Home | News    Saturday 10 October 2009

SPLM diplomacy stresses importance of referendum law

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

October 9, 2009 (WASHINGTON) – With the Comprehensive Peace Agreement set to expire in January 2011, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement is trying to stress to the international community the importance of the terms of the proposed referendum law, which would govern the vote on popular determination in 2011.

When the CPA expires, the oil-sharing provisions will be terminated. Part of planning for the post-referendum period involves not only how to conduct the vote for separation, but how to run the oil economy after the outcome of the vote.

An official delegation was sent last week by the President of South Sudan, first to attend the UN General Assembly Meeting. The delegation was led by GOSS Minister of Cabinet Affairs, H. E. Dr. Luka Tombekana Monoja and the GOSS Minister of Regional Cooperation, H. E. Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak.

The two ministers, both SPLM members, met with diplomats and supporters of the CPA. They went to New York “to remind them [world leaders] that the CPA is coming to an end; we have only one year left, we need to be focused,” said the GOSS Head of Mission in Washington, D.C. While in New York, the two ministers met with Special Envoy Scott Gration. They then traveled to Washington, D.C. and gave a briefing to the members of Mr. Gration’s team at the State Department.

During the latest round of talks on the CPA mediated by Mr. Gration, no compromise was reached between Sudan’s two dominant parties. Gen. Oyai Deng, speaking at a public event in Washington last Friday, said “The last meeting we conducted in Juba ended up as utter failure.” He therefore called for additional IGAD involvement in the mediation rather than just the United States.

The GOSS Head of Mission Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said in an interview, “we need to implement the rest of the pending issues peacefully. We remind the international community about the issues that are facing us: the issue of the referendum law, we have not actually agreed yet on who are the voters.” He was referring to one of the disputed provisions of the proposed referendum law: how to determine who can vote, that is, whether the law will allow the ‘citizens’ of Southern Sudan to vote, or the ‘people’.

“There is difference between citizens – anybody can be a citizen – and people. The indigenous people of the South are the ones to vote. Not citizens.” said Mr. Gatkuoth. The definitional issue has partly to do with where the voting will take place. NCP proposed allowing Southerners to vote wherever they are living in Sudan, including in northern states, whereas SPLM rejects South Sudanese voting in northern states except in Khartoum and Damazin, according to Gen. Oyai Deng.

Mr. Gatkuoth said that the second major point of contention on the referendum law is the percentage required for unity or separation. The SPLM position is that a simple majority is required, but NCP has also demanded a baseline of 75 or 90 percent.

“Now there is a possibility that the NCP will agree to a simple majority,” Mr. Gatkuoth said of the negotiations, “but they are saying a simple majority of what? There are three categories that they are trying to say: simple majority of the eligible voters, those who are 18 and up. Or is it simple majority of those who are registered? Or is it simple majority of those who voted?”

The SPLM position is that a simple majority should be taken out of those who voted. The issue will be discussed again at a new round of talks, but there is not yet any agreed venue.

In Washington, Gen. Oyai Deng — who was until this summer the SPLA chief of staff — also met with White House and Pentagon officials. During a separate visit last month, Kiir’s private secretary and another senior SPLM figure met with White House officials, to deliver a message to President Obama on behalf of Kiir.

(ST)

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 10 October 2009 05:08, by Dinka Boy

    Splm need to opened their eyes widely for this CPA.
    The year almost come to an end, so Arabs are thinking on how to fools SPLM. But that will be difficult tasked for them because we southerners can not afford another deception this time like what Jefrey Nimere did in Addiss Ababa in 1972.
    This time if NCP did not agree with SPLM for the proposal of the refrencedum law that all North and South agree before 2011,then I believed Southerners will be ready to stop North from taking oil in the South by any forceful means.
    Dear brothers, NCP are not interested to be with Southerners, they are only like us because of the oil and others resources in the South.
    My Advise to those food lovers who like bribe to killed their Southerners must stop that stupid mentality and give fresh opportunity to SPLM to fight Arabs for the aggression.
    I hate those Militias who love foods from the North.
    Thanks

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 05:09, by thieleling

      What is utter failure is SPLM not uniting & rallying its constuents in south sudan or the whole country on clear stance, whether what to do if Referendum fails. Declaring independence unilaterally require a united south sudan. South sudan population is bitterly divided as of right now.

      "The indigenous people of the south are the one to vote, not the citizens". This is very funny!! This is like saying only the indigenous people of America are to vote if there is a referendum on any given region in America. This is not far & democratic. Remember! Democracy & human rights are not only for self-interests! sometimes, they can be ugly.

