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TEXT: Security situation in Abyei "unpredictable" - CPA panel

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November 25, 2007 (KHARTOUM) — The security situation in the disputed oil rich area of Abyei remains unpredictable as the two peace partners continue to exchange accusations over military build up in the region, says a report issued by the Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC).

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Sudanese from Dinka tribe staged a demonstration outside the opening ceremony of the NCP-SPLM meeting on Saturday 27, 2006 in Khartoum. In the picture two demonstrators hold banner “Abyei belongs 100% to Southern Sudan”

A copy of the confidential report, obtained by Sudan Tribune, on the status of Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) implementation describes the security situation in the disputed area of Abyei as unpredictable.

According to the 63 pages report, the redeployment of SPLA forces from East Sudan and of militias in Khartoum has led to the continuous passage of soldiers and arms through Abyei. Both parties say that the other side is strengthening its military presence in Abyei, specifically around the oil-rich areas.

Also, the security situation in the area continues to be tense due to competition between the Dinka Ngok and Misseriya tribes over limited natural resources, basic services and the passage during the rainy and dry season of Misseriya people and cattle.

The report said that Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) refused to consider UN monitors to be deployed in the area north of Abyei because they believe that this area is not part of ceasefire zone. On the other side, the SPLA imposed restrictions in the area south of Abyei.

With regard to the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) redeployment of troops in Blue Nile and in South Kordofan, the report says that the SPLA continues to retain forces in these two regions. The numbers were 22,601 in Nuba Mountains and 35,330 in Southern Blue Nile. The redeployment was supposed to have been completed by 15 months into the CPA.

The SPLA is concerned that areas from which its troops have redeployed will become zones of insecurity, the AEC report said.

The findings of this report outline the mistrust that exists with regard of the establishment of the Joint Integrated Units (JIU). On top of that JIU’s lack funding for the training, remains with two separate command chains, while each JIU, in principle, has a commander chosen on a rotating basis between SAF and SPLA.

Also, the fact that a portion of SAF elements in JIUs is comprised of former SAF aligned militias or (OAGs) raises the suspicion on the SPLA side of some activities within the SAF elements of the JIUs.

The AEC report, which was issued in October 2007, pointed out that no national programme for reconciliation and healing has been established by the government of national unity.

Further, it mentions that the following bodies are not yet implemented: the National Security Council (NSC), the
National Security Service (NSS), Security Committees at the GOSS and the States level, Identification of the Security organs of the two Parties and their assets

The federal parliament enacted the law related to the Development and promotion of national languages but its council has not been formed. Also the law related to the Human rights commission is still under review by the National Assembly.

The report says that the Organization of an inclusive Constitutional Review Process has not yet started.

With regard to the compatibility of southern Sudan states constitutions, the report says that a model of State Constitution had been developed and agreed on both by the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Legal Affairs in the south.

Concerning the establishment of National Petroleum Commission (NPC), the report says that the NPC secretariat is partially functioning, but is awaiting southern Sudan government nominees. However the distribution of oil wealth between the North and South is functioning smoothly per the report.

(ST)

Below the full text of the report issued by the Assessment and Evaluation Commission :

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  • 27 November 2007 00:09, by Majok e Deng

    The Abyei problems should be handle by the unbiased Sudanese political pundits and the historians to help mitigate problems arising in this region, according to the provisions of the CPA. However, using mesirriya and the other paramilitary groups would only compounded the situation. This would be pre-CPA ways of countering the Sudanese conflicting issues. Most Sudanese people are better off with CPA-they would like to see a fair implementation of the Comprehensice Peace Accord not the mobilisationg of the paramilitary groups and the redeployment of the secret forces-terrorists. This a time for peace in Sudan, which is good for the Sudanese people and not good for malevolent politicians like Mustafa Ismail.

    Majok e Deng

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  • 27 November 2007 13:16, by Hisham Ali Ahmed

    It is important to mention that there is a strong southern government seeks to blow on the fire band with the North and to maximize issues subcommittees and blackmail North pretext of non-implementation of the peace accords, and implementing plans - prepared-for secession by the symbols of the South quite different from Unity State in the north, such as: a new currency, The new flag and a new central bank, the various uniforms of the Army South, and the signing of contracts for foreign investments attractive long-term exemption with the government of the south, but the opening 18 embassy of the State of South notably in the States of America, which marks the sovereignty of the State of South prospective unmistakable.

