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Who and what is militia in South Sudan?

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By Gatkuoth Deng

September 22, 2009 — In the dictionary I have found three definitions of the word ‘militia.’ Definition one: militia means an army of soldiers who are civilians but take military training and can serve full-time during emergencies. Definition two: militia means a reserve army that is not part of the regular armed forces but can be called up in an emergency. Definition three: militia means an unauthorized group of people who arm themselves and conduct quasi-military training.

The three above are the universal definitions of the word ‘militia’ according the dictionary. But what do the people, politicians and soldiers of South Sudan think about what ‘militia’ means to them? This has recently become an interesting topic to me because the word seems to be overused and abused beyond what it can actually mean. And this makes it more interesting when it is selectively used to mean a particular kind of people or tribe by those who always rush to name-calling and finger-pointing. This is also complicated by examining how militia groups can come into being either through internal or external influence and whether or not such groups can all qualify to be called militias.

This is also to avoid a similar name-calling of separatists and capitalists as ‘nyagat’ when those using the name don’t even know its meaning or origin. To those who speak the Ethiopian language Amharic, the word ‘nyagat’ came from the Amharic word ‘negade’ which translates ‘traders, business people or capitalists’ and therefore bourgeoisie, etc.. During the Marxist socialist Ethiopian regime of former President Mengistu Haile Mariam, capitalists were labeled with such names as bad people in the system he named ‘United New Socialist Ethiopia’. Mengistu was against separation of Eritrea from the rest of Ethiopia at the time. The SPLM/A copied the slogan and described the movement to be for ‘United New Socialist Sudan’ to be easily compatible with the hosting country’s system. You can see the SPLM/A Manifesto of 1983 for the readers who want to verify this. It also labeled its internal separatists as ‘nyagats’, which is capitalist and bourgeoisies.

This name-calling started in 1984. One commentator from the Dinka community who I can describe as somebody that tried his level best to be honest in a dishonest environment we live in said he used the insult against the Nuer but could not know the origin of the word. He said he “contemporarily” thought that it could mean somebody ‘traitor’ in Dinka language. I agree with him as I read people writing it as an insult. It is a pity that some people think they are insulting and others think they are being insulted by a word both sides did not know its meaning in the first place. This reminds me of a local traditional story that a Dinka and a Nuer quarreled over the fate of a wild meat when the Nuer said ‘babul’ and the Dinka said ‘banyop’. Both words mean to ‘roast’ the meat. They thought they differed over what to do with the meat while they were saying the same thing. Who is still against capitalists in the current SPLM/A of 2009?

Coming back to the main topic of the article, we can now examine what we can and cannot call militia in South Sudan in the light of the above three definitions as illustrated in the first paragraph. We should now go by the first definition that says “militia means an army of soldiers who are civilians but take military training and can serve full-time during emergencies.” This part of definition to my understanding explains that the group ‘militia forces’ are civilians that are militarily trained and can only be called up during emergencies. The second definition is similar but has added that militias are a “reserve army” that is detached from the regular army. These first two definitions imply that militias are part of a regular legal force some where. But who makes such a regular force legal somewhere is a different matter because even a rebel army can think of itself as legal body and can also have its own militias. But is a rebel army legal from the point of view of the government it rebelled from?

However, the most complicated definition of militias that seems to have confused a lot of the people of South Sudan and therefore needs a closer and rational look is the definition that says “militia means an unauthorized group of people who arm themselves and conduct quasi-military training.”

The word "unauthorized" is complicating! Who authorizes who in this situation and who should be eligible to be authorized? For instance, when the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) was established in 1983, it comprised of rebellious government forces that defected from both Bor and Ayod garrisons. These forces then joined up with the already rebelled Anya-nya II forces from Akobo and already established their base in Bilpam in 1975 under 1st Lt. Vincent Kwany Latjor. Bilpam later on became the main base or the General Headquarters (GHQs) of the SPLM/A in 1983. Were these forces of SPLA and Anya-nya II authorized, and if yes, by who? And if not authorized, could they fall under the definition number three of militias? Could this be the reason why the Sudan government had been calling the SPLA soldiers as militia forces or mercenaries fighting for external Western interests during the war even though the people of South Sudan see them as freedom fighters?