      Therefore, any proper registered citizens should be allowed to vote in south sudan referendum. The SPLM has to defeat the NCP on a different front on their negotiations, not on this particular indigenous v. citizens issue.

      repondre message

      • 10 October 2009 07:13, by Gatwech

        Thieleling,

        You have made a point. But I do agree with the SPLM’s proposal of allowing only the ’indegenous’ people of South Sudan, not ’citizens’ of South Sudan. This is to block out intruders from Arabs and their hired other Africans who would acquire South Sudan citizenship in millions just to vote against separation. Khartoum would give south Sudan citizenship to Nubans, Darfuris, Southern Blue Nilers just to be allowed to vote and spoil the whole process in favor of the Arabs’ failed unity.

        Using the term ’indegenous’ or ’people’ of South Sudan means only the known tribes of South Sudan. That will make the referendum successful in favor of separation.

        What I have realized is that the delegation to Washington looks not updated on the negotiations itself. They make contradictions. Some don’t even know the difference between percentange required to declare the south independent and that required for the general turnout. Why send even private secretaries? Interesting.

        repondre message

        • 10 October 2009 07:30, by Gatwech

          Dear readers,

          Self-determination for the people of South Sudan is what is called CPA. Self-determination is the basis of the CPA’s existence in the first place and therefore the most important clause in all the CPA’s provisions as aspirations of the people of South Sudan are concerned. This is why it has seen the last battle ground with the CPA. The leadership of South Sudan should sharpen their teeth to bite deep in defense of any unilateral declaration of independence. "Tuothe dang gaari."

          repondre message

          • 11 October 2009 12:41, by Wilson Kur Lual

            Gatwech

            "Touthe edaang gari"?????
            Touth je en daang e bi ngu kule teedi?
            Kucnguani,ke thiel loaac, dit loaac ke nyin naath, ke goo kuear ke duop mi jieek be ye pen kueaar amani dong.
            I am sorry

            repondre message

        • 10 October 2009 08:28, by braveheart

          Gatwc or whatever your name is. This language of indigeneous versus citizenry is discriminative. SPLM needs to watch their words very carefully from being percieved a hate separatist groups. The underlying content of separatist message is not resonating well with SPLM that’s why for years Garangs use to pressed form united democratic secular Sudan till he perished without achieving it. I think representative of the movement needs to be careful from betraying the moral call of SPLM vision while ensuring that its citizens right to self-deter’mination isn’t violated. Take care!

          repondre message

          • 11 October 2009 05:33, by sunny

            braveheart, unless you are not a southern sudanese you should know how our enemy behave. There is no doubt that there will be intruders during referendum if the bill will not give previlege to the indigenous citizen rather that southern sudan residents.

            repondre message

        • 10 October 2009 23:39, by thieleling

          Gatwech,

          Thanks!! My opinion on the indigenous v.citizens is based on bringing peace & human rights among all citizens of south sudan. I know this is tricky because we also have a tricky partner in the North. The different between the indigenous v.Citizens is more like the different between democratization & respect for human rights. they are slightly different, but they complement each others....e.g, there can’t be democratization in the milirary commandship, but the military itself is required to respect human rights.

          I understand what you are saying about the North would use it to rigg the referendum, but can south sudan come up with a fair & democratic formula that accept all its citizens without discriminations?

          I think that is why we need well-versed diplomats like Dr. Machar & his colleagues to defeat NCP without being hypocritical. I know they are very strategic individuals.They can make it happen!!

          repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 05:08, by thieleling

    What is utter failure is SPLM not uniting & rallying its constuents in south sudan or the whole country on clear stance, whether what to do if Referendum fails. Declaring independence unilaterally require a united south sudan. South sudan population is bitterly divided as of right now.

    "The indigenous people of the south are the one to vote, not the citizens". This is very funny!! This is like saying only the indigenous people of America are to vote if there is a referendum on any given region in America. This is not far & democratic. Remember! Democracy & human rights are not only for self-interests! sometimes, they can be ugly.

    Therefore, any proper registered citizens should be allowed to vote in south sudan referendum. The SPLM has to defeat the NCP on a different front on their negotiations, not on this particular indigenous v. citizens issue.

