said.

The referendum on southern independence is a key provision of a 2005 peace deal which ended a more than two-decade war between north and south Sudan, a conflict in which two million people were killed.

Most observers expect an overwhelming vote by Southerners for independence driven by bitter memories of the civil war and feeling of marginalization by the Arab-Muslim dominated North.


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  • 30 July 2010 06:24, by Gatwech

    UDI is another option!

    The so-called NCP’s Gandhour should not also forget that when a ruling party obstructs the conduct of the referendum a unilateral declaration of independence is an option. And of course with the blessing of all friendly countries around the globe who know the historical stupidity of NCP.

    repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 12:00, by DengDit Ayok

      Dear comrade Gatwech,

      You’re absolutely right. That’s what we’re going to do. South Sudan will get its independence whether the Khartoum rulers want it or not. My big thumb is up for you dear comrade.

      The sharp axe of separation must cut the heads of the Northern elite.

      repondre message

      • 30 July 2010 14:14, by Ayok

        Dear Comrades,

        That’s very wonderful one, we can not accept any delaying of Referendum to Law or power we can separate from north.
        message to those of inter pear.

        repondre message

    • 31 July 2010 22:32, by Deng Ateny Lueth

      That has been the point many patriotic southern sudanese talking about, that referendom is a nerves, mind, heart source of nurishing,repairing, and healing medicines to our chronic wounds inflicted into us by nincompoop arab, since their envasion of our land 13 century ago. we will proved it to arabs and their slaves southern sudanese in the north in a matter brought day light when we vote overwhelmingly in favor of our long awaited referendom which our prophets have predicted the end of it as separation.

      repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 06:26, by BUSTA 2

    That is right!!

    Without border demarcation No referendum H.E Bashir has said and I do support him. Referendum is likely to go up to 2012 if not nothing will be held even because in Juba South people has forgot about referendum.

    Brother in Christ,

    Busta 2

    repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 07:33, by Garang Ayiik

      Hey Busta, did you know the raid/attack made by SPLA last 21 years? don’t wrote outside come to south and proclaim your Omar or donkey his powers in south if you will not regrete.

      repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 07:37, by Kur William

      NCP must know that referendum will take place as it was planned otherwise we shouldn,t be deviated with those fishy threats by the North.

      Fisrt all Arabs must know that we couldn,t achieved that CPA in the football statdium rather then other friendly loophole everything all came by war if there is immenint of that kind and then nothing wrong with it we are quanitance with whatever take us to acomplish that privilge.

      we don,t want war if NCP want to take us back to our previous position then we will pay big price then ever before. Kur

      repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 10:38, by Aduol Liet

      Busta2 whatever your stupid name is.

      There is nothing that, will block Southern Sudanese on the referendum plan, we want to leave behind the border demarcation issue a part and we would like follow up the referendum which was the main talks and the world were witness when signing in Kenya and we are absolutely exicting to go ahead as it was been schedule and the world also want to see the rights of Southern Sudanese to vote without any condition. The SPLM have been speaking clearly to these guilty party of indictment that, they want Sudan government to change the way the behave badly so that, unity should and was supposedly to attracted Southerners Sudanese people as well as many others marginalization within Sudan region unfortunately, the indictment Omar al Bashir and his guilty Party so call National Congress have been backing all the Old Ideas which made Southern Sudan so sad to break a way in all these two movements in the Sudan.

      The Southern Sudanese will choose separation whether you guys like or not, it will happen for sure and that border issue will be remain to get done after the referendum if it has pass successful as we wanted to be. I do not want to wast my time with this narrow minding person like you Mr, Busta2 who supporting Arab to dominate us again in the Sudan that is not going to happen. Your cooperation with indictment Omar al Bashir will not affect Southern Sudan’s choice in the coming months be loyal to them but it will be fire to those against rights of Southern Sudanese people we have obligation to say we are not going to posnposting even days nothing like that.

      repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 17:52, by Ayok


      Oh dear friend I will not blame you, because slow minded doesn’t know the right of others, but let me refer you to CPA, Bashir is not the right of Southerners, but CPA is a right for self-determination to Southerners and all marginalizes people.
      "enough is enough" we are tied of you people instead of giving us thank.
      infact, for what we have done is mistake, to give you north Sudan meanwhile you are not origin citizens in Sudan otherwise you process your home land in Sudia Arab before Referendum 2011 not 2012.

      repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 07:25, by Garang Ayiik

    Dear My Enemy Ghandour, this are not the Southerners of 1972 they are adifferent southerners you will still face them event though we end war we will still come to your muslim north, fuck off don’t chatter, your chattering has nothing to do with the CPA implementation.

    repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 08:16, by Joseph Chol De Makuei

    Dear Mr. Ghandor,

    Thanks you for showing up the tagtics of NCP to the public before the time of the Referendom come. It will let us thinks well to get the solution to your bad paraganda to the people of Sudan and South Sudan in particular.
    Because the results of Referendum will please all Sudanese if Unity score the position. and opposit is true for Seperation, Southern Sudanese will be more happy than any thing on the World.

