Press Release/Commentary by GOS/SPLM posted on February 18, 2002 at
16:42:21: EST (-5 GMT)
THE NUBA MOUNTAINS CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT
We the Parties to this agreement, the Government of the Republic of Sudan
and the Sudan peoples’ Liberation Movement/Nuba;
RECALLING the agreement reached between our representatives during the
meetings which took place in Sudan from the 6th – 13th of December 2001, to
immediately observe and extend the current military sand-down and to apply
it to the Nuba Mountains to facilitate the negotiation of the cease-fire
and relief and rehabilitation program;
REAFFIRMING our will to negotiate an internationally monitored cease-fire
agreement to cover the Nuba Mountains, supervised by a joint Military
Commission (JMC) including third-party participation;
AWARE of the vital need to establish a settlement to the conflict which has
been taking place for many years and to promote peace in the Nuba
HAVING MET at the invitation of the Government of the Swiss Confederation
and the United States of America at Bürgenstock, Switzerland for 13th –19th
January 2002 to agree on the terms of such a cease-fire;
HEREBY AGREE AS FOLLOWS:
The Parties to an internationally monitored cease-fire among all their
forces in the Nuba Mountains for a renewably period of six (6) months with
the broader objectives of promoting a just, peaceful and comprehensive
settlement of the conflict.
PRINCIPLES OF THE CEASE-FIRE
1. The cease-fire shall involve the cessation of hostilities between the
Parties in the Nuba Mountains within 72 hours of the signing of this
2. The Cease-fire shall guarantee the free movement of civilians and goods,
including humanitarian assistance, through the Nuba Mountains.
3. Specifically, this cease-fire entails the cessation of:
a. Hostilities, military movements including reconnaissance and
reinforcements, as well as hostilities actions;
b. All attacks by air or land, as well as acts of sabotage and the laying
c. Attempts to occupy new ground positions and movements of troops and
resources from one location to another than the supply of food, clothing
and medical support for military forces in the field;
d. All acts of violence against or other abuse of the civilian population
e.g., summary executions, torture, harassment, arbitrary detention and
persecution of civilians on the basis of ethnic origin, or political
affiliations, incitement of ethnic hatred, arming civilians, use of child
soldiers, sexual violence, training of terrorists, genocide and bombing of
the civilians population;
e. Supply of ammunition and weaponry and other war-related stores to the
f. All hostile propaganda between the parties, including defamatory,
untruthful, or derogatory statements, both within and outside the country.
4. For these purposes, the Nuba Mountains means the whole Southern Kordofan
and the province of Lagawa in the Western Kordofan.
5. The Parties shall exercise control over all armed groups other than
their own forces within their respective zones of control. They shall also
promote the culture of peace and respect for civil and political rights and
freedoms in those zones.
6. The Parties shall communicate the cessation of hostilities through their
respective command channels as well as to the civilian population by means
of the print and electronic media.
7. The cessation of hostilities shall be regulated and monitored through
the Joint Military Commission (JMC) in accordance with the terms of article
PRINCIPLES OF THE AGREEMENT
1. There shall be immediate disengagement of combatants in the areas where
they are in direct contact.
2. The redeployment of all combatants in the Nuba Mountains to defensive
positions shall be carried out in accordance with the calendar in Annex A
of this Agreement and the schedule in Annex B, which may be amended by
unanimous decision of the Joint Military Commission.
3. The Parties shall ensure that armed groups operating alongside their
troops or on the territory under their control comply with the processes
leading to the dismantling of those groups. In particular the Parties shall
immediately take all necessary measures aimed at controlling illicit
trafficking of arms and the infiltration of armed groups.
4. The laying of mines of whatever type shall be prohibited.
5. The Parties shall mark and signpost any danger areas to be identified to
the Joint Military Commission.
6. The parties shall facilitate the repair and re-opening of roads and the
removal of mines throughout the area covered by this agreement.
7. The parties shall facilitate humanitarian assistance through the opening
up of humanitarian corridors and creation of conditions conductive to the
provision of urgent humanitarian assistance to displaced persons and other
8. The Parties shall allow immediate and unhindered access to the
international Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) for the purpose of
identifying and assuring the well-being of any person detained as a result
of the conflict.
9. The Parties shall undertake to provide accurate information concerning
the cease-fire through the press and the media on a regular basis and shall
not interfere with the dissemination of each other’s information.
10. The agreement can be amended by agreement of the Parties with the
concurrence of the Joint Military Commission upon notice to the countries
participating in the arrangements established UN this Agreement.
11. The Parties may agree to renew this Agreement for an additional six (6)
month period. Not later than 30 days before the expiration of the
Agreement, either Party may notify the Central JMC that it is prepared to
agree to such a renewal. If both Parties agree, the Agreement shall be
extended for an additional six (6) month period. Thereafter, the Agreement
may be further extended for additional periods by means of the same
CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES
1. The Parties shall announce a cessation of hostilities, to be effective
within 72 hours after the signing of this Agreement. The announcement of
cessation of hostilities shall be disseminated by the Parties through
command channels, and it shall concurrently be communicated to the civil
population via print and electronic media.
