Home | Comment & Analysis    Monday 19 October 2009

Dimensions of current political discourse over Malakal

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By Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba

October 18, 2009 — A joke made rounds in 1983 following the imposition, by Field Jaafar Nimeri Marshall, of the September Islamic Sharia Laws. Two Southern Sudanese traveling in opposition directions met in Kosti. “Where are you going?” asked the one traveling to the South. “I am going to Khartoum.” Replied the other one: “It is better that you returned to the South. In Khartoum you will have your hands cut off if your collected somebody’s possession on the ground; or you will be stoned to death if were found with a woman or lashed if you were caught drinking anything alcoholic.” “Why?” He shouted in disbelief, “is there no government in Khartoum?” The truth is; it was the government itself at work.

There is a poignant parallel to this story in what is going on today in parts of Southern Sudan. The attack on Warnyol, Duk Fadiet; the ethnic and sectional armed conflicts in Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes and Warrap; the recent fighting between the SPLA forces in Bentiu; the Mundari – Bor Dinka conflict; and by the way it is just a matter of hours before the smouldering dispute over Malakal might finally erupt into Padang Dinka – Shilluk mayhem; you may name the rest I have forgotten. A common feature of these conflicts reflecting a dire state of widespread insecurity is the absence of prompt state intervention: no culprits have been arrested or charged confirming the suspicion that some highly placed people are involved while nearly all these security breaches have been blamed on the National Congress Party in a manner that disables the search for truth.

Why are our people fighting themselves? This multi-million dollar question in every mouth in Southern Sudan and even in the Diaspora begs answers which are not forthcoming. It is mind boggling that a people who have struggled to liberate themselves, and are only waiting to exercise the right of self-determination for which they have sacrificed millions of kith and kin, have turned against one another in a manner unprecedented and which seem to re-echo back the question: what for was all the sacrifice? In another way one may even be tempted to ask the innocent question above: is there no government in Southern Sudan? Or is it perhaps our government itself at work?

Of course it’s any government’s top responsibility and raison dè êtré to protect lives and property of its citizens. Short of shooting oneself in the foot the responsibility for the state of affairs in Southern Sudan lies squarely on the SPLM leadership and its entire membership. No one in this political institution will escape unscathed by the verdict history will hand down sooner than later. We take responsibility for commission or omission. However, those with power and authority take the most responsibility should there be hanging or the ICC.

I am writing this piece, recuperating from an ailment in a Hospital bed, at least to vent my frustration and anger with the deliberate inaction to curb the nightmare of uncertainty we as a people are going through but more with the fact that some of these could, and indeed would have been prevented. We seem not to remember the saying ‘a stitch in time save nine’. It can point to one thing that the crop of leaders we today have in the SPLM were only made for war not for governing leave alone the important tasks of state- as well as nation-building in Southern Sudan. It is this phenomenal failure of historical dimension that explodes in our faces daily in the form of ethnic conflicts, high-level corruption and abuse of power with impunity, and you can go on naming it.

My reference point in this context is the formation in July 1983 of the SPLM/A to spearhead the revolutionary armed struggle. Liberation undertaken by the SPLM/A was presumed to be a process of social and political conscientisation of our people to enable them transform the oppressive reality of political exclusion, economic marginalisation, exploitation and neglect as well as social discrimination based on ethnicity, religion, language and culture by which they have been submerged for centuries. This presupposes that liberation is an irreversible transforming process that under no circumstances political, social or economic would this oppressive reality be recreated. Thus both the oppressor and the oppressed would be transformed to create a new reality of peace, unity, equality, social justice, democracy and prosperity.

The truth however was different for in 1983 the war erupted against a background of contradictions in the defunct Southern Region. The May regime in its terminal years generated serious political contradictions which erupted as wars in its weakest link in the Southern Region. This explains the spontaneous manner people from the marginalised regions joined the SPLM/A in their tens of thousands. However, it must be honestly admitted that not all the combatants who swelled the ranks and file of the SPLM/A were inspired by liberation ideals or socialist ideology aired out over radio SPLA. Most of them did so in response to their immediate local disputes and conflicts and the idea was to get firearms to settle these disputes. Some of them were fugitives of the Sudanese justice system.