One could easily understand the political rhetoric of the former enemy, the Sudan government, preferring to call the SPLA as militias or mercenaries fighting for the interests of the West. However and interestingly, the same thing was copied and applied internally during the split of the same group, the SPLA that was in the first place said to be militias or mercenaries. One group rushed to pick the Sudan government’s name-calling and branded the other group as militias. The group went further by breaking down the other group they labeled as militias into ethnic groups and picked one ethnic group among them to be called the militias with the exclusion of their colleagues from other ethnicities.

Like the Sudan government that called the SPLA militias without giving itself an honest time to see the objective for which the SPLA broke away from the government and fought, that other group also rushed to call the other group that broke away to champion self-determination as militias fighting for the interests of Khartoum. A Western writer in 1992 wrote in denial of the name by saying “there is no any militia group attached to the government that can demand the right of self-determination from its government for the people the group represents.” I agree.

But if we go by the [mis]understanding that those of South Sudan Independence Movement (SSIM), under the current Vice President of GOSS, Bahr el Ghazal Group (BGG), under the leadership of late Kerubino Kwanyin Bol, Equatoria Defense Forces (EDF) under the leadership of the current GOSS Presidential Advisor Dr. Theophilus Ochang Lotti and Bor Group (BG) under the leadership of late Arok Thon Arok plus others were militia groups, then we would have equally carried that selected name without sparing certain ethnicities. However, the other SPLM/A group wanted to pick on the Nuer ethnic group alone to qualify for the name militias. That is interesting!

The same bias or discrimination is now repeating itself in the Jonglei madness. It is an open secret in the whole world that inter and intra-community fighting in the South has become widespread in almost every state in the ten South Sudan states. It has been called tribal wars over cattle rustling, competition over grazing lands and water points, retaliatory attacks and revenge killings, etc for all these years. To remind the readers, tribal wars in Jonglei between Nuer, Dinka, Murle and Anyuak, etc has been fought since time immemorial. The differences are in the increased scale and the modern weapons being used such as the Kalashnikovs unlike spears. Unfortunately, when it became the recent attack by Lou-Nuer on Twic East and Duk counties, irresponsible officials in the government did not hesitate to label it as Lou-Nuer militia attacks.

Yes, the Lou-Nuer civilians have since organized themselves into Jiech in Boor (White Army) similar to the youth Dinka civilians who have since organized themselves into Gel-Weng, so what is the difference? Their activities are all the same, attacking neighbors and looting cattle and UN bases every where in the South. The Mundari ethnic group has what they call ‘Commandos’, etc. So what is unique with the Lou-Nuer?

If the suspicion on Lou-Nuer is based on the presence of Dr. Riek Gai Kok in Khartoum, then a similar suspicion in Warrap, Jonglei and Lakes states armed civilian attacks should also be attached to Abel Alier, George Kongor, Professor Moses Machar, Bona Malual, etc who have been pro-NCP for all these years and directly served in collaboration with such a notorious political party. Some served as Vice Presidents under the notorious northern regimes fighting against the South for all those years. Why hypocrisy?

To me, this madness particularly in Jonglei is being facilitated by the tribal policies of Governor Kuol Manyang Juuk which fits tribe against tribe in the state. His recent uncalculated move by mobilizing and perhaps bribing the state MPs to remove the Assembly Speaker who is from Murle community and replacing him with another Dinka when he (Kuol) is also a Dinka has fueled mistrust and conflict between the communities. It is the SPLM’s known policy to promote equal ethnic representation in power distribution before the general elections. It is during the upcoming elections that the MPs can elect whoever they want and do away with the distribution of powers which is now the policy before the elections.