    Ghandor, making conditions means that you are not interested in Referendum to be done on time or it may not take place due to your (NCP) programmed purpose. but let it be clear to you that CPA is not LIKE ADDIS ABABA of 1972 Agreement. therefore, you will not turn it over like what Japar Nimiri Did.

    Be logic enough, and let us work out our Referendum in good way that will let us stay togather or seperate in peace into two states with good economic relationship. Peterolium and others relations will keep us connect, Otherwise you will be sorry.

    Joseph Chol

    Nairobi Kenya

    repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 10:11, by jalabi

    What crazy people??!!

    Absolutely, no referendum without border demacration because we want to save the two nations from going back to war and prevent bloodshed.

    Don’t worry what we say and insist will be implemented at the end of the day and SPLM/A will accept and comply after reluctance and stretching its cat body to look like tiger and scared NCP and north but never mind, history tells us they will comply at the end of the day like before since CPA was implemented, why? I can answer this question, first they cannot fight again after they tasted the Dollar and ate too much and their body becomes too heavy and fat to fight and run through the jungle as before, second they want to separate no matter how much that will cost them and if we ask the border between north-south to be at Juba point they’ll agree!

    Why you don’t want to demacrate and want to keep this open for reason to go for war again? it’s known and very clear that the border between south-north is 1956 border and Abyei is north since that time when Dinka Nokog leaders had chosen voluntarily to be north and that’s it and if you want "BLUNJA" and "DOKSHOMAN" we are ready to defend our land and territory!

    Jalabi (Abo Jalabia)

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    • 30 July 2010 14:07, by James Deng Dimo

      Packen NCP of Bashir, there is enough SPLA to deal with boarder issue, with or without NCP still the South Sudan Assembly will on 9th/January 2011 will declared the independent of the Republic of South Sudan.

      We in the Sudan do not want Arabs any more, you stay alone and we whish you good live in North.

      repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 16:33, by John M. Atem

      The National Congress Party should not delay the borders demarcation.
      In fact, the clear demarcation of Borders are critically important in the sense that they preventing the future war. Given all the things the National Congress Party are now doing in Sudan the chances of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement thriving as the binding document are very slim.

      repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 18:51, by Kim Deng

      Arabized Nubians,

      South Sudan is leaving no matter what, but if you want to mess up with the referendum, be ready for the worst. This referendum is a matter of life and death you ought to know that. And therefore, the border demarcation must not keep referendum hostage.

      repondre message

      • 30 July 2010 22:25, by John M. Atem

        Dear Readers,
        The people who have been constantly posting comments on this magnificent website supporting the unity of Sudan under political plateform of thuggocratic, pariah, demonized and murderous Arabs-led regime in Khartoum are totally out -of- tourch with the suffering of the people and political reality of the situation in Sudan. In fact, fellow citizens, since Sudan got her independence from the incompetent, racist and immorally corrupt Anglo-Egyptian colonial administration on January,1,1956 Sudan has been mired in a never-ending bloody resources-draining political civil wars, violence and nighmarish economic quagmire. Indeed, the division of Sudan into two states will definitely and surely put an end to all these destructive political civil wars.
        Realistically, all those wars which have been fought through out the history of contemporary Sudan were fought on basic and rudimentary principles to achieve total freedom, liberty, respect for human dignity and social justice for all wonderfully God’s created people of majestically New Sudan.
        Indeed, the Agreements which have been signed in the past to end those wars have been abrogated by various brutal and fatalistic Islamic regimes which have come and gone in Khartoum.
        Therefore, given the history of Sudan as a country always mired in a never-ending bloody resources-draining political civil wars ,violence and nightmarish economic deprivation, I think it is better to divide Sudan into two states.
        In my opinion, this is the only way to solve all these destructive and diseased political civil wars. It will also gives the long-forgotten people of Southern Sudan a chance to construct their political future.
        Hence, Victor Hugo once said," there is nothing more powerful in all this world than an idea whose time has come". Therefore, in this regard, the time has come for the people of Southern Sudan to extricate themselves from the rusty steel chains of cruelly dehumanizing slavery, enforced political oppression, and mismanagement for which they have been helpless held hostages for so many years.
        Inconclusion, the leader of out-of-ideas, pariah and philosophical bankrupt National Congress Party needs to understand that you cannot instill sense of political discipline in the people by killing them. In the other words, immorally destructive means cannot bring morally constructive end.
        Fellow Citizens, let not forget what we have been fighting for last 21 years. If we forgot what we have been fighting for last 21 years than Jallaba-Arabs will definitely murder all of us in a broad day light. So, let keep that spirit a live.

        repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 13:12, by American Missile.

