Home | News    Tuesday 28 July 2009

There are "misleading voices from Khartoum" over Abyei ruling - Machar


By James Gatdet Dak

July 27, 2009 (JUBA) – The Deputy Chairperson of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and Vice President of the semi-autonomous Government of Southern Sudan dismissed, as misleading, claims over participation of other non-Ngok Dinka residents in the upcoming referendum in Abyei in 2011.

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Girls from Ngok-Dinka of Abyei holding flowers and waiting to receive SPLM D/Chairperson Dr. Riek Machar and his delegation at Juba airport, July 27, 2009, (photo by James. G. Dak -ST)

President of the Republic of Sudan, Omer Al-Bashir, publicly stated after the Abyei ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague that Misseriya residents in Abyei area would also participate in the 2011 referendum.

Ambassador Dirdeiry Mohamed Ahmed, head of the National Congress Party (NCP) delegation to the PCA also said the tribunal court had given the Heglig oilfield to Southern Kordofan state in North Sudan.

However, in a brief statement he issued to hundreds of jubilant citizens of Southern Sudan, particularly from Abyei, who converged at Juba airport on Monday to welcome the southern Sudanese delegation returning from The Hague via Khartoum, the SPLM Deputy Chairperson, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, told the crowd that the claims by the NCP leadership over who should vote in Abyei referendum and the fate of Heglig oilfields were misleading.

Accompanied by the Minister for Presidential Affairs, Dr. Luka Biong Deng, Machar, who also headed the SPLM delegation to The Hague’s court, said it was very clear in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that it is the nine Ngok-Dinka chiefdoms that will vote in the referendum to either rejoin the South or remain in the North.

The SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum, who received Machar at the airport, said the SPLM was committed to respecting the decision of the court and appreciated the work well done by the SPLM team at The Hague.

In a separate press conference he held shortly after briefing the SPLM Chairperson Salva Kiir Mayardit, Dr. Machar also further explained that the Abyei situation of who should qualify to vote will similarly apply to the South Sudanese referendum. Only non-South Sudanese who had been in the South since 1956 will participate in the referendum in 2011, he added.

"If you ask, for instance, a Bari chief to identify a non-South Sudanese who had been in the area [of Juba] since 1956 he can show you," he said, referring to non-qualification of residents that migrated to Southern Sudan after 1956 and whose biological link to South Sudanese tribal members are not agreed and confirmed.

On the Heglig oilfield, Machar said the area belongs to Unity state (Upper Nile region). He added this was confirmed that it belonged to Upper Nile region by a committee formed during the government of the High Executive Council in Juba by the former President of the Republic, late Jaafer Mohamed Nimeiri, after the discovery of oil in the area.

"President Omer Al-Bashir knows that Heglig belongs to Unity state. He used to be there himself and knew that the area was in Unity state," he further explained.

However, Machar added that the Abyei Boundary Commission (ABC) Report included Heglig as part of Abyei in their report which was initially rejected by the NCP in the Presidency in July 2005.

He said for the sake of unity within the SPLM organization and among the people of Southern Sudan, the SPLM thought that the time was not appropriate to contest the ownership of heglig area between Unity state and Abyei at the time.

The SPLM Deputy Chairperson said the party wanted to first settle the issue of Abyei boundaries after which they could resolve the North-South borders that would also settle any dispute over the heglig oilfields.

In the Abyei Road Map agreement of June 2008, heglig area was taken out of Abyei by both the NCP and the SPLM, he said, adding that it was not part of the ruling in The Hague. "It will be resolved in the North-South border demarcation process," he explained, assuring the crowd that the area was part of Unity state.

Machar said it was unfair and wrong for somebody to say that the South would not get any oil revenue accruing from heglig without looking into the reality of the situation.

He pointed out that the same issue goes with some of the western part of Abyei such as meyrem, which he explained belonged to Northern Bahr el Ghazal, but was said to have been given to the North. "This is not true," he said.

"There are native residents from the area [Northern Bahr el Ghazal] who used to reside and work in the area even during the construction of the railway [to Wau]. Some are still alive and one of them is now a Presidential Advisor in the Government of Southern Sudan," Machar further explained, adding that the ownership of the area was very clear.

A committee would soon be formed by the Presidency for the next phase to physically demarcate on the ground the territory of the nine Ngok-Dinka Chiefdoms in accordance with the ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague, he added.

He called upon the Ngok-Dinka and Misseriya tribes to continue to live as peaceful neighbors.