If the former Speaker of Jonglei State Legislative Assembly, Jodi Boyoris Jonglei was to be replaced for good reasons, then Kuol should have made it clear that only other contesters from the Murle community should replace him. If it is seen not to be necessary, he should have opted to give it to the Anyuak community that has no any important post among the current bigger positions in the state. Or he should have as well given it to other major Nuer clans in Jonglei state such as Gaawar, Laak and Thiang who have not benefited from such important positions in the state. For the minority Dinka alone to take both the position of the governor and that of the Assembly speaker in the state amounts to political greed. Until this political greed is eradicated from the ruling minority Dinka, Jonglei will remain mad and may even increase its madness. I hope Kuol Manyang will change his tactics!

Using NCP in the north as a scapegoat will not help the situation. Let us identify these internal devils. But if we prefer to describe these tribal fighting as “militia forces” under NCP’s external influence, then let us adopt it through out as a uniform description in all the states and should apply to all ethnic groups that carry out such violent activities.

This would mean that tribal fighting in Warrap, Lakes, Upper Nile and Jonglei states, etc are by militias. And that is Aguok-Dinka militias fighting against Luach-Dinka militias in Warrap state, Agar-Dinka militias fighting against Jur-beli militias in Lakes state, Lou-Nuer militias fighting against Nyarweng or Ngok-Dinka militias of Duk Padiet, Bor-Dinka militias killing SPLA officers inside Bor town, Aliab-Dinka militias fighting against Mundari militias, Bari militias fighting against Mundari militias in Central Equatoria, Toposa militias fighting against Dindinga militias in Eastern Equatoria, Murle militias fighting against Lou-Nuer militias, Bor-Dinka militias fighting against Lou-Nuer militias in Twic East county, Ngok-Dinka militias fighting against Shilluk militias in Upper Nile, etc. etc.

In Warrap state, according the media reports, heavy artilleries were used in fighting involving two Dinka clans. In Lakes state Agar-Dinka had recently attacked the SPLA convoy destroying a number of their vehicles using Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPGs). In Juba’s weapons search it is reported that even anti-air craft weapons plus RPGs, PKMs, etc., were found in the hands of civilians. So if the Lou-Nuer attackers used such type of weapons it should not be something new to any body. Some are supplied by certain SPLA officers to their communities. But if we prefer to call them militias sponsored by the NCP, it is fine and should be made a uniform description through out all the fighting communities in the South. My concern is that we may miss the real internal causes of such inter and intra-community fighting and might never resolve them if we choose to always blame them on the NCP in the North.

The author lives in USA and can be reached at: gatkuothlam@yahoo.com



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  • 23 September 2009 05:19, by thieleling

    Mr. Gatkuoth Deng,

    Your sounded logic is well presented. Based on the factual truth presented, the verdict is over!! Lou Nuer Youth are NOT Militia. Any reasonable, neutral, fair-minded person would support this verdict. It is based on substantiated facts.

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    • 23 September 2009 06:01, by maumau

      Gatkuoth Deng
      They are not militia but armed civilians killing fellow innocent civilians including women and children, do you support this?. We know that Dinka Bor do not always want other tribes to have higher positions in the government but let us take them in a diplomatic way not in a violent way like what is happening in Jongole. I think governor Kuol must simlply resign as he has failed to address the security concern and he is too tribalistic-typical of a Dinka Bor.

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      • 23 September 2009 06:29, by Gatwech

        Brother Gatkuoth,

        Excellent article! You have hit the nail on the head! Yes, the pretenders must choose between naming all tribal fighting in the South as militia fighting or call them all as armed civilian fighting. There is no room for selectivity based on tribal preferences and condemnations. This dishonest behavior by some of our officials such as Gier Chuang, Kuol Manyang and Kuol Diem Kuol amounts to dangerous hypocrisy.

        It is good that you have lectured them on the meaning of militia. I also appreciate that you have lectured the unscrupulous users on the word Nyagat which I also tried to explain its original Amharic meaning to them the other day. Refresh them from their ignorance so that they choose or comment on the things they understand. They are prisoners of the past and will never enjoy neither the present nor the future unless they embrace oneness of the people of South Sudan.