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 07:16, by Gatwech

      Thieleling,

      You have made a point. But I do agree with the SPLM’s proposal of allowing only the ’indegenous’ people of South Sudan, not ’citizens’ of South Sudan. This is to block out intruders from Arabs and their hired other Africans who would acquire South Sudan citizenship in millions just to vote against separation. Khartoum would give south Sudan citizenship to Nubans, Darfuris, Southern Blue Nilers just to be allowed to vote and spoil the whole process in favor of the Arabs’ failed unity.

      Using the term ’indegenous’ or ’people’ of South Sudan means only the known tribes of South Sudan. That will make the referendum successful in favor of separation.

      What I have realized is that the delegation to Washington looks not updated on the negotiations itself. They make contradictions. Some don’t even know the difference between percentange required to declare the south independent and that required for the general turnout. Why send even private secretaries? Interesting.

      repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 05:10, by The Best Generation

    It is of great importance this time that the courageous Oyai takes the lead, to aware the international community,about what South Sudan are contemplating at.

    And any one opposing to the south Sudanese’s right of self determination must understand it that it is do or die and nothing less.

    repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 05:25, by longo pi

    Dear the writer.

    Please don’t make this silly mistake. Chech your eyes, and directions Luka Tombekana is in the middle, Oyai(Left), and Ezakel Lol (Right.

    Washington-DC will not give any money unless they saw
    1- Decentralizations is taking place in the South.
    2-Democracy in practice is taking place on the ground.
    3-Accountability, Transparency, Human rights, Elections.
    4-Land grabbing, oppressions, lawlessnes must be stopped.
    5-Recycling in the name of reshaffling is totally wrong by Kiir.
    5-Tribalism, Nepotism, sectionism, corruption, thefts of public fans(money).
    6-Dinka must not take all the keys positions, and give to the others decorative positions.
    7- Change of leadership (ALTERNATINGLY). Among ALL the tribes of the South.
    8-Kiir must stop this street language, ALL SOUTHERNERS PARTICIPATE IN THE LIBERATIONS WAR SINCE 1955.
    9-The language that says "where were you when we are in war time" is absolutely street, and cheap language to come from the mouth of someone as president of GOSS.
    10-War can be fought in a different ways, just like "JIHAAD" NOT NECESSERILLY WITH GUNS.
    11-LET KIIR TAKE SOME EDUCTIONAL COURSES JUST LIKE THE ERITRIAN LEADERS DID AFTER THEIR INDEPENDENT.

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 05:45, by Dinka Boy

      Dear Long Pi,

      The light in the South happened because of the Sound of Gun aganist Khartoum.
      SPLM forgive those coward individuals and runaway people who like to sit under the North umbrella.

      Those who never ever expeience tought situation during the struggle in which we stayed for more than 5 days without food, some days without water, whole months staying in the rain, and some days in the ambush are now forgive and they are enjoying the atmosphere in South.

      Those run away are holding positions and they are now paid like those with bullet in their body.
      My friend Pi, you don,t know what you talking about.

      I prove that you are the runaway person spending his whole time in Uganda and Khartoum pretending you are resident there.
      Thanks

      repondre message

      • 10 October 2009 07:00, by Biliu

        Referendum is the essence of the CPA, if not to be implemented, surely the CPA will be abolished and we will go back to war again, this is the general meaning of the NCP reluctant to agree on those proposals, simple majority is the most reasonable proposal Southerners should fight for, otherwise, our last hope of perpetual and lasting peace in Sudan will evaporate in a glance, war is too far from ending!

        repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 12:05, by Bush fire

      Dear Longo Pi,

      it has become problem to some readers that any thing done at high level of Goss is done by dinka, look what is being commence by this idiot pi,those gentlemen who went to washington are not dinka but the trusted southerners who are doing their national duties.pliz if you have problem with dinka you better shutup ,dinka is your husband and still be if they want to stay in power for ages.
      Go to hell idiot pi you are jena-aram " have no future"dinka is always top performer they will always lead the idiot like you out of slavery.

      long live dinka vision long live new sudan.

      SPLM/A Oyee!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 06:55, by Deng Wel Deng

    PLease you don’t need to consults any more. Any thing that will remain unimplemented by that day will be declared implemented.So what you needs is the defends against who ever might have to hijack, what ever your government will declear any time from now to that date with impunity.

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 07:38, by longo pi

      Dinka Boy

      You are really small boy!!! Sorry man i have no time to waste with under aged people like you. My be you are at the age o f my son. You never being in the bush. Even not all Dinkas were in the bush. anya nya 1, and Any nya 2 were in the Bush, but they never make like noice you mother fucker Dog. Your Uncle Abel Alier Loseph lagu gave him the H.E council president, no any EQ insult Abel Alier.