Thus for instance the people of Abyei, northern Bahr el Ghazal responded and joined the SPLM/A to acquire firearms to resolved the nagging problem with their neighbours the Messeriya and Rezeighat [Murahileen]; the Bor Dinka had traditional conflict with the Murle; the Lauch and Paweny Dinka of Khor Falus and Atar respectively had old scores to settle; while on the other hand they had not settled their dispute with the Shilluk over land. So all and sunder arrived in Bilpam with a hidden local agenda.

The SPLM/A, essentially a military movement, absorbed all these contradictions in what was termed ‘revolutionary armed struggle’ but failed to transform them into nation-building instruments. The revolutionary armed struggle incubated instead of resolving these contradictions. This may explain why some of them have ferociously resurfaced. And although new conflict lines have sprouted in the last four years they may be attributed to the competition for wealth and power among the political and military elite and the failure of the state to curb them. How can we explain the sudden and recent violent eruption between the Mundari and the Bari in the suburbs of Juba, the Southern Sudan capital and seat of its government?

I want to concern myself primarily with the genesis of the smouldering conflict in and about Malakal? A conflict is quietly evolving between the Shilluk and Padang Dinka which has the prospects and capacity to evolve into a major conflagration if our leaders chose to turn a deaf ear or blind eye to the glaring realities. This is primarily because it is a question of demarcation of borders of the two states of Upper Nile and Jonglei. This is the prerogative and sole responsibility of the Government and that is precisely what I mean when I said it will be the responsibility of the two state governments should the impending conflict between the Padang Dinka and the Shilluk erupt into violence.

When the Paramount chief of Atar Dinka made a fictitious claim to the area between the Sobat –Nile confluence and the Nile – Zeraf confluence in 1980 in the wake of Nimeri’s mischievous administrative decentralisation policy, a survey team commissioned by the Regional Government established that at no point did the boundary of Fangak (Jonglei Province) and Tonga (Upper Nile Province) districts touched the Nile or Sobat Rivers. In spite of this ruling a violent eruption ensued in 1981 in which lives were lost. It is one of the resolved security breaches.

As if this was not enough the Atar Dinka did not relinquish their claim and even continued to fester the SPLM Leadership with petitions claiming that the Shilluk resided only on the west bank of the Nile. This is a falsehood that bears no historical records (refer to Upper Nile Hand Book 1931) but it is now the source of deadly tension between the two communities which also has been joined by the other Padang Dinka groups of Ngok Lual Yak and the Dongjol in the context of a master plan in the style of Balfour (1917) to create a homeland for the Jews.

So the simple dispute between two SPLA giants over the name and where to place their mutual county H/Qs, which rekindled the old feuds between Luach and Paweny sections leading to loss of life in 2006 and 2007 has been transformed into a major inter-ethnic conflagration with serious political implications for the CPA implementation, state and nation building in Southern Sudan. The Luach political and military elite wanted the county H/Qs in Khor Falus and have gone ahead to build a military port in Changi/ Wic Nyilwal on the Sobat River to the chagrin of the people of Pajur, while the Paweny elite wanted the H/Qs in Atar Ardeib on Khor Atar. The compromise decision brokered by a Padang Dinka politician in the presence of the President of GOSS, to position the county H/Qs in Pijo at the confluence of the Nile and Sobat Rivers, exacerbates the tension with the Shilluk who see the hands of two Ministers in GOSS behind a sinister and treacherous scheme to displace them from their ancestral lands to pave the way for the establishment of a Padang Dinka State adjoining together from the west to the east: the Abyei, Pariang, Paweny, Luach, Ngok, Dongjol, Ager, Nyiel and Abailang clans of the Padang Dinka.

