Home | News    Tuesday 12 October 2010

South Sudan refutes Gaddafi’s claim that Africa will disintegrate if south becomes independent

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By Ngor Arol Garang

October 11, 2010 (JUBA) - A minister in the regional government of southern Sudan on Monday refuted claims by Libyan leader Muammar Al-Gaddafi that secession of south Sudan from the north will encourage disintegration of Africa.

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Barnaba Marial Benjamin (ST)

Gaddafi’s statement, warned 10 October that the secession of the south from the north will encourage similar demands for secession in other parts of the continent.

Marial Benjamin, minister for information and broadcasting services in the southern government, told Sudan Tribune on Monday, that the vote on secession of the south iss “a special case,” and is required constitutionally as a legal provision in the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

The deal between the former southern rebels the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Khartoum government of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) ended 22 years of civil war.

“The issue of the south is the special case because it is a legal demand. This is not a demand without legal bases. It is a demand that has constitutional rights because there is a road map”, said Benjamin.

South Sudan will hold an independence referendum on whether or not it should remain as a part of Sudan in January 2011.

A similar referendum will be held in Abyei on whether to return to Bahr el Ghazal in the South Sudan, from where it was transferred in 1905 to Kordofan in central Sudan, or choose to remain part of the region.

“This is what the agreement which the two parties in reference to the National Congress Party and the Sudan People’ Liberation Movement signed in 2005 in Nairob,Kenya,” say Benjamin.

The deal agreed that parallel to the southern self determination vote the contested oil rich region of Abyei will decide whether it wants to remain with north – were it has been administratively since 1905 – or to join the south.

“The right to choose between the two options to decide their political destiny as in the CPA will be granted by conducting an internationally monitored referendum, which is part of the peace agreement the two parties have signed in 2005 with witness from international community, regional authorities and international organizations,” explained Marial.

The minister pointed the example of the independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia in 1991 claiming that it had not encouraged disintegration.

"If secession of Eritrea from Ethiopia did not bring continental disintegration of Africa, why would secession of the south from the north through legal processes and procedures encourage regional disintegration if secession of the Eritrea from Ethiopia has not brought it,” asked the minister.

Marial asked, “why would the secession of the south from the north also encourage secesion of any part of any African country. Why would any part of any country in Africa unjustifiably use secession of the south from the north as bargaining tool without giving necessary reason for demaning secession.”

The minister argued that the south has always supported unity of the country but their support for unity has always been used to the advantage of the successive central governments in Khartoum.

Benjamin explained said that the souths experience of unity with the north has meant the “suffering and killings of innocent people” and displacement of vulnerable groups, especially women, children and the elderly.

Calling on international community, particularly the Arab League and African Union to respect their legal obligations on the CPA, the minister said he has been surprised by some of what he sees as the contradictory remarks from some African leaders who had previously pledged to recognize outcome of the referendum.

“The international community including the AU and Arab League have legal obligations in respecting choice of the people of south Sudan and this was why in the first place some leaders like the same Libyan Leader in the past pledged their support to recognize result of the referendum,” said Benjamin.

(ST)

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  • 12 October 2010 05:26, by junub

    Common Mr. Marial,

    Who else in this world do not know about flip-flap of president Gaddafi of Libya. Man, we did not even believed president Kiir’s remarks after his meeting with president Gaddafi that he assured his recognition to South Sudan separation.

    I think this flip-flap saying of one word today and something else tomorrow is not really a surprise to you, or does it? No, not really because it seems it had been a monotonous routine you endured now for almost six years from your own respective president Kiir.

    You not going to ask me though to mentioned all flip-flaps he president Kiir did since then, because you know them pretty good who irritatable and painful they still to us now.

    Your denouncing to president Gaddafi’s naive remarks is not really bad, but rather I just wished if you could do the same with to president Kiir of South Sudan.