        SPLA should be fair to all its citizens, armed civilians or criminals. Treating Lou-Nuer differently from other armed civilians who kill in Warrap, Lakes, Upper Nile and the rest of the states amounts to discrimination and targeted hatred. Either they are all militias or armed gangs, period. And how to deal with them should be uniform through out the South.

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        • 23 September 2009 09:43, by Gatwech

          Hello minister Gier Chuang,

          I like your carefully worded description of the attackers as "ruthless armed gangs" instead of the wrong wording "militias" which the Bor-Dinka media reporters want for Lou-Nuer alone.

          "Gier further called on citizens to cooperate with government forces in the provision of security related information saying such atrocious incidents are committed by grouped he described as "ruthless armed gangs."

          I want you to use that description for all the armed criminals throughout the South. Don’t give in to irresponsible officials like Kuol Manyang who vomits a certain statement today and licks it tomorrow in a different situation. When the Murle attacked Lou-Nuer in Akobo, killing 185, Kuol rushed to the media and said it was a tribal fighting among villagers over cattle despite the use of modern weapons like Kalashinokovs and killing of some 20 SPLA soldiers in the attack. How come the Duk attack could suddenly and uniquely become a militia one?

          The Bor-Dinka armed gangs killed a Lou-Nuer SPLA colonel in Bor town. They should also expect targets on their officers in Duk. Let us be fair people so that we can have trust and find a way to resolve this madness in Jonglei as prophesied by Prophet Ngundeng.

          But Gier Chuang, I hope you and General James Hoth Mai should make sure that Jonglei is completely disarmed to bring this madness to an end. This disarmament should start within the Bor town, which is the HQrs of Jonglei and has "ruthless armed gangs" who even go out to murder not only other civilians in hospitals like those Murle in 2008 but also kill SPLA officers from other tribes like Colonel Gai Chuol of Lou-Nuer which is one of crimes that sparked the recent revenge attack on Duk.

          Don’t ever attempt again to disarm only Lou-Nuer as you did in 2006 leaving the rest of communities armed to kill Lou-Nuer. I hope your disarmament exercise will not turn out to be like the tale of "Puor kaka wan."

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  • 23 September 2009 06:03, by choldit

    Thanks Garwech for this piece. I think a ratinale minded individual can agree with you. The Jongeli reporters are encouraging communities to stand against each other by thier bias mindset agianst Lou-Nuer.

    Today, article by Mr.Biar went further by first branding organised yourth as militia and then asked SPLA to fight them without thinking about why fighting as Faith based educated man like him could have done.

    I hope your article will embarras most of those who put tribal mention first and then their national feeling.

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  • 23 September 2009 06:08, by Manyok

    Gatkuoth,

    It seems like you are accepting the responsibility for the killings that Lou-Nuer have been carrying out against their neighbors. I might be wrong. But I think SPLA is smart by naming these killers as militias.

    If I am not wrong, then Jonglei speaker was removed this month by MPs including those of your community. Is that true that the killings of civilians in Twic East and Duk has connection with the removal of the speaker? How about the killings of civilians in Lokwangole? Is it also connected to the removal of the speaker? Should I stop there, or should I mention the killing of Jikany civilians, does it also have connection with the removal of the speaker? If you are accepting these things as responsibility of Lou-Nuer without any influence from outside, then we can go for it.

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    • 23 September 2009 07:15, by Gatwech

      Zechariah Manyok Biar,

      You are just a bunch of unreasonable people. What do you thing can uniquely qualify Lou-Nuer alone to be described as militias when they equally organize themselves like the criminal armed gangs from Dinka, Murle, Mundari, etc? They use the same weapons as used by other armed gangs. They have a focal point (ring leader) like any other groups. Some of them use uniforms like any other armed gangs. So what is the difference?

      Is it because the name of their ring leader, Chibitek Mabil, is known to SPLA that makes it uniquely and organized attack, there fore justifies to be called militias? Do you think all those organized youth attacks in Lakes state and Warrap states did not have ring leaders? I know the motive behind the naming of Lou-Nuer criminals as militias. It is just a pretext by notorious officials in the governmetn and the SPLA to justify launching a war against Lou-Nuer. That will never happen my friend. If it happens, you will not like it. It will backfire.

