Home | News    Thursday 6 November 2008

Insecurity, funding shortfalls trouble Chad relief effort

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

By Daniel Van Oudenaren

November 5, 2008 (WASHINGTON) – Not for the first time, aid agencies are warning that worsened insecurity in eastern Chad has cut off effective humanitarian relief to over 26,000 people in Dogdoré, a refugee camp 30 kilometers west of Darfur.

JPEG - 14 kb
New refugees from Darfur wait to be processed after arriving at Maltam camp in Chad March 1, 2008. (Reuters)

"Humanitarian operations remain suspended in Dogdoré, with the exception of urgent activities such as responses to medical emergencies and the provision of drinking water," said Philippe Verstraeten, the Chad coordinator for the UN humanitarian agency OCHA.

Despite the apparent renewal of a diplomatic process between Chad and Sudan, fighting and banditry still threaten aid to vulnerable populations in a war that has rocked this remote region since an insurgency broke out in Darfur in 2003.

The insecurity hinders an underfunded and already enormously difficult logistical effort in eastern Chad, where there are approximately 250,000 Sudanese refugees and 180,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs).

Armed elements are reported in and around camps and aid sites, compromising the civilian character of these locations, said OCHA on Wednesday.

“The security situation of the east is still unpredictable and marked by the resurgence of criminality and burgling in houses. Many robberies and car hijackings have been reported,” the World Health Organization noted in early October as it struggled with Hepatitis E outbreaks in Dogdoré and Bredjing IDP camps.

But the scope of the conflict is far wider than banditry and burgling—reports of troop movements in the last two weeks indicate that the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Chadian army are stirring as the dry season begins, and Sudanese-backed rebels and militias have launched attacks on Chad in each of the last three dry seasons, including assaults on the Chadian capital in 2006 and 2008.

What has changed since then is the stronger presence of peacekeepers in eastern Chad, where a European Union force (EUFOR) reached full operating capacity on Sept. 15.

But the roughly 3,400 EU troops do not operate in many areas, including Dogdoré. Humanitarian organizations are now advocating for more security around Dogdoré, asking help from both Chad and MINURCAT, the UN mission under which EUFOR holds its mandate.

"I trust that the Chadian Government will step up its efforts to improve security conditions in those areas, in the interest of the protection of civilians, so that full-scale humanitarian operations may soon resume," said John Holmes, the UN emergency relief coordinator.

FUNDING SHORTFALLS

Even without attacks on humanitarian vehicles, providing for the hundreds of thousands of people affected by the conflict would still be an expensive and daunting undertaking.

World Food Programme (WFP) supports over 700,000 people in Chad, but its transport needs are more than the commercial sector can handle. The organization has pointed to a lack of commercial trucks with the right capacity to reach remote camps, the potential for congestion at Douala port in Cameroon and the unwillingness of the commercial sector to operate beyond Abéché to the camps in eastern Chad.

“Since the local transport market is not adjusting to the demand of the humanitarian agencies in terms of capacity and price, the only viable option to secure timely and cost-effective humanitarian deliveries is to strengthen the current transport capacity by bringing in a (truck) fleet dedicated to the humanitarian community. Such a fleet will immediately improve the entire humanitarian community’s transport capacity,” notes a WFP project abstract.

Planners requested a budget of $5.27 million for a logistics cluster and 30 new trucks with 20 mt trailers—but no one has provided funding, a fact confirmed by an official on Tuesday.

“The short-term pipeline situation is good,” acknowledged a September report on WFP’s operational priorities. But the report warned, “significant (budget) shortfalls are foreseen in March 2009 that, if not resolved, could impact the ability of WFP to preposition food in time for the 2009 rainy season.”

WFP also revised its funding appeal mid-year for aerial humanitarian aid from $2.8m to $6.8 million, a step not generally taken except in cases of extremely poor infrastructure or insecurity.

While humanitarian agencies in Chad received 73% of the funding that they requested for 2008, there are major shortfalls for water, sanitation, agriculture, health and protection projects. Other less urgent sectors, like education for children touched by the war, have been all but ignored; the sector is only 14% funded.

Thus far donors have contributed $268 million to the relief efforts in Chad in 2008.

(ST)

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


s
Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Open letter to South Sudan Civil Aviation Authority 2018-09-19 04:05:10 By Telar Ring Deng On the cold morning of 9th September 2018, we were all in utter shock and bewilderment at the very tragic accident that occurred in Eastern Lakes State when a Plane crashed (...)

Sudanese have become prey of mercenaries and Janjawid militias 2018-09-17 09:59:30 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman The Janjaweed bandits have been raging in the land of Darfur in particular and Sudan in general with corruption, havoc and destruction, more than a decade on. The (...)

Khartoum’s peace agreement: A looming disaster 2018-09-15 07:42:34 By Duop Chak Wuol Throughout the South Sudanese peace process, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) has been faced with serious political issues. These issues make it (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Unity State community in Kenya supports Khartoum peace agreement 2018-08-17 08:33:21 PRESS STATMENT 14th Aug, 2018 Re: We shall Rally behind Khartoum Peace Agreement The Unity State Community Association in Kenya was established in 2010 to organize and mobilize the people of (...)

The Suspension of Hurriyat Online Newspaper 2018-04-29 07:04:37 Sudan Democracy First Group 28 April 2018 The Sudanese civil and political circles and those concerned with Sudan were shocked by the news that the management of Hurriyat online newspaper has (...)

Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan 2018-04-22 10:01:20 UN Secretary-General, New York African Union Commission, Addis Ababa UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2018 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.