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  • 28 July 2009 05:38, by Akol Liai Mager

    What went wrong:

    1. GOSS should have raised the issue with ABC Commission on its Abyei Boarder from day 1 by telling the commission that Panthou is a Unity territory and not Abyei. I don’t know whether GOSS has done that or not someone may verify this.

    2. GOSS should not take an early Oath/Pledge to accept something they are not 100% sure about it.

    3. The issue of Boarder dispute between New and Old Sudans is not an SPLM duty alone, it is a GOSS duty with assistance of all parties within or out of GOSS including INF/DC.

    Now, GOSS have not lost the case, it just needs to challenge court ruling on Panthou and come forward with evidences to convince the court about Panthou belonging to Unity State.

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  • 28 July 2009 05:48, by Oduck Bol

    In my opinion this is not a good ideas, to argue for something that is already gone. After you accepted the result with out know the out come of it. Now you want to inform us that court gave our land to Nourth. If court said that Meyrem and Hegilg is belong to north,then we have to accept that without any complain because you promised the court that you are going to accept any bad result to you.

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    • 28 July 2009 13:54, by Abuk D- Nhial

      Your daily comments declare that you had formed the party of SPLM/DC with intention of confronting the Southerners on any statement/arrangement that would reward Southerners. How comes you blame SPLM and welcome such a short minded acceptance of zigzag sharing of Abyei minus oil?

      All southern parties beginning with S/DC to the end should unite and struggle as one,that would be the evidence of your right claim of bringing democracy to the people of South Sudan.

      So Bol,you need to analyst what the enemy is doing today!.



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    • 28 July 2009 20:26, by crackwood

      Dear brothers and sisters
      if you don’t know what going on until now? why bother your brother for no reason! are you with our enemy or with southern Sudanese or realty with people of South Sudan? this time it will not come back. we have to for get every thing that among us and look forward to lead our nation in peace not with our enemy but: Among yourselves. let join our hand to gather our main or brain to get our promise land, land of honey and milk we defeated and looking back?

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      • 28 July 2009 20:33, by crackwood

        sorry. for mistake I made, I mean we defeated our enemy we don’t have to look back, we go ahead with our brother in leadership.

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  • 28 July 2009 06:12, by Jamjamez

    The Splm should not be conflicting their report after analyzing the public reaction about given pathou to north. This name heglig was impose in 1999 and they used to uproot people who were found settled in the area by force. Governor Taban Deng gai gave into their demand allow them to uproot people and now they called it their land. See the effects of bribery that the governor took? its now affect the whole state.
    You should fight well through law before we come because I will personally humilate such people infront of the panel very soon.
    good luck!

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    • 28 July 2009 07:49, by John Boy

      Well done Dr.Machar it was total shucks for the peoples of unity state when the propagandas news anounce by NCP delegation misleading the public by saying the court replace Heglig oil field and Merem as part South Kordofan This was annoyed the resident of unity state please as government do not allow any false news which publishing by NCP Misleading our peoples now the time has time come for the peoples of South Sudan particularly president of the Goss to know the planning of the governor Taban Deng of unity State by pull out the SPLA troops from Karsana to allow Arab occupy South indirect as is the only person still suporting the unity of the country because is son of Arab.

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    • 28 July 2009 07:58, by Ajuscommando

      I’m unhappy with Jamjamez and Oduck Bol because of there comments on the issue of oilfield. Please remain with your weakness heart of slavery from Arabs and Dinkas, Nuer, with others small tribes in the South who doesn’t like Arabs will continue to fight Arabs until we achieve the soil of the South from our opponent. I know very well that, we have weakness people like Lam Akol in our new generation who can not struggle for the South land from Arabs. Look at this person by name Oduck Bol is from Lam Akol clan and he want to copy Lam Akol bad conduct toward the South.
      The God’s of the Southerners will cooperate with our courages to defeat the enemies of the South although we have Judas Iscariot in the South communities. I encourage SPLA personal to deal with SPLM-DC members by all mean.
      SPLM/A Oyee SPLA Oyee


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      • 28 July 2009 08:18, by Gatbentiu

        This is bull shit,Heglig is within Unity State and it will never be part of S.Korodufan or Abyei.Our leaders are confused people who doesn’t know what they are doing,they would advice the ABC in their report that Heglig is Unity state not Abyei,now the PCA said that Heglig is in the Northern part of Sudan and the so called S.Sudan leaders are claiming that its part of Unity State which they did not said earlier.The Unity State governor is just keeping quite,Mr.Taban your 2% is being taken away from you,please wake up otherwise it will be too late to claim it back.

