Home | News    Saturday 7 March 2009

JEM leader calls for oil-for-food programme in Darfur

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March 6, 2009 (PARIS) — The leader of the Justice and Equality Movement condemned the expulsion of the aid groups from Darfur and called on the UN Security Council to establish an Oil-for-Food Programme to relieve the IDPs and refugees affected by the Darfur crisis.

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Khalil Ibrahim

In the proposed scheme, Khartoum would be banned from selling and directly collecting oil revenue. Instead, the oil revenue would be controlled by the UN which will dedicate a portion of this money to cover a food programme for the displaced and the refugees affected by Darfur crisis.

The Government of Sudan on Wednesday, February 4, had ordered 13 foreign aid groups to quite the country accusing them of cooperation with the International Criminal Court. The decision was announced hours after the ICC judges issued an arrest warrant for the President Omer Hassan Al-Bashir.

Khalil Ibrahim, who signed a goodwill agreement with the Sudanese government last month ahead of expected peace talks, said the government’s decision is a clear breach of the confidence-building measures they agreed to implement. As part of the goodwill deal signed in Doha, the two parties agreed to refrain from harassment of IDPs and to guarantee "the smooth and unobstructed flow of relief assistance to the needy people without any obstacles or constraints."

“The regime uses food as weapons to defend itself, and this as such is a genocide because they prevent these people from the most important things to survive," he added.

He therefore called on the UN Security Council to institute an Oil-for-Food Programme allowing the sale of Sudanese oil in exchange for food to the displaced persons in Darfur and the refugees in the neighboring countries.

The rebel leader pointed out that such a fund would feed the Sudanese displaced and refugees instead of using the oil income to buy weapons from China and other countries. He further said that Sudan is a rich country and has the possibility to provide food its people.

Ibrahim’s proposal stems from the historic precedent for such a programme, the export restrictions imposed on Iraq by the UN Security Council after that country invaded Kuwait in 1990. For several years after the Gulf War, Iraq’s oil sales were forcibly limited, but in 1996, Iraq began exporting oil again under the terms of a deal mandating that two-thirds of the revenues be used for Iraq’s humanitarian needs.

"With the international financial crisis and the huge American deficit I wonder why the US would continue to fund the humanitarian aid to Darfur while Khartoum uses oil income to buy arms to kill these defenseless civilians," Khalil said.

Such a programme would use an escrow system. In the Sudanese case, oil exported from Sudan would be paid for by the recipient directly into an escrow account rather than to the government. The money would then be apportioned to pay for the Darfur food programme. The remainder of the revenue then can be available to the government to purchase regulated items.

In the Iraqi case, the escrow account was established by the UN Secretary-General and billions of dollars were transferred through it to humanitarian providers, rather than funds passing directly to a government account.

JEM’s leader underscored that such a fund has the advantage of establishing transparency and bringing clarity to oil revenue so that Southern Sudan’s government receives its share directly from the escrow account.

He also stressed that this proposal would deprive the Sudanese government from all these funds adding "this also should encourage them to seek peace seriously" and help the resolution of the conflict.

Ibrahim underlined that the humanitarian needs of Darfur’s people can be transported to the western Sudan region of Darfur directly through Chad, Central Africa and Egypt or Libya.

Also the JEM chairman added that such a measure should be implemented with a no-fly zone in which Sudanese aircrafts would be prevented from flying in Darfur, in order to protect the IDPs.

There are about 2.5 million internally displaced persons in Darfur. The UN continues to operate its programmes in Darfur, but some of its implementing partners are among the evicted agencies. According to a statement yesterday from UN Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Catherine Bragg, 4.7 million people receive aid in Darfur.

Northern Sudan is a net exporter of food, but little domestically produced food reaches the people of Darfur who have fled from their farmlands. Instead, aid agencies import grains from abroad.

(ST)

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  • 7 March 2009 06:11, by Wiyual

    Wake up Mr. Khalil!