The idea of Padang Dinka State, as a means of building a sense of unity and solidarity among the Padang Dinka has been prompted by a feeling of powerlessness and alienation from the Dinka power centre (currently in Bahr el Ghazal under the leadership of Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit) due to their dispersion over a wide territory separated by the Nuer and the Shilluk. To gain recognition and hence inclusion into this Dinka power house, the Padang Dinka political and military elite must demonstrate unity and strength. And this unity can only be stimulated by initiating a conflict with the neighbouring Shilluk over their ancestral land. The scheme to dislodge the Shilluk from their land on the east bank of the Nile from Nyijwado in the South to Detwok in the north is the underlying hidden agenda of the Padang Dinka political elite fronted by an influential Abyei Minister in GOSS. The idea is to unify all these Padang Dinka sections into one Padang Dinka State which extends from Abyei to Renk to compensate for the loss of their dream home in Southern Kordofan. The take over the Shilluk land therefore is the source of conflict which could turn out to be the very unmaking of Southern Sudan.

The project to dislodge the Shilluk from the east bank to the west bank with the Nile as the boundary could have been planned way back during the war of liberation but its implementation could only be undertaken once the peace agreement has been signed. In the Upper Nile Peace and Reconciliation Conference held in Panyagor in June 2003 there were Padang Dinka voices calling on the Shilluk to vacate the east bank. The influential Abyei Minister in Goss has been instigating the people of Pariang to relocate to Arach (Shilluk land) to avoid domination and eclipse by Western Nuer. But this indeed is to create easy stretch of uninterrupted Padang Dinka territory.

When in 2006 the then commander of SPLA Division One, ordered the felling of trees and bamboos in the gardens belonging to the Shilluk of Adhidhang, Pajur and Ogot on the Sobat banks little did the Shilluk people suspect that this was part of a wider scheme to dislodge them from their homes. The scheme became clearer only in January 2009. The attacks and killings in Anakdiar and Abanimo and the subsequent Shilluk revenge murder of Paramount Chief Thon wai of Dongjol were manifestation of, and a reaction elicited by this scheme of the Padang Dinka Political and Military elite. That the Padang Dinka harbours such plans against their Shilluk neighbours goes to prove the fact mentioned above that the revolutionary armed struggle only incubated the local contradictions. That it is also being spearheaded by people high in the SPLM hierarchy proves that war, particular guerrilla war, does unite those who fight it.

The Shilluk will definitely not take this Padang Dinka scheme lying on their stomachs. The defection of Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin (a Shilluk) and his establishment of SPLM Democratic Change are now being peddled falsely to be Shilluk-based simple to create the impression and portray the Shilluk people as being anti-GOSS and therefore hasten or accelerate a military occupation of their land and impose the Padang Dinka scheme.

The recent standoff over the change of name from Malakal to Makal County is an eye opener for many Shilluks. The questions that impose themselves here therefore are: Would the Shilluk accept or allow the Dinka to take their ancestral land without a fight? What would be the wider implication of a Shilluk-Dinka Padang war in Upper Nile? Linked to the widespread insecurity and ethnic conflicts in Southern Sudan would the Shilluk-Dinka Padang war not only prove what the NCP and many in the international community have been peddling that Southern Sudan is a failed state and that Southerners can’t govern themselves.

Makal is the county that surrounds Malakal Town which is the capital of Upper Nile State and therefore no one ethnic community except individuals with title deeds can rightfully claim to be theirs if that is necessary at all. In this context and to prevent the pointless claims and counter claims it is significant, indeed imperative to educate ourselves. It true many people who are positions of authority and leadership today had no opportunity to know history either from the books or from their community elders, the custodian of our history.

First, Malakal as a town and capital of Upper Nile Province derives its name from Makal, which is the Shilluk village north of it. Having been transferred from Taufikiya a few kilometres south Malakal was established in 1920(s), thus curbed out of Kodok District with its northern limit at the Airport and southern limit at Goni. Until 1966 when Kodok District ceded the area to Malakal Town Council, Dangershopi and Jonglei rice scheme were part of, and the land rates paid by the squatters who settled therein used to be collected by Kodok District authorities proving the obvious.
Secondly, the boundary between Kodok and Bailiet (formerly Abuong) Districts lies 27 KM east of Malakal at Banglai, and follows a small seasonal stream (wuol) that drains from the Sobat northwards pass Akoka and into the river Nile just opposite Kodok town. This means that all Dinka Ngok and Dongjol settlements lie east of Wuol and the Shilluk settlements of Koman are west of it.