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    • 12 October 2010 05:56, by Dr.Agany

      I don’t see the reason why the minister is lamenting!! Libya is Libya and it has nothing common with south sudan. Gaddafi didn’t say that he will invade south sudan but he was speaking over the dinner with his friend about what he thought would be the thorny point in the near future according to his analysis. The minister should have issued his political statement rather than elaborating on the terms of the deal. Gaddafi is an arab!! That reason is enough and we shouldn’t try to find out why he changed his stance

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      • 12 October 2010 10:04, by Makol Dhal

        Dr.Agany you are absolutely right. they go there as Arab what next do we expect out of them to say instead of knowing that Arab are still planing dangerous move against us which is usually normal.

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    • 12 October 2010 13:21, by Paul Ongee

      Quote "The Libyan leader Muammar Al-Gaddafi today warned that the secession of South Sudan will encourage similar tendencies in other parts of the continent but acknowledged that the split is inevitable."

      Unquote, Gaddafi and African/Arab leaders should not worry about encouraging similar tendencies in other parts of Africa or Middle East so long as freedom of expression and good governance exist in individual countries. The issue here is not about similar break up but freedom and inalienable rights of citizens living in the same country like Sudan.

      Again quote "But in general, in terms of ideology, I say that Africa is now [comprised of] 53 state, even if they cracked and became 1,000 states; as long as it is within the African Union or United States of Africa, for me this does not mean anything," he said.

      Readers, for me this man called Gaddafi has already acknowledged the inevitability of the split of Sudan because of Khartoum’s intransigence to unite the country politically, economically, culturally and socially since day one after Sudan being handed over by the Anglo-Egyptian rule. Gaddafi simply utters what makes him to be recognized as the pioneer of his illusion of United States of Africa (USA). How can Africa be united if Arabs first want to Islamize and Arabize black Africans which is impossible for any generation to come. If they failed to Islamize and Arabize Europe, what would make Arabs believe that they would succeed in Africa or Sudan?

      Yes, "the Arab and African leaders at the summit were reportedly in disagreement over the final resolution on Sudan." The final resolution will be decided by the freedom fighters only i.e Southern Sudanese through referendum box. The resolution as promised by Omer Hassan Al-Bashir will be recognized first by Khartoum, regional bodies, international community and finally UN without any question. Then Khartoum will only have to prove how to be a good neighbor or not. The choice is theirs.

      Any nonsense will not be tolerated. The real impact of military action against SPLM/A will be more devastating than the war of words. Khartoum knows where the battle fields will be—in Khartoum and beyond. Khartoum will be overrun in two months and half should it mess up militarily. NCP needs to take note of this. I am serious about it.

      Paul Ongee
      Khartoum, Sudan

      repondre message

  • 12 October 2010 06:29, by Santino Nuan

    Shame on weak African leaders who allowed themselves to be dominated by Arab leaders who hide under two umbrellas. The umbrella of terrorism which they call Arab identity and the umbrella of African identity. Gadhabi is the most useless leader who always changes to terrorist and sometimes to be great African thinker. He is the one convincing AU especially the leaders to reject ICC court even though some are signatories of Rome status. What a contradictory is this for you to sign the document you beleived to be binding and later you violate it? What a contradictory it is for Gadhafi to support seccssion of South Sudan last year and again deny it this year? This means that our leaders talk on something they don’t know and sometimes they sign the document they never understand its objectives.

    It is clear in our African continent that our leaders are not leaders of people but they are group of criminals and dictators who enjoy watching the killing of their citizens on TVs’ rooms. If this does not show that African leaders are not leaders of the people, why can the like of Gadhafi be still leader of Libya for half a century? If this does not tell how weakness our leaders are, why the submit be atteneded by the one accused of war crimes and gneocide??????????? AU and Arab league did not bring justiice in Darfur but they keep crowning Omer Al Bashir as Genocidal hero.

    The Southerners will always be let down by their African leaders who walk and talk on their heads down in front of their canterpart Arab leaders. Why do Arab leaders question the seccssion of South Sudan while they (Arab leaders) have divided their Middle East Arab countries into small kingdoms where polulation of a country is less than a population of a state in the South ? South Sudan is better off than Kuait, Bharian, Otman etc. They (Arab leaders and especially the north African leaders) are the one sometimes disintegrating African continent into Arab and Africa. Arab league under the leadership of Egypt is the one standing behind the genocidal leadership in Khartoum against African Muslim people of Darfur. Mosques are burnt to ashes by the same Muslims who slaughter Muslim Darfurians.

