Home | News    Friday 8 January 2010

NGOs urge Security Council to consider more resources for UNMIS

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January 7, 2009 (LONDON) — A group of aid agencies issued a joint report today that urged the UN Security Council to consider whether the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) needs more resources, pointing out that civilians in South Sudan are at risk, particularly in rural areas.

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A poor road on the outskirts of Rumbek, September 23, 2009 (Photo - Maya Mailer/Oxfam)

In 2009, approximately 2,500 people were killed in violence in South Sudan and more than 369,000 fled their homes, according to non-governmental organizations.

"The UN Security Council (UNSC) should emphasize that protecting civilians must be a priority for UNMIS and consider whether UNMIS needs more resources to meet its mandated obligations," states the NGOs’ Joint Briefing Paper issued today.

UNMIS was established by a Security Council Resolution of March 24, 2005, and reached close to its full-strength deployment by September 2006. The mission was tasked with monitoring the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, but it also had a Chapter VII (of the UN Charter) mandate to protect civilians.

In a strongly worded section of today’s Briefing Paper, the aid agencies claim that "For most of the mission’s life … the UN Security Council has not prioritised protecting civilians in southern Sudan; the UN Department of Peace Keeping Operations (DPKO) has not provided enough support for protection activities; and the UNMIS in-country leadership has neglected civilian protection.

"There are several reasons for this: southern Sudan’s precarious security environment was not well understood; UNMIS was concentrating on CPA monitoring; and a view existed among mission personnel that the Security Council added the civilian protection component to the mandate as an afterthought. As a result, UNMIS has been slow to grapple with its mandated protection responsibilities and to use its resources to respond to a changing context."

The aid agencies’ paper also suggests that field-level UNMIS officers lack understanding of the civilian protection responsibilities. The paper takes the stand that "with thousands of ordinary southerners being killed in deadly attacks and the potential for further violence, such a lack of awareness of protection responsibilities is untenable."

THREATS TO SECURITY

Maya Mailer, a writer based in Juba, co-authored the Joint NGO Briefing Paper. She said in a press statement, "It is not yet too late to avert disaster, but the next 12 months are a crossroads for Africa’s largest country."

The report happened to be published on the day the UN announced that at least 139 people were killed in a remote part of Warrap state sometime in the past week.

Violence in rural areas has included inter-tribal fighting and community-level feuding. But other problems are of a different nature, such as the Lord’s Resistance Army’s (LRA) presence in Western Equatoria. Voluntary youth militia known as ‘Arrow Boys’ have responded to this threat.

The recruitment of ‘Arrow Boys,’ the paper argues, is not an adequate response: "the reliance on a militia, which includes children among its ranks, is extremely worrying and is a sign of the inability of the GoSS security forces and the UN peacekeeping mission (UNMIS) to protect civilians."

Again a response from the UN Security Council is urged: "The LRA is a regional problem, however, requiring a regional response, and neither the GoSS nor UNMIS can be expected to deal with the LRA on their own. The UN Security Council must renew its engagement with the LRA issue and push for a comprehensive solution to the problem. At the same time, as detailed below, the GoSS and UNMIS can and must take urgent steps to improve the security of citizens, including in LRA-affected areas," it says.

Other insights deal with development and enhancing capacity to respond to emergencies. The briefing paper also calls for improvements to airstrips and roads, through donor funding, which would "enable the authorities and UNMIS to reach unstable locations quickly."

"Rescuing the Peace in Southern Sudan" is the title of the report, which was written on behalf of the following organizations: Cordaid, Save the Children, Tearfund, Oxfam International, World Vision, Christian Aid, International Rescue Committee, Secours Catholique/Caritas France, ICCO & Kerk in Actie, and Handicap International.

(ST)

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  • 8 January 2010 07:14, by Time1

    Salva kirr needs to pull up his trousers now, this is not a simple issue anymore, GOSS needs to show some control over the country. Salva should be very serious and get tough, no more sweet talks.

    repondre message

    • 8 January 2010 07:20, by Time1

      Maya Mailer is wrong, she should watch her mouth, south sudan gvoernment will not alllow further interference of NGO, NGOs are going around exaggerating matters out of proportions, UNMIS mandate is fine and does not need any changes, GOSS will deal with the security and other issues, but international help is needed, in terms of expert advise and recommendations to the government, logistical support, training and capacity building, but this sort of talk by Maya Mailers about asking UN to protect south sudan will not be accepted, she is trying to undermine the GOSS leadership, UN was given mandate to protect the people of Congo, but instead UN colaborate with rebel groups to commit genocide in Congo, Un have to stick to its CPA mandate, GOSS should reject any stupid move which goes to far to undermine GOSS authority.

      repondre message

      • 8 January 2010 08:11, by majook

        Dear Mr.Time or whatever you call yourself,

        Maya Mailer report is the best in its kind.The United Nation Mission in Sudan(UNMIS)is not doing its task fully to monitor the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement(CPA).Protecting the civials of Southern Sudan is part of the CPA in which the UNIMIS Should do in collobration with the Government of Southern Sudan.

        People with your shallow thinking are very dangerious to the peace of this young nation,southern sudan. UN didn,t undermine the GoSS,but as you write it:International help is needed in terms of expert advices and recommendations to the goverment and so on,why then do you dismissed Mailer,s called for UN committement?

        you contridicted youreslf.Please read articles carefully before you make commence.

        Thanks
        Enjoy your narrow head.
        Majook

        repondre message

        • 8 January 2010 09:40, by Time1

          Majook, Oxfoarm report sound more political with hidden agenda than advisory report, they failed to mention the positive achievements of the GOSS, they only focus on the negative part which is not the whole situation, yes their is some problems but it is not to that extend that the Oxfarm and its fake report Maya are trying to give out, no body makes a narrow thinking, no body have a problem with NGOs, we all work together for a better purpose, but NGOs haver to be careful when compiling reports, they have to understand the whole situation of the country and also aknowledge the positive achievements, but Oxfarm and those of Maya Mailers on focus on negative issues with their fake reports, the UN mandate of UNMIS is very clear but it is the UN system and the corruption within which does not allow the UN to carry out that mandate effectively, UNMIS mandate is to monitor CPA and give support to both governments, security is not the business of UNMISS since the CPA allows two armies of SAF and SPLA and also the joint Integrated Units, so Maya calls for UN security or army is not justified and not nessecary, Maya Mailures has to be careful not to try and undermine the country’s authorities, being nice to her does not mean the GOSS is stupid and does not know what is going on, we all need to work together for a positive end not to try and create more problems by making fake reports.

          repondre message

          • 8 January 2010 10:51, by majook

            Dear Times

            I appreciated very much your respond regarding how i responded to your commence above.I can tell you are the only person who is friendly on this site and i relly wish i should accept my appology because i sound not friendly in my first commence.I can see and remember how other NGOS Worked as spies in southern sudan but my arguement was base on the UN need to see and give the best recommendations to our government to over come the activities of the arabs govrnment in kHARTOUM and their sponsored malitias all over southern sudan.

            I,m appologzing to you.
            Thanks
            Majook.

            repondre message

            • 8 January 2010 15:06, by Saaid Nafe

              Believe me or not ,most of the current NGO’s in the southern sudan are working for their interest not for the people of the suouthern sudan.I would like GOSS to make screeing them propely and examine their gold rather than leaving them playing around with or destiny

              repondre message

  • 11 January 2010 22:29, by U-man

    Even if the NGOs work so hard to get any aids to help building roads,our people will find away to jeopardy them.

    repondre message

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