        Karasana was one of Parieng payams,after the conflict in that place its now S. Kordofun and Unity State had never said something about it, if we don’t do something about all these Unity State will be like Abyei


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        • 28 July 2009 21:20, by Jamjamez

          See Thats what I was talking about, Iam glad somebody see what I mean. I mean you got the point Gatbentiu,it we dont take action and keep allowing this weak governor to give in to arabs demand, Unity states will be like Abyei. Taban, gave out karasan, he allow people to be uprooted in Pathou(heglig now at present) and Merem which all belong to unity states. How would you call that your leader when he gives away your land that has cause many lives? Thats what I was calling for and this maggots upthere understood me and starts talking about Dinka and bulshit and that Nuer are the only fighters who gona fight for south.
          You are shallow minded person if you still talk about tribalism. first of all eeh ngen gat BENTIU! I was born there and you are pretending to know much more than me or to be good nuer, people like you are just but Maggots who jumps around all the time. change your mentality you crazy ass mother fucking sickel cell infected junk! I see yah!

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  • 28 July 2009 08:09, by James Riak

    Bravo, Dr Machar and the SPLM leadership for assuring the people of South Sudan, that the ruling does not include Heglig and Megrem.
    The people of South Sudan are behind you to give you due support on this, we are all aware, the ruling did not discussed North - South border, therefore be very tactical in dealing with the snake in the house.
    The NCP are rally behind this ruling looking for any possible opportunity to disrupt peace, that was why they were quick to say, they will not remit any Oil from Heglig to South Sudan Government, therefore be very strong to solve this mater as quick as possible and for all.

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  • 28 July 2009 08:41, by Lawrence

    Dr. Machar, you and the leadership of SPLM have all the right to claim ownership of Panthou(Heglig) oil field which has ever been part of Southern Sudan. There was some biasness by declaring Panthou(Heglig) to be part of the north and allowing the Misieriya to graze their livestocks freely in the territory declared to belong to South Sudan.Remember you made an expensive error by putting your signature on the paper and declaring that Southerners have accepted the Arbitration ruling. This is the second time that such expensive error is being made by south Sudanese delegation.

    The first one was in 1952 when the British was handing over independence to Sudanese where the delegation members from South Sudan were bribed and they ended up signing for unity with Arabs. Am told the British had cautioned Southerners to claim for self determination after which separetion could take place. The delegation turned down this warning and instead it demanded unity. The story is a long one.

    Apparently, i do not know how you Dr. Machar and your team can alter your statement from the papers and minds of the international community. You should have deffered the ceremony and returned to Juba for consultation like SPLM/A did many times to arrive on the final day in Naivasha, 2005.

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    • 28 July 2009 15:51, by 13012 Shepherd

      Dear readers,

      I’m a crazy supporter of the SPLM/A till forever, however i wants to criticize our Party for what they did during the announcement of the PCA rulling on the 22nd of this month.

      Panthou renamed as Heglig is known to be the land of Ruweng community of Unity state. How come that they accept the rulling. Our president praised the rulling and our vice who happened to be a citizen of that particular state whose oil is being taken also praised the rulling.

      They must tell the masses whether they were sober or not
      during the announcement.

      13012 is swimming compprtably in the Nile in Bor (Mading-Bor)

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  • 28 July 2009 10:11, by Man of facts

    Southern sudanese will never keep silent on issues regarding the boarder of their ancestrial father which was
    bought using money we people got in their land.Believe me or not!
    What do know about southern/North boarder? things have already pouered out into thin air.We have representives to
    guide the right of southerners though not running our immediate, then God is behind us Ibelieve.
    Man of facts is southern sudanese and Equatorian by native

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  • 28 July 2009 11:35, by Abok Kiir Dau

    By Abok Kiir

    Well done Dr. Machar, it was really a very big shock to all Southern Sudanase and specially to Unity State when misleading voices from Khartoum were heard from NCP delegation, that the court ruled Heglig oil field, Merem, Karsana, Kor machar (Jaw) and Jebel kurudi as parts of South Kordofan. That wasn’t true; a complete shock to all of us, since we all know that those areas belong to South Sudan. Their claims began since the oil was discovered in those places and I hope GOSS will try as much as they can to solve this issue in order to maintain peaceful coexistence in the neighbourhood.

    In addition, it was unfair for sure to say that the South Sudan will not get any oil revenue, which gave us no hope on how our country will be develop if such things happen, Other wise good lack SPLM/A we appreciate what ever your are doing and we are behind you, although we are far.