      I condemn any criminal attacks by armed gangs through out the South either in Jonglei, Warrap, Lakes and Upper Nile state, but I don’t accept people always waiting to condemn only Lou-Nuer and give them different description. That is a cheap propaganda that will surely fail.

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    • 23 September 2009 07:20, by gatkuothdiew

      Gatkuoth Deng,

      Your article missed our nature as Nuer.
      That is not how we talk or convey our grievances.
      You supported the term " militia" given to us which is so unfortunate.
      The definition you provided do not exist in the dictionary and i ask you to tell me whether you wrote that dictionary with your mum.
      What had happened in Duk padiet was carried out by an armed civilian called Jech-in-Bor.
      It had nothing to do with militia that you stupidly support.
      You either stop advocating for we the Nuer or learn to write in an intellectual and mature way.
      The article above expose your ineptitude as a writer.

      These people called Bor whom we are now murdering are our oxygen.
      They stood firm during the war while we Nuer shamelessly defected and join Arabs.
      We must be respectful to Jaang/Dinka for achieving CPA for the whole southsudan.
      We will very soon vote for independent, isn’t that what we must thank Dinka for?

      I always regret being born a Nuer when i recollect how we failed the liberation moment.

      By Gatkuoth Diew,

      Uror county,Jonglei.

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      • 23 September 2009 12:54, by James

        You did not even understand the article Mr. Gatkuoth Diew. your comment shows how dinka enslaved you. kill yourself if you regret being born a nuer

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      • 23 September 2009 12:55, by James

        You did not even understand the article Mr. Gatkuoth Diew. your comment shows how dinka enslaved you. kill yourself if you regret being born a nuer

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      • 23 September 2009 21:07, by Deng Gatluak

        Gatkouth Diew,

        Ashamed on you Diew and just get lose and killed your own ass for toothless Dinka whom you have claimed to be that afirm liberators. If you know nothing about who had involved in the liberation movement why do you bother your ass and came up with this unwanted stopid lie, that Dinkas were consistent in the liberation. Do You forgot about George Arop, Mosses Machar, and Abel Alier who are the most betrayals of all. Mr. Diew refrains from unwanted comments against Naath Community from now on.

        Gatnyayiel is now working to bring peace to his people of South Sudan whom he loves too much. Salva Kiir is only one that killed the people of South Sudan and not people themelves. He (Kiir) is now busy to go out with Equatorians girls in Juba, South Sudan in broader daylights, Aron Thon Aron duaghter at eveing time and Madam Rebbecca Nyadeng De Mabior, the wife of late hero Dr. John Garang at morning time while the people of South Sudan are drying by the lacking of food and then go wild and ruslting others neighbors people’s proporties that cuased killings.

        If you know nothing bitch about who were the real liberators, then do not even try next time to offend the real liberators. After 2011 referandum, Naath People will appreciate no one else, but themselves for the greatest tasks which they have performed to liberate and redirected Toothless Dinka to accept a right to self-determination for the people of South Sudan which the Toothless Dinkas are now enjoying in the Nation Capital Juba, South Sudan.

        I wondered if you could let me killed you just becuase I was a Rebel leader who has decided to kill Nuer People becuase they are seperatists. If it was not Nuer in the SPLA, there should be no CPA today, none. Please go to hell with your madness Toothless cowardic Dinkas and slaves of food who showed their bravenes only for food.

        Dodn’t you know that Dinka were fought in the liberation movement just because Dr. John Garang, who had happened to be a Dinka man was Rebel leader. If it was happened to be Gach Tut or someone else became the SPLM/A leader. Do you think that, the Toothless Dinkas or slaves of food should have been participated in the liberation movement as they have done? It would not has happened, no way, none. Mr. Diew wishing out your dirty Dinka background mistreatments against Naath people before Gatnyayiel does his part on you motherfucker.

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  • 23 September 2009 07:26, by Dinka Boy

    Coward Gatkuoth,

    Just bit about the Bush with the definition of Militia, but you will be disarmed by any means.