Third, just after independence Abuong district was renamed Sobat Rural Council with its H/Qs in Bailiet. Until 1974, when Bailiet had permanent physical infrastructure the rural council was housed in and the district governed from Malakal. This perhaps forms the basis of the claim. But what linked Malakal Town to Bailiet and Akoka was the fact that the Dongjol (Akoka) and Ngok (Bailiet) would not constitute a electoral geographic constituency and for that reason were their populations were joined to constitute a geographic constituency. This did not Malakal a part of Bailiet or Sobat Rural Council; an election territorial constituency does not translate into an administrative entity.

Any ethnicised conflict whatsoever and wherever has wider political implications for state formation and nation-building; Southern Sudan will not emerge as a state at the expense of any ethnic community. The Padang Dinka political and military elite should not be ensnared to believe that because they now pull the political strings in Southern Sudan they can create a false reality that will force the Shilluk to leave their ancestral homes on the east bank. They can do that at the expense of wider political aspirations of the people of Southern Sudan. Their scheme is treacherous and must be given the scorn it deserves because it is diverting our attention and focus away from fundamental issues of CPA implementation and the exercise of the right of self-determination.

The future of the Southern Sudanese people does ly in inciting ethnic hatred but in peace and unity among themselves. This means the leaders must eschew parochialism and ethnic chauvinism as ladders to wealth and political power. Now that our people have been worked into conflict the escape route from this heightened politicisation of ethnicity or the ethnicisation of politics in Southern Sudan passes through social and economic policies for transforming the abject poverty in which our people are wallowing.

Southern Sudan has a huge potential for economic development by stimulating and tapping the potential surplus in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry. It must be admitted that the leaders spent the four post CPA years squandering the resources and have failed to provide public goods e.g. security, education, health care, etc, and that is why they have resorted to inciting conflicts as a diversionary tactic.

It is only a few months to the end of the interim period and this time should not be spent in quarrels and meaningless diatribe. It should be used to prepare the people for the exercise of the right to self-determination. The people will not vote in unison if they are so much divided along ethnic and sectional lines. They will not even vote for the SPLM if its leaders and cadres are busy causing conflicts. If the SPLM fails to win the hearts and minds of all ethnic communities because of the behaviour and attitudes of a few ethnic chauvinists within its ranks than it should not be surprised if the people demonstrate to it in elections that all these years spent in the struggle and the two millions and a half who paid the ultimate price were in vain.

It is my opinion that the wider political implication of ethnic conflicts not only in Upper Nile State but also in other parts of Southern Sudan including turning blind eyes to the atrocities being committed by the Lord’s Resistance Army in Western Equatoria don’t augur well for the SPLM and its leadership.

The author is a senior SPLM member and the current Minister of Higher Education in the Sudan Government of National Unity. He is the author of the book "The Politics of Liberation in South Sudan: An Insider View".



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  • 19 October 2009 05:57, by thieleling

    I like the way Dr. Adwok presented his views without fear. So many SPLM leaders are cowarded into not honestly expressing their political views on critical issues like what Dr. Adwok did here. Thanks Dr. Adwok for detecting the conspiracy & telling the truth as it is!!

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  • 19 October 2009 06:02, by Oduck Bol

    Good opinion. It seems now (NEW SUDAN)they were talking about was not what it means to them. People proved it now by their behaviour toward other southerns; but they miscalculatte their equations.

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    • 19 October 2009 06:57, by Pwad Achob

      Dear brother Dr. Peter,

      Bravo Dr. Peter for your article of high calibre and rich insight of knowledge and intelect.

      It turns out to me that the war fought for long was fought without national direction and far reaching telescope for the future of our beloved anchestors’ motherland.

      It seems that most of our current leaders in the south do not have a slight idea where they want to take the expected future country.

      Bravo for your educative and rich article.

      Paulino
      Australia.

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      • 19 October 2009 08:57, by understanding

        Dear Paulino

        My question is how come you are there in that place you should be here with us to find a everything have to trouble with.

        hahahahaha don’t pretend yourself clever

        understndding

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        • 19 October 2009 10:05, by Pwad Achob

          Dear My understanding,

          It is a good question, my friend, why I’m where I’m. The answer is that we can be contributors to the course of our national issues & problems whereever we are found if there is a genuine desire and unbais willingness to build a nation.