    You have to note that the country’s oil is located in the Southern part of country where you used to terrorize during SPLM/SPLA 22 years war with NIF regime. During the South Sudanese struggle for their right, you supported your Muslim master from the North Sudan that used you as shield to fight your blood-relative brother from the South. No, no, and no! I’m against your grievances because you had put Islam first and forget family relationship during South Sudanese struggle. If Muslim from Nuba Mountains are the ones who claiming their shares, I must be 100% to support them because they were part of Sudan patriots.

    No Thank to Oil for Food to feed your people whom you caused their trouble.

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    • 7 March 2009 07:12, by Buk Dan Buk

      Good answer bro. This people don’t remember what they did to us during the war. They really made a big distruction to us. No way, we cannot give them our oil money. They must struggle like the way we did, in order for them to understand what the movement mean. they still haven’t experience nothing yet.

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      • 7 March 2009 07:31, by David Deng Makuei Nhial

        Hi Khalil!

        What are you saying? by the way do you know where this oil is located? Please think of different income and not our oil ,the oly thing we are waiting for is,2011 and we will say goodbye to our indirect and direct enemies /foes.

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    • 7 March 2009 07:42, by Benywut

      Wiywal,

      I believe Southerner would not need an eye for eye from their Darfur brother. do you? The best way to let them realized bad atrocities they had committed to their brothers then is by forgiving them and showing them love.
      I personally support Mr.Khalil for this excellence proposal provided that Oil-for food (OFF) for Darfur humanitarian is taken from 50% Northern Share and Southern Sudanese take their share direct from Escrow account has he clearly put it.
      I would suggest that GOSS increase volume of their eyes to study this proposal. I will not look at it as breach to CPA but a remedy to mitigate complains by GOSS that there are no transparencies in oil revenue.
      Bravo Khalil please study each step of CPA protocols and wisely negotiate for Darfur in Doha including having Darfur as Autonomy with its separate Army or else you will ends up in criminals’ pocket like Mini.

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      • 7 March 2009 15:34, by Bior-raandu

        Thank you very much Benywut, we need people like you to comment on this web. Intelligency/wisdom is not given to everybody but few people.

        We have already forgiven them since they have known their marginalisation. No way,Khartoum must accept the proposal otherwise Government need to reverse the decision, they must share 50% of the North and that is where we can get our 50% with no doubt.

        The boy whose people like his future

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    • 7 March 2009 07:45, by pol d

      JEM leader it’s not during South&North war,when your people kill,kill,kill millions of south,this time we ready for you.

      Thank Mr.Wiyual for your excellent comment

      By p

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      • 7 March 2009 08:48, by James

        your comments are reasonable friends. Darfurians shamelesely killed,raped and tortured our people for all those years. but as christians, we are expected to forgive. JEM leader is not calling oil-for-food programme for his forces but for those innocent women and children which are deprived of food and medical supplies by Al Bashir and his government. this is a genocide by itself. i support the call of JEM leader mr khalil simply for the sake of those vulnerable children of Darfur.

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        • 7 March 2009 09:55, by 13012 Shepherd

          Many thanks, brother Wiyual,

          Benywut, go to hell with your forgiveness excuses

          Khalil where were you in 1990s? NIF general is that not true.

          your idea of oil-for-food will only escalates matters on your side as it will provokes southerners against you.

          Don’t go to bush if you can not protect your civilians as SPLA used to do during it war with your former master Omer

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          • 7 March 2009 11:36, by Kon Paul Awenchol

            Waaw!my dear,it is with humble acceptance to the World that Khalil is not calling for oil and food to his forces but for Fur people.how came for the president to ordered out Aid Agencies who are helping the community of Sudan that, he use to rall upon.do you suspect that there is a president for dead and displaced persons,it is absolutely not.To erase out these UN Aid workers is a feebable decree and very un understandable to the World.please Dr:Khalil has made a very good route to defend Sudan from such chaos.