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    • 28 July 2009 14:15, by Duoth

      i blame the Dinka Leardership for taking Helige oil field away from the map of Unity state and include it in the map of abyei.
      so you took it from the Nuer the Arabs took it from you, just say good bye to oil field.

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      • 28 July 2009 15:56, by 13012 Shepherd

        Look at this idiot called Duoth

        Unity state does not belong to Nuer alone.Panthou is the land of Ruweng Ngok-Dinka I really wander what makes some people to present their ideas childishly.

        Duoth you still have alot to learn about Southern Sudan and its people

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      • 29 July 2009 02:29, by Beny de Piny

        Dear Mr Douth, it does not sound good by saying Dinka leadership rather than saying SPlA/M leadership which include Dr Machar and General Matip.Infact the big blame should go to Matip who is from your tribe because it was him who gave NCP full protection in the early 1990`s otherwise arab would not have been settlled in our region untill this time to claim the ownership of Panthou.Brother be part of the solution not part of the problem, let us be together to fix what went wrong in the past because nothing impossible when people are united. Long live to the Sudan People Liberation Army and long live to SPLA/M leadership

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      • 30 July 2009 03:42, by Delta Yankee

        You blame the dinka for what? I think you do not know what’s going on. To be clear conflict has nothing to do with dinka nor nuer.

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  • 28 July 2009 16:03, by Mr. Rat Rebites

    I don’t think south sudanese really understand English as an international language.

    To me the PCA ruling only demarcated the 9 chiefdoms of Ngok-Mounjang that were transfered to the north 104 years ago(and if am not mistaken abyiei is still to decide if she will come back to south or remain as part of north sudan as it was 104 years ago).

    If you people study the map clearly(iam a physicist), you will find that the north south borderline of 1956 reads 10deg’N22deg’E that would even ly 20 miles from PCA current abyiei ruled boundary. so there is no way Heglig(panthou) that was forcely ruled to the north just 10 years ago will be part of the north.

    what i know if you know is that Arab are playing word sworded game to see how stupidly south sudanese have understood the ruling.

    Otherwise dont rule Heglig(panthou) to the north by ur own words.

    Mr. Rat Rebites from AkangBang.

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    • 28 July 2009 17:29, by MADIT MAJAK CHOL

      I have some question to Mr. President Salva Kiir,and Vice President Dr. Riek Macher. you people has been knew all these years since the beginning of civil war in Sudan that Heglig is belong to Upper Nile. Dinka Abyei claim that Heglig is belong to Abyei, but you keep quit. My question is why SPLM/A leadership didn’t addresses these issues in the beginning of movement? but now you telling people that Heglig is belong to Unity State don’t you think that is too late for convincing people of Panthou? also my our question is that why SPLM agreed with PCA ruling? Why don’t SPLM support 1956 borderling agreement? you people are celebrated that we won, won, but don’t you see that you lost the case. you lose the oilfield, but what will people of Abyei eat? Please my dear southeneres stop thinking short team, but let us learn to think long team. we had been fought for 21 years, and we lost many many people, but at the end what we get? nothing, but peopl still suffering because we didn’t achieves nothing at all. That is so shameful.
      Please God help us.

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  • 29 July 2009 15:25, by Man of facts

    Dear majak.

    Go back and read the ruling on Abeyi boarder demarcation
    Heglig oil field is under the part of unity state which belongs to south sudan. Spla were not waging civil war b,se of
    this oil field only but democracy.You need to appreciate
    splm for thier hard work to demarcate Abeyi boarder wshich had never been before.

    Are you ready to it again?

    man of facts the brother to logic boy

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    • 30 July 2009 04:08, by Delta Yankee

      Let me tell you the truth. Abeyi solt the part of Abeyi land to Arabs. Deng Majok is the one who knows something about all this game.
      We southerns claming Abeyi becuase the land is belong to south and we southerns need to clam back the people who don’t want to sell the land to Arabs. Believe me 60% Abeyi and 30% Conceder themselves as Arabs.
      Our Inconsistency with Arabs was not because of oil; we are figting for Equalty becuase we’re the Citzents of sudan and we should have the right to be treat equaly.
      Most of southerns was thinking that Arabs fight with south because of the land but it was not only that; it was because of the oil.
      Mr Big ASS logic boy, Where have you been? Did you went to find a boyfriend to your mam?
      Delta Yankee) is in the woodlands

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  • 29 July 2009 17:26, by mayombo

    Atlast your senses are comeing Dr machar if you could talk with alot of unity in you the so-call Arab would have suffer in the hand of Southerners good commen good leadership

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