          If you follow rule of law you will develop and advance but if you decide to live like jungle adventurer without change you will remain as you are thousands of years.

          For example,you can ask me to lobby for foreign businesses’ investments while I’m here and the whole south will benefit from such services.There are so many opportunities but we don’t utilise them because things are very bad back home.

          I can not be questioned where I should be because I’m not on GOSS payroll like some who reside where I’m located and who are on GOSS payroll.Also included are those GOSS boses and officials who build overseas residences & villas either for themselves,family members or friends using public lotted funds.Shame on them.

          Come where I’m.You are welcome.

          Good on you mate.

          Paulino

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  • 19 October 2009 09:57, by Akuma

    Dear Dr. Peter Nyaba,

    Nothing can be said over you Dr. Nyaba since you are visionaries of that nation so call Southern Sudan.
    Many politicians in Sudan are from Southern Sudan except Turabi who is from Darfur, all those leaders aer basing on tribal lines like Dr. Riek Machar and Dr. Lam Akol are so farcical leaders to be included whatever southerners are planning.

    well, you have struggle sure for peace and stability in sudan and you don’t even take you Papers as means of fundamentals issue to get jobs like those leaders mentions above, they forms their political parties, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement for Demorcatic change, and Southern Sudan Intergrated Movement for Dr. Riek Machar, all those are form to sabotage the politics of SPLM.

    First of all, which demorcacy and integrations where they talking about? who is holding keys of demorcacy of Sudan? how many years have been they working with Southerners? All these should be asked, not the matter of just formation of political party moreover your are suffering.

    In recent fighting in Jonglei State, Dr. Riek Machar and Dr. Lam Akol have play their parts in it because they commoting the southerners, they are playing dirty games in southern sudan,

    Now, they are the most beneficiaries in all means in Sudan, and they were the great enemies of SPLM by then.
    I assure you Dr. Nyaba, you are the great hero in Southern fighting for freedom and to abolish tribalistic.

    All Shilluks and Nuers tribes are like fish with rodent flesh in the water. nothing they think of, just to eat and hold post without plannig, they are like dry tree in the desert which do’t give shadow to shrubs

    Thanks a lots Dr. Nyaba for not involving yourseft with these ploilsers leaders, keep up the spirits and let work to achievement forhcoming referendum of Southern Sudan.

    Dr. Akuma.
    Sudanese base in Chicago United state of America

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  • 19 October 2009 10:26, by Akuma

    come on Dr. Nyaba, do somethings for southerners to complete your task as given to do like late Garang for the benefits of people, not shilluk for specific groups, let benefits all southerners at large.

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  • 19 October 2009 12:46, by James Okuk Solomon

    Thank God that Hon.Uncle Prof. Peter Adwok Nyaba is out of hospital bed and fully recovered. May he gains more strengh and may God give him long life. I appreciate very much the history and truth that have been jotted down in this article by our dear professor and an international award winner on best Book writing.

    This article is a good referernce and a sincere suggestion of a best way forward if the SPLM leaders have hears to hear and minds to think pro-actively. Uncle Prof. Nyaba is one of the liberal minds in the South who don’t fear to spell out truth categorically when things are not moving in the right direction.

    Thanks once more to our elder for this best written piece in the interest of the South as a whole and Shiluk-Dinka as a part.

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    • 19 October 2009 21:12, by thieleling

      Dear Dr. James Okuk,

      I equally pray that our uncle, Dr. Adwok recovers quickly from his hospitalization. I wish him all the best & blessings!! People like Dr. Nyaba should be in a position of influence in SPLM to implement smart policies for south sudan. No doubt Dr. Nyaba is an intelligence politically leanning liberal thinker.

      Honestly, what I don’t understand is why did it take Uncle Dr. Adwok this long to come out & tell this history & truth about these conspiracies going on within SPLM/A about this land grabbing in Shulluk Kingdom or other places in south sudan? Isn’t it too little, too late given the situation? This is like Salva Kiir saying Garang’s a dictator in Rumbek 2004 while most people know Garang was always a dictator since the creation of SPLM/A and there was even a coup over that!!