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            • 7 March 2009 21:42, by Aduol Liet

              Dearness: Southerners Sudanese people, I just want you to know that, there is 0il in Darfur Reggions too perhaps, it is not only Upper Regions there are many places hidden with more oils that, have been discovering for deepest 0il and many others things in the Bhar el Ghazal Regions but I am not going to tell you radomly in our daily Aritcle here because I am not a liberty to tell you every things you need, I think you will learn later on. Back to the point you guys already talking about MR, Khail in Darfur Rebel leader, well even though there is an oil discovering at the Darfur Regions, I think MR, Khail will not say I want to open this oil production why because the SPLM /SPLA movement did not fights for single Region in Sudan belief me or not SPLM/SPLA lost more than 3 million lives during their struggle and I would remind you that people usually mentioned 2.5 million that have been lost in civili war this is actually have been parially correct or incomplete. The SPLM/SPLA struggle was including all Regions in Sudan and I do n’t think MR, Khail who just came two years ago from ruler Omar al Bashir government and now is claiming he want oil for food program and he has forgot the rol of SPLM/SPLA in the country.The Darfur 0il line begin from Bhar el Ghazal up to Libya and I wish you guys take seriously training for an 0il exprtist now because there will be more and more 0il production later on in many places within Southern Sudan and South Darfur too.
              My points now is to aware you guys from my Southern Sudan that, there is 0il in the Regions of Darfur and the oil line begin from Bhar el Ghazal up to Libya as I already mention on the above. But it does n’t mean that oil is belong to Darfur alone I belief the resources belonging to nation and that why Upper Nile oils have been used by the Khartoum government to supply all Regions if MR, Khail does that,it will result positive conflict with the Southern Sudan who apparently her Region have been using for all Sudanese people and I guess MR, Khail of Darfur Rebel will repeated that statement any more.
              Sincerely by

              Aduol Liet
              U.S.A

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              • 8 March 2009 12:43, by Lang Mijak DengChol.

                Dr.Khalil’s proposal is appeasible and should be adopted as legal act to benefit marginalized Sudanese. Any Southerner opposing his decent proposal must be out of mind mentally. Why hate him anyway when he is campaigning against our common enemy. Anyone opposing must be Omer Beshir ’s supporter or else you could be a traitor because you won’t expect any Southerner or marginalized Sudanese opposing the political proposal of his or her fellow oppressed citizen like Dr. Khalil. This man is a hero and he deserves our support and respect materially.

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  • 9 March 2009 09:15, by Lual Garang De Lual

    Dear my Southern Sudanese people

    I am both discouraged and delighted about the comments shared on this topics. On forgivenness,I would advise you to read this, Matthews 5:43-45, entitle "LOVE FOR ENEMIES" which says "you have heard that the law of Moses says,’love your neighbour* and hate your enemy. But I say, love your enemies!* pray for those who persecute you! In that way, you will be acting as true children of your father in heaven. For he gives sunlight to both the evil and the good, and he sends rain on the just and on the unjust"
    Here, it is everybody’s decision as to whether forgive the Darfuris for their bad deeds done to the South or not. Whatever the Darfuris did to the Southerners, God is the only supreme power to pay them back not us as individuals. Take this saying of Mahmatma Gandhi the symbol and icon of forgiveness in the world."An eye for eye only ends up making the whole World blind" MAHATMA GANDHI

    My point of argument goes to those who are opposing the proposal put forwards by Dr. Khalil Ibrihim of JEM as for the UNSC to act a resolution setting a separate escrow account to manage oil money, whereby everybody including GOSS can take its share. He didn’t mean that "oil for food" money is going to be taken from the 50% share of Southern Sudan but from their 50% share of Northern Sudan as we know that Darfur is part of Northern Sudan not South Sudan.

    Furthermore, it would also help the government of Southern Sudan in dealing accurately with the numbers of barrels sold a day for income, hence leading to efficient distribution of resources, satisfied GOSS doubts and leading to the delay in releasing the money like it did happen to civil servants monthly salaries.

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