2. Until the deployment of international observers, the cessation of
hostilities shall be regulated and monitored by the Parties through the
Joint military Commission. Once it has been deployed the International
Monitoring Unit (IMU) shall report to the JMC regarding verification,
control and monitoring of the cessation of hostilities and subsequent
3. Once the cease-fire has become effective, neither of the parties shall
engage in movement or redeployment of forces resulting in tactical or
4. Any violation of the cessation of hostilities and subsequent events
shall be reported to the JMC through the agreed chain of command for
1. Immediate disengagement of all combatants as provided in Article II,
paragraph 1, shall be limited to the effective range of direct fire
weapons. Further withdrawal of weapons so as to place the out of range
shall be conducted under the guidance of the Joint Military Commission.
2. Where immediate disengagement is not possible, as determined by the JMC,
a sequence of steps is to be agreed upon by the Parties through the JMC.
3. All artillery and indirect fire weapons systems within and influencing
the Nuba Mountains will be rendered safe in a way designed by the JMC.
MOVEMENT TO DEFENSIVE POSITIONS
1. Following disengagement in accordance with the term of Article V, all
combatants shall redeploy from combat positions to defensive positions in
accordance with Annex B.
2. Upon re-deployment to defensive positions, all combatants shall provide
relevant information on troop strength, armaments and weapons they hold in
each location to the Joint Military Commission.
3. The JMC shall verify the reported data and information. All combatants
shall be restricted to the declared locations and all movements shall be
authorized by the JMC.
4. All facilities customarily made available to soldiers, but which cannot
be provided at the defensive positions, such as hospitals, logistics units
and training facilities, shall be supervised by the JMC.
THE JOINT MILITARY COMMISSION
1. A Joint Military Commission (JMC) shall be established to assist in the
disengagement and redeployment of the combatants and the maintaining of the
cease-fire in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. The organization
of the JMC is indicated in annex C.
2. The specific functions of the Commission shall include:
a. Determining the location of combatants as of the effective date of this
b. Verifying heir disengagement;
c. Monitoring and reporting on the redeployment of combatants from combat
positions to defensive positions;
d. Monitoring and reporting on the storage of arms, munitions and
e. Supervising the mapping and clearance of mines (this may be done in
phases taking into account the requirements of humanitarian assistance);
f. Inspecting all supplies to both Parties;
g. Approving all flights destined to the Nuba Mountains and assure
notifications to the Parties;
h. Coordinating all military movements in the Nuba Mountains;
i. Resolving disputes concerning the implementation of this Agreement
including the investigation of any alleged violation;
j. Facilitating liaison between the parties for the purposes of this
4. The JMC shall be composed of three (3 representatives from each Party
and a neutral chairman with two (2) Vice-Chairman. The Chairman and
Vice-Chairman shall be appointed by the participating countries in
consultations with the Parties.
5. The JMC shall be authorized to hire contractors, employ personnel,
engage observers and obtain supplies and equipment to assist in carrying
out its responsibilities. The Parties agree to facilitate the importation
of necessary supplies and equipment required for the JMC’S activities.
6. To the greatest extend possible, the JMC shall reach its decisions by
consensus. In the event of a deadlock the Chairman shall have the deciding
7. The Chairman shall report regularly to the designated representatives of
the Parties and the participating countries regarding the activities of the
8. The Parties undertake to provide the JMC immediately on request with all
relevant information necessary for implementation of this Agreement,
including the organization, equipment and position of their forces, on the
understanding that such information shall be held in strict confidence.
9. The Parties also undertake to accord the JMC and its personnel the
facilities, privileges and immunities appropriate to its mission.
10. As soon as practical the JMC will designate a neutral location for the
Central JMC headquarters.
1. An International Monitoring Unit (IMU) shall be established to assist
the Parties in implementing this Agreement and maintaining the cease-fire.
The IMU shall work in collaboration with the Joint Military Commission
provided for in Article VII.
2. The mandate of the IMU shall include the following:
a. To observe and monitor the cessation of hostilities;
b. To monitor the disengagement of forces and their redeployment to
defensive positions as stipulated in the Agreement;
c. To verify all information, data and activities relating to the military
forces and activities of the Parties in the Nuba Mountains;
d. To assist the Parties in creating a favorable operational environment
for the conduct of the cease-fire;
e. To conduct liaison with humanitarian organizations for the purpose of
assisting with relief operations;
f. Upon request by any of the Parties, to investigate alleged violations of
the Agreement and to recommend measures to ensure compliance.
3. The IMU shall consist of an initial contingent of between 10 and 15
military and civilian personnel provided by countries acceptable to the
Parties and deployed as monitors in the Nuba Mountains.
4. The IMU shall keep the Parties to the Agreement informed of its
observation and monitoring operations.
5. The IMU shall have access to and freedom of movement within the Nuba
6. The seize of the IMU may be adjusted with the agreement of the Parties
as necessary to carry out the objective of this Agreement.
DONE at Bürgenstock (NW), Swiss Confederation, on the 19th day of January
FOR THE SUDAN PEOPLES’ LIBERATION FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
MOVEMENT/NUBA (SPLA/M/NUBA) THE REPUBLIC OF SUDAN
Cdr. Abdul Aziz Adam El Hilu Dr. Mutrif Siddig Ali
FOR SWISS CONFEDERATION
Ambassador Josef Bucher
FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Col. Cecil Dennis Giddens
Raymond L. Brown, Ph.D.
Charge’ d’Affaires, a.i.
U.S. Embassy Khartoum
Alvin Henry Streeter Jr
Home Voice: 249-11-774700
Voice Cellular: 249-0123-54258
Home Fax: 249-11-774137