Home | News    Sunday 13 July 2008

China violated the arms embargo on Sudan – BBC report

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July 12, 2008 (LONDON) – The Chinese government is providing training and equipments that are used by the Sudanese government in Darfur, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) revealed in an in-depth report to be aired on Monday.

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Photograph of Nanchang A-5 Fanta fighters in Sudan captured by a UN observer July 2007 at Nyala airport in Southern Darfur (Felhangardetj.blogspot.com)

The Panorama TV Programme investigated a batch of weapons that was sold to Sudan in 2005 including lorries that carried anti-aircraft guns. It showed pictures of plates on these trucks that have post-embargo dates.

The UNSC resolution 1591 adopted on March 29, 2005 placed an embargo on the supply of arms to all parties to the conflict in Darfur.

Human rights groups frequently accused China of supplying arms to Sudan for use in Darfur, in breach of a UN arms embargo and produced photographs of Chinese weapons in Darfur.

The BBC said that UN panel of experts was trying to trace these trucks when it was reported that they were sent to Darfur.

“We had no specific access to Sudanese government army stores, we were not allowed to take down factory codes or model numbers or registrations etc to verify these kinds of things," said EJ Hogendoorn, a member of the UN panel of experts that was involved in trying to locate the lorries.

The UN panel of experts on Darfur has said it wants to examine the BBC’s evidence.

Eyewitnesses were quoted as saying that powerful anti-aircraft guns mounted on the lorries were used against civilian houses. The witnesses saw one hut take a direct hit from the gun.

“An intense wave of heat instantly sent all the huts around up in flames” one witness, Risique Bahar, said. “There was a lot of screaming”.

The eyewitnesses said that during an attack on Sirba last February using these anti-aircraft guns, one woman was burnt to death, another horribly injured.

The report by Panorama also claims that China trained Sudanese fighter pilots on Chinese A5 Fantan fighter jets in Darfur.

Kaltam Abakar Mohammed, a mother of seven, watched three of her children being blown to pieces as they were attacked by a fighter jet on 19 February in the town of Beybey in Darfur.

The BBC has also established that Chinese Fantan fighter jets were flying on missions out of Nyala airport in south Darfur in February.

International lawyer Ms da Silva told Panorama that if China is training Fantan pilots, this represents another Chinese violation of the UN arms embargo.

“The terms of the embargo cover not only just the supply of weapons, military vehicles, paramilitary equipment. It also covers training any technical assistance, so the training of pilots obviously falls within the scope of the embargo”.

Panorama acquired satellite photographs of the two fighters at the airport on 18 June 2008, and its investigations indicate these are the only fighter jets that have been based in Darfur this year.

When Kaltam heard the sound of fighting early that morning, she took her children and ran.

"We start running near the well," she said. "We hid behind a big rock. Something that looks like an eagle started coming from over there. It looked like an eagle but it made a funny noise".

When the plane unleashed two bombs Kaltam’s five-year-old daughter, Nura, was dismembered from the chest up.

Her eight-year-old son, Adam, was killed instantly, as was her 20-year-old daughter, Amna.

Kaltam’s 19-month-old grandson still has shrapnel in his head from the fighter jet bombing. He cries a lot and often calls out for his mother, but she was killed in the attack.

Kaltam’s 13-year-old girl, Hawa, cannot grasp what she saw happen that day to her brother and two sisters. She rarely speaks now.

This is not the first time accusations were made against Beijing on breaching resolution 1591 on arms embargo.

Last March Human Rights First said China is the biggest supplier of small arms to Sudan. It provided 90 percent of all the African nation’s small arms acquisitions between 2004 and 2006, totaling more than $50 million.

China ramped up its small-arms supply to Sudan almost fivefold in 2004 as others cut back to comply with a U.N. arms embargo, according to data Sudan provided to the United Nations.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said in a statement the report was “groundless” and "with ulterior motives”.

He also denied that China had broken the U.N. arms embargo and said it never exported arms to a country or region under embargo. The arms sold to Sudan were limited in number and accounted for a small proportion of the country’s arms imports, Qin said.

China is considered as close ally to Khartoum. Beijing had been blamed for preventing the UNSC from taking concrete measures against Khartoum. China has important oil investments in Sudan.