    You are very clear that you are supporting NCP.
    By the way is that self-determination thieliny and Agatkuoth always talk about. Rubbished!

    Running up and down is always your routes, we Southerners knows that.
    You are dancing for this kiling, but you will soon regrete your life.

    Mr friend you always talk about Nuer in SPLA and how about Dinkas in SPLA/m.
    Nuer Lou are MILITIAS hungers.

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    • 23 September 2009 08:09, by Jeremiah Mach

      Gatkuoth was bias to the point that i became lazy to read his entire article, anyway his article is well written in term of language, but has failed miserably to figure out the origin of Militias in the history of the liberation movement, the fact remain that Nuer was the first ethnic group to have an organize force called militia since the inception of the SPLM/A. this does not mean that they are Nyagat and thus has done little during the liberation struggles, the split of the Movement during the 90s has itself demonistrate how vulnerable is South Sudan without Nuer. but in most cases; Nuer as a formidable tribe is being used to frasturate the success of the people at a time when victory is on our sight.

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  • 23 September 2009 09:42, by Gatwech

    Hello minister Gier Chuang,

    I like your carefully worded description of the attackers as "ruthless armed gangs" instead of the wrong wording "militias" which the Bor-Dinka media reporters want for Lou-Nuer alone.

    "Gier further called on citizens to cooperate with government forces in the provision of security related information saying such atrocious incidents are committed by grouped he described as "ruthless armed gangs."

    I want you to use that description for all the armed criminals throughout the South. Don’t give in to irresponsible officials like Kuol Manyang who vomits a certain statement today and licks it tomorrow in a different situation. When the Murle attacked Lou-Nuer in Akobo, killing 185, Kuol rushed to the media and said it was a tribal fighting among villagers over cattle despite the use of modern weapons like Kalashinokovs and killing of some 20 SPLA soldiers in the attack. How come the Duk attack could suddenly and uniquely become a militia one?

    The Bor-Dinka armed gangs killed a Lou-Nuer SPLA colonel in Bor town. They should also expect targets on their officers in Duk. Let us be fair people so that we can have trust and find a way to resolve this madness in Jonglei as prophesied by Prophet Ngundeng.

    But Gier Chuang, I hope you and General James Hoth Mai should make sure that Jonglei is completely disarmed to bring this madness to an end. This disarmament should start within the Bor town, which is the HQrs of Jonglei and has "ruthless armed gangs" who even go out to murder not only other civilians in hospitals like those Murle in 2008 but also kill SPLA officers from other tribes like Colonel Gai Chuol of Lou-Nuer which is one of crimes that sparked the recent revenge attack on Duk.

    Don’t ever attempt again to disarm only Lou-Nuer as you did in 2006 leaving the rest of communities armed to kill Lou-Nuer. I hope your disarmament exercise will not turn out to be like the tale of "Puor kaka wan."

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  • 23 September 2009 14:52, by P Thon Aleu

    Hi All,

    NOTE: I decided to comment of this article because there is a lot of misinformation.

    In the first paragraph of this article, the definition of ‘militia’ is clear and I think those who nearly burst when I said ‘Militiamen kill people in Jonglei’ can now rest their bellies. But the first and second definitions – according to Gatkoth’s dictionary, do not and shall not be in South Sudan.

    Secondly, there is no mention that the militia that killed people in Duk Padiet was organized by Lou Nuer chiefs but rather came from Lou Nuer. It only needs fictitious translation of local dialects to English. Get it right.

    Then there is one thing to note carefully that unless we choose to serve our nation as one people with one objective and avoid being seen as stooge we shall not realize that the wealth of Sudan lies in the south. If armed men from my area raid another village and are described as militia, it should not worry me because I don’t support them. Why shouldn’t it fret a person who dwells in the U.S. that his kin are involved unless violent against Southerners’ yearn for freedom? If I were the one, I’ll not even smile at their styled killing far from backing them and calls for more fight! If the southerners – thought to have being changed by education and live in developed countries still support tribal wars, where is the future then?

