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Sudan and South Sudan agree to demarcate border

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February 16, 2012 (KHARTOUM) — Delegations Khartoum and Juba agreed to immediately demarcate the border between the two countries in a bid to settle a number of pending issues they started to discuss before the independence of South Sudan in July 2011.

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Yahya al-Hussein, a member of Khartoum’s negotiating team with South Sudan speaks to reporters in Khartoum on February 16, 2012. (Getty)

Border demarcation, oil, external debt, citizenship, security arrangements are the main issues of disputes between the two countries. The parties failed to reach an agreement over oil-sector management but this failure is also symptomatic to the breakdown on the other files, particularly the border and Abyei.

Yahya al-Hussein, a member of Sudan’s negotiating team told reporters in Khartoum on Thursday that the two countries agreed to start immediately to draw the northern border of the breakaway South Sudan with the Sudan and to end it within three months.

He said that this demarcation will not include five areas disputed by Khartoum and Juba, adding talks will continue over it.

Besides Abyei, the two parties diverge over the ownership of Kefia Kingi on the border between South Darfur and Western Bahr el Ghazal; Kakah between South Kordofan and Upper Nile and the two areas of Jodah and Almqnas on the border of White Nile with Upper Nile.

Salva Kiir recently blamed Sudan for not accepting to draw the border between the two countries and asked to proceed on the agreed areas while continue talks on the disputed locations.

The ongoing conflict armed between the two governments in Khartoum and Juba and rebel groups probably pushed the two parties to engage this demarcation as it helps to halt the sporadic bombardment of South Sudanese territory by the Sudanese war planes. Also it will allow the two parties to post their troops on the border to stop rebels sneaking across the border from the two sides.

Sudan and South Sudan accuse each other of supporting rebel groups from the two sides.

Speaking from Vienna on Thursday, UN Secretary General Ban-Ki-moon expressed his concern over the lack of progress in negotiations on post-independence issues between Khartoum and Juba. He however welcomed the recent signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on Non- Aggression and Cooperation between Sudan and South Sudan.

The UN chief further warned that "Neither country can afford a relapse into war." Ban was alluding to the recent statements of possible war between the two sides by the Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir and his counterpart Salva Kiir.

Hussein however said his country has no interest in war with South stressing it would affect his country negatively.

"We have no desire to enter into a war with South Sudan," he stated.

"We do not have an interest in security tensions in South Sudan, which affect us negatively in the form of displacement and other issues," he further pointed out.

The two delegations are expected to resume talks over the outstanding issues before the end of this February.

(ST)

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  • 17 February 2012 12:05, by Robot

    This is their plan ’B’ i have been talking about, what do this nincompoops think they are doing? they have already annexed some part of South Sudan to their territories and now they are talking of border demarcation!!! suppose they should first move out of the occupied areas then the demarcation started. watch out South Sudan.... something worse is looming.

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  • 17 February 2012 12:08, by Both Ruach Pur

    Peace come after war!
    I say this because when Arab realised that no way from Oil, they will accept what South Sudan say to get Oil, let us see what is behind that.
    Otherwise, Arabs have plan for our Wealth.

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    • 17 February 2012 12:22, by Ramiran

      Hi nyamut
      you have been quite for long time with out make a comment. for to day, you appear with good topic which deals about peace talk between south and the north sudan. in which as you said, usually is known through out the world that peace come after war and also there is acondition that, if north fails to have a link with the south they can supper but it is to late to have a relationship for the case of oil.

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  • 17 February 2012 12:34, by Emmanuel Ajang Solomon

    I think is good to do that as Khartoum is only thinking that all South Sudan is their place even Malakal/Akoon where Kiir comes from, Raja ofurra neas/ Jaw and Higilig and many oth places, so is good to be done so thatwe can see from London who is taking someone land.

    I think is also good for Khartoum to know where they are always bombing is infact the south and we shall have another war to come.

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    • 17 February 2012 13:52, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      I do not think so, only the Arabs want to buy time.

      OKUCU PA LOTINOKWAN

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  • 17 February 2012 12:41, by Emmanuel Ajang Solomon

    What Khartoum is doing is to make another war and said, South Sudan is not listening and we have this as the border even the other educated Southerners knows like so and so when we used to be with them.

    The Government is only fearing that South Sudan wants to overthrow them which is not far from the truth for the South to be in peace is to removed the Government in Khartoum or do thesame to South

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  • 17 February 2012 13:46, by kuac Agol

    It is waste of time to reach fake agreement with Bashir,s Delegation who is complaining and dying of South Sudan seperation because of 75% percent economical loses.

    Iam assuring you all, that the remaining issues should be solved when he is seven[7] days rest in his grave.

    Bashir could not fear even a threats from the Western government and all counts he got from Darfur.

    Plze plan wisely

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  • 17 February 2012 13:48, by Lokorai

    The SPLM delegation should tell us their version!

    But the truth is that the so-called demarcation of the border agreement can’t be conditional with some places at the border beyond the demarcation mandate.

    We are not starting from nowhere, there was a border...

    Lokorai

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  • 17 February 2012 13:50, by Deng Gau

    Warguet has been occupied by SAF since 2008,

    Warguet is in Warawar Payam Aweil east County NBEG State and also Mamer in Madhol Payam which they corrupted and renamed as Meram, occupied during the war time untill to must return to South Sudan,NBEG let SAF withdraw from these areas.

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  • 17 February 2012 14:14, by morogot batal

    this name SPLM/SPLA must be change.it will continue confucing us to thing as if we are still in one country.we want the name that will make us talk with one way without compromise.
    It can even solve our internal hang up issues that always give chances to our enemy to continue confucing us.
    It will unite southerners behind one goal and can encourage all of us as southerners to pay any prices

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  • 17 February 2012 15:07, by Wiyual

    No border deal without Abyei, Period!

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    • 18 February 2012 10:33, by Paul Ongee

      I agree with some of the comments made. Agreement is not something new to Khartoum who is used to agreeing but not implementing it. Khartoum can agree and violate (non-aggression pact) at its disposal before the ink even dries up as it happened last week in Jau Payam in Pariang County. Khartoum needs to withdraw its forces first on the disputed borderlines before the actual demarcation begins on t

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      • 18 February 2012 10:36, by Paul Ongee

        ...on the ground. Regarding Abyei, native language is a reflection of part and parcel of the South Sudan not military occupation by SAF because of oil. Khartoum cannot agree on oil-sector management because it’s the only “assumed Arab Capital” on African continent without oil on its soil although PCA offered two oil fields to make it look like Doha or Kuwait city.

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        • 18 February 2012 10:38, by Paul Ongee

          External debt is not an issue because the money was borrowed by Khartoum to silence us militarily for our right and freedom. Citizenship is not even an issue because Northern Sudanese are not all descendants of the oil-starved Sudanese Arabs. Acknowledgement of cultural diversity, not formation of Islamic state, is the perfect solution to political problems facing Sudan.

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          • 18 February 2012 10:45, by Paul Ongee

            ...Border demarcation, security arrangements and acceptance of South Sudan state by Khartoum as a separate entity, inclination to terrorism, religious bigotry and illusive claims of being Arabs regardless of skin color and complexion are the main problems to constitutional and political transformation.

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            • 18 February 2012 11:10, by Paul Ongee

              Problems of Sudan are as follows: Recognition of South Sudan state by Khartoum as a separate entity, border demarcation, security arrangements, religious bigotry, inclination to terrorism, and illusive claims of being Arabs are the main problems to peaceful constitutional, political and democratic transformation.

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