      Joseph Lagu gave ONE STAR TO JOHN GARANG IN 1972, BUT GARANG FORGET TO INFORM YOU BABY DINKA BOY MY SON. SORRY MAN!!!.

      When Garang came from Tanzania when he graduated from agriculture, he has never fire abulet in Any nya 1, but yet nobody toll him where you when we are in Bush time.

      I am sorry, i don’t want to waste my time with small boy. Someone who thought the LIBERATION WAR ONLY STARTED IN 1983.

      EVEN HE FORGET THE CURRENT BUILDINGS BEING USED BY GOSS ALL ARE BUILT BY ANY NYA 1 EQ VETERANS.

      repondre message

      • 10 October 2009 08:48, by Dinka Boy

        Dear Longo Pi,

        I have nothing aganist you, but your comments encourage me to rebute what you mean.
        My friend, I am Anya Nya 2 soldier.you are talking with the SPLA/ soldier who fought in Kapoeta, Bilnyaang, and Juba.
        I spend whole of my life in those equatoria areas fighting for South freedom.
        Thanks

        repondre message

      • 10 October 2009 14:11, by Garang piok

        Good move SPLM/A,

        Cosidering Indigenous right is going to be the right move in this case. To you who thought/blame SPLA/M, Think deep and make sure you correct yourself.
        If Indegenous right is going to prevent the fluke in election by 2011 then be it

        repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 07:32, by Arthur

    I think this is another important issue that CPA didn’t address properly and its very important. Now after the referendum we are gonna have another condition either the United Sudan or the seperated Sudan and CPA failed to have points conerning these two options which am sure is gonna raise another tensions in both cases of unity or seperation. But its good that people took ware of this thing and address from now so that when the time comes we can have asolution at hand and hope that people may reach and peaceful soultion in both cases so as to avoid the blood....

    repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 07:48, by raanaguachraan

    Dear pi,

    to get freedom is not somethings easily like getting
    food from somebody whom you don’t known.
    freedom is come when you struggle lot rather than claimed it.

    brother pi, you sound like something very strength from southern Sudan according the way you express your views.
    southern Sudan is already being shallow by Arabs before you were not born yet by your parents.

    but, the coursed of SPLM/A Army struggle is were Arab vomit
    southern Sudan out now from were the have shallow it.
    without SPLM/A, you could not even talks they way you vomit out your nonsenses in this website.
    if you want every citizens to vote then you are pure Arab.
    you should reasonable before you take a comments on this website.

    and thanks all of you, God bless you and southern Sudan.

    by RED ARMY OFFICER, seed of CUSH with universal visions.

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 09:20, by Ajuscommando

      I appreciate GOSS leadership to selected Uncle Luka Tombekana with Oyei Deng Ajack to attend that meeting since they were present with us during the War and they can really tell the interest of Southerners. I believe uncle Luka have done his part in New York but the remaining is for action from SSLA. I wish SPLM will continue to select right people like uncle Luka who can talks without fear on behalf of his people and can not be cunning by the enemies of peace.

      Ajus

      repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 09:21, by ngor martyn jok

    Guess what!
    Here,we got to appreciate such a wonderful move on stressing the importance of the Southern Sudan referendum to the members of washington DC.
    Mere reason behind it being that,move by these fellows as of the like of Gration’s lacks subtantial outcome.they ’re just too soft and naive on digging out a mature possible outcome that will push for ’things’ really needed currently.

    It looks as if ’incentives and pressures’ ’re not going to push for either democratic transformatoin or referendum that rings every each day in our minds.

    However,referendum has become a partner for us here,should it be hijacked then quick decisions ’re underway to curb any negative intended-move.That’s just ’unilateral independence.Just assuring the world that,we won’t cowardice like Taiwanese who have failed to declare independence from the republic of China.

    Issues of who can take part in the referendum ’re ’clear in our eyes’.The better definition of voters has to be ’the indeginous people of southern sudan’.Not interested in them as being citizens.’Any character can be a citizen and bring in ramifications on pushing for real destiny of southerners’.

    But,SPLM SHOULD keep informing the world and the the characters of NCP,THE unionists that...sorry we ’re gone,we just can’t make it together just in a more literal way’.
    We got to go for the referendum clock ’s ticking.Hah,it’s just a ticker timer now!

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 14:25, by Ajinhliak kepiiny

      I think this posted article really require wistful comments that we all lack except few.

      To terminate oil is a source of losing lives.