    And to make matters worse, the author went ahead and says “Jonglei madness” will not stop unless Gov. Kuol changes his policies. Secondly, we are educated and must avoid being seen as tribal representatives but national figures Mr. Gatkuoth! What does Jonglei madness mean in this context? I thought those who use childish language in commends were secondary school leavers in developing villages but in not the U.S! It furious me a lot brother!

    If there are genuine reasons that there is unbalanced proportional sharing of power in Jonglei, it can not be solved by killing children in Duk Padiet or looting of sorghum and sugar bags. Representatives of the people need just to sit on round table and sort out the difference. And you also missed a point when you say the new Speaker is a Dinka Bor. He is an SPLM Piegi/Canal (formerly Khorfulus) MP. This is where it became necessary to comment on your article because there is a lot of mess that the people during 17th Centuries can not even make.

    To my readers, don’t forget that I’m a journalist and obeys the code of ethic. This respond is intended to correct and change tribal based behaviors. I’m totally against tribal based thinking and interpretations.

    Philip.

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    • 23 September 2009 15:40, by Gatwech

      It is good that you have voiced out your mind, and I can see why people cry that you are not a professional journalist. Your comment has just confirmed this. Thanks.

      Let me just explain abit to you in simple terms so that I can help you understand the arguments in the article you seem to misunderstand its definitions of the word ’militias’. If the word ’militia’ in the context of the Lou-Nuer attack means organized armed civilians with modern weapons, then this qualifies every organized armed civilians whether in Warrap, Lakes, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.

      Why would you only accept to call Lou-Nuer armed civilians militias when that name does not apply to other similar armed groups who are organized, use artilleries in the case of Warrap, and attack SPLA convoys in the case of Lakes state. Why don’t you call the Bor-Dinka armed gangs who recently targeted SPLA officers and killed a Colonel, Gai Chuol in the outskirts of the Bor town as militias. How do you want to call the Duk criminals who attacked a convoy of peaceful Lou-Nuer traders just outside their headquarters and killed seven officers?

      This is where logic defeats you and leaves you to look unreasonable, bias and tribally inclined. And this is why you writing are full of tribal influences rather than adhering to professionalism as a journalist. Don’t complain that those of Duk and Bor-Dinka are different. The Bor-Dinka call them all as Greater Bor community. Sort it out with them first and come clean.

      Please, Mr. Philip Thon Aleu, liberate yourself from tribalism otherwise you will lose your professionalism, which is not good for you. Otherwise, people will always see you as unreliable source.

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    • 9 October 2009 16:11, by Tor Stephen

      I really hate those who still call people Militia,and by the way I wanted to know who is the malitia in the South?
      do we still have malitia exist at this stage where we are now?
      the recent attack on Duk was purely done by Lou civillians not even the interllectuals,

      thanks and hoping to see your comments,
      Tor,

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  • 23 September 2009 16:18, by James Okuk Solomon

    Good clarification of the term "militia" brother Gatkuoth. I think you need a three-minutes clapping for this well researched and well reasoned article. Thanks to brother Tut Gatwech for drawing your attention to the misuse of this "term" and also the term "Nyagat". Indeed brother Gatwech has a head as his name signify.

    However, there is something that you forgot to do (or may be intended not to do) in your excellent article. And that is, condemning the killings that took place in Duk Padiet and in everywhere in the South, asking God to rest in peace the souls of those who were killed and also to console their grieved families and friends, and then praying for the end of killings and insecurities in the South under the current SPLM failed leadership. I would have said "urging the GoSS to bring the Killers to the Book" but this will be useless for a failed GoSS that has no sense of the Book, i.e., of impartial punitive law and order in the South. In this case; we only pray to God to come to the help of communities of the South by avoiding tendecies and behaviours that motivate the fightings, killings and insecurities.

    God have mercy on the South and bring forth a right leader for this ever troubled Motherland under Kiir leadership!!!

    repondre message

    • 23 September 2009 18:57, by Gatwech

      AMEN!!! Thanks Dr. James Okuk.

      repondre message



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