      This is the same thing our "savvy politician" Dr. Lam Akol is saying in different way that SPLM/A needs to "acknowledge existence of rampant tribal mentalities in the region saying tribalism is a cancer that has the potential to divide the nation and cause anarchy and despondency".

      This is why Dr. Lam said, he wants to save the SPLM from the "abyss" and said that its leadership are "bankrupt" and "undemocratic."

      We thanks uncle Dr. Nyaba for his great insights, intellects and thorough analysis on this article.

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      • 19 October 2009 23:24, by black man world

        Theiling what are you talking about dude? Isnt Raik your uncle that you always support here and there? I thought he is SPLM member as well, and if SPLM bankrupt RAIK is bankrupt as well right? Hahah you are nudes man because of that simply thing we support people because they are from your tribe, is anarcy it self. People will vote for their tribe men on election every time, they will hate that politician because he is not from his tribe. Listen my friend this problem in SOUTH SUDAN is not for one tribe it is for all including your tribe. We are still at those ages of darkness were we rule through KINGSHIP, we are not ready for no country no matter how they try, one tribe will always feel jealous of other tribe no matter what the leader do, unleast the leader doesnt favor their own people. Southern Sudan is not a country never, tell me which tribe in SOUTH doesnt have pride on their own tribe? They are ready to die for their tribe no matter what. Please let stop changing colors and act firm on this issue.

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        • 20 October 2009 01:13, by thieleling

          Blackman world,

          Dr. Lam & Dr. Riek’s Nasir declaration was an attempt to cure the "sick momvement" from its ideological crisis. Garang’s tactical move was to turn everything tribal to derail the coup’s main objectives, unity of south sudanese through their aspirations, self-determination. Every intelligence southerner knows it.

          The coup achieved its strategic goals including the aspiration of so many southern in Self-Determination as the momvement’s objective. But Garang’s tribalism was a cancer in the annal of the movement and never was fully cured.

          This is what i meant when I pointed out Dr. Lam’s stance against tribalism in the movement. You can take it whatever way you like, but the bottom line is that SPLM is still sick in its leadership behaviors that preaches tribal divisions. Dr. Riek tries his best to give the "sick movement" some of the best medicines available. But the sickness persists in the name of tribalism.

          Just wait until you hear Kiir’s tribal outburst lashing out against people of southern sudan in Juba’s Catholic Church last Sunday. Unbelievable!!

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          • 20 October 2009 01:31, by black man world

            All i know my broda is dat Lam akol doesnt give a fuck about NUER or DINKA. He is on his mission, a mission that is worse then the SPLM mission it self. Please brother this AFRICAN nation is being rule by outside world if you cant see that. In khartum the white ARABS are taking over, while in SOUTH the black Arabs are taking over then with in SOUTH tribalism is taking over. So please i dont see a country here my friend we are here just wasting our time on past and dont even give a damn about future that it self is a curse period. My friend if you seen how you are treated in foreign countries you will have a good sense of building your homeland. We seen alot from Egypt, kenya abroad we dont belong here, but nothing is like home my friend theiling, so remember always support evil and remember that is your only home SOUTH SUDAN.

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            • 20 October 2009 10:29, by Lokorai

              Hon. Dr. Adwok,

              You have stated everything clear and straight but they will be crooked behind you by non other than Pagan Amum, when it comes to defending his ailing government.

              Malakal is a land of Shilluk, like now Ulang county is for Jikany from Anyuak, and Mading, Maker, Burabei from Dinka.

              Centuries have come and passed and people moved away from one side to the other place searching for better land; what will make Dinka think they can come back to Malakal after many centuries behind? This another trouble in the making

              Hon. Adwok, you don’t have a government in Juba under a lame duck called Kiir, please join hands together with the rest of Southerners and flash this tribal government out of Juba. The earlier the better!

