Home | News    Monday 19 January 2009

Veteran southern leader tells NCP to learn from failed 1972 peace

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By Manyang Mayom

January 17, 2009 (KHARTOUM) – The former 2nd Vice President of Sudan and leader of the autonomous southern region from 1978 to 1982 said that the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) should learn from the mistakes of the former president, Jaafar Mohamed Nimeiri.

Joseph Lagu, who led the former southern insurgency known as Anyanya until the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement, reminded journalists in Khartoum that Nimeiri had abrogated the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement between his regime and the former Southern Movement.

Anyanya is the vernacular for a type of poison, used to refer to southern guerrillas (Anyanya I) during the first Sudanese civil war (1955-1972) and also some armed groups (Anyanya II) during the second Sudanese civil war (1983-2005).

Lagu said that the Addis Ababa agreement was not a Quran or Bible so the NCP should be very cautious not to repeat that mistake on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Lagu admitted that he had made a mistake by signing the Addis Ababa agreement without any guarantee because his movement was the first one in South and they had no people to consult with experience in signing such an agreement. By contrast, the SPLM/A have now benefited from learning the Anyanya’s mistakes, he noted.

He asserted that the Addis Ababa agreement was abrogated gradually. It had been softened and eroded systematically until 1983 when Nimeiri announced the division of the South into three regions, he said.

Nimeiri’s appointment of lawyer Abel Alier as the President of the Southern Council was the beginning of the violation of that agreement, he recounted, adding that President Nimeri also announced Abel Alier as the only candidate approved for the Southern Council elections and he was also the supervisor of the elections, so that agreement was eroded systematically.

Lagu posited that SPLM/A are stronger than the Anyanya I’s leadership, so NCP should be careful. He added “I would appeal to all partners—the NCP and SPLM—to be cooperative because the future of this country depends on the cooperation.” He asserted that the NCP should help SPLM unite the Southerners and SPLM should help the NCP make cohesion in the rest of the Sudan.

Lagu, who is concerned with Sudan’s unity, exclaimed that if the south separates then Darfur will go and the east will do the same; therefore the Sudanese people should formulate a united party called the Democratic Movement for Salvation of the Nation (DMSN).

He pointed out that the difference between Anyanya I and SPLM is that when he signed the Addis Ababa agreement he didn’t have political ambitions as the SPLM leadership does. He told how he had brought together the Southerners who were with the government and those in the bush, but said that the SPLM instead called those Southerners who did not go to the bush to fight as Jalabas, an Arabic word often used derogatorily in the south to refer to Northerners.

He stressed that he is against Bashir’s indictment by the International Criminal Court (ICC), questioning why no president has been indicted by the ICC, so why should one start with Sudan?

Regarding the Doha conference for peace in Darfur, Lagu explained that whatever conference brings peace for Darfur is good because this will mean peace in all Sudan.

(ST)

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  • 19 January 2009 04:20, by Arou J. Adier

    It’s absolutely true to admit the fact that "once beaten twice shy". The Former 2nd Vice President of the Sudan Gen. Joseph Lagu should have told the press that he plus those he mentioned were to be held respobsible for the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement. For he was politically bribed to marry Amuna (an arab girl), and asked by that Goverment of that day to give up his millitary portfolio for political one. These also had major impact on 1972 peace if we are to call a spade a spade, not a big spoon.

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    • 19 April 2009 20:38, by William Okuch

      CORRECTION: We understand the word ‘CORRECTION’ as an alternative to eradicate wrong leadership and replace it with responsible chair person who has capability to shepherd the member of community.
      Examples of the former president Nelson Mandela and Rev. Martin King Luther: Let me use their initiatives as examples to prove my arguments. Mandela had fought to restore human qualities bestowed in his consciences by Creator (God).
      Nelson Mandela had managed to preside the affairs of nation as president, on his watch, the dogs that were once used against human on the streets were taken into their cages out from the public view. He had showed the white what does the leadership means. He had restored the buried human values (just, equality, democracy and freedom) in South African community. That was the meaning of word CORRECTION which can only be achieved by our innermost vision not with the one that is base on plagiarism or by stealing other people vision.
      Martin King Luther blessed efforts to bring change to US and entire world was begun by one black woman in US who was once in 1960s asked to give her seat to a white person standing in a bus. But that heroine black woman had that day determined to correct the inhuman culture that prevalence in US community. The woman was arrested and locked up in prison.
      The news had reached Martin King that a woman had refused to give her seat and as a result she was imprisoned. King himself went and sat in a bus to observe such thing happen. Knowing it does, King had begun his corrective movement which brought the change not to US only but to the world. Now, let relate the corrections of Dinka leaders to those corrections and their leaderships if they correlate to moral responsibilities of human community.