(ST)

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  • 13 July 2008 08:06, by Akol Liai Mager

    It would not be long before China regret dealing with wrong regime and then that will be too late for Chines to make a deal with the right one.

    Sudanese people may not find it easy to fight China in UN Security Council, but will fight a easy and winable war in Sudan’s Oil.

    They (Chinese) are taking our wealth to China that should be used to build development in the South, Darfur, East and far north and instead, they bring killers machines to Sudan.

    China must understand that there will be no further deals in Minerals Sudan after NIF regime.

    repondre message

    • 13 July 2008 11:49, by Makwei Dejohn.

      China is doing what it is doing with the conviction that come what may, it hold a veto power in the UN security council where world major decision are deliberated and decided.

      Unless there is a change to the world system of governance, the likes of China and Russia will continue to misuse their infamous weilding power to not only expand and protect their insatiable economic interest but also to enforce it wherever they so wish as witnessed in Tibet and Chechnia.After all, no western nation will dare to confront them. They best they can do is to ,ocassionally, issue out empty ’Condemnation of the highest order’ which is ineffective at best and only serve to embolden them at worst.

      But calm down a second and ask yourself whether there is something at all that we can do, as Southern Sudanese, to convey a message of that-is-unacceptable mr. Hu? Is there? Ponder over this for it may turn out as the only weapon we might have against the mighty China. It won’t matter whether it will succeed in the long run or not provided that the Beijing regime comprehend that their one-sided policies are not unanimously consented to by Sudanese. Comment?

      repondre message

  • 14 July 2008 11:52, by gatluak Reat Nhial

    we already known the enemy who is China, it has been a scrutiny and affinity to chines by instigating Sudanese for the long run however, the detection and discovery was not yet known since but, todays china is an openly enemy to Sudan. they were been terrified by the western world hence to re aimed by whipping innocent people Sudanese as their playing cards,I therefore urge the all Sudanese to keep all eyes on china.

    View online : china violated the arm embargo on Sudan

    repondre message

  • 14 July 2008 15:36, by Gatnath

    everybody is aware of the so-called Chinese as the main arm provider of the so-called Omer regime in Sudan! i.e. it is not new to people of Sudan including the ICC!! So, what we need now is a serous warning or action against the China’s greedy regime, which doesn’t concern even about wellbeing of her own citizens as she subjects them to the all kinds of hardships!

    The international community must be tough enough in dealing with China, otherwise there will be no peace on earth, if people turn the blind eye on Chinese and leave them to do as they like!

    repondre message

    • 14 July 2008 15:46, by Gatnath

      to me, the type of pay back chinese deserve, sooner after the regime chnage in sudan, must be to kick them out of our country and let the go hell or anywhere else to seek for her bloody interests!! Kiir once told to think twice about their support to the regime in Sudan given to the fact that the oil is from Southern or western Sudan! they ignore Kiir and they choose to continue with their policy of pleasing Al-Bashier. I wonedr what the chinese will do when they kicked out Sudan after dad has been got rid of!

      repondre message

    • 14 July 2008 15:50, by Gatnath

      To me, the type of pay back chinese deserve, sooner after the regime chnage in sudan, must be to kick them out of our country and make them go to the hell or anywhere else, to look for her bloody interests!!

      Kiir once told them to think twice about way they support the regime in Sudan, given to the fact that the oil that kill Sudanese for now, is from Southern or western Sudan! they ignore Kiir and they choose to continue with their policy of pleasing Al-Bashier. I wonedr what the chinese will do when they are kicked out of Sudan after their dad al Bashier is got rid of!

      repondre message

    • 14 July 2008 15:52, by Gatnath

      To me, the type of pay back chinese deserve, sooner after the regime chnage in sudan, must be to kick them out of our country and make them go to the hell or anywhere else, to look for their bloody interests!!

      Kiir once told them to think twice about the way they support the regime in Sudan, given to the fact that the oil that they kill Sudanese for now, is from Southern or western Sudan! they ignore Kiir and they choose to continue with their policy of pleasing Al-Bashier. I wonedr what the chinese will do when they are kicked out of Sudan after their dad al Bashier is got rid of!

      repondre message

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