              Dr. James, you have been quiet, when we need you to comment on the two parties latest break through on Referendum, the Insecurity, US-Sudan so called new policy, the wrangling between Matip-Kiir, etc

              God bless Southern Sudan

              Lokorai

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              • 21 October 2009 02:52, by makino

                I thank Adwok Nyaba for the piece of advice to his colleagues in the SPLM top leadership and to make aware those exploiting such security weakness to kill innocent civillains so as to cause unrest and gain power. Please keep this up, we the young generation sometimes wonder what has become of our leaders in the South. Undecisiveness in giving life saving orders and delivering plans, others are paid by the enemy to kill their own people, others just keep preaching tribalism and hatred and others are fearless looters. I even think some times it will be time the young educated and fresh generation of South Sudan distance themselves from such folks and form a party that will unite our people, protect them and develope the Nation. No doubt our current leaders are too dirty, too corrupt, too tribalistic, careless about the people they government, traumatised by years of conflict and just not fit to govern any more but to go home and rest while recieving thier pension. I am serious!

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              • 21 October 2009 03:22, by Nguetbuny de Luelpiny

                To Adwok Nyaba and others

                I guest you are right at some point of distric Makal.
                but is not quit true for some piont that Ngok and Dongjol are not belong to that place. Ngok and Padang
                are the East banker. And they were follow by late comers Panyweny, also settle along Lokjieng. Collo follow them throught their relationship married to the eastern River side. Do you know when loyalist to the Collo King burried at the west side Bank? is because they call Lok
                collo and East lokjang. The Rivalry to the Collo king refuse to go back and they get burried anywhere on the soil. Even went some across the river, they would, said, en yhaai ee lokJieng or lokCollo. We did not forget how we get there. We all where wandering around in the bushes untill now aday. The enemy we were running from in the North did not go anywhere.

                where Collo from is where Ajang and Naath come. It is very difficult to t said this person is not belong here. While we know each others, who was setting there under tree and who was sitting there. For what you Collo doing now is soo bad for Collo. Even Collo are not going to sleep at the east Bank again without Traditional feace maker people.
                Collo has awaken Asleeping Gaint, who has never had a problem collo before.

                That is Ngok, who are half Collo too.and never had problem them before. Collo must think into this deeply. Traditional people know well how to fix tribal problem than those city (Kur)grown up. Lokcollo and Lokjieng is well known traditionally.

                Thank you

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                • 21 October 2009 14:37, by Dauson Gieth

                  No wonder why this article is very speculative, based on perception and hatred towards Padang. Uncle Adwok never wanted to write but the sickness forced him. These views are baseless and being ill has made the professor write a very divisive article that does not only lack substance but inciting, very much unexpected from a national figure

                  Quick recovery!!!

                  Your timing is questionable. The Shilluks have for long been scared to face Padang on the round table because they have no facts, except the sources that you always call, Khartoum Museum....etc. The reason was the old man(Deceased chief). He had all informations that not even the Mak (Shilluks King) could answer or oppose as he was a chief from the time the current Shilluk king’s father was at reign. He was therefore murdered so that all informations perished with him, and then, your articles can follow
                  What a timing!!!!Nice .plot huh!!!!!

                  I wonder if you want to tell us that our real land is in Khartoum if places like Anakdiar that are inhabited todate by Ngok In laws and others who are Ngok by Origin

                  I also wonder if your are the same Adwok, the SPLA wounded hero who knows Padang more than anyone else that is alleging that the People of Abyei, went to bush to fight Miseirya, Luach and Paweny went ot Bilpam to obtain guns for fighting themselves. What a distortion of history!!!!

                  You mean the Shilluks were the only ones who went to bush to fight the Arabs?? This makes me laugh

                  Mzee, your article is actually inciting more violence. the killing of Padang King (Chief) is very painful and should not be justified with rhetorics. I expected you to call for peaceful dialogue instead of boasting that the Shilluks will not leave their ancestral land, who do you think will?? Note also that nobody plans to dislodge you. This really shows how many high profile people plotted to kill our chief

                  we can only forgive you!!!!!