      ABEL ALEIR CORRECTED JOSEPH LAGU: I would like here to share with you the outcome of correction played by Abel Aleir, Dr. John Garang and Salva Kiir according to Dinka patriotisms. Just to mention only numbers of years without talking about lives and properties lost during Anya-Anya One. Joseph Lagu had fought the enemy for seventeen years and he was almost willing to achieve his vision that called for the Southern Sudan Independence. However, the former president Ja’far Nimiery through helps from Islamic and Arab worlds was able to fail General Joseph Lagua from breaking away the South from North through puppet Abel Alier. The ideas to terminate the SSLM were only two sentences mentioned below which was suggested by Arab to convince the SSLM supporters mainly church.
      “The Southern Independence could not be reach by insurrection, neither could the National Integration could be attain by subjugation. Peaceful negotiation base on REGIONAL-AUTONOMY is only possibly effective way for solving southern problem.” The suggested alternative to SSLM sound good and it made sense to the church. But who will be there to serve the interests of the enemy. Off course our usual outstanding puppet Abel Aleir was there to implement the plot. First step was to fire good southern politicians from their ministerial positions that were began with most radical figures.
      REMOVAL OF JOSEPH GARANG: He was one of the most capable Southern leaders who fought for our rights. Nimeiry knew very well that his plan to tear down the SSLM will not work if Joseph Garang still in his position as minister for Southern affairs. To implement his ambition for national integration, president Nimeiry had therefore replaced Joseph with Abel Alier in August 1971 because Alier has teeth that bite his fellow not enemy. Sadly enough, Joseph Garang was not only occupationally removed, but his live was terminated as well. Song sing by the Sudanese communist party for yearly commemoration of Joseph Garang informed us about treason of Alier. Song states that, “his name is Joseph, who among you can stab his brother at his back.” Song is telling Alier that Aleir is Christian as Joseph. He is Joseph as Abel Aleir and he is black man as Southerner who fights for the same destiny as Alier. Thus Abel shouldn’t have had stabbed him at his back. That is the massage of song.
      EFFECTS OF ABEL ALEIR AND DR. JA’FAR MUHAMMAD TASKS ON SSLM: With Abel as minister for southern affairs rather than Joseph Garang, Nimeiry had entrusted the task of the South to Abel Alier and Dr. Ja’far Muhammad who shortly after their appointments came up with conclusion that they had won the southern public opinion for ‘REGIONAL AUTONOMY’. Dr. Ja’far and puppet Alier had then drafted the illusionary proposed organic law calling for regional autonomy which was published in September 1971. That law had paved the way for regional autonomy government that was ran by Abel Alier after Addis Ababa Agreement.

