Home | Comment & Analysis    Thursday 27 May 2004

A partial peace

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

Leader: Financial Times

LONDON, May 27, 2004 — All the main pieces are now in place for an end to the war in southern Sudan, a conflict that has lasted more than 20 years and cost more than 2m lives. The long-awaited deal being finalised yesterday at Lake Naivasha in Kenya provides the basis for a comprehensive accord, opening the way for a six-year transition before the south gets to vote on independence.

Flaws in the agreement are already obvious, however, most of all in the way it shares responsibility for the country’s destiny (and the division of its oil revenues) between the two principal protagonists of the conflict, the Arab-led government in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, keeping other factions in both north and south out of the equation.

The dangers of this approach have been starkly demonstrated by the human catastrophe in Sudan’s western Darfur region since rebel groups there rose against the government last year.

Delays in completing the north-south peace negotiations have served the Khartoum government by keeping the pressure off its policy towards Darfur. Sudan’s Islamic leaders are fully aware of the importance Washington places on a settlement for the partly Christian south, supported by a vocal US evangelical lobby. Concentrating their efforts on helping to bring about a north-south deal, the US and Britain have both pulled their punches over the Muslim-against-Muslim conflict in the west. The UN Security Council has appeared impotent and ineffectual.

By enlisting local Arab militias as proxy forces, Khartoum has fuelled old conflicts between nomadic Arabs and African farmers. Human Rights Watch accuses it of a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing, targeting civilians of the same ethnic groups as the rebels. About 1m people have been uprooted. The Brussels-based International Crisis Group reckons 30,000 have died.

The scope for international leverage may be limited. Memories of the Rwandan genocide 10 years ago have prompted calls for outside intervention. But, realistically, who would undertake it? After Iraq, a further US-led intervention in a Muslim country hardly seems the most plausible option.

A ceasefire in Darfur last month committed Khartoum to "neutralising" the militias. Under international demands, the government also agreed last week to ease access by humanitarian organisations. Western and African governments should now exert all the pressure they can on Sudan’s leaders to bring the Darfur rebel movements and other marginalised factions into a more inclusive negotiating process on the country’s future. Without broader participation the hard-won peace deal will be worth little.



The views expressed in the 'Comment and Analysis' section are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not Sudan Tribune.

If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email it to comment@sudantribune.com

Sudan Tribune reserves the right to edit articles before publication. Please include your full name, relevant personal information and political affiliations.
Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.


The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.



Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Who can unlock the current impasse in Sudan? 2019-07-01 06:44:52 By Luka Biong Deng Kuol Since the eruption of the Sudanese popular uprising on 19th December 2018, the protesters have made history. Not only have they unseated one of the longest-serving (...)

Victims of Sexual Violence in Sudan Deserve Justice 2019-06-19 07:16:08 by Tchérina Jérolon, and Daisy Schmitt Today, as we commemorate the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, we demand accountability for sexual crimes committed in (...)

Ezekiel Lol reignites political begging as a Freedom of Expression 2019-06-14 22:49:39 Gatdiet Peter Here, the question is: to what extent does a politician become a “political beggar”? A politician becomes a beggar and (re)focuses on the “politics of begging” as soon as (s)he has (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders back calls for civil rule 2019-04-26 10:22:06 Press statement by 55 Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders on Sudan Sit-in and Peaceful Protest Khartoum -24/04/2019 We, the undersigned (55) Sudanese lawyers and human rights defenders, (...)

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community 2019-04-03 21:54:29 Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri on 24/3/2019 Release by The Lafon County Youth Union: We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and (...)

Joseph Malwal Dong joined the SPLM/A -IO 2019-04-02 08:35:02 SPLM/A (IO) Press Release 1/4/2019 On Hon. Joseph Malwal Dong Joined the SPLM/A (IO) The leadership of the SPLM/A (IO) would like to seize this precious opportunity to announce to members and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2019 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.