                  Changing Malakal Name already indicates that you have conceded the fact. Malakal is for all as you know its the capital of the state. Note also that there is Malakal Shilluk at the West Bank, so.....You don’t even come from Malakal Shilluk, do you??

                  use your status to bring Padang and Shilluks together instead of inciting more violence. The cycle will help nobody

                  Tell others to stop celebrating the Killing of the longest serving Chief in the South and the living Dictionary for Padang

                  Proff. You know better that Padang Dinka are and will always be peace lovers as history has shown. If we were what you are speculating, that corridor could have never been enough for us and you

                  No one is scared of guns from Bashir. We have faced them before when you relatives were feasting with them in Malakal and Khartoum

                  Peace is better!!!!!

                  repondre message

                  • 22 October 2009 07:14, by Kueer

                    Mr. Dauson Gieth,

                    What can I say! I read this article over and over again but quite frankly, I could not comprehend the bases that triggered this well known Professor to write this more-violence-incitng article let alone the essence and the substance that this article lacks. Educated as he is, it is sometimes very appalling to see people of his likes retorting to cheap politics of dividing our dear people instead of using their well respected intellect to table and settle issues facing our uncivilized populace!

                    To say the least, this article is full of bias in its entirely. The information he claims herein have nothing but one thing: It gives the readers a second thought about the then rebel movement SPLA/M (now the SPLM Party)as if it was actually a tribal based organization! If the Professor does not know, this same Movement he is now portraying as tribally formed has gained reputations worldwide as the most organized formidable rebel movement ever formed. As one of the senior SPLM members, the Professor should be using his long standing experience with the Movement to turn the current situation around instead of visiting the ills of the past that might have occurred unpurposefully.

                    Sir, We need not to be reminded about the power struggle that occured during the Movement formation and its subsequent infant ages of recruitment.
                    What good to us if we remind our veterans about the waylays and ambush attacks they suffered on their way to and from Bilpam and the unnecessary bloodshed that ensued? What benefit do we reap from visiting cowardice acts such as the 1991 Bor Massacre that resulted from the act of betrayal?

                    It is heartbreaking to see people of the likes of Dr. Nyaba reveal the secret call by the then SPLA High Command to lure primitive villagers to Bilpam as a tribal motivated move. If anything, this was a well coordinated strategy to entice the direly needed energetic young men from all the villages across southern Sudan. Just because some tribes honored and answered the call in large numbers than others, and according to the will of the perpetuators, has now turned that famous call a tribally orchestrated. What a lack of political firmness!!

                    To Dauson, it is good that you "pay a man with his own coins". This sick Professor did not expect such brilliant response from persons like you. I quarantee you he was surprised when he read your well written respons otherwise, he will be surprise if he is yet to read it. I sincerely applaud your honest pinpointing out of the historical facts. Mr. Professor have forgotten that there are others who may not be as old as him but can narrate to him the true history and coexistence of our communities. Well educated he may be but Dr. Adwok needs to be told that one does not have to be a journalist to know the history of our people and their long time existence.

                    repondre message

                    • 22 October 2009 14:05, by Dauson Gieth

                      Mr Kueer,

                      Many thanks

                      JF Kenedy once Said:The great enemy of the truth is very often not the lie, deliberate, contrived and dishonest, but the myth, persistent, persuasive and unrealistic.

                      John F. Kennedy

                      repondre message

  • 22 October 2009 19:45, by padang

    Prof.Adwok

    I have read your artical in great dismay,simply because,
    you have proved to be too much tribalistic and antogonistic against PADANG more than the socalled Dr. Lam Akol .as such,We have come to acknowledged that you are all the same and ignorant about domestic HISTORY and political evolution after the Independance .How can you
    alienate PADANG [Ngok Lual Yak & Dongjol] from the territorial constituency of the CENTRAL AREA DISTRCT?
    [Malakal -Baliet] asituation that exsist up to the last
    Democratic Elections in 1986.
    In the contrary you have to burn the Contemporary State
    Interim Constitution that stipulates the same fact.Secondly,our tribes boundaries along the Rivers
    [The Nile -Sobat]are very clear and predominant from time
    imammorial.Can you explain to us the meaning of ANAKDIAR
    you have mentioned,we promise you that we have ample facts
    about the rest of historic evidences.
    The administraive decentralization that transfered Sobat
    Rural Council to the existing location in Baliet is the
    same like the adm.SPLIT of Shilluk Kingdom to more counties
    but,they are still under one sovereign kingdom.

    PADANG

    repondre message

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