      We struggle for freedom and right and responsibility of citizenship that means well documented citizens in South would vote.
      Gatwech and Kim have been teaching Southern Sudanese some comments regarding tribalism,selfish and shamelessness including abuse of Southern dignity that led to the ruling out of decision makers like Akol Lia Mager,Abuk D Nhial,Maluach Madit and Jawuk Juma plus william.

      Should SOuth Sudan fail to achieve its objectives, I may blame Gatwech and Kim Deng who preached tribalism to make decision makers disappear totally.

      Months are very few and it’s better for responsible CPA witnessed leaders to determine separation as above mentioned wise group demanded it.

      Welcome back for comment my brothers and sisters because government practice orders according to your contribution to this side.

      Thanks.

      repondre message

      • 10 October 2009 16:02, by sunny

        dear readers

        when south sudan leaders focus developental issues, you focus on destructive issues like the way you post tribalistic comments on this web. our leaders left for USA to represent serious issues non other than the percentage of voters during referendum and usage of oil after the expiration of CPA. how come you turn this serious issue into tribal issue?

        let’s stand together and face the enemy bravily while we unite as one family "a big tribe called south sudan". remember this can be achieved only when we do away with tribalism. tribalism is evil! the enemy can get chance to penetrate and re-enslave you. take care!

        south sudan oyee!!!!!!!!

        repondre message

  • 10 October 2009 14:36, by James Okuk Solomon

    Thanks to Minister Dr.Luka Monoja and Minister Oyai Deng Ajak for travelling a long way to USA and taking their time to rally international support for the full implementation of the CPA to its logical end, especially the right of the people of Southern Sudan for Self-determination through a referendum.

    It is said that if you you move the world will move with you but if you sleep you be sleeping alone. Let the few patriotic good leaders within the SPLM like Mr. Oyai Deng Ajak keep moving the interest of South Sudan internationally and surely the world will move with them towards the successful end.

    However, rallying the USA alone behind the interest of South Sudan is not enough as rightly highlighted by H.E. Minister Oyai; we need to rally behind us other international players too. Who knows, may be the USA government is not for the secession and independence of South Sudan and so we might lose out if we put all our eggs in that one basket.

    Long live the aspirations of the people of Southern Sudan for independece and long live all those good Southern leaders who work tirelessly for the common good rather than selfish or tribal interests.

    repondre message

    • 10 October 2009 19:57, by Angelo Ajiech Manyuat

      Good point Mr. James, the few patriotic who never show support are those of Lam Akol who are just fighting for their self-interest. They’re painstakingly and tirelessly doing their best to get rid of this peace so that we’ll go back to hell. How can we get our independent when our own brothers are stabing us in the back and forget to calculate the outcome of their mission. As for your a little advice, you should stop supporting SPLM/DC if you’re one of those patriotic who care about the suffering of Southerners. In fact, I believe that Dr. Lam will never bring change at all as long as he still with arabs if he don’t change the way he manage his things. To be honest, I’m not anti-Lam but I want him to be a true Southerner and a non tribalist politician who will bipartisan all people.

      repondre message

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.



Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


What federal system is suitable for South Sudan? 2019-11-12 11:06:55 By Dr Jacob K. Lupai* Introduction Federalism is seen as a constitutional arrangement for dividing power between different levels of government so that federated states, regions or provinces can (...)

Differences between Sudan government, SRF and FFC are the main issues of concern 2019-11-09 11:17:17 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman As the proverb goes, the difference of opinion does not spoil amity and does not spoil the friendliness issue. On the other hand, mere differences of point of view and (...)

Can women make the world more peaceful? 2019-11-06 11:31:03 By Paulino Akoon Yel Dut A genuine comprehensive analysis shows that involving women in peacebuilding increases the probability that violence will end in an easy manner. Hence we should thank (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


S. Korea supports UN communities building resilience project in Sudan’s Blue Nile 2019-09-09 09:26:41 UNDP Sudan September 5, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - An agreement was signed on 5th of September between the Korean Ambassador, His Excellency. Lee Ki-Seong and Dr. Selva Ramachandran, Resident (...)

Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders back calls for civil rule 2019-04-26 10:22:06 Press statement by 55 Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders on Sudan Sit-in and Peaceful Protest Khartoum -24/04/2019 We, the undersigned (55) Sudanese lawyers and human rights defenders, (...)

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community 2019-04-03 21:54:29 Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri on 24/3/2019 Release by The Lafon County Youth Union: We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2019 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.