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    • 27 November 2007 14:27, by Kujur

      Dear Mohamed

      Yes your so called jalaba kingdom is dead my friend and all your tricks are documented, CPA is only survival for you jalaba if it were not CPA you would have change your claimed arabs identity to Nuer, Azande, Dinka or Nuba but lucky you jalaba to have that piece of land you remained in.

      Mohamed don’t forget that your cousine is playing with fire and his attempt to wage war on south sudanese and marginalised people will be last kingdom of self claimed arabs in sudan, you went too far jalaba even the well known history of sudan you have tried to changed it from where it is known as entry of arabs to sudan to entry of people to sudan.

      The arabs world should have conderm you for denying religion prophecy what was Cush, Maroe kingdom and who were the people of those kingdom if entry of people is true?

      Abyei is a fish rot to jalaba if any mistake then you are out from life, you have used all type of missiels but cuase of people is stronger then any weopons.

      Guem David

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      • 29 November 2007 16:19, by Bombom

        Dear Guem David!!

        When you refer to the Sudanese Arab as Jalaba and say all you have said here, in fact, that makes you sound like a separatist or pro-independence of Southern Sudan!! So far you are still claiming to be a SPLA/M enthusiast!! Q: is referring to Arab citizens of Sudan not contrary to SPLA/M principles and ideologies?? Because, according to Dr John Garang dogma or doctrine, SPLA/M means Sudanese(including Arab of course) People Liberation Army/movement.

        Is the word Jalaba not a discriminative one and thus far a breach to the CPA!!!! Who do you refer to as Jalaba? Do you mean the Sudanese Arab or what? I am really shocked and confused here! I think the word Jalaba refers to the Sudanese Arab or to those with Arab origins or roots!
        In case you mean what I imagine (Arab), then, what the hell are you doing with those Arab memebers of SPLM/M?? I mean people like Dr. Monsour Kalid, Mr Yaser Harman (if I spelt their names correctly) who are Arab in nature!!

        Logically, if you prejudice the Sudanese Arab, then what makes you think they should accept you back regadless? you must be fair if you like treat fairly or with justice, because what goes around comes around, I wonder seeing Guem David Al mosagaf or al motathor(civilised)discriminating like my grand-mom!! If you are considering joining SSDF then let us know because M. Gen Tangginye & M. Gen Mohamed Chol
        will be happy to have you!!

        Bol Thourmouck of Gteater Nasir(UK)

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    • 29 November 2007 07:34, by Pothwei Apet Bangoshoth

      Dear Hisham Ali Ahmed

      This is an era of civilization. We are not in dark age any more. So, please realize that the GoSS has full right to sign any contract with any nation at any time as long as it still committed to implement our mother CPA. Other thing is that, we margenalized people want to make sure that NCP of Bashir is going to participate and sustain the CPA implementation. In term of fire band, the SPLA will just defend it self untill the end.

      Thanks

      Pothwei Apet Bangoshoth

      repondre message

    • 29 November 2007 07:38, by Pothwei Apet Bangoshoth

      Dear Hisham Ali Ahmed

      This is an era of civilization. We are not in dark age any more. So, please realize that the GoSS has full right to sign any contract with any nation at any time as long as it still committed to implement our mother CPA. Other thing is that, we margenalized people want to make sure that NCP of Bashir is going to participate and sustain the CPA implementation. In term of fire band, the SPLA will just defend it self untill the end.

      Thanks

      Pothwei Apet Bangoshoth

      repondre message

  • 1 February 2008 22:16, by ENOUGH Project

    Abyei: Sudan’s “Kashmir”
    By: Roger Winter and John Prendergast
    01/28/2008

    “Sudan is an incredibly complex country. Wars and coups have marked its history since it gained independence in 1956. The country is littered with killing fields, some localized and some with national and regional implications.
    Perhaps no area is more volatile and carries more implications for Sudan’s future than the oil rich region of Abyei——Sudan’s “Kashmir”—astride the boundary between North and South roughly 500 miles southwest of Khartoum. There lies one of the most potent of tripwires in all of Sudan. If the political crisis regarding Abyei is addressed, there is potential for peace in the entire country. If it is mishandled, it dramatically increases the possibility that Sudan’s current conflicts—from Darfur to the South to the East—will explode over the coming few years into a national war with regional implications and historically devastating repercussions for its people.”

    To continue reading the remainder of the report, please go to the ENOUGH Project website:
    http://www.enoughproject.org/abyei

    View online : Abyei: Sudan’s “Kashmir”

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