      How Nimeiry and Abel Alier had engaged the church in forcing General Joseph Lagu to dismantle from his call for SSLM:
      Local church in Sudan was influenced by Abel Aleir with help from government and urged her members to agree on the proposed law calling for regional autonomy. Church members were enticed to accept and preach that notion of suggested regional autonomy to the church around the world. President Nimeiry and puppet Alier had targeted three Christian institutions such as, the Vatican, World Council of Churches (WCC) and All-African Conference of Churches (AACC). Through local church leaders, president Nimeiry had managed to invite the members of AACC to visit Sudan for first time in June 1970. It was really a rapid destruction of SSLM carried out on parallel rails, internally and externally. Least than 12 months later, Abel Aleir and president Nimeiry were able to connect WCC and AACC to collaborate on treasonous plan against the will of our people who already denied their lives for seventeen years. In April 19971, a joint mission of AACC and WCC had discussed the Southern future in Khartoum. After their discussion, one month later, Abel Aleir was delegated in May 1971 to Rome to meet the Pope Paul VI with whom he had joint interview. In one month only, the WCC and AACC had been accepted as intermediaries in June 1971 by both the government and SSLM.
      The first Contacts between SSLM and Government were secretly held in Addis Ababa on November 9-10, 1971 with representatives of WCC and AACC as observers till SSLM and government signed Addis Ababa Peace Accord on February 27, 1972. We can understand here that General Joseph Lagu was forced to sign the agreement base on Abel Aleir and Nimeiry vision of Regional Autonomy. However, Gereral Lagu was reluctant to ratify the agreement till further pressure was put on him to do so. Anglican Archbishop in Jerusalem and Superior-General of the Verona Fathers had then signed a joint letter begging Joseph Lagu to ratify the agreement. Indeed, SSLM under heavy intimidation of being isolated had unwillingly ratified the agreement on March 28, 1971. That was how Abel Aleir had emerged to change the call of SSLM for independence with regional autonomy which he again had destroyed through standard of Dinka culture of division, corruption, killing and destruction that brought Cocora among the Southerners.
      Not all the members of SSLM who had came to back to Sudan result of peace accord. But many of them had remained as refugees in host countries who had again waged war against the enemy. Again Abel and Nimeiry were able to send Dr. John Garang with heavy arms from enemies such as Libya to crash the Anaya-Anya Two in 1983.

      As Abel had destroyed the government of regional autonomy he had created, Dr. Garang and Salva Kiir have been destroying the SPLM they both had established for the New Sudan during liberation period. Again, they are now burying the constitution of SPLM that called to build the NEW SUDAN base on democracy, justice, equality, security and freedom.
      In my understanding, leadership and corrections mean to Dinka leaders to aggravate the situation by causing more grievances and to enrich the position of Dinka tribe.

      repondre message

  • 19 January 2009 05:05, by Freedom Fighter

    This a clear sign that South Sudan is on its way
    back to the dark era of Joseph Lagu & Abel Alier. Salva Kiir should take blame for the rise of these useless individuals. What cooperation Lagu is talking about. Albashir has already violated the CPA and nothing left from it other then official announcement of its death. Appointment of Mr. Abel Alier as chairman of the commission of election in the Sudan is just a repeat of the history which Joseph Lagu has mentioned. However, Mr. Alier shouldn’t be held alone liable for the failure of Adis Ababa agreement March 1972. General Lagu has had a hand in the failure. He promoted KOKORA means division of the South which had helped Jaafar Nimeiri in achieving his goal in dividing Southerners in 1983. I also, don’t agree with Lagu in his support for Albashir against ICC because Albashir is not accepting unity of the Sudan which makes ever Sudanese proud of his country. Albashir is just applying the same tactics once used by Jaafer Nimeiri.

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  • 19 January 2009 14:36, by Geovanny

    Joseph Lagu is the man who brought people back to war by accepting bribery from Arabs which led to 1972 agreement being dishonored. If he would kept the pressure to enable southerners to secure self-determination we would have not gone back to war.
    Mr. Lago, the 1972 agreement was your failure, we don’t want to speak about CPA or whether southerners will get separated from khartoum Government. Leave SALVA the strong Dinka man who does not love money like you who betray southerners by being given beatiful lady and a tower.
    The 2 millions lives lost during 21 years of fighting was as a result greediness for wealth.

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    • 19 January 2009 20:48, by BRAVO

      you guys are right to the point, right now, our people in the government are blindfolded by the money and failed to see what is coming. Lagu is right acknowldging his mistake and we dont want to see that mistake happen again. Lagu’s warning is right and i think SPLA should take its seriously. the fact that Abel Aliar was used and continue being use by NCP as a bridge is a political mechanism that SPLA need to reject. the guy is a mastermind, he is a northerner trapped in Southerner’s body. if SPLA want to see same thing happened in kenya election, they should led Abel as election chairman.

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