    Dear People.

    Any delay from NCP will not be a logistics problem,it is delay tactics which we can not respect it. we have been respectful to CPA even when we are agitates by NCP elements who are derailing the Peace settlement in the South.

    Nothing will stop us if God is with us along the BUSH and six years interim period.
    Never never say like that.
    Independent oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee.

    Freedom Activist
    Majok AKotdit.

    repondre message

  • 30 July 2010 16:27, by Akolde Nhiak Jinub

    Hey Ibrahim Ghandour,

    You are fucked up, son of a trader!!

    You must understand that without Referendum for the South of the Sudan, there will be unthinkable eruption of another war all over the Sudan. Southern people will go in with their weapons, Darfur will go back to square one, eastern Sudan will join for they are cheated now in Sudan power sharing.

    Where shall we meet, we the marginalized: central Sudan and this is Khartoum. This time, it will not be a War in the South, but in the central/north Sudan!!!! Bear this in mind.

    Because of the Referendum eshrined in CPA of 2005, CPA was signed by SPLM/A on behalf of the South Sudanese in Naivasha Kenya. I was born three years before SPLA/M war, and I am very fit and ready with my ages/colleagues to fight this other war that you are brewing. Now, it will be a war between Arabs in the north of Sudan and black African in the South of Sudan. No Darfuri, No Beja of eastern to fight us was before and who were cheated on shield of religious war, the Jahid, and who will be fighting for their rightful place in the world or on earth.

    Please, please leave us alone and in peace. We have had thought that your development projects of what you so-called Sudan Peace/Unity Funds is meant to create good neighbourhood and not baking for another war when you said, that referendum should be delayed for boarder demacaration first to complete! Boarders are known before CPA even. Back before the So-called Sudan indepedence, there was distinctive reginoal boarder between north and South of Sudan.

    Forget it and let’s work for peaceful neighbourhood, or else brew for the toughest war that you have never seen before!

    If international community does not care, let NCP delay the Referendum conduct. International Community in fact should questioned and answerable to death of 2 million lives in Sudan, between north and south for the last 22 years of civil war.

    Where is world justice on earth?

    South Sudan UDI oyeeeeeeeeeee! Or referendum to be conducted as planned and eshrined in the CPA.

    Akolde, in Rumbek South Sudan.

    repondre message

    • 30 July 2010 21:53, by Truth_Seeker

      1. The South is christian you are Muslim
      2. The South is Black African you are Arab Muslim
      3. The South wants freedom you want Sharia, jihad
      4. The South wants to be left alone
      Go away we don’t want unity with Arabs why are you still waiting for the referendum ? go away get away from us leave us alone we don’t want you do you understand. Go go now leave us alone go now leave the South alone.

      repondre message

  • 31 July 2010 06:48, by Bol Bol

    “At the end of the six (6) years Interim period there shall be an internationally monitored referendum organized jointly by the GOS and the SPLM/A, for the people of South Sudan to: confirm the unity of the Sudan by voting to adopt the system of Government established under the Peace Agreement; or to vote for secession.”. (Sec. 2.5, p8. CPA, 2005).”

    repondre message

    • 1 August 2010 02:55, by John M. Atem

      Dear Readers,
      Iam writing to all of you, and in particular to the great and long-suffering people of Southern Sudan to stop writing childish, double-dealing and diversionary commments on this magnificent website. And let us protect the rights of our people.
      Indeed, this is the moment we, the people of Southern Sudan have been waiting for and we need to keep our eyes open, otherwise the Comprehensive Peace Agreement will be abrogated by brutal and fatalistic Islamic regime in Khartoum like so many other Agreements we have signed in the past with various Arabs-led regimes in Khartoum.
      Finally and last,but not certainly the least, let us stop preaching down-market, double-dealing, diversionary and outdated primitive stone age period politics that have reduced us into the lowest common denominator in the scale of human beings.

      repondre message

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