    Gadhafi should stop manipulating our constitional and internationally recognized demand. Arab leaders and the like of Gadhafi are afriad of strong country of true Africans. Let Gadhafi be reminded that we are not Muslims nor Arabs but we are true Africans and we don’t want to be colonized by Arabs. Enough is enough!!! Our independence is our indenpence and not other person’s independence!!

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    • 12 October 2010 07:07, by Haak

      wow! if Barnabas added himself today to Pagan Amum and Riek Machar in the south than who will temper with southern sudan independence, dear readers the statement released by president Gaddafi of Libya is what we term as political provocative that influence some political failures in one way or other, if we won’t appreciate the response made by the minister Marial than when are we going to learn to appreciate our leaders? the action taken by Marial is what we term as political anti-provocative to anticipate the negative influence the statement may have on ordinary and marginalized population.
      Aluta Continue dear minister Marial
      thanks
      Haakamadology!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      repondre message

  • 12 October 2010 07:31, by DASODIKO

    Dear SPLM/A

    Please do not give damn shit to all what Gaddafi says;this guys is mentally designed to work opposite of the status-quo. Gaddafi if he is in funeral say; " Congratulations for the marriages and when called for marriage immediately talk of funerals". The guys is crap. tomoorow Gaddafi will be the first to congratulate the people of South Sudan for its independent!!! and us to see.

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  • 12 October 2010 11:36, by Michel Fleury

    A simple remark without entering the debate:
    He said: "…secession of Eritrea from Ethiopia did not bring continental disintegration of Africa…" ...It was because Erithrea was former an Italian colony. Ethiopia was only in charge of the administration after the defeat of Germany and Italy. So, the "secession" did not change the borders inherited from the colonization.

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    • 12 October 2010 13:22, by Paul Ongee

      Quote "The Libyan leader Muammar Al-Gaddafi today warned that the secession of South Sudan will encourage similar tendencies in other parts of the continent but acknowledged that the split is inevitable."

      Unquote, Gaddafi and African/Arab leaders should not worry about encouraging similar tendencies in other parts of Africa or Middle East so long as freedom of expression and good governance exist in individual countries. The issue here is not about similar break up but freedom and inalienable rights of citizens living in the same country like Sudan.

      Again quote "But in general, in terms of ideology, I say that Africa is now [comprised of] 53 state, even if they cracked and became 1,000 states; as long as it is within the African Union or United States of Africa, for me this does not mean anything," he said.

      Readers, for me this man called Gaddafi has already acknowledged the inevitability of the split of Sudan because of Khartoum’s intransigence to unite the country politically, economically, culturally and socially since day one after Sudan being handed over by the Anglo-Egyptian rule. Gaddafi simply utters what makes him to be recognized as the pioneer of his illusion of United States of Africa (USA). How can Africa be united if Arabs first want to Islamize and Arabize black Africans which is impossible for any generation to come. If they failed to Islamize and Arabize Europe, what would make Arabs believe that they would succeed in Africa or Sudan?

      Yes, "the Arab and African leaders at the summit were reportedly in disagreement over the final resolution on Sudan." The final resolution will be decided by the freedom fighters only i.e Southern Sudanese through referendum box. The resolution as promised by Omer Hassan Al-Bashir will be recognized first by Khartoum, regional bodies, international community and finally UN without any question. Then Khartoum will only have to prove how to be a good neighbor or not. The choice is theirs.

      Any nonsense will not be tolerated. The real impact of military action against SPLM/A will be more devastating than the war of words. Khartoum knows where the battle fields will be—in Khartoum and beyond. Khartoum will be overrun in two months and half should it mess up militarily. NCP needs to take note of this. I am serious about it.

      Paul Ongee
      Khartoum, Sudan

      repondre message

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